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Information Theory (cs.IT)

Thu, 27 Jul 2023

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1.Multi-Agent Graph Reinforcement Learning based On-Demand Wireless Energy Transfer in Multi-UAV-aided IoT Network

Authors:Ze Yu Zhao, Yueling Che, Sheng Luo, Kaishun Wu, Victor C. M. Leung

Abstract: This paper proposes a new on-demand wireless energy transfer (WET) scheme of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Unlike the existing studies that simply pursuing the total or the minimum harvested energy maximization at the Internet of Things (IoT) devices, where the IoT devices' own energy requirements are barely considered, we propose a new metric called the hungry-level of energy (HoE), which reflects the time-varying energy demand of each IoT device based on the energy gap between its required energy and the harvested energy from the UAVs. With the purpose to minimize the overall HoE of the IoT devices whose energy requirements are not satisfied, we optimally determine all the UAVs' trajectories and WET decisions over time, under the practical mobility and energy constraints of the UAVs. Although the proposed problem is of high complexity to solve, by excavating the UAVs' self-attentions for their collaborative WET, we propose the multiagent graph reinforcement learning (MAGRL) based approach. Through the offline training of the MAGRL model, where the global training at the central controller guides the local training at each UAV agent, each UAV then distributively determines its trajectory and WET based on the well-trained local neural networks. Simulation results show that the proposed MAGRL-based approach outperforms various benchmarks for meeting the IoT devices' energy requirements.

2.RIS-Aided Spatial Scattering Modulation for mmWave MIMO Transmissions

Authors:Xusheng Zhu, Wen Chen, Zhendong Li, Qingqing Wu, Ziheng Zhang, Kunlun Wang, Jun Li

Abstract: This paper investigates the reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) assisted spatial scattering modulation (SSM) scheme for millimeter-wave (mmWave) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, in which line-of-sight (LoS) and non-line-of-sight (NLoS) paths are respectively considered in the transmitter-RIS and RIS-receiver channels. Based on the maximum likelihood detector, the conditional pairwise error probability (CPEP) expression for the RIS-SSM scheme is derived under the two cases of received beam correct and demodulation error. Furthermore, we derive the closed-form expressions of the unconditional pairwise error probability (UPEP) by employing two different methods: the probability density function and the moment-generating function expressions with a descending order of scatterer gains. To provide more useful insights, we derive the asymptotic UPEP and the diversity gain of the RIS-SSM scheme in the high SNR region. Depending on UPEP and the corresponding Euclidean distance, we get the union upper bound of the average bit error probability (ABEP). A new framework for ergodic capacity analysis is also provided to acquire the proposed system's effective capacity. Finally, all derivation results are validated via extensive Monte Carlo simulations, revealing that the proposed RIS-SSM scheme outperforms the benchmarks in terms of reliability.

3.Performance of RIS-Assisted Full-Duplex Space Shift Keying With Imperfect Self-Interference Cancellation

Authors:Xusheng Zhu, Wen Chen, Qingqing Wu, Ziwei Liu, Jun Li

Abstract: In this paper, we consider a full-duplex (FD) space shift keying (SSK) communication system, where information exchange between two users is assisted only by a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS). In particular, the impact of loop interference (LI) between the transmit and receive antennas as well as residual self-interference (SI) from the RIS is considered. Based on the maximum likelihood detector, we derive the conditional pairwise error probability and the numerical integration expression for the unconditional pairwise error probability (UPEP). Since it is difficult to find a closed-form solution, we perform accurate estimation by the Gauss-Chebyshev quadrature (GCQ) method. To gain more useful insights, we derive an expression for UPEP in the high signal-to-noise ratio region and further give the average bit error probability (ABEP) expression. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to validate the derived results. It is found that SI and LI have severe impacts on system performance. Fortunately, these two disturbances can be well counteracted by increasing the number of RIS units.

4.Semi-Grant-Free Orthogonal Multiple Access with Partial-Information for Short Packet Transmissions

Authors:Alberto Rech, Stefano Tomasin, Lorenzo Vangelista, Cristina Costa

Abstract: Next-generation internet-of-things (IoT) networks require extremely low latency, complexity, and collision probability. We introduce the novel partial-information multiple access (PIMA) scheme, a semi-grant-free (GF) coordinated random access (RA) protocol for short packet transmission, with the aim of reducing the latency and packet loss of traditional multiple access schemes, as well as more recent preamble-based schemes. With PIMA, the base station (BS) acquires partial information on instantaneous traffic conditions in the partial information acquisition (PIA) sub-frame, estimating the number of active devices, i.e., having packets waiting for transmission in their queue. Based on this estimate, the BS chooses both the total number of slots to be allocated in the data transmission (DT) sub-frame and the respective user-to-slot assignment. Although collisions may still occur due to multiple users assigned to the same slot, they are drastically reduced with respect to the slotted ALOHA (SALOHA) scheme, while achieving lower latency than both time-division multiple-access (TDMA) and preamble-based protocols, due to the extremely reduced overhead of the PIA sub-frame. Finally, we analyze and assess the performance of PIMA under various activation statistics, proving the robustness of the proposed solution to the intensity of traffic, also with burst traffic.

5.Knot Theory and Error-Correcting Codes

Authors:Altan B. Kilic, Anne Nijsten, Ruud Pellikaan, Alberto Ravagnani

Abstract: This paper builds a novel bridge between algebraic coding theory and mathematical knot theory, with applications in both directions. We give methods to construct error-correcting codes starting from the colorings of a knot, describing through a series of results how the properties of the knot translate into code parameters. We show that knots can be used to obtain error-correcting codes with prescribed parameters and an efficient decoding algorithm.

6.Cascaded Code Distributed Computing With Low Complexity and Improved Flexibility

Authors:Mingming Zhang, Youlong Wu, Minquan Cheng, Dianhua Wu

Abstract: Coded distributed computing, proposed by Li et al., offers significant potential for reducing the communication load in MapReduce computing systems. In the setting of the \emph{cascaded} coded distributed computing that consisting of $K$ nodes, $N$ input files, and $Q$ output functions, the objective is to compute each output function through $s\geq 1$ nodes with a computation load $r\geq 1$, enabling the application of coding techniques during the Shuffle phase to achieve minimum communication load. However, for most existing coded distributed computing schemes, a major limitation lies in their demand for splitting the original data into an exponentially growing number of input files in terms of $N/\binom{K}{r} \in\mathbb{N}$ and requiring an exponentially large number of output functions $Q/\binom{K}{s} \in\mathbb{N}$, which imposes stringent requirements for implementation and results in significant coding complexity when $K$ is large. In this paper, we focus on the cascaded case of $K/s\in\mathbb{N} $, deliberately designing the strategy of input files store and output functions assignment based on a grouping method, such that a low-complexity two-round Shuffle phase is available. The main advantages of our proposed scheme contains: 1) the communication load is quilt close to or surprisingly better than the optimal state-of-the-art scheme proposed by Li et al.; 2) our scheme requires significantly less number of input files and output functions; 3) all the operations are implemented over the minimum binary field $\mathbb{F}_2$.

7.Revealing the Impact of Beamforming in ISAC

Authors:Chongjun Ouyang, Yuanwei Liu, Xingqi Zhang

Abstract: This letter proposes advanced beamforming design and analyzes its influence on the sensing and communications (S&C) performance for a multiple-antenna integrated S&C (ISAC) system with a single communication user and a single target. Novel closed-form beamformers are derived for three typical scenarios, including the sensing-centric design, communications-centric design, and Pareto optimal design. Regarding each scenario, the outage probability, ergodic communication rate (CR), and sensing rate (SR) are analyzed to derive the diversity orders and high signal-to-noise ratio slopes. Numerical results are provided to demonstrate that i) beamforming design can affect the high-SNR power offset and diversity order but does not influence the high-SNR slope; ii) ISAC exhibits larger high-SNR slopes and a more extensive SR-CR region than conventional frequency-division S&C (FDSAC) techniques.