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Optimization and Control (math.OC)

Tue, 15 Aug 2023

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1.Q-Learning for Continuous State and Action MDPs under Average Cost Criteria

Authors:Ali Devran Kara, Serdar Yuksel

Abstract: For infinite-horizon average-cost criterion problems, we present several approximation and reinforcement learning results for Markov Decision Processes with standard Borel spaces. Toward this end, (i) we first provide a discretization based approximation method for fully observed Markov Decision Processes (MDPs) with continuous spaces under average cost criteria, and we provide error bounds for the approximations when the dynamics are only weakly continuous under certain ergodicity assumptions. In particular, we relax the total variation condition given in prior work to weak continuity as well as Wasserstein continuity conditions. (ii) We provide synchronous and asynchronous Q-learning algorithms for continuous spaces via quantization, and establish their convergence. (iii) We show that the convergence is to the optimal Q values of the finite approximate models constructed via quantization. Our Q-learning convergence results and their convergence to near optimality are new for continuous spaces, and the proof method is new even for finite spaces, to our knowledge.

2.Entropic Model Predictive Optimal Transport for Underactuated Linear Systems

Authors:Kaito Ito, Kenji Kashima

Abstract: This letter investigates dynamical optimal transport of underactuated linear systems over an infinite time horizon. In our previous work, we proposed to integrate model predictive control and the celebrated Sinkhorn algorithm to perform efficient dynamical transport of agents. However, the proposed method requires the invertibility of input matrices, which severely limits its applicability. To resolve this issue, we extend the method to (possibly underactuated) controllable linear systems. In addition, we ensure the convergence properties of the method for general controllable linear systems. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated by a numerical example.

3.Quantile Optimization via Multiple Timescale Local Search for Black-box Functions

Authors:Jiaqiao Hu, Meichen Song, Michael C. Fu

Abstract: We consider quantile optimization of black-box functions that are estimated with noise. We propose two new iterative three-timescale local search algorithms. The first algorithm uses an appropriately modified finite-difference-based gradient estimator that requires $2d$ + 1 samples of the black-box function per iteration of the algorithm, where $d$ is the number of decision variables (dimension of the input vector). For higher-dimensional problems, this algorithm may not be practical if the black-box function estimates are expensive. The second algorithm employs a simultaneous-perturbation-based gradient estimator that uses only three samples for each iteration regardless of problem dimension. Under appropriate conditions, we show the almost sure convergence of both algorithms. In addition, for the class of strongly convex functions, we further establish their (finite-time) convergence rate through a novel fixed-point argument. Simulation experiments indicate that the algorithms work well on a variety of test problems and compare well with recently proposed alternative methods.

4.60 years of cyclic monotonicity: a survey

Authors:A. Kausamo, L. De Pascale, K. Wyczesany

Abstract: The primary purpose of this note is to provide an instructional summary of the state of the art regarding cyclic monotonicity and related notions. We will also present how these notions are tied to optimality in the optimal transport (or Monge-Kantorovich) problem.

5.high-order proximal point algorithm for the monotone variational inequality problem and its application

Authors:Jingyu Gao, Xiurui Geng

Abstract: The proximal point algorithm (PPA) has been developed to solve the monotone variational inequality problem. It provides a theoretical foundation for some methods, such as the augmented Lagrangian method (ALM) and the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM). This paper generalizes the PPA to the $p$th-order ($p\geq 1$) and proves its convergence rate $O \left(1/k^{p/2}\right)$ . Additionally, the $p$th-order ALM is proposed based on the $p$th-order PPA. Some numerical experiments are presented to demonstrate the performance of the $p$th-order ALM.

6.A Fast Smoothing Newton Method for Bilevel Hyperparameter Optimization for SVC with Logistic Loss

Authors:Yixin Wang, Qingna Li

Abstract: Support Vector Classification with logistic loss has excellent theoretical properties in classification problems where the label values are not continuous. In this paper, we reformulate the hyperparameter selection for SVC with logistic loss as a bilevel optimization problem in which the upper-level problem and the lower-level problem are both based on logistic loss. The resulting bilevel optimization model is converted to a single-level nonlinear programming (NLP) problem based on the KKT conditions of the lower-level problem. Such NLP contains a set of nonlinear equality constraints and a simple lower bound constraint. The second-order sufficient condition is characterized, which guarantees that the strict local optimizers are obtained. To solve such NLP, we apply the smoothing Newton method proposed in \cite{Liang} to solve the KKT conditions, which contain one pair of complementarity constraints. We show that the smoothing Newton method has a superlinear convergence rate. Extensive numerical results verify the efficiency of the proposed approach and strict local minimizers can be achieved both numerically and theoretically. In particular, compared with other methods, our algorithm can achieve competitive results while consuming less time than other methods.

7.Optimization of piecewise smooth shapes under uncertainty using the example of Navier-Stokes flow

Authors:Caroline Geiersbach, Tim Suchan, Kathrin Welker

Abstract: We investigate a complex system involving multiple shapes to be optimized in a domain, taking into account geometric constraints on the shapes and uncertainty appearing in the physics. We connect the differential geometry of product shape manifolds with multi-shape calculus, which provides a novel framework for the handling of piecewise smooth shapes. This multi-shape calculus is applied to a shape optimization problem where shapes serve as obstacles in a system governed by steady state incompressible Navier-Stokes flow. Numerical experiments use our recently developed stochastic augmented Lagrangian method and we investigate the choice of algorithmic parameters using the example of this application.

8.An efficient sieving based secant method for sparse optimization problems with least-squares constraints

Authors:Qian Li, Defeng Sun, Yancheng Yuan

Abstract: In this paper, we propose an efficient sieving based secant method to address the computational challenges of solving sparse optimization problems with least-squares constraints. A level-set method has been introduced in [X. Li, D.F. Sun, and K.-C. Toh, SIAM J. Optim., 28 (2018), pp. 1842--1866] that solves these problems by using the bisection method to find a root of a univariate nonsmooth equation $\varphi(\lambda) = \varrho$ for some $\varrho > 0$, where $\varphi(\cdot)$ is the value function computed by a solution of the corresponding regularized least-squares optimization problem. When the objective function in the constrained problem is a polyhedral gauge function, we prove that (i) for any positive integer $k$, $\varphi(\cdot)$ is piecewise $C^k$ in an open interval containing the solution $\lambda^*$ to the equation $\varphi(\lambda) = \varrho$; (ii) the Clarke Jacobian of $\varphi(\cdot)$ is always positive. These results allow us to establish the essential ingredients of the fast convergence rates of the secant method. Moreover, an adaptive sieving technique is incorporated into the secant method to effectively reduce the dimension of the level-set subproblems for computing the value of $\varphi(\cdot)$. The high efficiency of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated by extensive numerical results.