arXiv daily

Optimization and Control (math.OC)

Fri, 19 May 2023

Other arXiv digests in this category:Thu, 14 Sep 2023; Wed, 13 Sep 2023; Tue, 12 Sep 2023; Mon, 11 Sep 2023; Fri, 08 Sep 2023; Tue, 05 Sep 2023; Fri, 01 Sep 2023; Thu, 31 Aug 2023; Wed, 30 Aug 2023; Tue, 29 Aug 2023; Mon, 28 Aug 2023; Fri, 25 Aug 2023; Thu, 24 Aug 2023; Wed, 23 Aug 2023; Tue, 22 Aug 2023; Mon, 21 Aug 2023; Fri, 18 Aug 2023; Thu, 17 Aug 2023; Wed, 16 Aug 2023; Tue, 15 Aug 2023; Mon, 14 Aug 2023; Fri, 11 Aug 2023; Thu, 10 Aug 2023; Wed, 09 Aug 2023; Tue, 08 Aug 2023; Mon, 07 Aug 2023; Fri, 04 Aug 2023; Thu, 03 Aug 2023; Wed, 02 Aug 2023; Tue, 01 Aug 2023; Mon, 31 Jul 2023; Fri, 28 Jul 2023; Thu, 27 Jul 2023; Wed, 26 Jul 2023; Tue, 25 Jul 2023; Mon, 24 Jul 2023; Fri, 21 Jul 2023; Thu, 20 Jul 2023; Wed, 19 Jul 2023; Tue, 18 Jul 2023; Mon, 17 Jul 2023; Fri, 14 Jul 2023; Thu, 13 Jul 2023; Wed, 12 Jul 2023; Tue, 11 Jul 2023; Mon, 10 Jul 2023; Fri, 07 Jul 2023; Thu, 06 Jul 2023; Wed, 05 Jul 2023; Tue, 04 Jul 2023; Mon, 03 Jul 2023; Fri, 30 Jun 2023; Thu, 29 Jun 2023; Wed, 28 Jun 2023; Tue, 27 Jun 2023; Mon, 26 Jun 2023; Fri, 23 Jun 2023; Thu, 22 Jun 2023; Wed, 21 Jun 2023; Tue, 20 Jun 2023; Fri, 16 Jun 2023; Thu, 15 Jun 2023; Tue, 13 Jun 2023; Mon, 12 Jun 2023; Fri, 09 Jun 2023; Thu, 08 Jun 2023; Wed, 07 Jun 2023; Tue, 06 Jun 2023; Mon, 05 Jun 2023; Fri, 02 Jun 2023; Thu, 01 Jun 2023; Wed, 31 May 2023; Tue, 30 May 2023; Mon, 29 May 2023; Fri, 26 May 2023; Thu, 25 May 2023; Wed, 24 May 2023; Tue, 23 May 2023; Mon, 22 May 2023; Thu, 18 May 2023; Wed, 17 May 2023; Tue, 16 May 2023; Mon, 15 May 2023; Fri, 12 May 2023; Thu, 11 May 2023; Wed, 10 May 2023; Tue, 09 May 2023; Mon, 08 May 2023; Fri, 05 May 2023; Thu, 04 May 2023; Wed, 03 May 2023; Tue, 02 May 2023; Mon, 01 May 2023; Fri, 28 Apr 2023; Thu, 27 Apr 2023; Wed, 26 Apr 2023; Tue, 25 Apr 2023; Mon, 24 Apr 2023; Fri, 21 Apr 2023; Thu, 20 Apr 2023; Wed, 19 Apr 2023; Tue, 18 Apr 2023; Mon, 17 Apr 2023; Fri, 14 Apr 2023; Thu, 13 Apr 2023; Wed, 12 Apr 2023; Tue, 11 Apr 2023; Mon, 10 Apr 2023
1.The Barzilai-Borwein Method for Distributed Optimization over Unbalanced Directed Networks

Authors:Jinhui Hu, Xin Chen, Lifeng Zheng, Ling Zhang, Huaqing Li

Abstract: This paper studies optimization problems over multi-agent systems, in which all agents cooperatively minimize a global objective function expressed as a sum of local cost functions. Each agent in the systems uses only local computation and communication in the overall process without leaking their private information. Based on the Barzilai-Borwein (BB) method and multi-consensus inner loops, a distributed algorithm with the availability of larger stepsizes and accelerated convergence, namely ADBB, is proposed. Moreover, owing to employing only row-stochastic weight matrices, ADBB can resolve the optimization problems over unbalanced directed networks without requiring the knowledge of neighbors' out-degree for each agent. Via establishing contraction relationships between the consensus error, the optimality gap, and the gradient tracking error, ADBB is theoretically proved to converge linearly to the globally optimal solution. A real-world data set is used in simulations to validate the correctness of the theoretical analysis.

2.Accelerating Convergence in Global Non-Convex Optimization with Reversible Diffusion

Authors:Ryo Fujino

Abstract: Langevin Dynamics has been extensively employed in global non-convex optimization due to the concentration of its stationary distribution around the global minimum of the potential function at low temperatures. In this paper, we propose to utilize a more comprehensive class of stochastic processes, known as reversible diffusion, and apply the Euler-Maruyama discretization for global non-convex optimization. We design the diffusion coefficient to be larger when distant from the optimum and smaller when near, thus enabling accelerated convergence while regulating discretization error, a strategy inspired by landscape modifications. Our proposed method can also be seen as a time change of Langevin Dynamics, and we prove convergence with respect to KL divergence, investigating the trade-off between convergence speed and discretization error. The efficacy of our proposed method is demonstrated through numerical experiments.

3.Dynamic Routing for the Electric Vehicle Shortest Path Problem with Charging Station Occupancy Information

Authors:Mohsen Dastpak, Fausto Errico, Ola Jabali, Federico Malucelli

Abstract: We study EVs traveling from origin to destination in the shortest time, focusing on long-distance settings with energy requirements exceeding EV autonomy. The EV may charge its battery at public Charging Stations (CSs), which are subject to uncertain waiting times. We model CSs using appropriately defined queues, whose status is revealed upon the EV arrival. However, we consider the availability of real-time binary Occupancy Indicator (OI) information, signaling if a CS is busy or not. At each OI update, we determine the sequence of CSs to visit along with associated charging quantities. We name the resulting problem the Electric Vehicle Shortest Path Problem with charging station Occupancy Indicator information (EVSPP-OI). In this problem, we consider that the EV is allowed to partially charge its battery, and we model charging times via piecewise linear charging functions that depend on the CS technology. We propose an MDP formulation for the EVSPP-OI and develop a reoptimization algorithm that establishes the sequence of CS visits and charging amounts based on system updates. Specifically, we propose a simulation-based approach to estimate the waiting time of the EV at a CS as a function of its arrival time. As the path to a CS may consist of multiple intermediate CS stops, estimating the arrival times at each CS is fairly intricate. To this end, we propose an efficient heuristic that yields approximate lower bounds on the arrival time of the EV at each CS. We use these estimations to define a deterministic EVSPP, which we solve with an existing algorithm. We conduct a comprehensive computational study and compare the performance of our methodology with a benchmark that observes the status of CSs only upon arrival. Results show that our method reduces waiting times and total trip duration by an average of 23.7%-95.4% and 1.4%-18.5%, respectively.

4.Multi-Objective Optimization Using the R2 Utility

Authors:Ben Tu, Nikolas Kantas, Robert M. Lee, Behrang Shafei

Abstract: The goal of multi-objective optimization is to identify a collection of points which describe the best possible trade-offs between the multiple objectives. In order to solve this vector-valued optimization problem, practitioners often appeal to the use of scalarization functions in order to transform the multi-objective problem into a collection of single-objective problems. This set of scalarized problems can then be solved using traditional single-objective optimization techniques. In this work, we formalise this convention into a general mathematical framework. We show how this strategy effectively recasts the original multi-objective optimization problem into a single-objective optimization problem defined over sets. An appropriate class of objective functions for this new problem is the R2 utility function, which is defined as a weighted integral over the scalarized optimization problems. We show that this utility function is a monotone and submodular set function, which can be optimised effectively using greedy optimization algorithms. We analyse the performance of these greedy algorithms both theoretically and empirically. Our analysis largely focusses on Bayesian optimization, which is a popular probabilistic framework for black-box optimization.

5.Small-time global approximate controllability of bilinear wave equations

Authors:Eugenio Pozzoli

Abstract: We consider a bilinear control problem for the wave equation on a torus of arbitrary dimension. We show that the system is globally approximately controllable in arbitrarily small times from a dense family of initial states. The control strategy is explicit, and based on a small-time limit of conjugated dynamics to move along non-directly accessible directions (a.k.a. Lie brackets of the generators).

6.A Theory of First Order Mean Field Type Control Problems and their Equations

Authors:Alain Bensoussan, Tak Kwong Wong, Sheung Chi Phillip Yam, Hongwei Yuan

Abstract: In this article, by using several new crucial {\it a priori} estimates which are still absent in the literature, we provide a comprehensive resolution of the first order generic mean field type control problems and also establish the global-in-time classical solutions of their Bellman and master equations. Rather than developing the analytical approach via tackling the Bellman and master equation directly, we apply the maximum principle approach by considering the induced forward-backward ordinary differential equation (FBODE) system; indeed, we first show the local-in-time unique existence of the solution of the FBODE system for a variety of terminal data by Banach fixed point argument, and then provide crucial a priori estimates of bounding the sensitivity of the terminal data for the backward equation by utilizing a monotonicity condition that can be deduced from the positive definiteness of the Schur complement of the Hessian matrix of the Lagrangian in the lifted version and manipulating first order condition appropriately; this uniform bound over the whole planning horizon $[0, T]$ allows us to partition $[0, T]$ into a number of sub-intervals with a common small length and then glue the consecutive local-in-time solutions together to form the unique global-in-time solution of the FBODE system. The regularity of the global-in-time solution follows from that of the local ones due to the regularity assumptions on the coefficient functions. Moreover, the regularity of the value function will also be shown with the aid of the regularity of the solution couple of the FBODE system and the regularity assumptions on the coefficient functions, with which we can further deduce that this value function and its linear functional derivative satisfy the Bellman and master equations, respectively.