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Optimization and Control (math.OC)

Thu, 22 Jun 2023

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1.Rotation Group Synchronization via Quotient Manifold

Authors:Linglingzhi Zhu, Chong Li, Anthony Man-Cho So

Abstract: Rotation group $\mathcal{SO}(d)$ synchronization is an important inverse problem and has attracted intense attention from numerous application fields such as graph realization, computer vision, and robotics. In this paper, we focus on the least-squares estimator of rotation group synchronization with general additive noise models, which is a nonconvex optimization problem with manifold constraints. Unlike the phase/orthogonal group synchronization, there are limited provable approaches for solving rotation group synchronization. First, we derive improved estimation results of the least-squares/spectral estimator, illustrating the tightness and validating the existing relaxation methods of solving rotation group synchronization through the optimum of relaxed orthogonal group version under near-optimal noise level for exact recovery. Moreover, departing from the standard approach of utilizing the geometry of the ambient Euclidean space, we adopt an intrinsic Riemannian approach to study orthogonal/rotation group synchronization. Benefiting from a quotient geometric view, we prove the positive definite condition of quotient Riemannian Hessian around the optimum of orthogonal group synchronization problem, and consequently the Riemannian local error bound property is established to analyze the convergence rate properties of various Riemannian algorithms. As a simple and feasible method, the sequential convergence guarantee of the (quotient) Riemannian gradient method for solving orthogonal/rotation group synchronization problem is studied, and we derive its global linear convergence rate to the optimum with the spectral initialization. All results are deterministic without any probabilistic model.

2.Data-driven Approximation of Distributionally Robust Chance Constraints using Bayesian Credible Intervals

Authors:Zhiping Chen, Wentao Ma, Bingbing Ji

Abstract: The non-convexity and intractability of distributionally robust chance constraints make them challenging to cope with. From a data-driven perspective, we propose formulating it as a robust optimization problem to ensure that the distributionally robust chance constraint is satisfied with high probability. To incorporate available data and prior distribution knowledge, we construct ambiguity sets for the distributionally robust chance constraint using Bayesian credible intervals. We establish the congruent relationship between the ambiguity set in Bayesian distributionally robust chance constraints and the uncertainty set in a specific robust optimization. In contrast to most existent uncertainty set construction methods which are only applicable for particular settings, our approach provides a unified framework for constructing uncertainty sets under different marginal distribution assumptions, thus making it more flexible and widely applicable. Additionally, under the concavity assumption, our method provides strong finite sample probability guarantees for optimal solutions. The practicality and effectiveness of our approach are illustrated with numerical experiments on portfolio management and queuing system problems. Overall, our approach offers a promising solution to distributionally robust chance constrained problems and has potential applications in other fields.

3.Don't be so Monotone: Relaxing Stochastic Line Search in Over-Parameterized Models

Authors:Leonardo Galli, Holger Rauhut, Mark Schmidt

Abstract: Recent works have shown that line search methods can speed up Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) and Adam in modern over-parameterized settings. However, existing line searches may take steps that are smaller than necessary since they require a monotone decrease of the (mini-)batch objective function. We explore nonmonotone line search methods to relax this condition and possibly accept larger step sizes. Despite the lack of a monotonic decrease, we prove the same fast rates of convergence as in the monotone case. Our experiments show that nonmonotone methods improve the speed of convergence and generalization properties of SGD/Adam even beyond the previous monotone line searches. We propose a POlyak NOnmonotone Stochastic (PoNoS) method, obtained by combining a nonmonotone line search with a Polyak initial step size. Furthermore, we develop a new resetting technique that in the majority of the iterations reduces the amount of backtracks to zero while still maintaining a large initial step size. To the best of our knowledge, a first runtime comparison shows that the epoch-wise advantage of line-search-based methods gets reflected in the overall computational time.

4.A Gradient Descent-Ascent Method for Continuous-Time Risk-Averse Optimal Control

Authors:Gabriel Velho, Jean Auriol, Riccardo Bonalli

Abstract: In this paper, we consider continuous-time stochastic optimal control problems where the cost is evaluated through a coherent risk measure. We provide an explicit gradient descent-ascent algorithm which applies to problems subject to non-linear stochastic differential equations. More specifically, we leverage duality properties of coherent risk measures to relax the problem via a smooth min-max reformulation which induces artificial strong concavity in the max subproblem. We then formulate necessary conditions of optimality for this relaxed problem which we leverage to prove convergence of the gradient descent-ascent algorithm to candidate solutions of the original problem. Finally, we showcase the efficiency of our algorithm through numerical simulations involving trajectory tracking problems and highlight the benefit of favoring risk measures over classical expectation.

5.The chain control set of a linear control system

Authors:Adriano Da Silva

Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the chain control sets of linear control systems on connected Lie groups. Our main result shows that the compactness of the central subgroup associated with the drift is a necessary and sufficient condition to assure the uniqueness and compactness of the chain control set.