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Information Theory (cs.IT)

Tue, 23 May 2023

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1.A Graph-Based Collision Resolution Scheme for Asynchronous Unsourced Random Access

Authors:Tianya Li, Yongpeng Wu, Wenjun Zhang, Xiang-Gen Xia, Chengshan Xiao

Abstract: This paper investigates the multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) massive unsourced random access in an asynchronous orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system, with both timing and frequency offsets (TFO) and non-negligible user collisions. The proposed coding framework splits the data into two parts encoded by sparse regression code (SPARC) and low-density parity check (LDPC) code. Multistage orthogonal pilots are transmitted in the first part to reduce collision density. Unlike existing schemes requiring a quantization codebook with a large size for estimating TFO, we establish a \textit{graph-based channel reconstruction and collision resolution (GB-CR$^2$)} algorithm to iteratively reconstruct channels, resolve collisions, and compensate for TFO rotations on the formulated graph jointly among multiple stages. We further propose to leverage the geometric characteristics of signal constellations to correct TFO estimations. Exhaustive simulations demonstrate remarkable performance superiority in channel estimation and data recovery with substantial complexity reduction compared to state-of-the-art schemes.

2.Cross-Field Channel Estimation for Ultra Massive-MIMO THz Systems

Authors:Simon Tarboush, Anum Ali, Tareq Y. Al-Naffouri

Abstract: The large bandwidth combined with ultra-massive multiple-input multiple-output (UM-MIMO) arrays enables terahertz (THz) systems to achieve terabits-per-second throughput. The THz systems are expected to operate in the near, intermediate, as well as the far-field. As such, channel estimation strategies suitable for the near, intermediate, or far-field have been introduced in the literature. In this work, we propose a cross-field, i.e., able to operate in near, intermediate, and far-field, compressive channel estimation strategy. For an array-of-subarrays (AoSA) architecture, the proposed method compares the received signals across the arrays to determine whether a near, intermediate, or far-field channel estimation approach will be appropriate. Subsequently, compressed estimation is performed in which the proximity of multiple subarrays (SAs) at the transmitter and receiver is exploited to reduce computational complexity and increase estimation accuracy. Numerical results show that the proposed method can enhance channel estimation accuracy and complexity at all distances of interest.

3.Walsh Meets OAM in Holographic MIMO

Authors:Charles Vanwynsberghe, Jiguang He, Chongwen Huang, Merouane Debbah

Abstract: Holographic multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is deemed as a promising technique beyond massive MIMO, unleashing near-field communications, localization, and sensing in the next-generation wireless networks. Semi-continuous surface with densely packed elements brings new opportunities for increased spatial degrees of freedom (DoFs) and spectrum efficiency (SE) even in the line-of-sight (LoS) condition. In this paper, we analyze holographic MIMO performance with disk-shaped large intelligent surfaces (LISs) according to different precoding designs. Beyond the well-known technique of orbital angular momentum (OAM) of radio waves, we propose a new design based on polar Walsh functions. Furthermore, we characterize the performance gap between the proposed scheme and the optimal case with singular value decomposition (SVD) alongside perfect channel state information (CSI) as well as other benchmark schemes in terms of channel capacity. It is verified that the proposed scheme marginally underperforms the OAM-based approach, while offering potential perspectives for reducing implementation complexity and expenditure.

4.Constructions of Constant Dimension Subspace Codes

Authors:Yun Li, Hongwei Liu, Sihem Mesnager

Abstract: Subspace codes have important applications in random network coding. It is interesting to construct subspace codes with both sizes, and the minimum distances are as large as possible. In particular, cyclic constant dimension subspaces codes have additional properties which can be used to make encoding and decoding more efficient. In this paper, we construct large cyclic constant dimension subspace codes with minimum distances $2k-2$ and $2k$. These codes are contained in $\mathcal{G}_q(n, k)$, where $\mathcal{G}_q(n, k)$ denotes the set of all $k$-dimensional subspaces of $\mathbb{F}_{q^n}$. Consequently, some results in \cite{FW}, \cite{NXG}, and \cite{ZT} are extended.

5.Integrated Sensing and Communication based Outdoor Multi-Target Detection, Tracking and Localization in Practical 5G Networks

Authors:Ruiqi Liu, Mengnan Jian, Dawei Chen, Xu Lin, Yichao Cheng, Wei Cheng, Shijun Chen

Abstract: The 6th generation (6G) wireless networks will likely to support a variety of capabilities beyond communication, such as sensing and localization, through the use of communication networks empowered by advanced technologies. Integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) has been recognized as a critical technology as well as an usage scenario for 6G, as widely agreed by leading global standardization bodies. ISAC utilizes communication infrastructure and devices to provide the capability of sensing the environment with high resolution, as well as tracking and localizing moving objects nearby. Meeting both the requirements for communication and sensing simultaneously, ISAC based approaches celebrate the advantages of higher spectral and energy efficiency compared to two separate systems to serve two purposes, and potentially lower costs and easy deployment. A key step towards the standardization and commercialization of ISAC is to carry out comprehensive field trials in practical networks, such as the 5th generation (5G) network, to demonstrate its true capacities in practical scenarios. In this paper, an ISAC based outdoor multi-target detection, tracking and localization approach is proposed and validated in 5G networks. The proposed system comprises of 5G base stations (BSs) which serve nearby mobile users normally, while accomplishing the task of detecting, tracking and localizing drones, vehicles and pedestrians simultaneously. Comprehensive trial results demonstrate the relatively high accuracy of the proposed method in practical outdoor environment when tracking and localizing single targets and multiple targets.

6.Jac-PCG Based Low-Complexity Precoding for Extremely Large-Scale MIMO Systems

Authors:Bokai Xu, Jiayi Zhang, Jiaxun Li, Huahua Xiao, Bo Ai

Abstract: Extremely large-scale multiple-input-multipleoutput (XL-MIMO) has been reviewed as a promising technology for future sixth-generation (6G) networks to achieve higher performance. In practice, various linear precoding schemes, such as zero-forcing (ZF) and regularized ZF (RZF) precoding, are sufficient to achieve near-optimal performance in traditional massive MIMO (mMIMO) systems. It is critical to note that in large-scale antenna arrays the operation of channel matrix inversion poses a significant computational challenge for these precoders. Therefore, we explore several iterative methods for determining the precoding matrix for XL-MIMO systems instead of direct matrix inversion. Taking into account small- and large-scale fading as well as spatial correlation between antennas, we study their computational complexity and convergence rate. Furthermore, we propose the Jacobi-Preconditioning Conjugate Gradient (Jac-PCG) iterative inversion method, which enjoys a faster convergence speed than the CG method. Besides, the closed-form expression of spectral efficiency (SE) considering the interference between subarrays in downlink XL-MIMO systems is derived. In the numerical results, it is shown that the complexity given by the Jac-PCG algorithm has about 54% reduction than the traditional RZF algorithm at basically the same SE performance.

7.Lightweight Channel Codes for ISI Mitigation in Molecular Communication between Bionanosensors

Authors:Dongliang Jing, Andrew W. Eckford

Abstract: Channel memory and inter-symbol interference (ISI) are harmful factors in diffusion-based molecular communication (DBMC) between bionanosensors. To tackle these problems, this paper proposes a lightweight ISI-mitigating coding scheme to improve the system performance by shaping the signal using a constrained code. To characterize the proposed coding scheme theoretically, we derive analytical expressions for the bit error rate (BER) and the achievable rate based on Central Limit Theorem. Computer simulations are conducted to verify the accuracy of the theoretical results and demonstrate the superiority of the proposed coding scheme compared with the existing coding schemes.