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Information Theory (cs.IT)

Mon, 03 Jul 2023

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1.Injectivity of Multi-window Gabor Phase Retrieval

Authors:Palina Salanevich

Abstract: In many signal processing problems arising in practical applications, we wish to reconstruct an unknown signal from its phaseless measurements with respect to a frame. This inverse problem is known as the phase retrieval problem. For each particular application, the set of relevant measurement frames is determined by the problem at hand, which motivates the study of phase retrieval for structured, application-relevant frames. In this paper, we focus on one class of such frames that appear naturally in diffraction imaging, ptychography, and audio processing, namely, multi-window Gabor frames. We study the question of injectivity of the phase retrieval problem with these measurement frames in the finite-dimensional setup and propose an explicit construction of an infinite family of phase retrievable multi-window Gabor frames. We show that phase retrievability for the constructed frames can be achieved with a much smaller number of phaseless measurements compared to the previous results for this type of measurement frames. Additionally, we show that the sufficient for reconstruction number of phaseless measurements depends on the dimension of the signal space, and not on the ambient dimension of the problem.

2.Fairness Scheduling in User-Centric Cell-Free Massive MIMO Wireless Networks

Authors:Fabian Göttsch, Noboru Osawa, Issei Kanno, Takeo Ohseki, Giuseppe Caire

Abstract: We consider a user-centric cell-free massive MIMO wireless network with $L$ remote radio units, each with $M$ antennas, serving $K_{\rm tot}$ user equipments (UEs). Most of the literature considers the regime $LM \gg K_{\rm tot}$, where the $K$ UEs are active on each time-frequency slot, and evaluates the system performance in terms of ergodic rates. In this paper, we take a quite different viewpoint. We observe that the regime of $LM \gg K_{\rm tot}$ corresponds to a lightly loaded system with low sum spectral efficiency (SE). In contrast, in most relevant scenarios, the number of UEs is much larger than the total number of antennas, but users are not all active at the same time. To achieve high sum SE and handle $K_{\rm tot} \gg ML$, users must be scheduled over the time-frequency resource. The number of active users $K_{\rm act} \leq K_{\rm tot}$ must be chosen such that: 1) the network operates close to its maximum SE; 2) the active user set must be chosen dynamically over time in order to enforce fairness in terms of per-user time-averaged throughput rates. The fairness scheduling problem is formulated as the maximization of a concave componentwise non-decreasing network utility function of the per-user rates. Intermittent user activity imposes slot-by-slot coding/decoding which prevents the achievability of ergodic rates. Hence, we model the per-slot service rates using information outage probability. To obtain a tractable problem, we make a decoupling assumption on the CDF of the instantaneous mutual information seen at each UE $k$ receiver. We approximately enforce this condition with a conflict graph that prevents the simultaneous scheduling of users with large pilot contamination and propose an adaptive scheme for instantaneous service rate scheduling. Overall, the proposed dynamic scheduling is robust to system model uncertainties and can be easily implemented in practice.

3.Efficient Interpolation-Based Decoding of Reed-Solomon Codes

Authors:Wrya K. Kadir, Hsuan-Yin Lin, Eirik Rosnes

Abstract: We propose a new interpolation-based error decoding algorithm for $(n,k)$ Reed-Solomon (RS) codes over a finite field of size $q$, where $n=q-1$ is the length and $k$ is the dimension. In particular, we employ the fast Fourier transform (FFT) together with properties of a circulant matrix associated with the error interpolation polynomial and some known results from elimination theory in the decoding process. The asymptotic computational complexity of the proposed algorithm for correcting any $t \leq \lfloor \frac{n-k}{2} \rfloor$ errors in an $(n,k)$ RS code is of order $\mathcal{O}(t\log^2 t)$ and $\mathcal{O}(n\log^2 n \log\log n)$ over FFT-friendly and arbitrary finite fields, respectively, achieving the best currently known asymptotic decoding complexity, proposed for the same set of parameters.

4.Reduced-Complexity Cross-Domain Iterative Detection for OTFS Modulation via Delay-Doppler Decoupling

Authors:Mengmeng Liu, Shuangyang Li, Baoming Bai, Giuseppe Caire

Abstract: In this paper, a reduced-complexity cross-domain iterative detection for orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation is proposed, which exploits channel properties in both time and delay-Doppler domains. Specifically, we first show that in the time domain effective channel, the path delay only introduces interference among samples in adjacent time slots, while the Doppler becomes a phase term that does not affect the channel sparsity. This ``band-limited'' matrix structure motivates us to apply a reduced-size linear minimum mean square error (LMMSE) filter to eliminate the effect of delay in the time domain, while exploiting the cross-domain iteration for minimizing the effect of Doppler by noticing that the time and Doppler are a pair of Fourier dual. The state (MSE) evolution was derived and compared with bounds to verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme achieves almost the same error performance as the optimal detection, but only requires a reduced complexity.

5.NOMA-Assisted Grant-Free Transmission: How to Design Pre-Configured SNR Levels?

Authors:Zhiguo Ding, Robert Schober, Bayan Sharif, and H. Vincent Poor

Abstract: An effective way to realize non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) assisted grant-free transmission is to first create multiple receive signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) levels and then serve multiple grant-free users by employing these SNR levels as bandwidth resources. These SNR levels need to be pre-configured prior to the grant-free transmission and have great impact on the performance of grant-free networks. The aim of this letter is to illustrate different designs for configuring the SNR levels and investigate their impact on the performance of grant-free transmission, where age-of-information is used as the performance metric. The presented analytical and simulation results demonstrate the performance gain achieved by NOMA over orthogonal multiple access, and also reveal the relative merits of the considered designs for pre-configured SNR levels.

6.Coded Orthogonal Modulation for the Multi-Antenna Multiple-Access Channel

Authors:Alexander Fengler, Alejandro Lancho, Yury Polyanskiy

Abstract: This study focuses on (traditional and unsourced) multiple-access communication over a single transmit and multiple ($M$) receive antennas. We assume full or partial channel state information (CSI) at the receiver. It is known that to fully achieve the fundamental limits (even asymptotically) the decoder needs to jointly estimate all user codewords, doing which directly is computationally infeasible. We propose a low-complexity solution, termed coded orthogonal modulation multiple-access (COMMA), in which users first encode their messages via a long (multi-user interference aware) outer code operating over a $q$-ary alphabet. These symbols are modulated onto $q$ orthogonal waveforms. At the decoder a multiple-measurement vector approximate message passing (MMV-AMP) algorithm estimates several candidates (out of $q$) for each user, with the remaining uncertainty resolved by the single-user outer decoders. Numerically, we show that COMMA outperforms a standard solution based on linear multiuser detection (MUD) with Gaussian signaling. Theoretically, we derive bounds and scaling laws for $M$, the number of users $K_a$, SNR, and $q$, allowing to quantify the trade-off between receive antennas and spectral efficiency. The orthogonal signaling scheme is applicable to unsourced random access and, with chirp sequences as basis, allows for low-complexity fast Fourier transform (FFT) based receivers that are resilient to frequency and timing offsets.

7.Optimized Geometric Constellation Shaping for Wiener Phase Noise Channels with Viterbi-Viterbi Carrier Phase Estimation

Authors:Andrej Rode, Wintana Araya Gebrehiwot, Shrinivas Chimmalgi, Laurent Schmalen

Abstract: The Viterbi & Viterbi (V&V) algorithm is well understood for QPSK and 16-QAM, but modifications are required for higher-order modulation formats. We present an approach to extend the standard V&V algorithm for higher-order modulation formats by modifying the transmit constellation with geometric constellation shaping.