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Information Theory (cs.IT)

Fri, 14 Jul 2023

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1.Secure Short-Packet Communications via UAV-Enabled Mobile Relaying: Joint Resource Optimization and 3D Trajectory Design

Authors:Milad Tatar Mamaghani, Xiangyun Zhou, Nan Yang, A. Lee Swindlehurst

Abstract: Short-packet communication (SPC) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are anticipated to play crucial roles in the development of 5G-and-beyond wireless networks and the Internet of Things (IoT). In this paper, we propose a secure SPC system, where a UAV serves as a mobile decode-and-forward (DF) relay, periodically receiving and relaying small data packets from a remote IoT device to its receiver in two hops with strict latency requirements, in the presence of an eavesdropper. This system requires careful optimization of important design parameters, such as the coding blocklengths of both hops, transmit powers, and UAV's trajectory. While the overall optimization problem is nonconvex, we tackle it by applying a block successive convex approximation (BSCA) approach to divide the original problem into three subproblems and solve them separately. Then, an overall iterative algorithm is proposed to obtain the final design with guaranteed convergence. Our proposed low-complexity algorithm incorporates 3D trajectory design and resource management to optimize the effective average secrecy throughput of the communication system over the course of UAV-relay's mission. Simulation results demonstrate significant performance improvements compared to various benchmark schemes and provide useful design insights on the coding blocklengths and transmit powers along the trajectory of the UAV.

2.Unsourced Random Access Using Multiple Stages of Orthogonal Pilots: MIMO and Single-Antenna Structures

Authors:Mohammad Javad Ahmadi, Mohammad Kazemi, Tolga M. Duman

Abstract: We study the problem of unsourced random access (URA) over Rayleigh block-fading channels with a receiver equipped with multiple antennas. We propose a slotted structure with multiple stages of orthogonal pilots, each of which is randomly picked from a codebook. In the proposed signaling structure, each user encodes its message using a polar code and appends it to the selected pilot sequences to construct its transmitted signal. Accordingly, the transmitted signal is composed of multiple orthogonal pilot parts and a polar-coded part, which is sent through a randomly selected slot. The performance of the proposed scheme is further improved by randomly dividing users into different groups each having a unique interleaver-power pair. We also apply the idea of multiple stages of orthogonal pilots to the case of a single receive antenna. In all the set-ups, we use an iterative approach for decoding the transmitted messages along with a suitable successive interference cancellation technique. The use of orthogonal pilots and the slotted structure lead to improved accuracy and reduced computational complexity in the proposed set-ups, and make the implementation with short blocklengths more viable. Performance of the proposed set-ups is illustrated via extensive simulation results which show that the proposed set-ups with multiple antennas perform better than the existing MIMO URA solutions for both short and large blocklengths, and that the proposed single-antenna set-ups are superior to the existing single-antenna URA schemes.

3.A Tutorial on Extremely Large-Scale MIMO for 6G: Fundamentals, Signal Processing, and Applications

Authors:Zhe Wang, Jiayi Zhang, Hongyang Du, Dusit Niyato, Shuguang Cui, Bo Ai, Mérouane Debbah, Khaled B. Letaief, H. Vincent Poor

Abstract: Extremely large-scale multiple-input-multiple-output (XL-MIMO), which offers vast spatial degrees of freedom, has emerged as a potentially pivotal enabling technology for the sixth generation (6G) of wireless mobile networks. With its growing significance, both opportunities and challenges are concurrently manifesting. This paper presents a comprehensive survey of research on XL-MIMO wireless systems. In particular, we introduce four XL-MIMO hardware architectures: uniform linear array (ULA)-based XL-MIMO, uniform planar array (UPA)-based XL-MIMO utilizing either patch antennas or point antennas, and continuous aperture (CAP)-based XL-MIMO. We comprehensively analyze and discuss their characteristics and interrelationships. Following this, we examine exact and approximate near-field channel models for XL-MIMO. Given the distinct electromagnetic properties of near-field communications, we present a range of channel models to demonstrate the benefits of XL-MIMO. We further motivate and discuss low-complexity signal processing schemes to promote the practical implementation of XL-MIMO. Furthermore, we explore the interplay between XL-MIMO and other emergent 6G technologies. Finally, we outline several compelling research directions for future XL-MIMO wireless communication systems.

4.From Multilayer Perceptron to GPT: A Reflection on Deep Learning Research for Wireless Physical Layer

Authors:Mohamed Akrout, Amine Mezghani, Ekram Hossain, Faouzi Bellili, Robert W. Heath

Abstract: Most research studies on deep learning (DL) applied to the physical layer of wireless communication do not put forward the critical role of the accuracy-generalization trade-off in developing and evaluating practical algorithms. To highlight the disadvantage of this common practice, we revisit a data decoding example from one of the first papers introducing DL-based end-to-end wireless communication systems to the research community and promoting the use of artificial intelligence (AI)/DL for the wireless physical layer. We then put forward two key trade-offs in designing DL models for communication, namely, accuracy versus generalization and compression versus latency. We discuss their relevance in the context of wireless communications use cases using emerging DL models including large language models (LLMs). Finally, we summarize our proposed evaluation guidelines to enhance the research impact of DL on wireless communications. These guidelines are an attempt to reconcile the empirical nature of DL research with the rigorous requirement metrics of wireless communications systems.

5.Distributed Rate-Splitting Multiple Access for Multilayer Satellite Communications

Authors:Yunnuo Xu, Longfei Yin, Yijie Mao, Wonjae Shin, Bruno Clerckx

Abstract: Future wireless networks, in particular, 5G and beyond, are anticipated to deploy dense Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites to provide global coverage and broadband connectivity with reliable data services. However, new challenges for interference management have to be tackled due to the large scale of dense LEO satellite networks. Rate-Splitting Multiple Access (RSMA), widely studied in terrestrial communication systems and Geostationary Orbit (GEO) satellite networks, has emerged as a novel, general, and powerful framework for interference management and multiple access strategies for future wireless networks. In this paper, we propose a multilayer interference management scheme for spectrum sharing in heterogeneous GEO and LEO satellite networks, where RSMA is implemented distributedly at GEO and LEO satellites, namely Distributed-RSMA (D-RSMA), to mitigate the interference and boost the user fairness of the system. We study the problem of jointly optimizing the GEO/LEO precoders and message splits to maximize the minimum rate among User Terminals (UTs) subject to a transmit power constraint at all satellites. A Semi-Definite Programming (SDP)-based algorithm is proposed to solve the original non-convex optimization problem. Numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness and network load robustness of our proposed D-RSMA scheme for multilayer satellite networks. Because of the data sharing and the interference management capability, D-RSMA provides significant max-min fairness performance gains when compared to several benchmark schemes.

6.A Poisson Decomposition for Information and the Information-Event Diagram

Authors:Cheuk Ting Li

Abstract: Information diagram and the I-measure are useful mnemonics where random variables are treated as sets, and entropy and mutual information are treated as a signed measure. Although the I-measure has been successful in machine proofs of entropy inequalities, the theoretical underpinning of the ``random variables as sets'' analogy has been unclear until the recent works on mappings from random variables to sets by Ellerman (recovering order-$2$ Tsallis entropy over general probability space), and Down and Mediano (recovering Shannon entropy over discrete probability space). We generalize these constructions by designing a mapping which recovers the Shannon entropy (and the information density) over general probability space. Moreover, it has an intuitive interpretation based on the arrival time in a Poisson process, allowing us to understand the union, intersection and difference between (sets corresponding to) random variables and events. Cross entropy, KL divergence, and conditional entropy given an event, can be obtained as set intersections. We propose a generalization of the information diagram that also includes events, and demonstrate its usage by a diagrammatic proof of Fano's inequality.