Information Theory (cs.IT)
Thu, 01 Jun 2023
1.Analytical Characterization of Coverage Regions for STAR-RIS-aided NOMA/OMA Communication Systems
Authors:Farshad Rostami Ghadi, F. Javier Lopez-Martinez, Kai-Kit Wong
Abstract: We provide an analytical characterization of the coverage region of simultaneously transmitting and reflecting reconfigurable intelligent surface (STAR-RIS)-aided two-user downlink communication systems. The cases of orthogonal multiple access (OMA) and non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) are considered, under the energy-splitting (ES) protocol. Results confirm that the use of STAR-RISs is beneficial to extend the coverage region, and that the use of NOMA provides a better performance compared to the OMA counterpart.
2.Beamforming Design for IRS-and-UAV-aided Two-way Amplify-and-Forward Relay Networks
Authors:Xuehui Wang, Feng Shu, Yuanyuan Wu, Shihao Yan, Yifan Zhao, Qiankun Cheng, Jiangzhou Wang
Abstract: As a promising solution to improve communication quality, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has been widely integrated into wireless networks. In this paper, for the sake of enhancing the message exchange rate between User1 (U1) and User2 (U2), an intelligent reflective surface (IRS)-and-UAV- assisted two-way amplify-and-forward (AF) relay wireless system is proposed, where U1 and U2 can communicate each other via a UAV-mounted IRS and an AF relay. Besides, an optimization problem of maximizing minimum rate is casted, where the variables, namely AF relay beamforming matrix and IRS phase shifts of two time slots, need to be optimized. To achieve a maximum rate, a low-complexity alternately iterative (AI) scheme based on zero forcing and successive convex approximation (LC-ZF-SCA) algorithm is put forward, where the expression of AF relay beamforming matrix can be derived in semi-closed form by ZF method, and IRS phase shift vectors of two time slots can be respectively optimized by utilizing SCA algorithm. To obtain a significant rate enhancement, a high-performance AI method based on one step, semidefinite programming and penalty SCA (ONS-SDP-PSCA) is proposed, where the beamforming matrix at AF relay can be firstly solved by singular value decomposition and ONS method, IRS phase shift matrices of two time slots are optimized by SDP and PSCA algorithms. Simulation results present that the rate performance of the proposed LC-ZF-SCA and ONS-SDP-PSCA methods surpass those of random phase and only AF relay. In particular, when total transmit power is equal to 30dBm, the proposed two methods can harvest more than 68.5% rate gain compared to random phase and only AF relay. Meanwhile, the rate performance of ONS-SDP-PSCA method at cost of extremely high complexity is superior to that of LC-ZF-SCA method.
3.Efficient Near Maximum-Likelihood Efficient Near Maximum-Likelihood Reliability-Based Decoding for Short LDPC Codes
Authors:Weiyang Zhang, Chentao Yue, Yonghui Li, Branka Vucetic
Abstract: In this paper, we propose an efficient decoding algorithm for short low-density parity check (LDPC) codes by carefully combining the belief propagation (BP) decoding and order statistic decoding (OSD) algorithms. Specifically, a modified BP (mBP) algorithm is applied for a certain number of iterations prior to OSD to enhance the reliability of the received message, where an offset parameter is utilized in mBP to control the weight of the extrinsic information in message passing. By carefully selecting the offset parameter and the number of mBP iterations, the number of errors in the most reliable positions (MRPs) in OSD can be reduced, thereby significantly improving the overall decoding performance of error rate and complexity. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm can approach the maximum-likelihood decoding (MLD) for short LDPC codes with only a slight increase in complexity compared to BP and a significant decrease compared to OSD. Specifically, the order-(m-1) decoding of the proposed algorithm can achieve the performance of the order-m OSD.
4.Codebook Configuration for 1-bit RIS-aided Systems Based on Implicit Neural Representations
Authors:Yao Xiao, Zhijie Fan, Zenan Ling, Rujing Xiong, Tiebin Mi, Robert Caiming Qiu
Abstract: Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) have become one of the key technologies in 6G wireless communications. By configuring the reflection beamforming codebooks, RIS focuses signals on target receivers. In this paper, we investigate the codebook configuration for 1-bit RIS-aided systems. We propose a novel learning-based method built upon the advanced methodology of implicit neural representations. The proposed model learns a continuous and differentiable coordinate-to-codebook representation from samplings. Our method only requires the information of the user's coordinate and avoids the assumption of channel models. Moreover, we propose an encoding-decoding strategy to reduce the dimension of codebooks, and thus improve the learning efficiency of the proposed method. Experimental results on simulation and measured data demonstrated the remarkable advantages of the proposed method.
5.Do not Interfere but Cooperate: A Fully Learnable Code Design for Multi-Access Channels with Feedback
Authors:Emre Ozfatura, Chenghong Bian, Deniz Gunduz
Abstract: Data-driven deep learning based code designs, including low-complexity neural decoders for existing codes, or end-to-end trainable auto-encoders have exhibited impressive results, particularly in scenarios for which we do not have high-performing structured code designs. However, the vast majority of existing data-driven solutions for channel coding focus on a point-to-point scenario. In this work, we consider a multiple access channel (MAC) with feedback and try to understand whether deep learning-based designs are capable of enabling coordination and cooperation among the encoders as well as allowing error correction. Simulation results show that the proposed multi-access block attention feedback (MBAF) code improves the upper bound of the achievable rate of MAC without feedback in finite block length regime.
6.From Babel to Boole: The Logical Organization of Information Decompositions
Authors:Aaron J. Gutknecht, Abdullah Makkeh, Michael Wibral
Abstract: The conventional approach to the general Partial Information Decomposition (PID) problem has been redundancy-based: specifying a measure of redundant information between collections of source variables induces a PID via Moebius-Inversion over the so called redundancy lattice. Despite the prevalence of this method, there has been ongoing interest in examining the problem through the lens of different base-concepts of information, such as synergy, unique information, or union information. Yet, a comprehensive understanding of the logical organization of these different based-concepts and their associated PIDs remains elusive. In this work, we apply the mereological formulation of PID that we introduced in a recent paper to shed light on this problem. Within the mereological approach base-concepts can be expressed in terms of conditions phrased in formal logic on the specific parthood relations between the PID components and the different mutual information terms. We set forth a general pattern of these logical conditions of which all PID base-concepts in the literature are special cases and that also reveals novel base-concepts, in particular a concept we call ``vulnerable information''.
7.On the Capacity of Communication Channels with Memory and Sampled Additive Cyclostationary Gaussian Noise: Full Version with Detailed Proofs
Authors:Ron Dabora, Emeka Abakasanga
Abstract: In this work we study the capacity of interference-limited channels with memory. These channels model non-orthogonal communications scenarios, such as the non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) scenario and underlay cognitive communications, in which the interference from other communications signals is much stronger than the thermal noise. Interference-limited communications is expected to become a very common scenario in future wireless communications systems, such as 5G, WiFi6, and beyond. As communications signals are inherently cyclostationary in continuous time (CT), then after sampling at the receiver, the discrete-time (DT) received signal model contains the sampled desired information signal with additive sampled CT cyclostationary noise. The sampled noise can be modeled as either a DT cyclostationary process or a DT almost-cyclostationary process, where in the latter case the resulting channel is not information-stable. In a previous work we characterized the capacity of this model for the case in which the DT noise is memoryless. In the current work we come closer to practical scenarios by modelling the resulting DT noise as a finite-memory random process. The presence of memory requires the development of a new set of tools for analyzing the capacity of channels with additive non-stationary noise which has memory. Our results show, for the first time, the relationship between memory, sampling frequency synchronization and capacity, for interference-limited communications. The insights from our work provide a link between the analog and the digital time domains, which has been missing in most previous works on capacity analysis. Thus, our results can help improving spectral efficiency and suggest optimal transceiver designs for future communications paradigms.