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Information Theory (cs.IT)

Tue, 18 Apr 2023

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1.Rack-aware minimum-storage regenerating codes with optimal access

Authors:Jiaojiao Wang, Zitan Chen

Abstract: We derive a lower bound on the amount of information accessed to repair failed nodes within a single rack from any number of helper racks in the rack-aware storage model that allows collective information processing in the nodes that share the same rack. Furthermore, we construct a family of rack-aware minimum-storage regenerating (MSR) codes with the property that the number of symbols accessed for repairing a single failed node attains the bound with equality for all admissible parameters. Constructions of rack-aware optimal-access MSR codes were only known for limited parameters. We also present a family of Reed-Solomon (RS) codes that only require accessing a relatively small number of symbols to repair multiple failed nodes in a single rack. In particular, for certain code parameters, the RS construction attains the bound on the access complexity with equality and thus has optimal access.

2.Full-Duplex Wireless for 6G: Progress Brings New Opportunities and Challenges

Authors:Besma Smida, Ashutosh Sabharwal, Gabor Fodor, George C. Alexandropoulos, Himal A. Suraweera, Chan-Byoung Chae

Abstract: The use of in-band full-duplex (FD) enables nodes to simultaneously transmit and receive on the same frequency band, which challenges the traditional assumption in wireless network design. The full-duplex capability enhances spectral efficiency and decreases latency, which are two key drivers pushing the performance expectations of next-generation mobile networks. In less than ten years, in-band FD has advanced from being demonstrated in research labs to being implemented in standards and products, presenting new opportunities to utilize its foundational concepts. Some of the most significant opportunities include using FD to enable wireless networks to sense the physical environment, integrate sensing and communication applications, develop integrated access and backhaul solutions, and work with smart signal propagation environments powered by reconfigurable intelligent surfaces. However, these new opportunities also come with new challenges for large-scale commercial deployment of FD technology, such as managing self-interference, combating cross-link interference in multi-cell networks, and coexistence of dynamic time division duplex, subband FD and FD networks.

3.Soft-Output Deep Neural Network-Based Decoding

Authors:Dmitry Artemasov, Kirill Andreev, Pavel Rybin, Alexey Frolov

Abstract: Deep neural network (DNN)-based channel decoding is widely considered in the literature. The existing solutions are investigated for the case of hard output, i.e. when the decoder returns the estimated information word. At the same time, soft-output decoding is of critical importance for iterative receivers and decoders. In this paper, we focus on the soft-output DNN-based decoding problem. We start with the syndrome-based approach proposed by Bennatan et al. (2018) and modify it to provide soft output in the AWGN channel. The new decoder can be considered as an approximation of the MAP decoder with smaller computation complexity. We discuss various regularization functions for joint DNN-MAP training and compare the resulting distributions for [64, 45] BCH code. Finally, to demonstrate the soft-output quality we consider the turbo-product code with [64, 45] BCH codes as row and column codes. We show that the resulting DNN-based scheme is very close to the MAP-based performance and significantly outperforms the solution based on the Chase decoder. We come to the conclusion that the new method is prospective for the challenging problem of DNN-based decoding of long codes consisting of short component codes.

4.Age-of-Information Dependent Random Access in NOMA-Aided Multiple-Relay Slotted ALOHA

Authors:Gabriel Germino Martins de Jesus, João Luiz Rebelatto, Richard Demo Souza, Onel Luis Alcaraz López

Abstract: We propose and evaluate the performance of a Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) dual-hop multiple relay (MR) network from an information freshness perspective using the Age of Information (AoI) metric. More specifically, we consider an age dependent (AD) policy, named as AD-NOMA- MR, in which users only transmit, with a given probability, after they reach a certain age threshold. The packets sent by the users are potentially received by the relays, and then forwarded to a common sink in a NOMA fashion by randomly selecting one of the available power levels, and multiple packets are received if all selected levels are unique. We derive analytical expressions for the average AoI of AD-NOMA-MR. Through numerical and simulation results, we show that the proposed policy can improve the average AoI up to 76.6% when compared to a previously proposed AD Orthogonal Multiple Access MR policy.

5.Hardware-Impaired Rician-Faded Cell-Free Massive MIMO Systems With Channel Aging

Authors:Venkatesh Tentu, Dheeraj N Amudala, Anish Chattopadhyay, Rohit Budhiraja

Abstract: We study the impact of channel aging on the uplink of a cell-free (CF) massive multiple-input multiple-output (mMIMO) system by considering i) spatially-correlated Rician-faded channels; ii) hardware impairments at the access points and user equipments (UEs); and iii) two-layer large-scale fading decoding (LSFD). We first derive a closed-form spectral efficiency (SE) expression for this system, and later propose two novel optimization techniques to optimize the non-convex SE metric by exploiting the minorization-maximization (MM) method. The first one requires a numerical optimization solver, and has a high computation complexity. The second one with closed-form transmit power updates, has a trivial computation complexity. We numerically show that i) the two-layer LSFD scheme effectively mitigates the interference due to channel aging for both low- and high-velocity UEs; and ii) increasing the number of AP antennas does not mitigate the SE deterioration due to channel aging. We numerically characterize the optimal pilot length required to maximize the SE for various UE speeds. We also numerically show that the proposed closed-form MM optimization yields the same SE as that of the first technique, which requires numerical solver, and that too with a much reduced time-complexity.

6.Number Theoretical Locally Recoverable Codes

Authors:Andrea Ferraguti, Dorian Goldfeld, Giacomo Micheli

Abstract: In this paper we give constructions for infinite sequences of finite non-linear locally recoverable codes $\mathcal C\subseteq \prod\limits^N_{i=1}\mathbb F_{q_i}$ over a product of finite fields arising from basis expansions in algebraic number fields. The codes in our sequences have increasing length and size, constant rate, fixed locality, and minimum distance going to infinity.