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Information Theory (cs.IT)

Fri, 25 Aug 2023

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1.Performance Analysis of Finite Blocklength Transmissions Over Wiretap Fading Channels: An Average Information Leakage Perspective

Authors:Milad Tatar Mamaghani, Xiangyun Zhou, Nan Yang, A. Lee Swindlehurst, H. Vincent Poor

Abstract: Physical-layer security (PLS) is a promising technique to complement communication security in beyond-5G wireless networks. However, PLS developments in current research are often based on the ideal assumption of infinite coding blocklengths or perfect knowledge of the wiretap link's channel state information (CSI). In this work, we study the performance of finite blocklength (FBL) transmissions using a new secrecy metric - the average information leakage (AIL). We evaluate the exact and approximate AIL with arbitrary signaling and fading channels, assuming that the eavesdropper's instantaneous CSI is unknown. We then conduct case studies that use artificial noise (AN) beamforming to thoroughly analyze the AIL in both Rayleigh and Rician fading channels. The accuracy of the analytical expressions is verified through extensive simulations, and various insights regarding the impact of key system parameters on the AIL are obtained. Particularly, our results reveal that allowing a small level of AIL can potentially lead to significant reliability improvements. To improve the system performance, we formulate and solve an average secrecy throughput (AST) optimization problem via both non-adaptive and adaptive design strategies. Our findings highlight the significance of blocklength design and AN power allocation, as well as the impact of their trade-off on the AST.

2.Chaotic Waveform-based Signal Design for Noncoherent SWIPT Receivers

Authors:Priyadarshi Mukherjee, Constantinos Psomas, Ioannis Krikidis

Abstract: This paper proposes a chaotic waveform-based multi-antenna receiver design for simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT). Particularly, we present a differential chaos shift keying (DCSK)-based SWIPT multiantenna receiver architecture, where each antenna switches between information transfer (IT) and energy harvesting (EH) modes depending on the receiver's requirements. We take into account a generalized frequency-selective Nakagami-m fading model as well as the nonlinearities of the EH process to derive closed-form analytical expressions for the associated bit error rate (BER) and the harvested direct current (DC), respectively. We show that, both depend on the parameters of the transmitted waveform and the number of receiver antennas being utilized in the IT and EH mode. We investigate a trade-off in terms of the BER and energy transfer by introducing a novel achievable `success rate - harvested energy' region. Moreover, we demonstrate that energy and information transfer are two conflicting tasks and hence, a single waveform cannot be simultaneously optimal for both IT and EH. Accordingly, we propose appropriate transmit waveform designs based on the application specific requirements of acceptable BER or harvested DC or both. Numerical results demonstrate the importance of chaotic waveform-based signal design and its impact on the proposed receiver architecture.

3.Enhancing Signal Space Diversity for SCMA Over Rayleigh Fading Channels

Authors:Qu Luo, Zilong Liu, Gaojie Chen, Pei Xiao

Abstract: Sparse code multiple access (SCMA) is a promising technique for the enabling of massive connectivity in future machine-type communication networks, but it suffers from a limited diversity order which is a bottleneck for significant improvement of error performance. This paper aims for enhancing the signal space diversity of sparse code multiple access (SCMA) by introducing quadrature component delay to the transmitted codeword of a downlink SCMA system in Rayleigh fading channels. Such a system is called SSD-SCMA throughout this work. By looking into the average mutual information (AMI) and the pairwise error probability (PEP) of the proposed SSD-SCMA, we develop novel codebooks by maximizing the derived AMI lower bound and a modified minimum product distance (MMPD), respectively. The intrinsic asymptotic relationship between the AMI lower bound and proposed MMPD based codebook designs is revealed. Numerical results show significant error performance improvement in the both uncoded and coded SSD-SCMA systems.

4.Deep Unfolding-Based Channel Estimation for Wideband TeraHertz Near-Field Massive MIMO Systems

Authors:Jiabao Gao, Xiaoming Cheng, Geoffrey Ye Li

Abstract: The combination of Terahertz (THz) and massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is promising to meet the increasing data rate demand of future wireless communication systems thanks to the huge bandwidth and spatial degrees of freedom. However, unique channel features such as the near-field beam split effect make channel estimation particularly challenging in THz massive MIMO systems. On one hand, adopting the conventional angular domain transformation dictionary designed for low-frequency far-field channels will result in degraded channel sparsity and destroyed sparsity structure in the transformed domain. On the other hand, most existing compressive sensing-based channel estimation algorithms cannot achieve high performance and low complexity simultaneously. To alleviate these issues, in this paper, we first adopt frequency-dependent near-field dictionaries to maintain good channel sparsity and sparsity structure in the transformed domain under the near-field beam split effect. Then, a deep unfolding-based wideband THz massive MIMO channel estimation algorithm is proposed. In each iteration of the unitary approximate message passing-sparse Bayesian learning algorithm, the optimal update rule is learned by a deep neural network (DNN), whose structure is customized to effectively exploit the inherent channel patterns. Furthermore, a mixed training method based on novel designs of the DNN structure and the loss function is developed to effectively train data from different system configurations. Simulation results validate the superiority of the proposed algorithm in terms of performance, complexity, and robustness.

5.A Gröbner Approach to Dual-Containing Cyclic Left Module $(θ,δ)$-Codes $Rg/Rf\subset R/Rf$ over Finite Commutative Frobenius Rings

Authors:Hedongliang Liu, Cornelia Ott, Felix Ulmer

Abstract: For a skew polynomial ring $R=A[X;\theta,\delta]$ where $A$ is a commutative frobenius ring, $\theta$ an endomorphism of $A$ and $\delta$ a $\theta$-derivation of $A$, we consider cyclic left module codes $\mathcal{C}=Rg/Rf\subset R/Rf$ where $g$ is a left and right divisor of $f$ in $R$. In this paper we derive a parity check matrix when $A$ is a finite commutative frobenius ring using only the framework of skew polynomial rings. We consider rings $A=B[a_1,\ldots,a_s]$ which are free $B$-algebras where the restriction of $\delta$ and $\theta$ to $B$ are polynomial maps. If a Gr\"obner basis can be computed over $B$, then we show that all Euclidean and Hermitian dual-containing codes $\mathcal{C}=Rg/Rf\subset R/Rf$ can be computed using a Gr\"obner basis. We also give an algorithm to test if the dual code is again a cyclic left module code. We illustrate our approach for rings of order $4$ with non-trivial endomorphism and the Galois ring of characteristic $4$.

6.AG codes have no list-decoding friends: Approaching the generalized Singleton bound requires exponential alphabets

Authors:Omar Alrabiah, Venkatesan Guruswami, Ray Li

Abstract: A simple, recently observed generalization of the classical Singleton bound to list-decoding asserts that rate $R$ codes are not list-decodable using list-size $L$ beyond an error fraction $\tfrac{L}{L+1} (1-R)$ (the Singleton bound being the case of $L=1$, i.e., unique decoding). We prove that in order to approach this bound for any fixed $L >1$, one needs exponential alphabets. Specifically, for every $L>1$ and $R\in(0,1)$, if a rate $R$ code can be list-of-$L$ decoded up to error fraction $\tfrac{L}{L+1} (1-R -\varepsilon)$, then its alphabet must have size at least $\exp(\Omega_{L,R}(1/\varepsilon))$. This is in sharp contrast to the situation for unique decoding where certain families of rate $R$ algebraic-geometry (AG) codes over an alphabet of size $O(1/\varepsilon^2)$ are unique-decodable up to error fraction $(1-R-\varepsilon)/2$. Our lower bound is tight up to constant factors in the exponent -- with high probability random codes (or, as shown recently, even random linear codes) over $\exp(O_L(1/\varepsilon))$-sized alphabets, can be list-of-$L$ decoded up to error fraction $\tfrac{L}{L+1} (1-R -\varepsilon)$.