arXiv daily: Analysis of PDEs

arXiv daily: Analysis of PDEs (math.AP)

1.Decay of extremals of Morrey's inequality

Authors:Ryan Hynd, Simon Larson, Erik Lindgren

Abstract: We study the decay (at infinity) of extremals of Morrey's inequality in $\mathbb{R}^n$. These are functions satisfying $$ \displaystyle \sup_{x\neq y}\frac{|u(x)-u(y)|}{|x-y|^{1-\frac{n}{p}}}= C(p,n)\|\nabla u\|_{L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)} , $$ where $p>n$ and $C(p,n)$ is the optimal constant in Morrey's inequality. We prove that if $n \geq 2$ then any extremal has a power decay of order $\beta$ for any $$ \beta<-\frac13+\frac{2}{3(p-1)}+\sqrt{\left(-\frac13+\frac{2}{3(p-1)}\right)^2+\frac13}. $$

2.Graph-to-local limit for the nonlocal interaction equation

Authors:Antonio Esposito, Georg Heinze, André Schlichting

Abstract: We study a class of nonlocal partial differential equations presenting a tensor-mobility, in space, obtained asymptotically from nonlocal dynamics on localising infinite graphs. Our strategy relies on the variational structure of both equations, being a Riemannian and Finslerian gradient flow, respectively. More precisely, we prove that weak solutions of the nonlocal interaction equation on graphs converge to weak solutions of the aforementioned class of nonlocal interaction equation with a tensor-mobility in the Euclidean space. This highlights an interesting property of the graph, being a potential space-discretisation for the equation under study.

3.Boundary regularity of uniformly rotating vortex patch

Authors:Yuchen Wang, Maolin Zhou, Guanghui Zhang

Abstract: In this paper we consider the singularities on the boundary of limiting $V$-states of the 2-dim incompressible Euler equation. By setting up a Weiss-type monotoncity formula for a sign-changing unstable elliptic free boundary problem, we obtain the classification of singular points on the free boundary: the boundary of vortical domain would form either a right angle ($90^\circ$) or a cusp ($0^\circ$) near these points in the limiting sense. For the first alternative, we further prove the uniformly regularity of the free boundary near these isolated singular points.

4.Stress concentration for nonlinear insulated conductivity problem with adjacent inclusions

Authors:Qionglei Chen, Zhiwen Zhao

Abstract: A high-contrast two-phase nonlinear composite material with adjacent inclusions of $m$-convex shapes is considered for $m>2$. The mathematical formulation consists of the insulated conductivity problem with $p$-Laplace operator in $\mathbb{R}^{d}$ for $p>1$ and $d\geq2$. The stress, which is the gradient of the solution, always blows up with respect to the distance $\varepsilon$ between two inclusions as $\varepsilon$ goes to zero. We first establish the pointwise upper bound on the gradient possessing the singularity of order $\varepsilon^{-\beta}$ with $\beta=(1-\alpha)/m$ for some $\alpha\geq0$, where $\alpha=0$ if $d=2$ and $\alpha>0$ if $d\geq3$. In particular, we give a quantitative description for the range of horizontal length of the narrow channel in the process of establishing the gradient estimates, which provides a clear understanding for the applied techniques and methods. For $d\geq2$, we further construct a supersolution to sharpen the upper bound with any $\beta>(d+m-2)/(m(p-1))$ when $p>d+m-1$. Finally, a subsolution is also constructed to show the almost optimality of the blow-up rate $\varepsilon^{-1/\max\{p-1,m\}}$ in the presence of curvilinear squares. This fact reveals a novel dichotomy phenomena that the singularity of the gradient is uniquely determined by one of the convexity parameter $m$ and the nonlinear exponent $p$ except for the critical case of $p=m+1$ in two dimensions.

5.Inverse problem of determining time-dependent leading coefficient in the time-fractional heat equation

Authors:Daurenbek Serikbaev, Michael Ruzhansky, Niyaz Tokmagambetov

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate direct and inverse problems for the time-fractional heat equation with a time-dependent diffusion coefficient for positive operators. First, we consider the direct problem, and the unique existence of the generalized solution is established. We also deduce some regularity results. Here, our proofs are based on the eigenfunction expansion method. Second, we consider the inverse problem of determining the diffusion coefficient. The well-posedness of this inverse problem is shown by reducing the problem to an operator equation for the diffusion coefficient.

6.Asymptotic stability in the critical space of 2D monotone shear flow in the viscous fluid

Authors:Hui Li, Weiren Zhao

Abstract: In this paper, we study the long-time behavior of the solutions to the two-dimensional incompressible free Navier Stokes equation (without forcing) with small viscosity $\nu$, when the initial data is close to stable monotone shear flows. We prove the asymptotic stability and obtain the sharp stability threshold $\nu^{\frac{1}{2}}$ for perturbations in the critical space $H^{log}_xL^2_y$. Specifically, if the initial velocity $V_{in}$ and the corresponding vorticity $W_{in}$ are $\nu^{\frac{1}{2}}$-close to the shear flow $(b_{in}(y),0)$ in the critical space, i.e., $\|V_{in}-(b_{in}(y),0)\|_{L_{x,y}^2}+\|W_{in}-(-\partial_yb_{in})\|_{H^{log}_xL^2_y}\leq \epsilon \nu^{\frac{1}{2}}$, then the velocity $V(t)$ stay $\nu^{\frac{1}{2}}$-close to a shear flow $(b(t,y),0)$ that solves the free heat equation $(\partial_t-\nu\partial_{yy})b(t,y)=0$. We also prove the enhanced dissipation and inviscid damping, namely, the nonzero modes of vorticity and velocity decay in the following sense $\|W_{\neq}\|_{L^2}\lesssim \epsilon\nu^{\frac{1}{2}}e^{-c\nu^{\frac{1}{3}}t}$ and $\|V_{\neq}\|_{L^2_tL^2_{x,y}}\lesssim \epsilon\nu^{\frac{1}{2}}$. In the proof, we construct a time-dependent wave operator corresponding to the Rayleigh operator $b(t,y)\partial_x-\partial_{yy}b(t,y)\partial_x\Delta^{-1}$, which could be useful in future studies.

7.Stress blow-up analysis when suspending rigid particles approach boundary in 3D Stokes flow

Authors:Haigang Li, Longjuan Xu, Peihao Zhang

Abstract: The stress concentration is a common phenomenon in the study of fluid-solid model. In this paper, we investigate the boundary gradient estimates and the second order derivatives estimates for the Stokes flow when the rigid particles approach the boundary of the matrix in dimension three. We classify the effect on the blow-up rates of the stress from the prescribed various boundary data: locally constant case and locally polynomial case. Our results hold for general convex inclusions, including two important cases in practice, spherical inclusions and ellipsoidal inclusions. The blow-up rates of the Cauchy stress in the narrow region are also obtained. We establish the corresponding estimates in higher dimensions greater than three.

8.Nonexistence results for semilinear elliptic equations on weighted graphs

Authors:Dario Daniele Monticelli, Fabio Punzo, Jacopo Somaglia

Abstract: We study semilinear elliptic inequalities with a potential on infinite graphs. Given a distance on the graph, we assume an upper bound on its Laplacian, and a growth condition on a suitable weighted volume of balls. Under such hypotheses, we prove that the problem does not admit any nonnegative nontrivial solution. We also show that our conditions are optimal.

9.Modica type estimates and curvature results for overdetermined elliptic problems

Authors:David Ruiz, Pieralberto Sicbaldi, Jing Wu

Abstract: In this paper, we establish a Modica type estimate on bounded solutions to the overdetermined elliptic problem \begin{equation*} \begin{cases} \Delta u+f(u) =0& \mbox{in $\Omega$, }\\ u>0 &\mbox{in $\Omega$, } u=0 &\mbox{on $\partial\Omega$, } \partial_{\nu} u=c_0 &\mbox{on $\partial\Omega$, } \end{cases} \end{equation*} where $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^{n},n\geq 2$. As we will see, the presence of the boundary changes the usual form of the Modica estimate for entire solutions. We will also discuss the equality case. From such estimates we will deduce information about the curvature of $\partial \Omega$ under a certain condition on $c_0$ and $f$. The proof uses the maximum principle together with scaling arguments and a careful passage to the limit in the arguments by contradiction.

10.Asymptotic Stability of Solitary Waves for One Dimensional Nonlinear Schrödinger Equations

Authors:Charles Collot, Pierre Germain

Abstract: We show global asymptotic stability of solitary waves of the nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation in space dimension 1. Furthermore, the radiation is shown to exhibit long range scattering if the nonlinearity is cubic at the origin, or standard scattering if it is higher order. We handle a general nonlinearity without any vanishing condition, requiring that the linearized operator around the solitary wave has neither nonzero eigenvalues, nor threshold resonances. Initial data are chosen in a neighborhood of the solitary waves in the natural space $H^1 \cap L^{2,1}$ (where the latter is the weighted $L^2$ space). The proof relies on the analysis of resonances as seen through the distorted Fourier transform, combined for the first time with modulation and renormalization techniques.

11.The qualitative behavior at a vortex point for the Chern-Simon-Higgs equation

Authors:Jiayu Li, Lei Liu

Abstract: In this paper, we study the qualitative behavior at a vortex blow-up point for Chern-Simon-Higgs equation. Roughly speaking, we will establish an energy identity at a each such point, i.e. the local mass is the sum of the bubbles. Moreover, we prove that either there is only one bubble which is a singular bubble or there are more than two bubbles which contains no singular bubble. Meanwhile, we prove that the energies of these bubbles must satisfy a quadratic polynomial which can be used to prove the simple blow-up property when the multiplicity is small. As is well known, for many Liouville type system, Pohozaev type identity is a quadratic polynomial corresponding to energies which can be used directly to compute the local mass at a blow-up point. The difficulty here is that, besides the energy's integration, there is a additional term in the Pohozaev type identity of Chern-Simon-Higgs equation. We need some more detailed and delicated analysis to deal with it.

12.Exact controllability of incompressible ideal magnetohydrodynamics in $2$D

Authors:Manuel Rissel

Abstract: This work examines the controllability of planar incompressible ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). Interior controls are obtained for problems posed in doubly-connected regions; simply-connected configurations are driven by boundary controls. Up to now, only straight channels regulated at opposing walls have been studied. Hence, the present program adds to the literature an exploration of interior controllability, extends the known boundary controllability results, and contributes ideas for treating general domains. To transship obstacles stemming from the MHD coupling and the magnetic field topology, a divide-and-control strategy is proposed. This leads to a family of nonlinear velocity-controlled sub-problems which are solved using J.-M. Coron's return method. The latter is here developed based on a reference trajectory in the domain's first cohomology space.

13.Block-radial symmetry breaking for ground states of biharmonic NLS

Authors:Rainer Mandel, Diogo Oliveira e Silva

Abstract: We prove that the biharmonic NLS equation $\Delta^2 u +2\Delta u+(1+\varepsilon)u=|u|^{p-2}u$ in $\mathbb R^d$ has at least $k+1$ different solutions if $\varepsilon>0$ is small enough and $2<p<2_\star^k$, where $2_\star^k$ is an explicit critical exponent arising from the Fourier restriction theory of $O(d-k)\times O(k)$-symmetric functions. This extends the recent symmetry breaking result of Lenzmann-Weth and relies on a chain of strict inequalities for the corresponding Rayleigh quotients associated with distinct values of $k$. We further prove that, as $\varepsilon\to 0^+$, the Fourier transform of each ground state concentrates near the unit sphere and becomes rough in the scale of Sobolev spaces.

14.On the inviscid limit connecting Brinkman's and Darcy's models of tissue growth with nonlinear pressure

Authors:Charles Elbar, Jakub Skrzeczkowski

Abstract: Several recent papers have addressed modelling of the tissue growth by the multi-phase models where the velocity is related to the pressure by one of the physical laws (Stoke's, Brinkman's or Darcy's). While each of these models has been extensively studied, not so much is known about the connection between them. In the recent paper (arXiv:2303.10620), assuming the linear form of the pressure, the Authors connected two multi-phase models by an inviscid limit: the viscoelastic one (of Brinkman's type) and the inviscid one (of Darcy's type). Here, we prove that the same is true for a nonlinear, power-law pressure. The new ingredient is that we use relation between the pressure $p$ and the Brinkman potential $W$ to deduce compactness in space of $p$ from the compactness in space of $W$.

15.Plasmons for the Hartree equations with Coulomb interaction

Authors:Toan T. Nguyen, Chanjin You

Abstract: In this work, we establish the existence and decay of {\em plasmons}, the quantum of Langmuir's oscillatory waves found in plasma physics, for the linearized Hartree equations describing an interacting gas of infinitely many fermions near general translation-invariant steady states, including compactly supported Fermi gases at zero temperature, in the whole space $\RR^d$ for $d\ge 2$. Notably, these plasmons exist precisely due to the long-range pair interaction between the particles. Next, we provide a survival threshold of spatial frequencies, below which the plasmons purely oscillate and disperse like a Klein-Gordon's wave, while at the threshold they are damped by {\em Landau damping}, the classical decaying mechanism due to their resonant interaction with the background fermions. The explicit rate of Landau damping is provided for general radial homogenous equilibria. Above the threshold, the density of the excited fermions is well approximated by that of the free gas dynamics and thus decays rapidly fast for each Fourier mode via {\em phase mixing}. Finally, pointwise bounds on the Green function and dispersive estimates on the density are established.

16.A class of fractional parabolic reaction-diffusion systems with control of total mass: theory and numerics

Authors:Maha Daoud, El-Haj Laamri, Azeddine Baalal

Abstract: In this paper, we prove global-in-time existence of strong solutions to a class of fractional parabolic reaction-diffusion systems posed in a bounded domain of $\mathbb{R}^N$. The nonlinear reactive terms are assumed to satisfy natural structure conditions which provide non-negativity of the solutions and uniform control of the total mass. The diffusion operators are of type $u_i\mapsto d_i(-\Delta)^s u_i$ where $0<s<1$. Global existence of strong solutions is proved under the assumption that the nonlinearities are at most of polynomial growth. Our results extend previous results obtained when the diffusion operators are of type $u_i\mapsto -d_i\Delta u_i$. On the other hand, we use numerical simulations to examine the global existence of solutions to systems with exponentially growing right-hand sides, which remains so far an open theoretical question even in the case $s=1$.

1.Internal Schauder estimates for Hörmander type equations with Dini continuous source

Authors:Giovanna Citti, Bianca Stroffolini

Abstract: We study the regularity properties of a general second order H\"ormander operator with Dini continous coefficients $a_{ij}$. Precisely if $X_0, X_1,\cdots X_m$ are smooth self adjoint vector fields satisfying the H\"ormander condition, we consider the linear operator in $\R^{N}$, with $N>m+1$: \begin{equation*} \L u := \sum_{i, j= 1}^{m} a_{ij} X_{i}X_{j} u - X_0 u. \end{equation*} The vector field $X_0$ plays a role similar to the time derivative in a parabolic problem so that it is a vector of degree two. We prove that, if $f$ is a Dini continuous function, then the second order derivatives of the solution $u$ to the equation $\L u = f$ are Dini continuous functions as well. A key step in our proof is a Taylor formula in this anisotropic setting, that we establish under minimal regularity assumptions.

2.Global approximation for the cubic NLS with strong magnetic confinement

Authors:Jumpei Kawakami

Abstract: We consider nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equation with strong magnetic fields in 3D. This model was derived by R L. Frank, F. M\'{e}hats, C. Sparber in 2017. We prove modified scattering for small initial data and the existence of modified wave operator for small final data. To describe asymptotic behavior of the NLS we use the time-averaged model which was derived by the same authors as "the strong magnetic confinement limit" of the NLS. We construct asymptotic solutions which satisfy both asymptotic in time evolution and convergence in the strong magnetic confinement limit. We also analyze the error between the solution to the NLS and the time-averaged model for the same initial data and obtain global estimates.

3.Heat equations associated to harmonic oscillator with exponential nonlinearity

Authors:Divyang G. Bhimani, Mohamed Majdoub, Ramesh Manna

Abstract: We consider the Cauchy problem for heat equation with fractional harmonic oscillator and exponential nonlinearity. We establish local well-posedness result in Orlicz spaces. We derive the existence of global {weak-mild} solutions for small initial data and obtain decay estimates for large time in Lebesgue spaces. In particular, we show that the decay depends on the behavior of the nonlinearity near the origin. Finally, we show that for some non-negative initial data in the appropriate Orlicz space, there is no local non-negative classical solution.

4.Strong Persistence of a Class of Strongly Coupled Parabolic Systems of $m$ Equations

Authors:Dung Le

Abstract: We establish one of the most important assumptions of the strong persistence theory for dynamical systems associated to cross diffusion systems of $m$ equations ($m\ge2$): the stable sets of semi-trivial steady cannot intersect the interior of the positive cone of $C(\Omega,\mathbb{R}^m)$. Many examples will be provided to show the effects of the cross diffusion.

5.On The Weak Harnack Estimate For Nonlocal Equations

Authors:Harsh Prasad

Abstract: We prove a weak Harnack estimate for a class of doubly nonlinear nonlocal equations modelled on the nonlocal Trudinger equation \begin{align*} \partial_t(|u|^{p-2}u) + (-\Delta_p)^s u = 0 \end{align*} for $p\in (1,\infty)$ and $s \in (0,1)$. Our proof relies on expansion of positivity arguments developed by DiBenedetto, Gianazza and Vespri adapted to the nonlocal setup. Even in the linear case of the nonlocal heat equation and in the time-independent case of fractional $p-$Laplace equation, our approach provides an alternate route to Harnack estimates without using Moser iteration, log estimates or Krylov-Safanov covering arguments.

6.Normalized ground states for a biharmonic Choquard system in $\mathbb{R}^4$

Authors:Wenjing Chen, Zexi Wang

Abstract: In this paper, we study the existence of normalized ground state solutions for the following biharmonic Choquard system \begin{align*} \begin{split} \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \Delta^2u=\lambda_1 u+(I_\mu*F(u,v))F_u (u,v), \quad\mbox{in}\ \ \mathbb{R}^4, \Delta^2v=\lambda_2 v+(I_\mu*F(u,v)) F_v(u,v), \quad\mbox{in}\ \ \mathbb{R}^4, \displaystyle\int_{\mathbb{R}^4}|u|^2dx=a^2,\quad \displaystyle\int_{\mathbb{R}^4}|v|^2dx=b^2,\quad u,v\in H^2(\mathbb{R}^4), \end{array} \right. \end{split} \end{align*} where $a,b>0$ are prescribed, $\lambda_1,\lambda_2\in \mathbb{R}$, $I_\mu=\frac{1}{|x|^\mu}$ with $\mu\in (0,4)$, $F_u,F_v$ are partial derivatives of $F$ and $F_u,F_v$ have exponential subcritical or critical growth in the sense of the Adams inequality. By using a minimax principle and analyzing the behavior of the ground state energy with respect to the prescribed mass, we obtain the existence of ground state solutions for the above problem.

7.Stefan problem with surface tension: uniqueness of physical solutions under radial symmetry

Authors:Yucheng Guo, Sergey Nadtochiy, Mykhaylo Shkolnikov

Abstract: We study the Stefan problem with surface tension and radially symmetric initial data. In this context, the notion of a so-called physical solution, which exists globally despite the inherent blow-ups of the melting rate, has been recently introduced in [NS23]. The paper at hand is devoted to the proof that the physical solution is unique, the first such result when the free boundary is not flat, or when two phases are present. The main argument relies on a detailed analysis of the hitting probabilities for a three-dimensional Brownian motion, as well as on a novel convexity property of the free boundary obtained by comparison techniques. In the course of the proof, we establish a wide variety of regularity estimates for the free boundary and for the temperature function, of interest in their own right.

8.Sign changing bubble tower solutions to a slightly subcritical elliptic problem with non-power nonlinearity

Authors:Shengbing Deng, Fang Yu

Abstract: We study the following elliptic problem involving slightly subcritical non-power nonlinearity $$\left\{\begin{array}{lll} -\Delta u =\frac{|u|^{2^*-2}u}{[\ln(e+|u|)]^\epsilon}\ \ &{\rm in}\ \Omega, \\[2mm] u= 0 \ \ & {\rm on}\ \partial\Omega, \end{array} \right.$$ where $\Omega$ is a bounded smooth domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, $n\geq 3$, $2^*=\frac{2n}{n-2}$ is the critical Sobolev exponent, $\epsilon>0$ is a small parameter. By the finite dimensional Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction method, we construct a sign changing bubble tower solution with the shape of a tower of bubbles as $\epsilon$ goes to zero.

1.Multiple positive solutions for a double phase system with singular nonlinearity

Authors:Zhanbing Bai, Yizhe Feng

Abstract: In this paper, we study a class of double phase systems which contain the singular and mixed nonlinear terms. Unlike the single equation, the mixed nonlinear terms make the problem more complicate. The geometry of the fibering mapping has multiple possibilities. To overcome the difficulties posed by the mixed nonlinear terms, we need to repeatedly construct concave functions, discuss different cases, and use the properties of concave functions and basic inequalities such as H\"{o}lder inequality, Poincar\'{e}'s inequality and Young's inequality. By the use of the Nehari manifold, the existence and multiplicity of positive solutions which have nonnegative energy are obtained.

2.Shock profiles for hydrodynamic models for fluid-particles flows in the flowing regime

Authors:Thierry Goudon COFFEE, LJAD, Pauline Lafitte MICS, FR3487, Corrado Mascia Sapienza University of Rome

Abstract: Starting from coupled fluid-kinetic equations for the modeling of laden flows, we derive relevant viscous corrections to be added to asymptotic hydrodynamic systems, by means of Chapman-Enskog expansions and analyse the shock profile structure for such limiting systems. Our main findings can be summarized as follows. Firstly, we consider simplified models, which are intended to reproduce the main difficulties and features of more intricate systems. However, while they are more easily accessible to analysis, such toy-models should be considered with caution since they might lose many important structural properties of the more realistic systems. Secondly, shock profiles can be identified also in such a case, which can be proven to be stable at least in the regime of small amplitude shocks. Last, but not least, regarding at the temperature of the mixture flow as a parameter of the problem, we show that the zero-temperature model admits viscous shock profiles. Numerical results indicate that a similar conclusion should apply in the regime of small positive temperatures.

3.On the exponential ergodicity of the McKean-Vlasov SDE depending on a polynomial interaction

Authors:Mohamed Alfaki Ag Aboubacrine Assadeck MATHSTIC, LAREMA

Abstract: In this paper, we study the long time behaviour of the Fokker-Planck and the kinetic Fokker-Planck equations with many body interaction, more precisely with interaction defined by U-statistics, whose macroscopic limits are often called McKean-Vlasov and Vlasov-Fokker-Planck equations respectively. In the continuity of the recent papers [63, [43],[42]] and [44, [74],[75]], we establish nonlinear functional inequalities for the limiting McKean-Vlasov SDEs related to our particle systems. In the first order case, our results rely on large deviations for U-statistics and a uniform logarithmic Sobolev inequality in the number of particles for the invariant measure of the particle system. In the kinetic case, we first prove a uniform (in the number of particles) exponential convergence to equilibrium for the solutions in the weighted Sobolev space H 1 ($\mu$) with a rate of convergence which is explicitly computable and independent of the number of particles. In a second time, we quantitatively establish an exponential return to equilibrium in Wasserstein's W 2 --metric for the Vlasov-Fokker-Planck equation.

4.The Navier-Stokes equations in mixed-norm time-space parabolic Morrey spaces

Authors:Pierre Gilles Lemarié-Rieusset LaMME

Abstract: We discuss the Navier-Stokes equations with forces in the mixed norm time-space parabolic Morrey spaces of Krylov.

5.Hard congestion limit of the dissipative Aw-Rascle system with a polynomial offset function

Authors:Muhammed Ali Mehmood

Abstract: We study the Aw-Rascle system in a one-dimensional domain with periodic boundary conditions, where the offset function is replaced by the gradient of the function $\rho_{n}^{\gamma}$, where $\gamma \to \infty$. The resulting system resembles the 1D pressureless compressible Navier-Stokes system with a vanishing viscosity coefficient in the momentum equation and can be used to model traffic and suspension flows. We first prove the existence of a unique global-in-time classical solution for $n$ fixed. Unlike the previous result for this system, we obtain global existence without needing to add any approximation terms to the system. This is by virtue of a $n-$uniform lower bound on the density which is attained by carrying out a maximum-principle argument on a suitable potential, $W_{n} = \rho_{n}^{-1}\partial_{x}w_{n}$. Then, we prove the convergence to a weak solution of a hybrid free-congested system as $n \to \infty$, which is known as the hard-congestion model.

6.A strong comparison principle for the generalized Dirichlet problem for Monge-Ampere

Authors:Brittany Froese Hamfeldt

Abstract: We prove a strong form of the comparison principle for the elliptic Monge-Ampere equation, with a Dirichlet boundary condition interpreted in the viscosity sense. This comparison principle is valid when the equation admits a Lipschitz continuous weak solution. The result is tight, as demonstrated by examples in which the strong comparison principle fails in the absence of Lipschitz continuity. This form of comparison principle closes a significant gap in the convergence analysis of many existing numerical methods for the Monge-Ampere equation. An important corollary is that any consistent, monotone, stable approximation of the Dirichlet problem for the Monge-Ampere equation will converge to the viscosity solution.

7.Generalized Monge-Ampère functionals and related variational problems

Authors:Freid Tong, Shing-Tung Yau

Abstract: In this paper, we introduce a family of real Monge-Amp\`ere functionals and study their variational properties. We prove a Sobolev type inequality for these functionals and use this to study the existence and uniqueness of some associated Dirichlet problems. In particular, we prove the existence of solutions for a nonlinear eigenvalue problem associated to this family of functionals.

8.Existence of a global attractor for the compressible Euler equation in a bounded interval

Authors:Yun-guang Lu, Okihiro Sawada, Naoki Tsuge

Abstract: In this paper, we are concerned with the one-dimensional initial boundary value problem for isentropic gas dynamics. Through the contribution of great researchers such as Lax, P. D., Glimm, J., DiPerna, R. J. and Liu, T. P., the decay theory of solutions was established. They treated with the Cauchy problem and the corresponding initial data have the small total variation. On the other hand, the decay for initial data with large oscillation has been open for half a century. In addition, due to the reflection of shock waves at the boundaries, little is known for the decay of the boundary value problem on a bounded interval. Our goal is to prove the existence of a global attractor, which yields a decay of solutions for large data. To construct approximate solutions, we introduce a modified Godunov scheme.

1.Linear asymptotic stability of small-amplitude periodic waves of the generalized Korteweg--de Vries equations

Authors:Corentin Audiard, L. Miguel Rodrigues, Changzhen Sun

Abstract: In this note, we extend the detailed study of the linearized dynamics obtained for cnoidal waves of the Korteweg--de Vries equation in \cite{JFA-R} to small-amplitude periodic traveling waves of the generalized Korteweg-de Vries equations that are not subject to Benjamin--Feir instability. With the adapted notion of stability, this provides for such waves, global-in-time bounded stability in any Sobolev space, and asymptotic stability of dispersive type. When doing so, we actually prove that such results also hold for waves of arbitrary amplitude satisfying a form of spectral stability designated here as dispersive spectral stability.

2.Eigenvalue Variations of the Neumann Laplace Operator Due to Perturbed Boundary Conditions

Authors:Medet Nursultanov, William Trad, Justin Tzou, Leo Tzou

Abstract: This work considers the Neumann eigenvalue problem for the weighted Laplacian on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g,\partial M)$ under the singular perturbation. This perturbation involves the imposition of vanishing Dirichlet boundary conditions on a small portion of the boundary. We derive a sharp asymptotic of the perturbed eigenvalues, as the Dirichlet part shrinks to a point $x^*\in \partial M$, in terms of the spectral parameters of the unperturbed system. This asymptotic demonstrates the impact of the geometric properties of the manifold at a specific point $x^*$. Furthermore, it becomes evident that the shape of the Dirichlet region holds significance as it impacts the first terms of the asymptotic. A crucial part of this work is the construction of the singularity structure of the restricted Neumann Green's function which may be of independent interest. We employ a fusion of layer potential techniques and pseudo-differential operators during this work.

3.Existence and stability of weak solutions of the Vlasov--Poisson system in localized Yudovich spaces

Authors:Gianluca Crippa, Marco Inversi, Chiara Saffirio, Giorgio Stefani

Abstract: We consider the Vlasov--Poisson system both in the repulsive (electrostatic potential) and in the attractive (gravitational potential) cases. In our first main theorem, we prove the uniqueness and the quantitative stability of Lagrangian solutions $f=f(t,x,v)$ whose associated spatial density $\rho_f=\rho_f(t,x)$ is potentially unbounded but belongs to suitable uniformly-localized Yudovich spaces. This requirement imposes a condition of slow growth on the function $p \mapsto \|\rho_f(t,\cdot)\|_{L^p}$ uniformly in time. Previous works by Loeper, Miot and Holding--Miot have addressed the cases of bounded spatial density, i.e., $\|\rho_f(t,\cdot)\|_{L^p} \lesssim 1$, and spatial density such that $\|\rho_f(t,\cdot)\|_{L^p} \sim p^{1/\alpha}$ for $\alpha\in[1,+\infty)$. Our approach is Lagrangian and relies on an explicit estimate of the modulus of continuity of the electric field and on a second-order Osgood lemma. It also allows for iterated-logarithmic perturbations of the linear growth condition. In our second main theorem, we complement the aforementioned result by constructing solutions whose spatial density sharply satisfies such iterated-logarithmic growth. Our approach relies on real-variable techniques and extends the strategy developed for the Euler equations by the first and fourth-named authors. It also allows for the treatment of more general equations that share the same structure as the Vlasov--Poisson system. Notably, the uniqueness result and the stability estimates hold for both the classical and the relativistic Vlasov--Poisson systems.

4.Semi-classical observation sufficices for observability: wave and Schrödinger equations

Authors:Nicolas BURQ, Belhassen DEHMAN, Jérôme LE ROUSSEAU

Abstract: For the wave and the Schr\"odinger equations we show how observability can be deduced from the observability of solutions localized in frequency according to a dyadic scale.

5.Global solutions for 1D cubic dispersive equations, Part III: the quasilinear Schrödinger flow

Authors:Mihaela Ifrim, Daniel Tataru

Abstract: The first target of this article is the local well-posedness question for 1D quasilinear Schr\"odinger equations with cubic nonlinearities. The study of this class of problems, in all dimensions, was initiated in pioneering work of Kenig-Ponce-Vega for localized initial data, and then continued by Marzuola-Metcalfe-Tataru for initial data in Sobolev spaces. Our objective here is to fully redevelop the study of this problem in the 1D case, and to prove a \emph{sharp local well-posedness} result. The second goal of this article is to consider the long time/global existence of solutions for the same problem. This is motivated by a broad conjecture formulated by the authors in earlier work, which reads as follows: ``\emph{Cubic defocusing dispersive one dimensional flows with small initial data have global dispersive solutions}''; the conjecture was initially proved for a well chosen semilinear model of Schr\"odinger type. Our work here establishes the above conjecture for 1D quasilinear Schr\"{o}dinger flows. Precisely, we show that if the problem has \emph{phase rotation symmetry} and is \emph{conservative and defocusing}, then small data in Sobolev spaces yields global, scattering solutions. This is the first result of this type for 1D quasilinear dispersive flows. Furthermore, we prove it at the minimal Sobolev regularity in our local well-posedness result. The defocusing condition is essential in our global result. Without it, the authors have conjectured that \emph{small, $\epsilon$ size data yields long time solutions on the $\epsilon^{-8}$ time-scale}. A third goal of this paper is to also prove this second conjecture for 1D quasilinear Schr\"{o}dinger flows.

6.Phase space analysis of spectral multipliers for the twisted Laplacian

Authors:S. Ivan Trapasso

Abstract: We prove boundedness results on modulation and Wiener amalgam spaces concerning some spectral multipliers for the twisted Laplacian. Techniques of pseudo-differential calculus are inhibited due to the lack of global ellipticity of the special Hermite operator, therefore a phase space approach must rely on different pathways. In particular, we exploit the metaplectic equivalence relating the twisted Laplacian with a partial harmonic oscillator, leading to a general transference principle for spectral multipliers. We focus on a wide class of oscillating multipliers, including fractional powers of the twisted Laplacian and the corresponding dispersive flows of Schr\"odinger and wave type. On the other hand, elaborating on the twisted convolution structure of the eigenprojections and its connection with the Weyl product of symbols, we obtain a complete picture of the boundedness of the heat flow for the twisted Laplacian. Results of the same kind are established for fractional heat flows via subordination.

7.Persistence of solutions in a nonlocal predator-prey system with a shifting habitat

Authors:Min Zhao, Rong Yuan

Abstract: In this paper, we mainly study the propagation properties of a nonlocal dispersal predator-prey system in a shifting environment. It is known that Choi et al. [J. Differ. Equ. 302 (2021), pp. 807-853] studied the persistence or extinction of the prey and the predator separately in various moving frames. In particular, they achieved a complete picture in the local diffusion case. However, the question of the persistence of the prey and the predator in some intermediate moving frames in the nonlocal diffusion case is left open in Choi et al.'s paper. By using some prior estimates, the Arzela-Ascoli theorem and a diagonal extraction process, we can extend and improve the main results of Choi et al. to achieve a complete picture in the nonlocal diffusion case.

8.Sign-changing solutions to the slightly supercritical Lane-Emden system with Neumann boundary conditions

Authors:Qing Guo, Shuangjie Peng

Abstract: We consider the following slightly supercritical problem for the Lane-Emden system with Neumann boundary conditions: \begin{equation*} \begin{cases} -\Delta u_1=|u_2|^{p_\epsilon-1}u_2,\ &in\ \Omega,\\ -\Delta u_2=|u_1|^{q_\epsilon-1}u_1, \ &in\ \Omega,\\ \partial_\nu u_1=\partial_\nu u_2=0,\ &on\ \partial\Omega \end{cases} \end{equation*} where $\Omega=B_1(0)$ is the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$ ($n\geq4$) centered at the origin, $p_\epsilon=p+\alpha\epsilon, q_\epsilon=q+\beta\epsilon$ with $\alpha,\beta>0$ and $\frac1{p+1}+\frac1{q+1}=\frac{n-2}n$. We show the existence and multiplicity of concentrated solutions based on the Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction argument incorporating the zero-average condition by certain symmetries. It is worth noting that we simultaneously consider two cases: $p>\frac n{n-2}$ and $p<\frac n{n-2}$. The coupling mechanisms of the system are completely different in these different cases, leading to significant changes in the behavior of the solutions. The research challenges also vary. Currently, there are very few papers that take both ranges into account when considering solution construction. Therefore, this is also the main feature and new ingredient of our work.

9.Traveling Wave in a Ratio-dependent Holling-Tanner System with Nonlocal Diffusion and Strong Allee Effect

Authors:Hongliang Li, Min Zhao, Rong Yuan

Abstract: In this paper, a ratio-dependent Holling-Tanner system with nonlocal diffusion is taken into account, where the prey is subject to a strong Allee effect. To be special, by applying Schauder's fixed point theorem and iterative technique, we provide a general theory on the existence of traveling waves for such system. Then appropriate upper and lower solutions and a novel sequence, similar to squeeze method, are constructed to demonstrate the existence of traveling waves for c>c*. Moreover, the existence of traveling wave for c=c* is also established by spreading speed theory and comparison principle. Finally, the nonexistence of traveling waves for c<c* is investigated, and the minimal wave speed then is determined.

10.Analysis of Heterogeneous Vehicular Traffic: Using Proportional Densities

Authors:Nanyondo Josephine, Henry Kasumba

Abstract: An extended multi-class Aw-Rascle (AR) model with pressure term described as a function of area occupancy defined in form of proportional densities is presented. Two vehicle classes that is; cars and motorcycles are considered based on an assumption that proportions of these form total traffic density. Qualitative properties of the proposed equilibrium velocity is established. Conditions under which the proposed model is stable are determine by linear stability analysis. To compute numerical flux, the model is discretized by the original Roe decomposition scheme, where Roe matrix, averaged data variables and wave strengths are explicitly derived. The Roe matrix is shown to be hyperbolic, consistent and conservative. From the numerical results, the effect of motorcycles proportion on the flow of vehicle classes is determined. Results obtained remain within limits therefore, the proposed model is realistic.

11.Traveling Waves of Modified Leslie-Gower Predator-prey Systems

Authors:Hongliang Li, Min Zhao, Rong Yuan

Abstract: The spreading phenomena in modified Leslie-Gower reaction-diffusion predator-prey systems are the topic of this paper. We mainly study the existence of two different types of traveling waves. Be specific, with the aid of the upper and lower solutions method, we establish the existence of traveling wave connecting the prey-present state and the coexistence state or the prey-present state and the prey-free state by constructing different and appropriate Lyapunov functions. Moreover, for traveling wave connecting the prey-present state and the prey-free state, we gain more monotonicity information on wave profile based on the asymptotic behavior at negative infinite. Finally, our results are applied to modified Leslie-Gower system with Holling II type or Lotka-Volterra type, and then a novel Lyapunov function is constructed for the latter, which further enhances our results. Meanwhile, some numerical simulations are carried to support our results.

12.Long time well-posedness and full justification of a Whitham-Green-Naghdi system

Authors:Louis Emerald, Martin Oen Paulsen

Abstract: We establish the full justification of a "Whitham-Green-Naghdi" system modeling the propagation of surface gravity waves with bathymetry in the shallow water regime. It is an asymptotic model of the water waves equations with the same dispersion relation. The model under study is a nonlocal quasilinear symmetrizable hyperbolic system without surface tension. We prove the consistency of the general water waves equations with our system at the order of precision $O(\mu^2 (\varepsilon + \beta))$, where $\mu$ is the shallow water parameter, $\varepsilon$ the nonlinearity parameter, and $\beta$ the topography parameter. Then we prove the long time well-posedness on a time scale $O(\frac{1}{\max\{\varepsilon,\beta\}})$. Lastly, we show the convergence of the solutions of the Whitham-Green-Naghdi system to the ones of the water waves equations on the later time scale.

13.A sufficient condition on successful invasion by the predator

Authors:Hongliang Li, Min Zhao, Rong Yuan

Abstract: In this paper, we provide a sufficient condition on successful invasion by the predator. Specially, we obtain the persistence of traveling wave solutions of predator-prey system, in which the predator can survive without the predation of the prey. This proof heavily depends on comparison principle of scalar monostable equation, the rescaling method and phase-plane analysis.

14.Semiclassical resolvent bounds for short range $L^\infty$ potentials with singularities at the origin

Authors:Jacob Shapiro

Abstract: We consider, for $h, E > 0$, resolvent estimates for the semiclassical Schr\"odinger operator $-h^2 \Delta + V - E$. The potential takes the form $V = V_L+ V_S$, where $V_L$ is a long range potential which is Lipschitz with respect to the radial variable, while $V_S = O(|x|^{-1} (\log |x|)^{-\rho})$ as $|x| \to \infty$ for some $\rho > 1$. Both $|V_L|$ and $|V_S|$ may behave like $|x|^{-\beta}$ as $|x| \to 0$, provided $0 \le \beta < 2(\sqrt{3} -1)$. We find that, as $h \to 0^+$, the resolvent bound is of the form $\exp(Ch^{-2} (\log(h^{-1}))^{1 + \rho})$ for some $C > 0$. The $h$-dependence of the bound improves if $V_S$ decays at a faster rate toward infinity.

15.A well-posed variational formulation of the Neumann boundary value problem for the biharmonic operator

Authors:Alberto Valli

Abstract: In this note we devise and analyze a well-posed variational formulation of the Neumann boundary value problem associated to the biharmonic operator $\Delta^2$.

16.Long-time behavior of the Stokes-transport system in a channel

Authors:Anne-Laure Dalibard, Julien Guillod, Antoine Leblond

Abstract: The coupling between the transport equation for the density and the Stokes equation is considered in a periodic channel. More precisely, the density is advected by pure transport by a velocity field given by the Stokes equation with source force coming from the gravity due to differences in the density. Dirichlet boundary conditions are taken for the velocity field on the bottom and top of the channel, and periodic conditions in the horizontal variable. We prove that the affine stratified density profile is stable under small perturbations in Sobolev spaces and prove convergence of the density to another limiting stratified density profile for large time with an explicit algebraic decay rate. Moreover, we are able to precisely identify the limiting profile as the decreasing vertical rearrangement of the initial density. Finally, we study boundary layers formation to precisely characterize the long-time behavior beyond the constant limiting profile and enlighten the optimal decay rate.

17.Inverse problems of identifying the time-dependent source coefficient for subelliptic heat equations

Authors:Mansur I. Ismailov, Tohru Ozawa, Durvudkhan Suragan

Abstract: We discuss inverse problems of determining the time-dependent source coefficient for a general class of subelliptic heat equations. We show that a single data at an observation point guarantees the existence of a (smooth) solution pair for the inverse problem. Moreover, additional data at the observation point implies an explicit formula for the time-dependent source coefficient. We also explore an inverse problem with nonlocal additional data, which seems a new approach even in the Laplacian case.

18.Boundary Layers for the Lane-Emden System with supercritical exponents

Authors:Qing Guo, Junyuan Liu, Shuangjie Peng

Abstract: We consider the following supercritical problem for the Lane-Emden system: \begin{equation}\label{eq00} \begin{cases} -\Delta u_1=|u_2|^{p-1}u_2\ &in\ D,\\ -\Delta u_2=|u_1|^{q-1}u_1 \ &in\ D,\\ u_1=u_2=0\ &on\ \partial D, \end{cases} \end{equation} where $D$ is a bounded smooth domain in $\mathbb R^N$, $N\geq4.$ What we mean by supercritical is that the exponent pair $(p,q)\in(1,\infty)\times(1,\infty)$ satisfies $\frac1{p+1}+\frac1{q+1}<\frac{N-2}N$. We prove that for some suitable domains $D\subset\mathbb R^N$, there exist positive solutions with layers concentrating along one or several $k$-dimensional sub-manifolds of $\partial D$ as $$\frac1{p+1}+\frac1{q+1}\rightarrow\frac{n-2}{n},\ \ \ \ \frac{n-2}{n}<\frac1{p+1}+\frac1{q+1}<\frac{N-2}N,$$ where $n:=N-k$ with $1\leq k\leq N-3$. By transforming the original problem into a lower $n$-dimensional weighted system, we carry out the reduction framework and apply the blow-up analysis. In this process, the properties of the ground state related to the limit problem make all the difference. The corresponding exponent pair $(p_0,q_0)$, which is the limit pair of $(p,q)$, is on the critical hyperbola $\frac n{p_0+1}+\frac n{q_0+1}=n-2$. It is well known that the range of the smaller exponent, say $p_0$, has a great influence on the solutions. It is worth noting that in this paper, we consider both two ranges, which is contained in $p_0>\frac n{n-2}$ and $p_0<\frac n{n-2}$ respectively. The coupling mechanism of the strongly indefinite problem in these two cases is totally different, which is the main feature and new ingredient here.

19.Anisotropic regularity for elliptic problems with Dirac measures as data

Authors:Ignacio Ojea

Abstract: We study the Possion problem with singular data given by a source supported on a one dimensional curve strictly contained in a three dimensional domain. We prove regularity results for the solution on isotropic and on anisotropic weighted spaces of Kondratiev type. Our technique is based on the study of a regularized problem. This allows us to exploit the local nature of the singularity. Our results hold with very few smoothness hypotheses on the domain and on the support of the data. We also discuss some extensions of our main results, including the two dimensional case, sources supported on closed curves and on polygonals.

1.Periodic Vlasov-Stokes' system: Existence and Uniqueness of strong solutions

Authors:Harsha Hutridurga, Krishan Kumar, Amiya K. Pani

Abstract: This paper deals with the Vlasov-Stokes' system in three dimensions with periodic boundary conditions in the spatial variable. We prove the existence of a unique strong solution to this two-phase model under the assumption that initial velocity moments of certain order are bounded. We use a fixed point argument to arrive at a global-in-time solution.

2.Globally analytical solutions of the compressible Oldroyd-B model without retardation

Authors:Xinghong Pan

Abstract: In this paper, we prove the global existence of analytical solutions to the compressible Oldroyd-B model without retardation near a non-vacuum equilibrium in ${\mathbb R}^n$ $(n=2,3)$. Zero retardation results in zero dissipation in the velocity equation, which is the main difficulty that prevents us to obtain the long time well-posedness of solutions. Through dedicated analysis, we find that the linearized equations of this model have damping effects, which ensures the global-in-time existence of small data solutions. However, the nonlinear quadratic terms have one more order derivative than the linear part and no good structure is discovered to overcome this derivative loss problem. So we can only build the result in the analytical energy space rather than Sobolev space with finite order derivatives.

3.Continuity of the double layer potential of a second order elliptic differential operator in Schauder spaces on the boundary

Authors:Massimo Lanza de Cristoforis

Abstract: We prove the validity of a regularizing property on the boundary of the double layer potential associated to the fundamental solution of a {\em nonhomogeneous} second order elliptic differential operator with constant coefficients in Schauder spaces of exponent greater or equal to two that sharpens classical results of N.M.~G\"{u}nter, S.~Mikhlin, V.D.~Kupradze, T.G.~Gegelia, M.O.~Basheleishvili and T.V.~Bur\-chuladze, U.~Heinemann and extends the work of A.~Kirsch who has considered the case of the Helmholtz operator.

4.Existence and Stability of Random Transition Waves for Nonautonomous Fisher-KPP Equations with Nonlocal Diffusion

Authors:Min Zhao, Rong Yuan

Abstract: In this paper, we study the existence and stability of random transition waves for time heterogeneous Fisher-KPP Equations with nonlocal diffusion. More specifically, we consider general time heterogeneities both for the nonlocal diffusion kernel and the reaction term. We use the comparison principle of the scalar equation and the method of upper and lower solutions to investigate the existence of random transition wave solution when the wave speed is large enough. In addition, we show the stability of random transition fronts for non-autonomous Fisher-KPP equations with nonlocal diffusion.

5.On a class of elliptic equations with Critical Perturbations in the hyperbolic space

Authors:Debdip Ganguly, Diksha Gupta, K. Sreenadh

Abstract: We study the existence and non-existence of positive solutions for the following class of nonlinear elliptic problems in the hyperbolic space $$ -\Delta_{\mathbb{B}^N} u-\lambda u=a(x)u^{p-1} \, + \, \varepsilon u^{2^*-1} \,\;\;\text{in}\;\mathbb{B}^{N}, \quad u \in H^{1}{(\mathbb{B}^{N})}, $$ where $\mathbb{B}^N$ denotes the hyperbolic space, $2<p<2^*:=\frac{2N}{N-2}$, if $N \geqslant 3; 2<p<+\infty$, if $N = 2,\;\lambda < \frac{(N-1)^2}{4}$, and $0< a\in L^\infty(\mathbb{B}^N).$ We first prove the existence of a positive radially symmetric ground-state solution for $a(x) \equiv 1.$ Next, we prove that for $a(x) \geq 1$, there exists a ground-state solution for $\varepsilon$ small. For proof, we employ ``conformal change of metric" which allows us to transform the original equation into a singular equation in a ball in $\mathbb R^N$. Then by carefully analysing the energy level using blow-up arguments, we prove the existence of a ground-state solution. Finally, the case $a(x) \leq 1$ is considered where we first show that there is no ground-state solution, and prove the existence of a \it bound-state solution \rm (high energy solution) for $\varepsilon$ small. We employ variational arguments in the spirit of Bahri-Li to prove the existence of high energy-bound-state solutions in the hyperbolic space.

6.On the focusing fractional nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the waveguide manifolds

Authors:Amin Esfahani, Hichem Hajaiej, Yongming Luo, Linjie Song

Abstract: In this paper, we consider the focusing fractional nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equation (FNLS) on the waveguide manifolds $\mathbb{R}^d\times\mathbb{T}^m$ both in the isotropic and anisotropic case. Under different conditions, we establish the existence and periodic dependence of the ground states of the focusing FNLS. In the intercritical regime, we also establish the large data scattering for the anisotropic focusing FNLS by appealing to the framework of semivirial vanishing geometry.

7.Sharp quantitative stability of the Möbius group among sphere-valued maps in arbitrary dimension

Authors:André Guerra, Xavier Lamy, Konstantinos Zemas

Abstract: In this work we prove a sharp quantitative form of Liouville's theorem, which asserts that, for all $n\geq 3$, the weakly conformal maps of $\mathbb S^{n-1}$ with degree $\pm 1$ are M\"obius transformations. In the case $n=3$ this estimate was first obtained by Bernand-Mantel, Muratov and Simon (Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 239(1):219-299, 2021), with different proofs given later on by Topping, and by Hirsch and the third author. The higher-dimensional case $n\geq 4$ requires new arguments because it is genuinely nonlinear: the linearized version of the estimate involves quantities which cannot control the distance to M\"obius transformations in the conformally invariant Sobolev norm. Our main tool to circumvent this difficulty is an inequality introduced by Figalli and Zhang in their proof of a sharp stability estimate for the Sobolev inequality.

8.On the Lavrentiev gap for convex, vectorial integral functionals

Authors:Lukas Koch, Matthias Ruf, Mathias Schäffner

Abstract: We prove the absence of a Lavrentiev gap for vectorial integral functionals of the form $$ F: g+W_0^{1,1}(\Omega)^m\to\mathbb{R}\cup\{+\infty\},\qquad F(u)=\int_\Omega W(x,\mathrm{D} u)\,\mathrm{d}x, $$ where the boundary datum $g:\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^d\to\mathbb{R}^m$ is sufficiently regular, $\xi\mapsto W(x,\xi)$ is convex and lower semicontinuous, satisfies $p$-growth from below and suitable growth conditions from above. More precisely, if $p\leq d-1$, we assume $q$-growth from above with $q\leq \frac{(d-1)p}{d-1-p}$, while for $p>d-1$ we require essentially no growth conditions from above and allow for unbounded integrands. Concerning the $x$-dependence, we impose a well-known local stability estimate that is redundant in the autonomous setting, but in the general non-autonomous case can further restrict the growth assumptions.

9.Solutions to the nonlinear obstacle problem with compact contact sets

Authors:Simon Eberle, Hui Yu

Abstract: For the obstacle problem with a nonlinear operator, we characterize the space of global solutions with compact contact sets. This is achieved by constructing a bijection onto a class of quadratic polynomials describing the asymptotic behavior of solutions.

10.A clustering theorem in fractional Sobolev spaces

Authors:Fatma Gamza Düzgün, Antonio Iannizzotto, Vincenzo Vespri

Abstract: We prove a general clustering result for the fractional Sobolev space W^{s,p}. Then we show how corresponding results in W^{1,p} and BV, respectively, can be deduced as special cases.

1.Local existence of solutions and comparison principle for initial boundary value problem with nonlocal boundary condition for a nonlinear parabolic equation with memory

Authors:Alexander Gladkov

Abstract: We consider an initial value problem for a nonlinear parabolic equation with memory under nonlinear nonlocal boundary condition. In this paper we study classical solutions. We establish the existence of a local maximal solution. It is shown that under some conditions a supersolution is not less than a subsolution. We find conditions for the positiveness of solutions. As a consequence of the positiveness of solutions and the comparison principle of solutions, we prove the uniqueness theorem.

2.Corners and collapse: Some simple observations concerning critical masses and boundary blow-up in the fully parabolic Keller-Segel system

Authors:Mario Fuest, Johannes Lankeit

Abstract: Our main result shows that the mass $2\pi$ is critical for the minimal Keller-Segel system \begin{align}\label{prob:abstract}\tag{$\star$} \begin{cases} u_t = \Delta u - \nabla \cdot (u \nabla v), \\ v_t = \Delta v - v + u, \end{cases} \end{align} considered in a quarter disc $\Omega = \{\,(x_1, x_2) \in \mathbb R : x_1 > 0, x_2 > 0, x_1^2 + x_2^2 < R^2\,\}$, $R > 0$, in the following sense: For all reasonably smooth nonnegative initial data $u_0, v_0$ with $\int_\Omega u_0 < 2\pi$, there exists a global classical solution to the Neumann initial boundary value problem associated to \eqref{prob:abstract}, while for all $m > 2 \pi$ there exist nonnegative initial data $u_0, v_0$ with $\int_\Omega u_0 = m$ so that the corresponding classical solution of this problem blows up in finite time. At the same time, this gives an example of boundary blow-up in \eqref{prob:abstract}. Up to now, precise values of critical masses had been observed in spaces of radially symmetric functions or for parabolic-elliptic simplifications of \eqref{prob:abstract} only.

3.Persistence, extinction and spreading properties of non-cooperative Fisher--KPP systems in space-time periodic media

Authors:Léo Girardin CNRS, ICJ

Abstract: This paper is concerned with asymptotic persistence, extinction and spreading properties for non-cooperative Fisher--KPP systems with space-time periodic coefficients. In a preceding paper, a family of generalized principal eigenvalues associated with an appropriate linear problem was studied. Here, a relation with semilinear systems is established. When the maximal generalized principal eigenvalue is negative, all solutions to the Cauchy problem become locally uniformly positive in long-time. In contrast with the scalar case, multiple space-time periodic uniformly positive entire solutions might coexist. When another, possibly smaller, generalized principal eigenvalue is nonnegative, then on the contrary all solutions to the Cauchy problem vanish uniformly and the zero solution is the unique space-time periodic nonnegative entire solution. When the two generalized principal eigenvalues differ and zero is in between, the long-time behavior depends on the decay at infinity of the initial data. Finally, with similar arguments, a Freidlin--G{\"a}rtner-type formulafor the asymptotic spreading speed of solutions with compactly supported initial data is established.

4.Existence of positive ground state solutions for the coupled Choquard system with potential

Authors:Jianqing Chen, Qian Zhang

Abstract: In this paper, we study the following coupled Choquard system in $\mathbb R^N$: $$\left\{\begin{align}&-\Delta u+A(x)u=\frac{2p}{p+q} \bigl(I_\alpha\ast |v|^q\bigr)|u|^{p-2}u,\\ &-\Delta v+B(x)v=\frac{2q}{p+q}\bigl(I_\alpha\ast|u|^p\bigr)|v|^{q-2}v,\\ &\ u(x)\to0\ \ \hbox{and}\ \ v(x)\to0\ \ \hbox{as}\ |x|\to\infty,\end{align}\right.$$ where $\alpha\in(0,N)$ and $\frac{N+\alpha}{N}<p,\ q<2_*^\alpha$, in which $2_*^\alpha$ denotes $\frac{N+\alpha}{N-2}$ if $N\geq 3$ and $2_*^\alpha := \infty$ if $N=1,\ 2$. The function $I_\alpha$ is a Riesz potential. By using Nehari manifold method, we obtain the existence of positive ground state solution in the case of bounded potential and periodic potential respectively. In particular, the nonlinear term includes the well-studied case $p=q$ and $u(x)=v(x)$, and the less-studied case $p\neq q$ and $u(x)\neq v(x)$. Moreover it seems to be the first existence result for the case of $p\neq q$.

5.The master equation for mean field game systems with fractional and nonlocal diffusions

Authors:Espen Robstad Jakobsen, Artur Rutkowski

Abstract: We prove existence and uniqueness of classical solutions of the master equation for mean field game (MFG) systems with fractional and nonlocal diffusions. We cover a large class of L\'evy diffusions of order greater than one, including purely nonlocal, local, and even mixed local-nonlocal operators. In the process we prove refined well-posedness results for the MFG systems, results that include the mixed local-nonlocal case. We also show various auxiliary results on viscous Hamilton-Jacobi equations, linear parabolic equations, and linear forward-backward systems that may be of independent interest. This includes a rigorous treatment of certain equations and systems with data and solutions in the duals of H\"older spaces $C^\gamma_b$ on the whole of $\mathbb{R}^d$. We do not assume existence of any moments for the initial distributions of players. In a future work we will use the results of this paper to prove the convergence of $N$-player games to mean field games as $N\to\infty$.

6.Strongly anisotropic Anzellotti pairings and their applications to the anisotropic $p$-Laplacian

Authors:Wojciech Górny

Abstract: In this paper, we study the parabolic and elliptic problems related to the anisotropic $p$-Laplacian operator in the case when it has linear growth on some of the coordinates. In order to define properly a notion of weak solutions and prove their existence, we first construct an anisotropic analogue of Anzellotti pairings and prove a weak Gauss-Green formula which relates the newly constructed pairing with a normal trace of a sufficiently regular vector field.

7.Regularity and long time behavior of a doubly nonlinear parabolic problem and its discretization

Authors:Herbert Egger, Jan Giesselmann

Abstract: We study a doubly nonlinear parabolic problem arising in the modeling of gas transport in pipelines. Using convexity arguments and relative entropy estimates we show uniform bounds and exponential stability of discrete approximations obtained by a finite element method and implicit time stepping. Due to convergence of the approximations to weak solutions of the problem, our results also imply regularity, uniqueness, and long time stability of weak solutions of the continuous problem.

8.Navier-Stokes Modelling of Non-Newtonian Blood Flow in Cerebral Arterial Circulation and its Dynamic Impact on Electrical Conductivity in a Realistic Multi-Compartment Head Model

Authors:Maryam Samavaki, Arash Zarrin Nia, Santtu Söderholm, Sampsa Pursiainen

Abstract: Background and Objective: This study aims to evaluate the dynamic effect of non-Newtonian cerebral arterial circulation on electrical conductivity distribution (ECD) in a realistic multi-compartment head model. It addresses the importance and challenges associated with electrophysiological modalities, such as transcranial electrical stimulation, electro-magnetoencephalography, and electrical impedance tomography. Factors such as electrical conductivity's impact on forward modeling accuracy, complex vessel networks, data acquisition limitations (especially in MRI), and blood flow phenomena are considered. Methods: The Navier-Stokes equations (NSEs) govern the non-Newtonian flow model used in this study. The solver comprises two stages: the first solves the pressure field using a dynamical pressure-Poisson equation derived from NSEs, and the second updates the velocity field using Leray regularization and the pressure distribution from the first stage. The Carreau-Yasuda model establishes the connection between blood velocity and viscosity. Blood concentration in microvessels is approximated using Fick's law of diffusion, and conductivity mapping is obtained via Archie's law. The head model used corresponds to an open 7 Tesla MRI dataset, differentiating arterial vessels from other structures. Results: The results suggest the establishment of a dynamic model of cerebral blood flow for arterial and microcirculation. Blood pressure and conductivity distributions are obtained through numerically simulated pulse sequences, enabling approximation of blood concentration and conductivity within the brain. Conclusions: This model provides an approximation of dynamic blood flow and corresponding ECD in different brain regions. The advantage lies in its applicability with limited a priori information about blood flow and compatibility with arbitrary head models that distinguish arteries.

9.Convergence of infinitesimal generators and stability of convex monotone semigroups

Authors:Jonas Blessing, Michael Kupper, Max Nendel

Abstract: Based on the convergence of their infinitesimal generators in the mixed topology, we provide a stability result for strongly continuous convex monotone semigroups on spaces of continuous functions. In contrast to previous results, we do not rely on the theory of viscosity solutions but use a recent comparison principle which uniquely determines the semigroup via its $\Gamma$-generator defined on the Lipschitz set and therefore resembles the classical analogue from the linear case. The framework also allows for discretizations both in time and space and covers a variety of applications. This includes Euler schemes and Yosida-type approximations for upper envelopes of families of linear semigroups, stability results and finite-difference schemes for convex HJB equations, Freidlin-Wentzell-type results and Markov chain approximations for a class of stochastic optimal control problems and continuous-time Markov processes with uncertain transition probabilities.

10.Enhanced profile estimates for ovals and translators

Authors:Kyeongsu Choi, Robert Haslhofer, Or Hershkovits

Abstract: We consider the profile function of ancient ovals and of noncollapsed translators. Recall that pioneering work of Angenent-Daskalopoulos-Sesum (JDG '19, Annals '20) gives a sharp $C^0$-estimate and a quadratic concavity estimate for the profile function of two-convex ancient ovals, which are crucial in their papers as well as a slew of subsequent papers on ancient solutions of mean curvature flow and Ricci flow. In this paper, we derive a sharp gradient estimate, which enhances their $C^0$-estimate, and a sharp Hessian estimate, which can be viewed as converse of their quadratic concavity estimate. Motivated by our forthcoming work on ancient noncollapsed flows in $\mathbb{R}^4$, we derive these estimates in the context of ancient ovals in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and noncollapsed translators in $\mathbb{R}^4$, though our methods seem to apply in other settings as well.

11.A sub-Riemannian maximum modulus theorem

Authors:Federico Buseghin, Nicolò Forcillo, Nicola Garofalo

Abstract: In this note we prove a sub-Riemannian maximum modulus theorem in a Carnot group. Using a nontrivial counterexample, we also show that such result is best possible, in the sense that in its statement one cannot replace the right-invariant horizontal gradient with the left-invariant one.

12.Asymptotic stability of the fourth order $φ^4$ kink for general perturbations in the energy space

Authors:Christopher Maulén, Claudio Muñoz

Abstract: The Fourth order $\phi^4$ model generalizes the classical $\phi^4$ model of quantum field theory, sharing the same kink solution. It is also the dispersive counterpart of the well-known parabolic Cahn-Hilliard equation. Mathematically speaking, the kink is characterized by a fourth-order nonnegative linear operator with a simple kernel at the origin but no spectral gap. In this paper, we consider the kink of this theory, and prove orbital and asymptotic stability for any perturbation in the energy space.

13.Two-phase free boundary problems for a class of fully nonlinear double-divergence systems

Authors:Pêdra D. S. Andrade, Julio C. Correa-Hoyos

Abstract: In this article, we study a class of fully nonlinear double-divergence systems with free boundaries associated with a minimization problem. The variational structure of Hessian-dependent functional plays a fundamental role in proving the existence of the minimizers and then the existence of the solutions for the system. In addition, we establish gains of the integrability for the double-divergence equation. Consequently, we improve the regularity for the fully nonlinear equation in Sobolev and H\"older spaces.

1.Continuous dependence of the Cauchy problem for the inhomogeneous biharmonic NLS equation in Sobolev spaces

Authors:JinMyong An, YuIl Jo, JinMyong Kim

Abstract: In this paper, we study the continuous dependence of the Cauchy problem for the inhomogeneous biharmonic nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger (IBNLS) equation \[iu_{t} +\Delta^{2} u=\lambda |x|^{-b}|u|^{\sigma}u,~u(0)=u_{0} \in H^{s} (\mathbb R^{d}),\] in the standard sense in $H^s$, i.e. in the sense that the local solution flow is continuous $H^s\to H^s$. Here $d\in \mathbb N$, $s>0$, $\lambda\in \mathbb R$ and $\sigma>0$. To arrive at this goal, we first obtain the estimates of the term $f(u)-f(v)$ in the fractional Sobolev spaces which generalize the similar results of An-Kim [5](2021) and Dinh [16](2018), where $f(u)$ is a nonlinear function that behaves like $\lambda |u|^{\sigma}u$ with $\lambda\in \mathbb R$. These estimates are then applied to obtain the standard continuous dependence result for IBNLS equation with $0<s <\min \{2+\frac{d}{2},\frac{3}{2}d\}$, $0<b<\min\{4,d,\frac{3}{2}d-s,\frac{d}{2}+2-s\}$ and $0<\sigma< \sigma_{c}(s)$, where $\sigma_{c}(s)=\frac{8-2b}{d-2s}$ if $s<\frac{d}{2}$, and $\sigma_{c}(s)=\infty$ if $s\ge \frac{d}{2}$. Our continuous dependence result generalizes that of Liu-Zhang [27](2021) by extending the validity of $s$ and $b$.

2.Superlinear elliptic equations with unbalanced growth and nonlinear boundary condition

Authors:Eleonora Amoroso, Ángel Crespo-Blanco, Patrizia Pucci, Patrick Winkert

Abstract: In this paper we first prove the existence of a new equivalent norm in the Musielak-Orlicz Sobolev spaces in a very general setting and we present a new result on the boundedness of the solutions of a wide class of nonlinear Neumann problems, both of independent interest. Moreover, we study a variable exponent double phase problem with a nonlinear boundary condition and prove the existence of multiple solutions under very general assumptions on the nonlinearities. To be more precise, we get constant sign solutions (nonpositive and nonnegative) via a mountain-pass approach and a sign-changing solution by using an appropriate subset of the corresponding Nehari manifold along with the Brouwer degree and the Quantitative Deformation Lemma.

3.Viscosity solutions to uniformly elliptic complex equations

Authors:Wei Sun

Abstract: In this paper, we shall extend the definition of $\mathcal{C}$-subsolution condition and adapt the argument of Guo-Phong-Tong[18] to replace Alexandroff-Bakelman-Pucci estimate in complex cases. As an application, we shall define and study the viscosity solutions to uniformly elliptic complex equations and prove the H\"older regularity, following the argument for real equations. Our results show that the new method can improve the dependence in regularity and a priori estimates for complex elliptic equations.

4.Propagation of polarization sets for systems of MHD type

Authors:Rayhana Darwich

Abstract: Polarization sets were introduced by Dencker (1982) as a refinement of wavefront sets to the vector-valued case. He also clarified the propagation of polarization sets when the characteristic variety of the pseudodifferential system under study consists of two hypersurfaces intersecting tangentially (1992), or transversally (1995). In this paper, we consider the case of more than two intersecting characteristic hypersurfaces that are interesting transversally (and we give a note on the tangential case). Mainly, we consider two types of systems which we name "systems of generalized transverse type" and "systems of MHD type", and we show that we can get a result for the propagation of polarization set similar to Dencker's result for systems of transverse type. Furthermore, we give an application to the MHD equations.

5.Quantized Vortex Dynamics of the Nonlinear Wave Equation on the Torus

Authors:Yongxing Zhu

Abstract: We derive rigorously the reduced dynamical laws for quantized vortex dynamics of the nonlinear wave equation on the torus when the core size of vortex $\varepsilon\to 0$. It is proved that the reduced dynamical laws are second-order nonlinear ordinary differential equations which are driven by the renormalized energy on the torus, and the initial data of the reduced dynamical laws are determined by the positions of vortices and the momentum. We will also investigate the effect of the momentum on the vortex dynamics.

6.The 2D Onsager conjecture: a Newton-Nash iteration

Authors:Vikram Giri, Razvan-Octavian Radu

Abstract: For any $\gamma<1/3$, we construct a nontrivial weak solution $u$ to the two-dimensional, incompressible Euler equations, which has compact support in time and satisfies $u\in C^\gamma(\mathbb R_t \times \mathbb T^2_x)$. In particular, the constructed solution does not conserve energy and, thus, settles the flexible part of the Onsager conjecture in two dimensions. The proof involves combining the Nash iteration technique with a new linear Newton iteration.

7.A wavelet-inspired $L^3$-based convex integration framework for the Euler equations

Authors:Vikram Giri, Hyunju Kwon, Matthew Novack

Abstract: In this work, we develop a wavelet-inspired, $L^3$-based convex integration framework for constructing weak solutions to the three-dimensional incompressible Euler equations. The main innovations include a new multi-scale building block, which we call an intermittent Mikado bundle; a wavelet-inspired inductive set-up which includes assumptions on spatial and temporal support, in addition to $L^p$ and pointwise estimates for Eulerian and Lagrangian derivatives; and sharp decoupling lemmas, inverse divergence estimates, and space-frequency localization technology which is well-adapted to functions satisfying $L^p$ estimates for $p$ other than $1$, $2$, or $\infty$. We develop these tools in the context of the Euler-Reynolds system, enabling us to give both a new proof of the intermittent Onsager theorem from [32] in this paper, and a proof of the $L^3$-based strong Onsager conjecture in the companion paper [22].

8.The $L^3$-based strong Onsager theorem

Authors:Vikram Giri, Hyunju Kwon, Matthew Novack

Abstract: In this work, we prove the $L^3$-based strong Onsager conjecture for the three-dimensional Euler equations. Our main theorem states that there exist weak solutions which dissipate the total kinetic energy, satisfy the local energy inequality, and belong to $C^0_t (W^{\frac 13-, 3} \cap L^{\infty-})$. More precisely, for every $\beta<\frac 13$, we can construct such solutions in the space $C^0_t ( B^{\beta}_{3,\infty} \cap L^{\frac{1}{1-3\beta}} )$.

9.Diffusion enhancement and Taylor dispersion for rotationally symmetric flows in discs and pipes

Authors:Michele Coti Zelati, Michele Dolce, Chia-Chun Lo

Abstract: In this note, we study the long-time dynamics of passive scalars driven by rotationally symmetric flows. We focus on identifying precise conditions on the velocity field in order to prove enhanced dissipation and Taylor dispersion in three-dimensional infinite pipes. As a byproduct of our analysis, we obtain an enhanced decay for circular flows on a disc of arbitrary radius.

10.Local well-posedness of the higher order nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the half-line: single boundary condition case

Authors:Aykut Alkın, Dionyssios Mantzavinos, Türker Özsarı

Abstract: We establish local well-posedness for the higher-order nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation, formulated on the half-line. We consider the scenario of associated coefficients such that only one boundary condition is required, which is assumed to be Dirichlet type. Our functional framework centers around fractional Sobolev spaces. We treat both high regularity and low regularity solutions: in the former setting, the relevant nonlinearity can be handled via the Banach algebra property; in the latter setting, however, delicate Strichartz estimates must be established. This task is especially challenging in the framework of nonhomogeneous initial-boundary value problems, as it involves proving boundary-type Strichartz estimates that are not common in the study of initial value problems. The linear analysis, which is the core of this work, crucially relies on a weak solution formulation defined through the novel solution formulae obtained via the Fokas method. In this connection, we note that the higher-order Schr\"odinger equation comes with an increased level of difficulty due to the presence of more than one spatial derivative. This feature manifests itself via several complications throughout the analysis, including (i) analyticity issues related to complex square roots, which require careful treatment of branch cuts and deformations of integration contours; (ii) singularities that emerge upon changes of variables in the Fourier analysis arguments; (iii) complicated oscillatory kernels in the weak solution formula for the linear initial-boundary value problem, which require a subtle analysis of the dispersion in terms of the regularity of the boundary data. The present work provides a first, complete treatment via the Fokas method of a nonhomogeneous initial-boundary value problem for a partial differential equation associated with a multi-term linear differential operator.

11.The anisotropic Cahn--Hilliard equation: regularity theory and strict separation properties

Authors:Harald Garcke, Patrik Knopf, Julia Wittmann

Abstract: The Cahn--Hilliard equation with anisotropic energy contributions frequently appears in many physical systems. Systematic analytical results for the case with the relevant logarithmic free energy have been missing so far. We close this gap and show existence, uniqueness, regularity, and separation properties of weak solutions to the anisotropic Cahn--Hilliard equation with logarithmic free energy. Since firstly, the equation becomes highly non-linear, and secondly, the relevant anisotropies are non-smooth, the analysis becomes quite involved. In particular, new regularity results for quasilinear elliptic equations of second order need to be shown.

12.Remark on the local well-posedness of compressible non-Newtonian fluids with initial vacuum

Authors:Hind Al Baba, Bilal Al Taki, Amru Hussein

Abstract: We discuss in this short note the local-in-time strong well-posedness of the compressible Navier-Stokes system for non-Newtonian fluids on the three dimensional torus. We show that the result established recently by Kalousek, V\'{a}clav, and Ne\v{c}asova in [\doi{10.1007/s00208-021-02301-8}] can be extended to the case where vanishing density is allowed initially. Our proof builds on the framework developed by Cho, Choe, and Kim in [\doi{10.1016/j.matpur.2003.11.004}] for compressible Navier-Stokes equations in the case of Newtonian fluids. To adapt their method, special attention is given to the elliptic regularity of a challenging nonlinear elliptic system. We show particular results in this direction, however, the main result of this paper is proven in the general case when elliptic regularity is imposed as an assumption. Also, we give a finite time blow-up criterion.

13.Principal eigenvalues for Fully non linear singular or degenerate operators in punctured balls

Authors:Françoise Demengel

Abstract: This paper is devoted to the proof of the existence of the principal eigenvalue and related eigenfunctions for fully nonlinear degenerate or singular uniformly elliptic equations posed in a punctured ball, in presence of a singular potential. More precisely, we analyze existence, uniqueness and regularity of solutions $( \bar\lambda_\gamma, u_\gamma)$ of the equation $$| \nabla u |^\alpha F( D^2 u_\gamma)+ \bar \lambda_\gamma {u_\gamma^{1+\alpha} \over r^\gamma} = 0\ {\rm in} \ B(0,1)\setminus \{0\}, \ u_\gamma = 0 \ {\rm on} \ \partial B(0,1)$$ where $u_\gamma>0$ in $B(0,1)$, $\alpha >-1$ and $\gamma >0$. We prove existence of radial solutions which are continuous on $\overline{ B(0,1)}$ in the case $\gamma <2+\alpha$, existence of unbounded solutions which do ot satisfy the boundary condition in the case $\gamma = 2+\alpha $ and a non existence result for $\gamma >2+\alpha$. We also give the explicit value of $\bar \lambda_{2+\alpha} $ in the case of Pucci's operators, which generalizes the Hardy--Sobolev constant for the Laplacian, and the previous results of Birindelli, Demengel and Leoni

14.Asymptotic behavior of Kawahara equation with memory effect

Authors:Roberto de A. Capistrano Filho, Boumediène Chentouf, Isadora Maria de Jesus

Abstract: In this work, we are interested in a detailed qualitative analysis of the Kawahara equation, a model that has numerous physical motivations such as magneto-acoustic waves in a cold plasma and gravity waves on the surface of a heavy liquid. First, we design a feedback law, which combines a damping control and a finite memory term. Then, it is shown that the energy associated with this system exponentially decays.

15.Well-posedness for a transmission problem connecting first and second-order operators

Authors:Héctor A. Chang-Lara

Abstract: We establish the existence and uniqueness of viscosity solutions within a domain $\Omega\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ for a class of equations governed by elliptic and eikonal type equations in disjoint regions. Our primary motivation stems from the Hamilton-Jacobi equation that arises in the context of a stochastic optimal control problem.

1.Existence and concentration of ground state solution to a nonlocal Schrödinger equation

Authors:Anmin Mao, Qian Zhang

Abstract: We study a class of Schr\"{o}dinger-Kirchhoff system involving critical exponent. We aim to find suitable conditions to assure the existence of a positive ground state solution of Nehari-Poho\u{z}aev type $u_{\varepsilon}$ with exponential decay at infinity for $\varepsilon$ and $ u_{\varepsilon}$ concentrates around a global minimum point of $ V$ as $ \varepsilon\rightarrow0^{+}.$ The nonlinear term includes the nonlinearity $f(u)\sim|u|^{p-1}u$ for the well-studied case $ p\in[3,5)$, and the less-studied case $p\in(2,3)$.

2.Normalized solutions to the biharmonic nonlinear Schrödinger equation with combined nonlinearities

Authors:Wenjing Chen, Zexi Wang

Abstract: In this article, we study the existence of normalized ground state solutions for the following biharmonic nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equation with combined nonlinearities \begin{equation*} \Delta^2u=\lambda u+\mu|u|^{q-2}u+|u|^{p-2}u,\quad \text {in $\mathbb{R}^N$} \end{equation*} having prescribed mass \begin{equation*} \int_{\mathbb{R}^N}|u|^2dx=a^2, \end{equation*} where $N\geq2$, $\mu\in \mathbb{R}$, $a>0$, $2<q<p<\infty$ if $2\leq N\leq 4$, $2<q<p\leq 4^*$ if $N\geq 5$, and $4^*=\frac{2N}{N-4}$ is the Sobolev critical exponent and $\lambda\in \mathbb{R}$ appears as a Lagrange multiplier. By using the Sobolev subcritical approximation method, we prove the second critical point of mountain pass type for the case $N\geq5$, $\mu>0$, $p=4^*$, and $2<q<2+\frac{8}{N}$. Moreover, we also consider the case $\mu=0$ and $\mu<0$.

1.Hodge decomposition for generalized Vekua spaces in higher dimensions

Authors:Briceyda B. Delgado

Abstract: We introduce the spaces $A^p_{\alpha, \beta}(\Omega)$ of $L^p$-solutions to the Vekua equation (generalized monogenic functions) $D w=\alpha\overline{w}+\beta w$ in a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, where $D=\sum_{i=1}^n e_i \partial_i$ is the Moisil-Teodorescu operator, $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are bounded functions on $\Omega$. The main result of this work consists of a Hodge decomposition of the $L^2$ solutions of the Vekua equation, from this orthogonal decomposition arises an operator associated with the Vekua operator, which in turn factorizes certain Schr\"odinger operators. Moreover, we provide an explicit expression of the ortho-projection over $A^p_{\alpha, \beta}(\Omega)$ in terms of the well-known ortho-projection of $L^2$ monogenic functions and an isomorphism operator. Finally, we prove the existence of component-wise reproductive Vekua kernels and the interrelationship with the Vekua projection in Bergman's sense.

2.Weakly turbulent solution to Schrödinger equation on the two-dimensional torus with real potential decaying at infinity

Authors:Maxine Maxime, Chabert

Abstract: We build a smooth time-dependent real potential on the two-dimensional torus, decaying as time tends to infinity in Sobolev norms along with all its time derivative, and we exhibit a smooth solution to the associated Schr\"odinger equation on the two-dimensional torus whose $H^s$ norms nevertheless grow logarithmically as time tends to infinity. We use Fourier decomposition in order to exhibit a discrete resonant system of interactions, which we are further able to reduce to a sequence of finite-dimensional linear systems along which the energy propagates to higher and higher frequencies. The constructions are very explicit and we can thus obtain lower bounds on the growth rate of the solution.

3.A First-Order Mean-Field Game on a Bounded Domain with Mixed Boundary Conditions

Authors:Abdulrahman M. Alharbi, Yuri Ashrafyan, Diogo Gomes

Abstract: This paper presents a novel first-order mean-field game model that includes a prescribed incoming flow of agents in part of the boundary (Neumann boundary condition) and exit costs in the remaining portion (Dirichlet boundary condition). Our model is described by a system of a Hamilton-Jacobi equation and a stationary transport (Fokker-Planck) equation equipped with mixed and contact-set boundary conditions. We provide a rigorous variational formulation for the system, allowing us to prove the existence of solutions using variational techniques. Moreover, we establish the uniqueness of the gradient of the value function, which is a key result for the analysis of the model. In addition to the theoretical results, we present several examples that illustrate the presence of regions with vanishing density.

4.Flows with surgery revisited

Authors:Robert Haslhofer

Abstract: In this paper, we introduce a new method to establish existence of geometric flows with surgery. In contrast to all prior constructions of flows with surgery in the literature our new approach does not require any a priori estimates in the smooth setting. Instead, our approach is based on a hybrid compactness theorem, which takes smooth limits near the surgery regions but weak limits in all other regions. For concreteness, here we develop our new method in the classical setting of mean-convex surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$, thus giving a new proof of the existence results due to Brendle-Huisken and Haslhofer-Kleiner. Other settings, including in particular free boundary surfaces, will be addressed in subsequent work.

5.Unique determination of coefficients and kernel in nonlocal porous medium equations with absorption term

Authors:Yi-Hsuan Lin, Philipp Zimmermann

Abstract: The main purpose of this article is the study of an inverse problem for nonlocal porous medium equations (NPMEs) with a linear absorption term. More concretely, we show that under certain assumptions on the time-independent coefficients $\rho,q$ and the time-independent kernel $K$ of the nonlocal operator $L_K$, the (partial) Dirichlet-to-Neumann map uniquely determines the three quantities $(\rho,K,q)$ in the nonlocal porous medium equation $\rho \partial_tu+L_K(u^m)+qu=0$, where $m>1$. In the first part of this work we adapt the Galerkin method to prove existence and uniqueness of nonnegative, bounded solutions to the homogenoeus NPME with regular initial and exterior conditions. Additionally, a comparison principle for solutions of the NPME is proved, whenever they can be approximated by sufficiently regular functions like the one constructed for the homogeneous NPME. These results are then used in the second part to prove the unique determination of the coefficients $(\rho,K,q)$ in the inverse problem. Finally, we show that the assumptions on the nonlocal operator $L_K$ in our main theorem are satisfied by the fractional conductivity operator $\mathcal{L}_{\gamma}$, whose kernel is $\gamma^{1/2}(x)\gamma^{1/2}(y)/|x-y|^{n+2s}$ up to a normalization constant.

6.Convective Turing bifurcation with conservation laws

Authors:Aric Wheeler, Kevin Zumbrun

Abstract: Generalizing results of \cite{MC,S} and \cite{HSZ} for certain model reaction-diffusion and reaction-convection-diffusion equations, we derive and rigorously justify weakly nonlinear amplitude equations governing general Turing bifurcation in the presence of conservation laws. In the nonconvective, reaction-diffusion case, this is seen similarly as in \cite{MC,S} to be a real Ginsburg-Landau equation coupled with a diffusion equation in a large-scale mean-mode vector comprising variables associated with conservation laws. In the general, convective case, by contrast, the amplitude equations as noted in \cite{HSZ} consist of a complex Ginsburg-Landau equation coupled with a singular convection-diffusion equation featuring rapidly-propagating modes with speed $\sim 1/\eps$ where $\eps$ measures amplitude of the wave as a disturbance from a background steady state. Different from the partially coupled case considered in \cite{HSZ} in the context of B\'enard-Marangoni convection/inclined flow, the Ginzburg Landau and mean-mode equations are here fully coupled, leading to substantial new difficulties in the analysis. Applications are to biological morphogenesis, in particular vasculogenesis, as described by the Murray-Oster and other mechanochemical/hydrodynamical models

1.A sufficient condition for the lower semicontinuity of nonlocal supremal functionals in the vectorial case

Authors:Giuliano Gargiulo, Elvira Zappale

Abstract: In this note we present a sufficient condition ensuring lower semicontinuity for nonlocal supremal functionals of the type $$W^{1,\infty}(\Omega;\mathbb R^d)\ni u \mapsto \sup{\rm ess}_{(x,y)\in \Omega} W(x,y, \nabla u(x),\nabla u(y)),$$ where $\Omega$ is a bounded open subset of $\mathbb R^N$ and $W:\Omega \times \Omega \times \mathbb R^{d \times N}\times \mathbb R^{d \times N} \to \mathbb R$.

2.An inverse Gauss curvature flow and its application to p-capacitary Orlicz-Minkowski problem

Authors:Bin Chen, Weidong Wang, Xia Zhao, Peibiao Zhao

Abstract: In [Calc. Var., 57:5 (2018)], Hong-Ye-Zhang proposed the $p$-capacitary Orlicz-Minkowski problem and proved the existence of convex solutions to this problem by variational method for $p\in(1,n)$. However, the smoothness and uniqueness of solutions are still open. Notice that the $p$-capacitary Orlicz-Minkowski problem can be converted equivalently to a Monge-Amp\`{e}re type equation in smooth case: \begin{align}\label{0.1} f\phi(h_K)|\nabla\Psi|^p=\tau G \end{align} for $p\in(1,n)$ and some constant $\tau>0$, where $f$ is a positive function defined on the unit sphere $\mathcal{S}^{n-1}$, $\phi$ is a continuous positive function defined in $(0,+\infty)$, and $G$ is the Gauss curvature. In this paper, we confirm the existence of smooth solutions to $p$-capacitary Orlicz-Minkowski problem with $p\in(1,n)$ for the first time by a class of inverse Gauss curvature flows, which converges smoothly to the solution of Equation (\ref{0.1}). Furthermore, we prove the uniqueness result for Equation (\ref{0.1}) in a special case.

3.On the well-posedness of a nonlocal (two-place) FORQ equation via a two-component peakon system

Authors:Kenneth Karlsen, Yan Rybalko

Abstract: We investigate the Cauchy problem for a nonlocal (two-place) FORQ equation. By interpreting this equation as a special case of a two-component peakon system (exhibiting a cubic nonlinearity), we convert the Cauchy problem into a system of ordinary differential equations in a Banach space. Using this approach, we are able to demonstrate local well-posedness in the Sobolev space $H^{s}$ where $s > 5/2$. We also establish the continuity properties for the data-to-solution map for a range of Sobolev spaces. Finally, we briefly explore the relationship between the two-component system and the bi-Hamiltonian AKNS hierarchy.

4.Uniqueness and uniform structural stability of Poiseuille flows with large fluxes in two-dimensional strips

Authors:Kaijian Sha, Yun Wang, Chunjing Xie

Abstract: In this paper, we prove the uniform nonlinear structural stability of Poiseuille flows with suitably large flux for the steady Navier-Stokes system in a two-dimensional strip with arbitrary period. Furthermore, the well-posedness theory for the Navier-Stokes system is also proved even when the $L^2$-norm of the external force is large. In particular, if the vertical velocity is suitably small where the smallness is independent of the flux, then Poiseuille flow is the unique solution of the steady Navier-Stokes system in the periodic strip. The key point is to establish uniform a priori estimates for the corresponding linearized problem via the boundary layer analysis, where we explore the particular features of odd and even stream functions. The analysis for the even stream function is new, which not only generalizes the previous study for the symmetric flows in \cite{Rabier1}, but also provides an explicit relation between the flux and period.

5.Ground states solution of Nehari-Pohožaev type for periodic quasilinear Schrödinger system

Authors:Jianqing Chen, Qian Zhang

Abstract: This paper is concerned with a quasilinear Schr\"{o}dinger system in $\mathbb R^{N}$ $$\left\{\aligned &-\Delta u+A(x)u-\frac{1}{2}\triangle(u^{2})u=\frac{2\alpha}{\alpha+\beta}|u|^{\alpha-2}u|v|^{\beta},\\ &-\Delta v+B(x)v-\frac{1}{2}\triangle(v^{2})v=\frac{2\beta}{\alpha+\beta}|u|^{\alpha}|v|^{\beta-2}v,\\ & u(x)\to 0\ \hbox{and}\quad v(x)\to 0\ \hbox{as}\ |x|\to \infty,\endaligned\right. $$ where $\alpha,\beta>1$ and $2<\alpha+\beta<\frac{4N}{N-2}$ ($N \geq 3$). $A(x)$ and $B(x)$ are two periodic functions. By minimization under a convenient constraint and concentration-compactness lemma, we prove the existence of ground states solution. Our result covers the case of $\alpha+\beta\in(2,4)$ which seems to be the first result for coupled quasilinear Schr\"{o}dinger system in the periodic situation.

6.Weakly nonlinear analysis of a two-species non-local advection-diffusion system

Authors:Valeria Giunta, Thomas Hillen, Mark A. Lewis, Jonathan R. Potts

Abstract: Nonlocal interactions are ubiquitous in nature and play a central role in many biological systems. In this paper, we perform a bifurcation analysis of a widely-applicable advection-diffusion model with nonlocal advection terms describing the species movements generated by inter-species interactions. We use linear analysis to assess the stability of the constant steady state, then weakly nonlinear analysis to recover the shape and stability of non-homogeneous solutions. Since the system arises from a conservation law, the resulting amplitude equations consist of a Ginzburg-Landau equation coupled with an equation for the zero mode. In particular, this means that supercritical branches from the Ginzburg-Landau equation need not be stable. Indeed, we find that, depending on the parameters, bifurcations can be subcritical (always unstable), stable supercritical, or unstable supercritical. We show numerically that, when small amplitude patterns are unstable, the system exhibits large amplitude patterns and hysteresis, even in supercritical regimes. Finally, we construct bifurcation diagrams by combining our analysis with a previous study of the minimisers of the associated energy functional. Through this approach we reveal parameter regions in which stable small amplitude patterns coexist with strongly modulated solutions.

7.Holder continuity of weak solutions to evolution equations with distributed order fractional time derivative

Authors:Adam Kubica, Katarzyna Ryszewska, Rico Zacher

Abstract: We study the regularity of weak solutions to evolution equations with distributed order fractional time derivative. We prove a weak Harnack inequality for nonnegative weak supersolutions and H\"older continuity of weak solutions to this problem. Our results substantially generalise analogous known results for the problem with single order fractional time derivative.

8.Initial-boundary value problems for Poiseuille flow of nematic liquid crystal via full Ericksen-Leslie model

Authors:Geng Chen, Yanbo Hu, Qingtian Zhang

Abstract: In this paper, we study the initial-boundary value problem for the Poiseuille flow of hyperbolic-parabolic Ericksen-Leslie model of nematic liquid crystals in one space dimension. Due to the quasilinearity, the solution of this model in general forms cusp singularity. We prove the global existence of H\"older continuous solution, which may include cusp singularity, for initial-boundary value problems with different types of boundary conditions.

9.Decay Estimate of Maxwell-Higgs System on Schwarzschild Black Holes

Authors:Mulyanto, Fiki Taufik Akbar, Bobby Eka Gunara

Abstract: In this paper, we prove the decay estimate of Maxwell-Higgs system on four dimensional Schwarzschild spacetimes. We show that if the field equations support a Morawetz type estimate supported around the trapped surface, the uniform decay properties in the entire exterior of the Schwarzschild black holes can be obtained by using Sobolev inequalities and energy estimates. Our results also consider various forms of physical potential such as the mass terms, $\phi^4$-theory, sine Gordon potential, and Toda potential.

10.Existence of nontrivial solutions to a fourth-order Kirchhoff type elliptic equation with critical exponent

Authors:Qian Zhang, Yuzhu Han

Abstract: In this paper, a critical fourth-order Kirchhoff type elliptic equation with a subcritical perturbation is studied. The main feature of this problem is that it involves both a nonlocal coefficient and a critical term, which bring essential difficulty for the proof of the existence of weak solutions. When the dimension of the space is smaller than or equals to $7$, the existence of weak solution is obtained by combining the Mountain Pass Lemma with some delicate estimate on the Talenti's functions. When the dimension of the space is larger than or equals to $8$, the above argument no longer works. By introducing an appropriate truncation on the nonlocal coefficient, it is shown that the problem admits a nontrivial solution under appropriate conditions on the parameter.

11.Global Solutions of the Two-Dimensional Riemann Problem with Four-Shock Interactions for the Euler Equations for Potential Flow

Authors:Gui-Qiang G. Chen, Alexander Cliffe, Feimin Huang, Song Liu, Qin Wang

Abstract: We present a rigorous approach and related techniques to construct global solutions of the 2-D Riemann problem with four-shock interactions for the Euler equations for potential flow. With the introduction of three critical angles: the vacuum critical angle from the compatibility conditions, the detachment angle, and the sonic angle, we clarify all configurations of the Riemann solutions for the interactions of two-forward and two-backward shocks, including the subsonic-subsonic reflection configuration that has not emerged in previous results. To achieve this, we first identify the three critical angles that determine the configurations, whose existence and uniqueness follow from our rigorous proof of the strict monotonicity of the steady detachment and sonic angles for 2-D steady potential flow with respect to the Mach number of the upstream state. Then we reformulate the 2-D Riemann problem into the shock reflection-diffraction problem with respect to a symmetric line, along with two independent incident angles and two sonic boundaries varying with the choice of incident angles. With these, the problem can be further reformulated as a free boundary problem for a second-order quasilinear equation of mixed elliptic-hyperbolic type. The difficulties arise from the degenerate ellipticity of the nonlinear equation near the sonic boundaries, the nonlinearity of the free boundary condition, the singularity of the solution near the corners of the domain, and the geometric properties of the free boundary. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first rigorous result for the 2-D Riemann problem with four-shock interactions for the Euler equations. The approach and techniques developed for the Riemann problem for four-wave interactions should be useful for solving other 2-D Riemann problems for more general Euler equations and related nonlinear hyperbolic systems of conservation laws.

12.Boundary continuity of nonlocal minimal surfaces in domains with singularities and a problem posed by Borthagaray, Li, and Nochetto

Authors:Serena Dipierro, Ovidiu Savin, Enrico Valdinoci

Abstract: Differently from their classical counterpart, nonlocal minimal surfaces are known to present boundary discontinuities, by sticking at the boundary of smooth domains. It has been observed numerically by J. P. Borthagaray, W. Li, and R. H. Nochetto ``that stickiness is larger near the concave portions of the boundary than near the convex ones, and that it is absent in the corners of the square'', leading to the conjecture ``that there is a relation between the amount of stickiness on $\partial\Omega$ and the nonlocal mean curvature of $\partial\Omega$''. In this paper, we give a positive answer to this conjecture, by showing that the nonlocal minimal surfaces are continuous at convex corners of the domain boundary and discontinuous at concave corners. More generally, we show that boundary continuity for nonlocal minimal surfaces holds true at all points in which the domain is not better than $C^{1,s}$, with the singularity pointing outward, while, as pointed out by a concrete example, discontinuities may occur at all point in which the domain possesses an interior touching set of class $C^{1,\alpha}$ with $\alpha>s$.

13.Nonlocal planar Schrödinger-Poisson systems in the fractional Sobolev limiting case

Authors:Daniele Cassani, Zhisu Liu, Giulio Romani

Abstract: We study the nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation for the $s-$fractional $p-$Laplacian strongly coupled with the Poisson equation in dimension two and with $p=\frac2s$, which is the limiting case for the embedding of the fractional Sobolev space $W^{s,p}(\mathbb{R}^2)$. We prove existence of solutions by means of a variational approximating procedure for an auxiliary Choquard equation in which the uniformly approximated sign-changing logarithmic kernel competes with the exponential nonlinearity. Qualitative properties of solutions such as symmetry and decay are also established by exploiting a suitable moving planes technique.

14.Existence analysis of a cross-diffusion system with nonlinear Robin boundary conditions for vesicle transport in neurites

Authors:Markus Fellner, Ansgar Jüngel

Abstract: A one-dimensional cross-diffusion system modeling the transport of vesicles in neurites is analyzed. The equations are coupled via nonlinear Robin boundary conditions to ordinary differential equations for the number of vesicles in the reservoirs in the cell body and the growth cone at the end of the neurite. The existence of bounded weak solutions is proved by using the boundedness-by-entropy method. Numerical simulations show the dynamical behavior of the concentrations of anterograde and retrograde vesicles in the neurite.

15.Analysis of a Poisson-Nernst-Planck-Fermi system for charge transport in ion channels

Authors:Ansgar Jüngel, Annamaria Massimini

Abstract: A modified Poisson-Nernst-Planck system in a bounded domain with mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions is analyzed. It describes the concentrations of ions immersed in a polar solvent and the correlated electric potential due to the ion--solvent interaction. The concentrations solve cross-diffusion equations, which are thermodynamically consistent. The considered mixture is saturated, meaning that the sum of the ion and solvent concentrations is constant. The correlated electric potential depends nonlocally on the electric potential and solves the fourth-order Poisson-Fermi equation. The existence of global bounded weak solutions is proved by using the boundedness-by-entropy method. The novelty of the paper is the proof of the weak--strong uniqueness property. In contrast to the existence proof, we include the solvent concentration in the cross-diffusion system, leading to a diffusion matrix with nontrivial kernel. Then the proof is based on the relative entropy method for the extended cross-diffusion system and the positive definiteness of a related diffusion matrix on a subspace.

16.On the generalized weighted Sobolev inequality

Authors:T V Anoop, Ujjal Das, Subhajit Roy

Abstract: Let $\Omega$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^N.$ We identify various classes of Young functions $\Phi,\,\Psi$, and weight functions $g\in L^1_\text{loc}(\Omega)$ so that the following generalized weighted Sobolev inequality holds: \begin{equation*}\label{ineq:Orlicz} \Psi^{-1}\left(\int_{\Omega}|g(x)|\Psi( |u(x)| )dx \right)\leq C\Phi^{-1}\left(\int_{\Omega}\Phi(|\nabla u(x)|) dx \right),\,\,\,\forall\,u\in \mathcal{C}^1_c(\Omega), \end{equation*} for some $C>0$. As an application, we study the existence of non-negative solutions for certain nonlinear weighted eigenvalue problems.

17.Direct sampling method via Landweber iteration for an absorbing scatterer with a conductive boundary

Authors:Rafael Ceja Ayala, Isaac Harris, Andreas Kleefeld

Abstract: In this paper, we consider the inverse shape problem of recovering isotropic scatterers with a conductive boundary condition. Here, we assume that the measured far-field data is known at a fixed wave number. Motivated by recent work, we study a new direct sampling indicator based on the Landweber iteration and the factorization method. Therefore, we prove the connection between these reconstruction methods. The method studied here falls under the category of qualitative reconstruction methods where an imaging function is used to recover the absorbing scatterer. We prove stability of our new imaging function as well as derive a discrepancy principle for recovering the regularization parameter. The theoretical results are verified with numerical examples to show how the reconstruction performs by the new Landweber direct sampling method.

18.Time-zero limits of Kaden's spirals and 2D Euler

Authors:Bartosz Bieganowski, Tomasz Cieślak, Jakub Siemianowski

Abstract: The present note is devoted to the studies of the relation of the time-zero limits of Kaden's spirals and the 2D Euler equation. It is shown that the time-zero limits of Kaden's spirals satisfy inhomogeneous 2D Euler in a weak sense. As a corollary, the necessity of both, the decay of spherical averages around the origin of the spiral as well as the velocity matching condition, for the 2D Euler equation to hold in a weak sense, is shown. Finally, some preliminary results concerning the Kaden spirals are obtained.

1.Symplectic Symmetry and Radial Symmetry Either Persistence or Breaking of Incompressible Fluid

Authors:Yongqian Han

Abstract: The incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are considered. We find that these equations have symplectic symmetry structures. Two linearly independent symplectic symmetries form moving frame. The velocity vectors possess symplectic representations in this moving frame. The symplectic representations of two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations hold radial symmetry persistence. On the other hand, we establish some results of radial symmetry either persistence or breaking for the symplectic representations of three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations. Thanks radial symmetry persistence, we construct infinite non-trivial solutions of static Euler equations with given boundary condition. Therefore the randomness and turbulence of incompressible fluid appear provided Navier-Stokes flow converges to static Euler flow.

2.The interaction between two close-to-touching convex acoustic subwavelength resonators

Authors:Haigang Li, Yan Zhao

Abstract: The Minneart resonance is a low frequency resonance in which the wavelength is much larger than the size of the resonators. It is interesting to study the interaction between two adjacent bubbles when they are brought close together. Because the bubbles are usually compressible, in this paper we mainly investigate resonant modes of two general convex resonators with arbitrary shapes to extend the results of Ammari, Davies, Yu in [4], where a pair of spherical resonators are considered by using bispherical coordinates. We combine the layer potential method for Helmholtz equation in [4,5] and the elliptic theory for gradient estimates in [26,30] to calculate the capacitance coefficients for the coupled $C^{2,\alpha}$ resonators, then show the leading-order asymptotic behaviors of two different resonant modes and reveal the dependance of the resonant frequencies on their geometric properties, such as convexity, volumes and curvatures. By the way, the blow-up rates of gradient of the scattered pressure are also presented.

3.Stress blow-up analysis when a suspending rigid particle approaches the boundary in Stokes flow: 2D case

Authors:Haigang Li, Longjuan Xu, Peihao Zhang

Abstract: It is an interesting and important topic to study the motion of small particles in a viscous liquid in current applied research. In this paper we assume the particles are convex with arbitrary shapes and mainly investigate the interaction between the rigid particles and the domain boundary when the distance tends to zero. In fact, even though the domain and the prescribed boundary data are both smooth, it is possible to cause a definite increase of the blow-up rate of the stress. This problem has the free boundary value feature due to the rigidity assumption on the particle. We find that the prescribed local boundary data directly affects on the free boundary value on the particle. Two kinds of boundary data are considered: locally constant boundary data and locally polynomial boundary data. For the former we prove the free boundary value is close to the prescribed constant, while for the latter we show the influence on the blow-up rate from the order of growth of the prescribed polynomial. Based on pointwise upper bounds in the neck region and lower bounds at the midpoint of the shortest line between the particle and the domain boundary, we show that these blow-up rates obtained in this paper are optimal. These precise estimates will help us understand the underlying mechanism of the hydrodynamic interactions in fluid particle model.

4.Derivation and well-posedness for asymptotic models of cold plasmas

Authors:Diego Alonso-Orán, Ángel Durán, Rafael Granero-Belinchón

Abstract: In this paper we derive three new asymptotic models for an hyperbolic-hyperbolicelliptic system of PDEs describing the motion of a collision-free plasma in a magnetic field. The first of these models takes the form of a non-linear and non-local Boussinesq system (for the ionic density and velocity) while the second is a non-local wave equation (for the ionic density). Moreover, we derive a unidirectional asymptotic model of the later which is closely related to the well-known Fornberg-Whitham equation. We also provide the well-posedness of these asymptotic models in Sobolev spaces. To conclude, we demonstrate the existence of a class of initial data which exhibit wave breaking for the unidirectional model.

5.Infinitely many free or prescribed mass solutions for fractional Hartree equations and Pohozaev identities

Authors:Silvia Cingolani, Marco Gallo, Kazunaga Tanaka

Abstract: In this paper we study the following nonlinear fractional Hartree (or Choquard-Pekar) equation \begin{equation}\label{eq_abstract} (-\Delta)^s u + \mu u =(I_\alpha*F(u)) F'(u) \quad \hbox{in}\ \mathbb{R}^N, \tag{$*$} \end{equation} where $\mu>0$, $s \in (0,1)$, $N \geq 2$, $\alpha \in (0,N)$, $I_\alpha \sim \frac{1}{|x|^{N-\alpha}}$ is the Riesz potential, and $F$ is a general subcritical nonlinearity. The goal is to prove existence of multiple (radially symmetric) solutions $u \in H^s(\mathbb{R}^N)$, by assuming $F$ odd or even. We consider both the case $\mu>0$ fixed (and the mass $\int_{\mathbb{R}^N} u^2$ free) and the case $\int_{\mathbb{R}^N} u^2 =m>0$ prescribed (and the frequency $\mu$ unknown). A key point in the proof is given by the research of suitable multidimensional odd paths, which was done in the local case by Berestycki and Lions [ARMA, 1983]. For equation \eqref{eq_abstract}, the nonlocalities play a special role in the construction of such paths. In particular, some properties of these paths are needed in the asymptotic study (as $\mu$ varies) of the mountain pass values of the unconstrained problem: this asymptotic behaviour is then exploited to describe the geometry of the constrained problem and detect infinitely many normalized solutions for any $m>0$. The found solutions satisfy in addition a Pohozaev identity: in this paper we further investigate the validity of this identity for solutions of doubly nonlocal equations under a $C^1$-regularity.

6.Boundedness of fractional operators associated with Schrödinger operators on weighted variable Lebesgue spaces via extrapolation

Authors:R. Ayala, A. Cabral

Abstract: In this work we obtain boundedness results for fractional operators associated with Schr\"odinger operators $\ \mathcal{L}=-\Delta+V$ on weighted variable Lebesgue spaces. These operators include fractional integrals and their respective commutators. Particularly, we obtain weighted inequalities of the type $L^{p(\cdot)}$-$L^{q(\cdot)}$ and estimates of the type $L^{p(\cdot)}$-Lipschitz variable integral spaces. For this purpose, we developed extrapolation results that allow us to obtain boundedness results of the type described above in the variable setting by starting from analogous inequalities in the classical context.

7.Existence and Large Time Behavior for a Dissipative Variant of the Rotational NLS Equation

Authors:Paolo Antonelli, Boris Shakarov

Abstract: We study a dissipative variant of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation with rotation. The model contains a nonlocal, nonlinear term that forces the conservation of $L^2$-norm of solutions. We are motivated by several physical experiments and numerical simulations studying the formation of vortices in Bose-Einstein condensates. We show local and global well-posedness of this model and investigate the asymptotic behavior of its solutions. In the linear case, the solution asymptotically tends to the eigenspace associated with the smallest eigenvalue in the decomposition of the initial datum. In the nonlinear case, we obtain weak convergence to a stationary state. Moreover, for initial energies in a specific range, we prove strong asymptotic stability of ground state solutions.

8.Asymptotics of weighted Gagliardo seminorms

Authors:Michał Kijaczko

Abstract: In this paper we consider fractional Sobolev spaces equipped with weights being powers of the distance to the boundary of the domain. We prove the versions of Bourgain--Brezis--Mironescu and Maz'ya--Shaposhnikova asymptotic formulae for weighted fractional Gagliardo seminorms. For $p>1$ we also provide a nonlocal characterization of classical weighted Sobolev spaces with power weights.

9.Local and global solutions on arcs for the Ericksen -- Leslie problem in the whole space

Authors:Daniele Barbera, Vladimir Georgiev

Abstract: The work deals with the Ericksen-Leslie System for nematic liquid crystals on the whole space. In our work we suppose the initial condition of the orientation field stays on an arc connecting two fixed orthogonal vectors on the unit sphere. Thanks to this geometric assumption, we prove through energy a priori estimates the local existence and the global existence for small initial data of a solution in low regularity Sobolev spaces.

10.Existence, Smoothness and Uniqueness (in smooth space) of the Navier-Stokes equation by using a new Boundary Integral representation

Authors:Edmund Chadwick

Abstract: Consider an exterior space-time domain where the incompressible Navier-Stokes equation and continuity equation hold with no bodies or force fields present, and smooth velocity at initial time. This is equivalent to the velocity being impulsively instantaneously started into motion and further assume that this force impulse is bounded. A smooth solution with a Stokeslet far-field decay for all subsequent time is sought and found, demonstrating existence and smoothness. This is given by a space-time boundary integral velocity representation by a single layer potential linear distribution of Navier-Stokes fundamental solutions called NSlets. This is obtained by extending the theory of hydrodynamic potentials to also include a non-linear potential that subsequently drops out of the formulation. Zero initial velocity gives the null solution and so there can be only one smooth solution demonstrating uniqueness in smooth space, but this is not to say that there are not other possible solutions in the wider class of non-smooth spaces.

11.Transmutations from the Covariant Transform on the Heisenberg Group and an Extended Umbral Principle

Authors:Vladimir V. Kisil

Abstract: We discuss several seemingly assorted objects: the umbral calculus, generalised translations and associated transmutations, symbolic calculus of operators. The common framework for them is representations of the Weyl algebra of the Heisenberg group by ladder operators. Transporting various properties between different implementations we review some classic results and new opportunities.

12.A Galerkin type method for kinetic Fokker Planck equations based on Hermite expansions

Authors:Benny Avelin, Mingyi Hou, Kaj Nyström

Abstract: In this paper, we develop a Galerkin-type approximation, with quantitative error estimates, for weak solutions to the Cauchy problem for kinetic Fokker-Planck equations in the domain $(0, T) \times D \times \mathbb{R}^d$, where $D$ is either $\mathbb{T}^d$ or $\mathbb{R}^d$. Our approach is based on a Hermite expansion in the velocity variable only, with a hyperbolic system that appears as the truncation of the Brinkman hierarchy, as well as ideas from $\href{arXiv:1902.04037v2}{[Alb+21]}$ and additional energy-type estimates that we have developed. We also establish the regularity of the solution based on the regularity of the initial data and the source term.

1.Hyperbolic systems with non-diagonalisable principal part and variable multiplicities, III: singular coefficients

Authors:Claudia Garetto, Bolys Sabitbek

Abstract: In this paper we continue the analysis of non-diagonalisable hyperbolic systems initiated in \cite{GarJRuz, GarJRuz2}. Here we assume that the system has discontinuous coefficients or more in general distributional coefficients. Well-posedness is proven in the very weak sense for systems with singularities with respect to the space variable or the time variable. Consistency with the classical theory is proven in the case of smooth coefficients.

2.pointwise boundary $\bm{{C}^{1,α}}$ Estimates for some degenerate fully nonlinear elliptic equations on $\bm{C^{1,α}}$ Domains

Authors:Xuemei Li, Dongsheng Li

Abstract: In this paper, we establish pointwise boundary ${{C}^{1,\alpha}}$ estimates for viscosity solutions of some degenerate fully nonlinear elliptic equations on ${C^{1,\alpha}}$ domains. Instead of straightening out the boundary, we utilize the perturbation and compactness techniques.

3.Standing Waves for Schrödinger Equations with Kato-Rellich potentials

Authors:Aleksander Ćwiszewski, Piotr Kokocki

Abstract: We show the existence of standing waves for the nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equation with Kato-Rellich type potential. We consider both resonant with the nonlinearity satisfying one of Landesman-Lazer type or sign conditions and non-resonant case where the linearization at infinity has zero kernel. The approach relies on the geometric and topological analysis of the parabolic semiflow associated to the involved elliptic problem. Tail estimates techniques and spectral theory of unbounded linear operators are used to exploit subtle compactness properties necessary for use of the Conley index theory due to Rybakowski.

4.Analytical approximations in short times of exact operational solutions to reaction diffusion problems on bounded intervals

Authors:Anani Kwassi

Abstract: This paper aims at obtaining, by means of integral transforms, analytical approximations in short times of solutions to boundary value problems for the one-dimensional reaction-diffusion equation with constant coefficients. The general form of the equation is considered on a bounded generic interval and the three classical types of boundary conditions, i.e., Dirichlet as well as Neumann and mixed boundary conditions are considered in a unified way. The Fourier and Laplace integral transforms are successively applied and an exact solution is obtained in the Laplace domain. This operational solution is proven to be the accurate Laplace transform of the infinite series obtained by the Fourier decomposition method and presented in the literature as solutions to this type of problem. On the basis of this unified operational solution, four cases are distinguished where innovative formulas expressing consistent analytical approximations in short time limits are derived with respect to the behavior of the solution at the boundaries. Compared to the infinite series solutions, the analytical approximations may open new perspectives and applications, among which can be noted the improvement of numerical efficiency in simulations of one-dimensional moving boundary problems, such as in Stefan models.

5.The fundamental eigenfrequency is simple in the two-dimensional sloshing problem

Authors:Nikolay Kuznetsov

Abstract: The two-dimensional sloshing problem is considered; it describes the transversal free oscillations of water in an open, infinitely long canal of uniform cross-section. It is proved that the fundamental eigenfrequency is simple, whereas the corresponding velocity potential has only one nodal line connecting the free surface and the bottom; its harmonic conjugate (stream function) does not change sign under the proper choice of the additive constant.

6.Rigorous asymptotic analysis for the Riemann problem of the defocusing nonlinear Schrödinger hydrodynamics

Authors:Deng-Shan Wang, Peng Yan

Abstract: The rigorous asymptotic analysis for the Riemann problem of the defocusing nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger hydrodynamics is a very interesting problem with many challenges. So far, the full analysis of this problem remains open. In this work, the long-time asymptotics for the defocusing nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equation with general step-like initial data is investigated by Whitham modulation theory and Riemann-Hilbert formulation. The Whitham modulation theory shows that there are six cases for the initial discontinuity problem according to the orders of the Riemann invariants. The leading-order terms and the corresponding error estimates for each region of the six cases are formulated by Deift-Zhou nonlinear steepest method for oscillatory Riemann-Hilbert problems. It is demonstrated that the long-time asymptotic solutions match very well with the results from Whitham modulation theory and the numerical simulations.

7.On the Study of the Klein-Gordon Equation in the Dunkl Setting

Authors:Mohamed Gaidi, Mounir Bedhiafi

Abstract: In Dunkl theory on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ which generalizes classical Fourier analysis, we study the solution of the Klein-Gordon-equation defined by: \begin{eqnarray} \nonumber \partial_{t}^{2}u-\Delta_{k}u=-m^{2}u \ , \ \ \ u (x,0)=g(x) \ , \ \ \ \partial_{t}u(x,0)=f(x) \end{eqnarray} with \ $m > 0$ \ and \ $\partial_{t}^{2}u$ \ is the second derivative of the solution $u$ with respect to $t$ and $\Delta_{k}u$ is the Dunkl Laplacian with respect to $x$ where $f$ and $g$ the two functions in $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ which surround the initial conditions. We obtain an integral representation for its solution which we gives some properties. As a specific result, we studied the associated energies to the Dunkl-Klein-Gordon equation.

8.On the weak Harnack inequality for unbounded non-negative super-solutions of degenerate double-phase parabolic equations

Authors:Mariia Savchenko, Igor Skrypnik, Yevgeniia Yevgenieva

Abstract: In the case $q> p\dfrac{n+2}{n}$, we give a proof of the weak Harnack inequality for non-negative super-solutions of degenerate double-phase parabolic equations under the additional assumption that $u\in L^{s}_{loc}(\Omega_{T})$ with some $s >p\dfrac{n+2}{n}$.

9.Excursus on modulation spaces via metaplectic operators and related time-frequency representations

Authors:Elena Cordero, Gianluca Giacchi

Abstract: Modulation spaces were originally introduced by Feichtinger in 1983. Since the 2000s there have been thousands of contributions using them as correct framework; they range from PDEs, pseudodifferential operators, quantum mechanics, signal analysis. This justifies a deep study of such spaces and the related Wiener ones. Recently, metaplectic Wigner distributions, which contain as special examples the $\tau$-Wigner distributions, the ambiguity function and the Short-time Fourier transform, have proved to characterize modulation spaces, under suitable assumptions. We investigate the metaplectic action which is hidden in their construction and guarantees equivalent (quasi-)norms for such spaces. We add a new result on this topic and conclude with an exhaustive vision of these characterizations. Similar results hold for the Wiener amalgam ones.

10.Non-uniqueness for the compressible Euler-Maxwell equations

Authors:Shunkai Mao, Peng Qu

Abstract: We consider the Cauchy problem for the isentropic compressible Euler-Maxwell equations under general pressure laws in a three-dimensional periodic domain. For any smooth initial electron density away from the vacuum and smooth equilibrium-charged ion density, we could construct infinitely many $\alpha$-H\"older continuous entropy solutions emanating from the same initial data for $\alpha<\frac{1}{7}$. Especially, the electromagnetic field belongs to the H\"older class $C^{1,\alpha}$. Furthermore, we provide a continuous entropy solution satisfying the entropy inequality strictly. The proof relies on the convex integration scheme. Due to the constrain of the Maxwell equations, we propose a method of Mikado potential and construct new building blocks.

11.Korteweg-de Vries waves in peridynamical media

Authors:Michael Herrmann, Katia Kleine

Abstract: We consider a one-dimensional peridynamical medium and show the existence of solitary waves with small amplitudes and long wavelength. Our proof uses nonlinear Bochner integral operators and characterizes their asymptotic properties in a singular scaling limit.

1.Anisotropic $(p,q)$-equations with convex and negative concave terms

Authors:Nikolaos S. Papageorgiou, Dušan D. Repovš, Calogero Vetro

Abstract: We consider a parametric Dirichlet problem driven by the anisotropic $(p,q)$-Laplacian and with a reaction which exhibits the combined effects of a superlinear (convex) term and of a negative sublinear term. Using variational tools and critical groups we show that for all small values of the parameter, the problem has at least three nontrivial smooth solutions, two of which are of constant sign (positive and negative).

2.A priori estimates for a quadratic dNLS

Authors:Friedrich Klaus

Abstract: In this work we consider integrable PDE with higher dimensional Lax pairs. Our main example is a quadratic dNLS equation with a $3 \times 3$ Lax pair. For this equation we show a-priori estimates in Sobolev spaces of negative regularity $H^s(\mathbb{R}), s > -\frac{1}{2}$. We also prove that for general $N \times N$ Lax operators $L$, the transmission coefficient coincides with the $2$-renormalized perturbation determinant.

3.KFP operators with coefficients measurable in time and Dini continuous in space

Authors:Stefano Biagi, Marco Bramanti, Bianca Stroffolini

Abstract: We consider degenerate KFP operators \[ \mathcal{L}u=\sum_{i,j=1}^{q}a_{ij}(x,t)u_{x_{i}x_{j}}+\sum_{k,j=1}^{N} b_{jk}x_{k}u_{x_{j}}-u_{t}, \] $(x,t)\in\mathbb{R}^{N+1}$, $1\leq q\leq N$, such that the model operator having constant $a_{ij}$ is hypoelliptic, translation invariant w.r.t. a Lie group in $\mathbb{R}^{N+1}$ and $2$-homogeneous w.r.t. a family of nonisotropic dilations. The matrix $(a_{ij})_{i,j=1}^{q}$ is symmetric and uniformly positive on $\mathbb{R}^{q} $. The $a_{ij}$ are bounded and Dini continuous in space, bounded measurable in time, i.e., letting $S_{T}=\mathbb{R}^{N}\times\left( -\infty,T\right) $, \[ \omega_{f,S_{T}}\left( r\right) =\sup_{\left( x,t\right) ,\left( y,t\right) \in S_{T}}\left\vert f\left( x,t\right) -f\left( y,t\right) \right\vert \] \[ \left\Vert f\right\Vert _{D\left( S_{T}\right) }=\int_{0}^{1}\frac {\omega_{f,S_{T}}\left( r\right) }{r}dr+\left\Vert f\right\Vert _{L^{\infty }\left( S_{T}\right) }% \] we require the finiteness of $\left\Vert a_{ij}\right\Vert _{D\left( S_{T}\right) }$. We bound $\omega_{u_{x_{i}x_{j}},S_{T}}$, $\left\Vert u_{x_{i}x_{j}}\right\Vert _{L^{\infty}\left( S_{T}\right) }$, $\omega _{Yu,S_{T}}$, $\left\Vert Yu\right\Vert _{L^{\infty}\left( S_{T}\right) }$ in terms of $\omega_{\mathcal{L}u,S_{T}}$, $\Vert\mathcal{L}u\Vert_{L^{\infty }\left( S_{T}\right) }$ and $\Vert u\Vert_{L^{\infty}\left( S_{T}\right) }$, getting a control on the uniform continuity in space of $u_{x_{i}x_{j}}$ and $Yu$ if $\mathcal{L}u$ is partially Dini-continuous. Moreover, if both $a_{ij}$ and $\mathcal{L}u$ are log-Dini continuous, we prove that $u_{x_{i}x_{j}}$ and $Yu$ are Dini continuous; moreover, in this case, the derivatives $u_{x_{i}x_{j}}$ are locally uniformly continuous in space and time.

4.On an n-dimensional fourth-order system under a parametric condition

Authors:Pablo Álvarez-Caudevilla Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Cristina Brändle Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Devashish Sonowal Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Abstract: We establish the existence of positive solutions for a system of coupled fourth-order partial differential equations on a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$\begin{align*} \left\{\begin{array}{l} \Delta^2u_1 +\beta_1 \Delta u_1-\alpha_1 u_1=f_1({ x},u_1,u_2),\\\Delta^2 u_2+\beta_2\Delta u_2-\alpha_2 u_2=f_2({ x},u_1,u_2), \end{array} \quad \quad x\in\Omega, \right. \end{align*}subject to homogeneous Navier boundary conditions, where the functions $f_1,f_2 : \Omega\times [0,\infty)\times [0,\infty) \rightarrow [0,\infty)$ are continuous, and $\alpha_1,\alpha_2,\beta_1$ and $\beta_2$ are real parameters satisfying certain constraints related to the eigenvalues of the associated Laplace operator.

5.Design of defected non-hermitian chains of resonator dimers for spatial and spatio-temporal localizations

Authors:Habib Ammari, Erik Overhed Hiltunen, Thea Kosche

Abstract: The aim of this article is to advance the field of metamaterials by proposing formulas for the design of high-contrast metamaterials with prescribed subwavelength defect mode eigenfrequencies. This is achieved in two settings: (i) design of non-hermitian static materials and (ii) design of instantly changing non-hermitian time-dependent materials. The design of static materials is achieved via characterizing equations for the defect mode eigenfrequencies in the setting of a defected dimer material. These characterizing equations are the basis for obtaining formulas for the material parameters of the defect which admit given defect mode eigenfrequencies. Explicit formulas are provided in the setting of one and two given defect mode eigenfrequencies in the setting of a defected chain of dimers. In the time-dependent case, we first analyze the influence of time-boundaries on the subwavelength solutions. We find that subwavelength solutions are preserved if and only if the material parameters satisfy a temporal Snell's law across the time boundary. The same result also identifies the change of the time-frequencies uniquely. Combining this result with those on the design of static materials, we obtain an explicit formula for the material design of instantly changing defected dimer materials which admit subwavelength modes with prescribed time-dependent defect mode eigenfrequency. Finally, we use this formula to create materials which admit spatio-temporally localized defect modes.

6.Local regularity for nonlocal double phase equations in the Heisenberg group

Authors:Yuzhou Fang, Chao Zhang, Junli Zhang

Abstract: We prove interior boundedness and H\"{o}lder continuity for the weak solutions of nonlocal double phase equations in the Heisenberg group $\mathbb{H}^n$. This solves a problem raised by Palatucci and Piccinini et. al. in 2022 and 2023 for nonlinear integro-differential problems in the Heisenberg group $\mathbb{H}^n$. Our proof of the a priori estiamtes bases on the spirit of De Giorgi-Nash-Moser theory, where the important ingredients are Caccioppoli-type inequality and Logarithmic estimate. To achieve this goal, we establish a new and crucial Sobolev-Poincar\'{e} type inequality in local domain, which may be of independent interest and potential applications.

7.Fundamental solutions and critical Lane-Emden exponents for nonlinear integral operators in cones

Authors:Gabrielle Nornberg, Disson dos Prazeres, Alexander Quaas

Abstract: In this article we study the fundamental solutions or ``$\alpha$-harmonic functions" for some nonlinear positive homogeneous nonlocal elliptic problems in conical domains, such as $$ \begin{eqnarray*}\label{ecbir1a1} {\mathcal F }(u)=0\ \ \hbox{in} \ \ \mathcal{C}_\omega,\quad u=0\ \ \hbox{in} \ \ \mathbb{R}^n\setminus \mathcal{C}_\omega ,\ \ \end{eqnarray*} $$ where $\omega$ is a proper $C^2$ domain in $S^{N-1}$ for $ N\geq 2$, $\mathcal{C}_\omega:=\{x\,|\,x\neq 0, {|x|^{-1}}x\in \omega\}$ is the cone-like domain related to $\omega$, and ${\mathcal F }$ is an extremal fully nonlinear integral operator. We prove the existence of two fundamental solutions that are homogeneous and do not change signs in the cone; one is bounded at the origin and the other at infinity. As an application, we use the fundamental solutions obtained to prove a Liouville type theorem in cones for supersolutions of Lane-Emden-Fowler equation of the form $$ \begin{eqnarray*}\label{eq 0.2} {\mathcal F }(u)+u^p = 0\ \ \hbox{in} \ \ \mathcal{C}_\omega, \quad u=0\ \ \hbox{in} \ \ \mathbb{R}^n\setminus \mathcal{C}_\omega. \end{eqnarray*} $$ We also prove a generalized Hopf type lemma in domains with corners. Most of our results are new even when ${\mathcal F }$ is the fractional Laplacian operator.

8.Weighted Orlicz regularity for fully nonlinear elliptic equations with oblique derivative at the boundary via asymptotic operators

Authors:Junior da S. Bessa

Abstract: We prove weighted Orlicz-Sobolev regularity for fully nonlinear elliptic equations with oblique boundary condition under asymptotic conditions of the following problem: $F(D^{2}u,Du,u,x)=f(x)$ in the bounded domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$($n\ge 2$) and $\beta\cdot Du+\gamma u= g$ on $\partial \Omega$, under suitable assumptions on the source term $f$, data $\beta, \gamma$ and $g$. Our approach guarantees such estimates under conditions where the governing operator $F$ does not require a convex (or concave) structure. We also deal with weighted Orlicz-type estimates for the obstacle problem with oblique derivative condition on the boundary. As a final application, the developed methods provide weighted Orlicz-BMO regularity for the Hessian, provided that the source lies in that space and in weighted Orlicz space associated.

9.Regularity for Minimizers of a Planar Partitioning Problem with Cusps

Authors:Michael Novack

Abstract: We study the regularity of minimizers for a variant of the soap bubble cluster problem: \begin{align*} \min \sum_{\ell=0}^N c_{\ell} P( S_\ell)\,, \end{align*} where $c_\ell>0$, among partitions $\{S_0,\dots,S_N,G\}$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$ satisfying $|G|\leq \delta$ and an area constraint on each $S_\ell$ for $1\leq \ell \leq N$. If $\delta>0$, we prove that for any minimizer, each $\partial S_{\ell}$ is $C^{1,1}$ and consists of finitely many curves of constant curvature. Any such curve contained in $\partial S_{\ell} \cap \partial S_{m}$ or $\partial S_\ell \cap \partial G$ can only terminate at a point in $\partial G \cap \partial S_\ell \cap \partial S_{m}$ at which $G$ has a cusp. We also analyze a similar problem on the unit ball $B$ with a trace constraint instead of an area constraint and obtain analogous regularity up to $\partial B$. Finally, in the case of equal coefficients $c_\ell$, we completely characterize minimizers on the ball for small $\delta$: they are perturbations of minimizers for $\delta=0$ in which the triple junction singularities, including those possibly on $\partial B$, are ``wetted" by $G$.

1.Unique Solutions to Hyperbolic Conservation Laws with a Strictly Convex Entropy

Authors:Alberto Bressan, Graziano Guerra

Abstract: Consider a strictly hyperbolic $n\times n$ system of conservation laws, where each characteristic field is either genuinely nonlinear or linearly degenerate. In this standard setting, it is well known that there exists a Lipschitz semigroup of weak solutions, defined on a domain of functions with small total variation. If the system admits a strictly convex entropy, we give a short proof that every entropy weak solution taking values within the domain of the semigroup coincides with a semigroup trajectory. The result shows that the assumptions of ``Tame Variation" or ``Tame Oscillation", previously used to achieve uniqueness, can be removed in the presence of a strictly convex entropy.

2.On inverse problems for several coupled PDE systems arising in mathematical biology

Authors:Ming-Hui Ding, Hongyu Liu, Guang-Hui Zheng

Abstract: In this paper, we propose and study several inverse problems of identifying/determining unknown coefficients for a class of coupled PDE systems by measuring the average flux data on part of the underlying boundary. In these coupled systems, we mainly consider the non-negative solutions of the coupled equations, which are consistent with realistic settings in biology and ecology. There are several salient features of our inverse problem study: the drastic reduction of the measurement/observation data due to averaging effects, the nonlinear coupling of multiple equations, and the non-negative constraints on the solutions, which pose significant challenges to the inverse problems. We develop a new and effective scheme to tackle the inverse problems and achieve unique identifiability results by properly controlling the injection of different source terms to obtain multiple sets of mean flux data. The approach relies on certain monotonicity properties which are related to the intrinsic structures of the coupled PDE system. We also connect our study to biological applications of practical interest.

3.Global second-order regularity and improved integrability for parabolic equations with variable growth

Authors:Rakesh Arora, Sergey Shmarev

Abstract: We consider the homogeneous Dirichlet problem for the parabolic equation \[ u_t- \operatorname{div} \left(|\nabla u|^{p(x,t)-2} \nabla u\right)= f(x,t) + F(x,t, u, \nabla u) \] in the cylinder $Q_T:=\Omega\times (0,T)$, where $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^N$, $N\geq 2$, is a $C^{2}$-smooth or convex bounded domain. It is assumed that $p\in C^{0,1}(\overline{Q}_T)$ is a given function, and that the nonlinear source $F(x,t,s, \xi)$ has a proper power growth with respect to $s$ and $\xi$. It is shown that if $p(x,t)>\frac{2(N+1)}{N+2}$, $f\in L^2(Q_T)$, $|\nabla u_0|^{p(x,0)}\in L^1(\Omega)$, then the problem has a solution $u\in C^0([0,T];L^2(\Omega))$ with $|\nabla u|^{p(x,t)} \in L^{\infty}(0,T;L^1(\Omega))$, $u_t\in L^2(Q_T)$, obtained as the limit of solutions to the regularized problems in the parabolic H\"older space. The solution possesses the following global regularity properties: \[ \begin{split} & |\nabla u|^{2(p(x,t)-1)+r}\in L^1(Q_T)\quad \text{for any $0 < r < \frac{4}{N+2}$}, \\ & |\nabla u|^{p(x,t)-2} \nabla u \in W^{1,2}(Q_T)^N. \end{split} \]

4.Positive solutions to the planar logarithmic Choquard equation via asymptotic approximation

Authors:Daniele Cassani, Lele Du, Zhisu Liu

Abstract: In this paper we study the following nonlinear Choquard equation $$ -\Delta u+u=\left(\ln\frac{1}{|x|}\ast F(u)\right)f(u),\quad\text{ in }\,\mathbb{R}^2, $$ where $f\in C^1(\mathbb{R})$ and $F$ is the primitive of the nonlinearity $f$ vanishing at zero. We use an asymptotic approximation approach to establish the existence of positive solutions to the above problem in the standard Sobolev space $H^1(\mathbb{R}^2)$. We give a new proof and at the same time extend part of the results established in [Cassani-Tarsi, Calc. Var. P.D.E. (2021)].

5.Ising systems, measures on the sphere, and zonoids

Authors:Andrea Braides, Antonin Chambolle

Abstract: We give an interpretation of a class of discrete-to-continuum results for Ising systems using the theory of zonoids. We define the classes of rational zonotopes and zonoids, as those of the Wulff shapes of perimeters obtained as limits of finite-range homogeneous Ising systems and of general homogeneous Ising systems, respectively. Thanks to the characterization of zonoids in terms of measures on the sphere, rational zonotopes, identified as finite sums of Dirac masses, are dense in the class of all zonoids. Moreover, we show that a rational zonoid can be obtained from a coercive Ising system if and only if the corresponding measure satisfies some connectedness properties, while it is always a continuum limit of discrete Wulff shapes under the only condition that the support of the measure spans the whole space. Finally, we highlight the connection with the homogenization of periodic Ising systems and propose a generalized definition of rational zonotope of order N, which coincides with the definition of rational zonotope if N=1

6.Islands in stable fluid equilibria

Authors:Theodore D. Drivas, Daniel Ginsberg

Abstract: We prove that stable fluid equilibria with trivial homology on curved, reflection-symmetric periodic channels must posses "islands", or cat's eye vortices. In this way, arbitrarily small disturbances of a flat boundary cause a change of streamline topology of stable steady states.

7.Infinitely many conservation laws for generalized nonlinear progressive wave equation

Authors:A. Sergyeyev

Abstract: We give a complete description of nontrivial local conservation laws of all orders for a natural generalization of the nonlinear progressive wave equation and, in particular, show that there is an infinite number of such conservation laws.

8.On the stability of homogeneous equilibria in the Vlasov-Poisson system on $\mathbb{R}^3$

Authors:Alexandru D. Ionescu, Benoit Pausader, Xuecheng Wang, Klaus Widmayer

Abstract: The goal of this article is twofold. First, we investigate the linearized Vlasov-Poisson system around a family of spatially homogeneous equilibria in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (the unconfined setting). Our analysis follows classical strategies from physics and their subsequent mathematical extensions. The main novelties are a unified treatment of a broad class of analytic equilibria and the study of a class of generalized Poisson equilibria. For the former, this provides a detailed description of the associated Green's functions, including in particular precise dissipation rates (which appear to be new), whereas for the latter we exhibit explicit formulas. Second, we review the main result and ideas in our recent work on the full global nonlinear asymptotic stability of the Poisson equilibrium in $\mathbb{R}^3$.

1.Concavity properties for quasilinear equations and optimality remarks

Authors:Nouf M. Almousa, Jacopo Assettini, Marco Gallo, Marco Squassina

Abstract: In this paper we study quasiconcavity properties of solutions of Dirichlet problems related to modified nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations of the type $$-{\rm div}\big(a(u) \nabla u\big) + \frac{a'(u)}{2} |\nabla u|^2 = f(u) \quad \hbox{in $\Omega$},$$ where $\Omega$ is a convex bounded domain of $\mathbb{R}^N$. In particular, we search for a function $\varphi:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$, modeled on $f\in C^1$ and $a\in C^1$, which makes $\varphi(u)$ concave. Moreover, we discuss the optimality of the conditions assumed on the source.

2.Sharp interface limit for inhomogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes/Allen-Cahn system in a bounded domain via a relative energy method

Authors:Song Jiang, Xiangxiang Su, Feng Xie

Abstract: This paper concerns the sharp interface limit of solutions to the inhomogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes/Allen-Cahn coupled system in a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n,\ n =2,3$. Based on a relative energy method, we prove that the solutions to the Navier-Stokes/Allen-Cahn system converge to the corresponding solutions to a sharp interface model provided that the thickness of the diffuse interfacial zone goes to zero. It is noted that the relative energy method can avoid both the spectral estimates of the linearized Allen-Cahn operator and the construction of approximate solutions by the matched asymptotic expansion method in the study of the sharp interface limit process. And some suitable functionals are designed and estimated by elaborated energy methods accordingly.

3.The mathematical theory of Hughes' model: a survey of results

Authors:Debora Amadori, Boris Andreianov, Marco Di Francesco, Simone Fagioli, Théo Girard, Paola Goatin, Peter Markowich, Jan F. Pietschmann, Massimiliano D. Rosini, Giovanni Russo, Graziano Stivaletta, Marie-Therese Wolfram

Abstract: We provide an overview of the results on Hughes' model for pedestrian movements available in the literature. After the first successful approaches to solving a regularised version of the model, researchers focused on the structure of the Riemann problem, which led to local-in-time existence results for Riemann-type data and paved the way for a WFT (Wave-Front Tracking) approach to the solution semigroup. In parallel, a DPA (Deterministic Particles Approximation) approach was developed in the spirit of follow-the-leader approximation results for scalar conservation laws. Beyond having proved to be powerful analytical tools, the WFT and the DPA approaches also led to interesting numerical results. However, only existence theorems on very specific classes of initial data (essentially ruling out non-classical shocks) have been available until very recently. A proper existence result using a DPA approach was proven not long ago in the case of a linear coupling with the density in the eikonal equation. Shortly after, a similar result was proven via a fixed point approach. We provide a detailed statement of the aforementioned results and sketch the main proofs. We also provide a brief overview of results that are related to Hughes' model, such as the derivation of a dynamic version of the model via a mean-field game strategy, an alternative optimal control approach, and a localized version of the model. We also present the main numerical results within the WFT and DPA frameworks.

4.Stability analysis of two-dimensional ideal flows with applications to viscous fluids and plasmas

Authors:Diogo Arsénio, Haroune Houamed

Abstract: We are interested in the stability analysis of two-dimensional incompressible inviscid fluids. Specifically, we revisit a recent result on the stability of Yudovich's solutions to the incompressible Euler equations in $L^\infty([0,T];H^1)$ by providing a new approach to its proof based on the idea of compactness extrapolation and by extending it to the whole plane. This new method of proof is robust and, when applied to viscous models, leads to a remarkable logarithmic improvement on the rate of convergence in the vanishing viscosity limit of two-dimensional fluids. Loosely speaking, this logarithmic gain is the result of the fact that, in appropriate high-regularity settings, the smoothness of solutions to the Euler equations at times $t\in [0,T)$ is strictly higher than their regularity at time $t=T$. This ``memory effect'' seems to be a general principle which is not exclusive to fluid mechanics. It is therefore likely to be observed in other setting and deserves further investigation. Finally, we also apply the stability results on Euler systems to the study of two-dimensional ideal plasmas and establish their convergence, in strong topologies, to solutions of magnetohydrodynamic systems, when the speed of light tends to infinity. The crux of this asymptotic analysis relies on a fine understanding of Maxwell's system.

5.Symmetry breaking and instability for semilinear elliptic equations in spherical sectors and cones

Authors:Giulio Ciraolo, Filomena Pacella, Camilla Chiara Polvara

Abstract: We consider semilinear elliptic equations with mixed boundary conditions in spherical sectors inside a cone. The aim of the paper is to show that a radial symmetry result of Gidas-Ni-Nirenberg type for positive solutions does not hold in general nonconvex cones. This symmetry breaking result is achieved by studying the Morse index of radial positive solutions and analyzing how it depends on the domain D on the unit sphere which spans the cone. In particular it is proved that the Neumann eigenvalues of the Laplace Beltrami operator on D play a role in computing the Morse index. A similar breaking of symmetry result is obtained for the positive solutions of the critical Neumann problem in the whole unbounded cone. In this case it is proved that the standard bubbles, which are the only radial solutions, become unstable for a class of nonconvex cones.

6.Expanding solutions near unstable Lane-Emden stars

Authors:Ming Cheng, Xing Cheng, Zhiwu Lin

Abstract: In this paper, we consider the compressible Euler-Poisson equations for polytropes $P(\rho)=K\rho^\gamma$ and the white dwarf star. Firstly, we develop two variational problem for $\gamma=\frac{4}{3}$ and $\gamma\in \left(\frac{6}{5},\frac{4}{3} \right)$ respectively. The first variational problem for $\gamma=\frac{4}{3}$ is related to the best constant of a Hardy-Littlewood type inequality. The best constant obtained is sharp and it yields a threshold of the mass to the gaseous star which is the Chandrasekhar limit mass. For $\gamma\in \left(\frac{6}{5},\frac{4}{3} \right)$, we construct a type of cross constrained variational problem attained by the Lane-Emden function. Then, we show that the spherically symmetric finite energy weak solution globally exists if the mass is less than the Chandrasekhar limit mass for $\gamma=\frac{4}{3}$ or the initial data belongs to an invariant set constructed by the cross-constrained variational argument for $\gamma\in \left(\frac{6}{5},\frac{4}{3} \right)$. Furthermore, we conditionally obtain that the support of the gaseous star expands as time tends to infinity with a virial argument. We also consider the white dwarf star and prove that if the mass is less than the Chandrasekhar limit mass, the white dwarf star cannot collapse to a point.

7.Convective stability of the critical waves of an FKPP growth process

Authors:Florian Kreten

Abstract: We construct the traveling wave solutions of an FKPP growth process of two densities of particles, and prove that the critical traveling waves are locally stable in a space where the perturbations can grow exponentially at the back of the wave. The considered reaction-diffusion system was introduced by Hannezo et al. in the context of branching morphogenesis (Cell, 171(1):242-255.e27, 2017): active, branching particles accumulate inactive particles, which do not react. Thus, the system features a continuum of steady state solutions, complicating the analysis. We adopt a result by Faye and Holzer (J.Diff.Eq., 269(9):6559-6601, 2020) for proving the stability of the critical traveling waves, by modifying the semi-group estimates to spaces with unbounded weights. The novelty is that we use a Feynman-Kac formula to get an exponential a priori estimate for the tail of the PDE. This supersedes the need for an integrable weight.

8.Existence of minimizers for the SDRI model in $\mathbb{R}^n$: Wetting and dewetting regimes with mismatch strain

Authors:Shokhrukh Kholmatov, Paolo Piovano

Abstract: The existence and the regularity results obtained in [37] for the variational model introduced in [36] to study the optimal shape of crystalline materials in the setting of stress-driven rearrangement instabilities (SDRI) are extended from two dimensions to any dimensions $n\geq2$. The energy is the sum of the elastic and the surface energy contributions, which cannot be decoupled, and depend on configurational pairs consisting of a set and a function that model the region occupied by the crystal and the bulk displacement field, respectively. By following the physical literature, the ``driving stress'' due to the mismatch between the ideal free-standing equilibrium lattice of the crystal with respect to adjacent materials is included in the model by considering a discontinuous mismatch strain in the elastic energy. Since two-dimensional methods and the methods used in the previous literature where Dirichlet boundary conditions instead of the mismatch strain and only the wetting regime were considered, cannot be employed in this setting, we proceed differently, by including in the analysis the dewetting regime and carefully analyzing the fine properties of energy-equibounded sequences. This analysis allows to establish both a compactness property in the family of admissible configurations and the lower-semicontinuity of the energy with respect to the topology induced by the $L^1$-convergence of sets and a.e.\ convergence of displacement fields, so that the direct method can be applied. We also prove that our arguments work as well in the setting with Dirichlet boundary conditions.

9.Global-in-space stability of singularity formation for Yang-Mills fields in higher dimensions

Authors:Irfan Glogić

Abstract: We continue our work \cite{Glo22a} on the analysis of spatially global stability of self-similar blowup profiles for semilinear wave equations in the radial case. In this paper we study the Yang-Mills equations in $(1+d)$-dimensional Minkowski space. For $d \geq 5$, which is the energy supercritical case, we consider an explicitly known equivariant self-similar blowup solution and establish its nonlinear global-in-space asymptotic stability under small equivariant perturbations. The size of the initial data is measured in terms of, in a certain sense, optimal Sobolev norm above scaling. This result complements the existing stability results in odd dimensions, while for even dimensions it is new.

10.Boundary value problems with signed measure data for semilinear Schrödinger equations

Authors:Moshe Marcus

Abstract: Consider operators $L_{V}:=\Delta + V$ in a bounded Lipschitz domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^N$. Assume that $V\in C^\alpha(\Omega)$ satisfies $|V(x)| \leq \bar a\,\mathrm{dist}(x,\partial\Omega)^{-2}$ in $\Omega$ and that $L_V$ has a (minimal) ground state $\Phi_V$ in $\Omega$. We derive a representation formula for signed supersolutions (or subsolutions) of $L_Vu=0$ possessing an $L_V$ boundary trace. We apply this formula to the study of some questions of existence and uniqueness for an associated semilinear boundary value problem with signed measure data.

11.Stationary solutions for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation

Authors:Benedetta Ferrario, Margherita Zanella

Abstract: We construct stationary statistical solutions of a deterministic unforced nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation, by perturbing it by a linear damping $\gamma u$ and a stochastic force whose intensity is proportional to $\sqrt \gamma$, and then letting $\gamma\to 0^+$. We prove indeed that the family of stationary solutions $\{U_\gamma\}_{\gamma>0}$ of the perturbed equation possesses an accumulation point for any vanishing sequence $\gamma_j\to 0^+$ and this stationary limit solves the deterministic unforced nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation and is not the trivial zero solution. This technique has been introduced in [KS04], using a different dissipation. However considering a linear damping of zero order and weaker solutions we can deal with larger ranges of the nonlinearity and of the spatial dimension; moreover we consider the focusing equation and the defocusing equation as well.

1.Relative entropy inequality for capillary fluids with density dependent viscosity and applications

Authors:Matteo Caggio, Donatella Donatelli

Abstract: We derive a relative entropy inequality for capillary compressible fluids with density dependent viscosity. Applications in the context of weak-strong uniqueness analysis, pressureless fluids and high-Mach number flows are presented.

2.Zero-viscosity limit of the compressible Naiver-Stokes equations in the analytic setting

Authors:Chao Wang, Yuxi Wang, Zhifei Zhang

Abstract: In this paper, we study the zero-viscosity limit of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations in a half-space with non-slip boundary condition. We justify the Prandtl boundary layer expansion for the analytic data: the compressible Navier-Stokes equations can be approximated by the compressible Euler equations away from the boundary, and by the compressible Prandtl equation near the boundary.

3.On some Impedance Boundary Conditions for a Thermo-Piezo-Electromagnetic System

Authors:Andreas Buchinger, Michael Doherty

Abstract: Based on a combination of insights afforded by Rainer Picard and Serge Nicaise, we extend a set of abstract piezo-electromagnetic impedance boundary conditions. We achieve this by accommodating for the influence of heat with the inclusion of a new equation and additional boundary terms. We prove the evolutionary well-posedness of a known thermo-piezo-electromagnetic system under these boundary conditions. Evolutionary well-posedness here means unique solvability as well as continuous and causal dependence on given data.

4.Fine bounds for best constants of fractional subcritical Sobolev embeddings and applications to nonlocal PDEs

Authors:Daniele Cassani, Lele Du

Abstract: We establish fine bounds for best constants of the fractional subcritical Sobolev embeddings \begin{align*} W_{0}^{s,p}\left(\Omega\right)\hookrightarrow L^{q}\left(\Omega\right), \end{align*} where $N\geq1$, $0<s<1$, $p=1,2$, $1\leq q<p_{s}^{\ast}=\frac{Np}{N-sp}$ and $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^{N}$ is a bounded smooth domain or the whole space $\mathbb{R}^{N}$. Our results cover the borderline case $p=1$, the Hilbert case $p=2$, $N>2s$ and the so-called Sobolev limiting case $N=1$, $s=\frac{1}{2}$ and $p=2$, where a sharp asymptotic estimate is given by means of a limiting procedure. We apply the obtained results to prove existence and non-existence of solutions for a wide class of nonlocal partial differential equations.

5.Explicit solution of the 1D Schrödinger equation

Authors:Peter Gibson

Abstract: Evaluation of a product integral with values in the Lie group SU(1,1) yields the explicit solution to the impedance form of the Schr\"odinger equation. Explicit formulas for the transmission coefficient and $S$-matrix of the classical one-dimensional Schr\"odinger operator with arbitrary compactly supported potential are obtained as a consequence. The formulas involve operator theoretic analogues of the standard hyperbolic functions, and provide a new window on acoustic and quantum scattering in one dimension.

6.Twisting in Hamiltonian Flows and Perfect Fluids

Authors:Theodore D. Drivas, Tarek M. Elgindi, In-Jee Jeong

Abstract: We establish a number of results that reveal a form of irreversibility (distinguishing arbitrarily long from finite time) in 2d Euler flows, by virtue of twisting of the particle trajectory map. Our main observation is that twisting in Hamiltonian flows on annular domains, which can be quantified by the differential winding of particles around the center of the annulus, is stable to perturbations. In fact, it is possible to prove the stability of the whole of the lifted dynamics to non-autonomous perturbations (though single particle paths are generically unstable). These all-time stability facts are used to establish a number of results related to the long-time behavior of inviscid fluid flows. In particular, we show that nearby general stable steady states (i) all Euler flows exhibit indefinite twisting and hence "age", (ii) vorticity generically becomes filamented and exhibits wandering in $L^\infty$. We also give examples of infinite time gradient growth for smooth solutions to the SQG equation and of smooth vortex patch solutions to the Euler equation that entangle and develop unbounded perimeter in infinite time.

7.On nonlocal Dirichlet problems with oscillating term

Authors:Boštjan Gabrovšek, Giovanni Molica Bisci, Dušan D. Repovš

Abstract: In this paper, a class of nonlocal fractional Dirichlet problems is studied. By using a variational principle due to Ricceri (whose original version was given in J. Comput. Appl. Math. 113 (2000), 401-410), the existence of infinitely many weak solutions for these problems is established by requiring that the nonlinear term $f$ has a suitable oscillating behaviour either at the origin or at infinity.

8.Port-Hamiltonian formulation of Oseen flows

Authors:Timo Reis, Manuel Schaller

Abstract: We present Oseen equations on Lipschitz domains in a port-Hamiltonian context. Such equations arise, for instance, by linearization of the Navier-Stokes equations. In our setup, the external port consists of the boundary traces of velocity and the normal component of the stress tensor, and boundary control is imposed by velocity and normal stress tensor prescription at disjoint parts of the boundary. We employ the recently developed theory of port-Hamiltonian system nodes for our formulation. An illustration is provided by means of flow through a cylinder.

9.Prescribing nearly constant curvatures on balls

Authors:Luca Battaglia, Sergio Cruz Blázquez, Angela Pistoia

Abstract: In this paper we address two boundary cases of the classical Kazdan-Warner problem. More precisely, we consider the problem of prescribing the Gaussian and boundary geodesic curvature on a disk of R^2, and the scalar and mean curvature on a ball in higher dimensions, via a conformal change of the metric. We deal with the case of negative interior curvature and positive boundary curvature. Using a Ljapunov-Schmidt procedure, we obtain new existence results when the prescribed functions are close to constants.

1.Asymptotic Analysis of Thin Structures with point dependent energy growth

Authors:Michela Eleuteri, Francesca Prinari, Elvira Zappale

Abstract: $3d-2d$ dimensional reduction for hyperelastic thin films modeled through energies with point dependent growth, assuming that the sample is clamped on the lateral boundary, is performed in the framework of $\Gamma$-convergence. Integral representation results, with a more regular lagrangian related to the original energy density, are provided for the lower dimensional limiting energy, in different contexts.

2.Blow-up phenomena for a class of extensible beam equations

Authors:Gongwei Liu, Mengyun Yin, Suxia Xia

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the initial boundary value problem of the following nonlinear extensible beam equation with nonlinear damping term $$u_{t t}+\Delta^2 u-M\left(\|\nabla u\|^2\right) \Delta u-\Delta u_t+\left|u_t\right|^{r-1} u_t=|u|^{p-1} u$$ which was considered by Yang et al. (Advanced Nonlinear Studies 2022; 22:436-468). We consider the problem with the nonlinear damping and establish the finite time blow-up of the solution for the initial data at arbitrary high energy level, including the estimate lower and upper bounds of the blowup time. The result provides some affirmative answer to the open problems given in (Advanced Nonlinear Studies 2022; 22:436-468).

3.Higher-order Maxwell-Stefan model of diffusion

Authors:Bérénice Grec FP2M, MAP5 - UMR 8145, Srboljub Simic

Abstract: The paper studies a higher-order diffusion model of Maxwell-Stefan kind. The model is based upon higher-order moment equations of kinetic theory of mixtures, which include viscous dissipation in the model. Governing equations are analyzed in a scaled form, which introduces the proper orders of magnitude of each term. In the socalled diffusive scaling, the Mach and Knudsen numbers are assumed to be of the same small order of magnitude. In the asymptotic limit when the small parameter vanishes, the model exhibits a coupling between the species' partial pressure gradients, which generalizes the classical model. Scaled equations also lead to a higher-order model of diffusion with correction terms in the small parameter. In that case, the viscous tensor is determined by genuine balance laws.

4.On a class of doubly nonlinear evolution equations in Musielak-Orlicz spaces

Authors:Goro Akagi, Giulio Schimperna

Abstract: This paper is concerned with a parabolic evolution equation of the form $A(u_t) + B(u) = f$, settled in a smooth bounded domain of ${\bf R}^d$, $d \geq 1$, and complemented with the initial conditions and with (for simplicity) homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions. Here, $-B$ stands for a diffusion operator, possibly nonlinear, which may range in a very wide class, including the Laplacian, the $m$-Laplacian for suitable $m\in(1,\infty)$), the "variable-exponent" $m(x)$-Laplacian, or even some fractional order operators. The operator $A$ is assumed to be in the form $[A(v)](x, t) = \alpha(x, v(x, t))$ with $\alpha$ being measurable in $x$ and maximal monotone in $v$. The main results are devoted to proving existence of weak solutions for a wide class of functions $\alpha$ that extends the setting considered in previous results related to the variable exponent case where $\alpha(x, v) = |v(x)|^{p(x)-2} v(x)$. To this end, a theory of subdifferential operators will be established in Musielak-Orlicz spaces satisfying structure conditions of the so-called $\Delta_2$-type and a framework for approximating maximal monotone operators acting in that class of spaces will also be developed. Such a theory is then applied to provide an existence result for a specific equation, but it may have an independent interest in itself. Finally, the existence result is illustrated by presenting a number of specific equations (and, correspondingly, of operators $A$, $B$) to which the result can be applied.

5.Peculiarities of Space Dependent Conservation Laws: Inverse Design and Asymptotics

Authors:Rinaldo M. Colombo IDP, Vincent Perrollaz IDP, Abraham Sylla UNIMIB

Abstract: Recently, results regarding the Inverse Design problem for Conservation Laws and Hamilton-Jacobi equations with space-dependent convex fluxes were obtaine. More precisely, characterizations of attainable sets and the set of initialdata evolving at a prescribed time into a prescribed profile were obtained. Here, wepresent an explicit example that underlines deep diff erences between the space-dependentand space-independent cases. Moreover, we add a detailed analysis of the time asymptoticsolution of this example, again underlining diff erences with the space-independent case.

6.Optimal second order boundary regularity for solutions to $p$-Laplace equations

Authors:Luigi Montoro, Luigi Muglia, Berardino Sciunzi

Abstract: Solutions to $p$-Laplace equations are not, in general, of class $C^2$. The study of Sobolev regularity of the second derivatives is, therefore, a crucial issue. An important contribution by Cianchi and Maz'ya shows that, if the source term is in $L^2$, then the field $|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u$ is in $W^{1,2}$. The $L^2$-regularity of the source term is also a necessary condition. Here, under suitable assumptions, we obtain sharp second order estimates, thus proving the optimal regularity of the vector field $|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u$, up to the boundary.

7.Liouville-type theorems for the Taylor--Couette flow of the stationary Navier--Stokes equations

Authors:Hideo Kozono, Yutaka Terasawa, Yuta Wakasugi

Abstract: We study the stationary Navier--Stokes equations in the region between two rotating concentric cylinders. We first prove that, under the small Reynolds number, if the fluid is axisymmetric and if its velocity is sufficiently small in the $L^\infty$-norm, then it is necessarily a generalized Taylor-Couette flow. If, in addition, the associated pressure is bounded or periodic in the $z$-axis, then it coincides with the well-known canonical Taylor-Couette flow. Next, we give a certain bound of the Reynolds number and the $L^\infty$-norm of the velocity such as the fluid is indeed, necessarily axisymmetric. It is clarified that smallness of Reynolds number of the fluid in the two rotating concentric cylinders governs both axisymmetry and the exact form of the Taylor-Couette flow.

8.Discrete-to-continuum linearization in atomistic dynamics

Authors:Manuel Friedrich, Manuel Seitz, Ulisse Stefanelli

Abstract: In the stationary case, atomistic interaction energies can be proved to $\Gamma$-converge to classical elasticity models in the simultaneous atomistic-to-continuum and linearization limit [19],[40]. The aim of this note is that of extending the convergence analysis to the dynamic setting. Moving within the framework of [40], we prove that solutions of the equation of motion driven by atomistic deformation energies converge to the solutions of the momentum equation for the corresponding continuum energy of linearized elasticity. By recasting the evolution problems in their equivalent energy-dissipation-inertia-principle form, we directly argue at the variational level of evolutionary $\Gamma$-convergence [32],[36]. This in particular ensures the pointwise in time convergence of the energies.

9.Eulerian and Lagrangian stability in Zeitlin's model of hydrodynamics

Authors:Klas Modin, Manolis Perrot

Abstract: The two-dimensional (2-D) Euler equations of a perfect fluid possess a beautiful geometric description: they are reduced geodesic equations on the infinite-dimensional Lie group of symplectomorphims with respect to a right-invariant Riemannian metric. This structure enables insights to Eulerian and Lagrangian stability via sectional curvature and Jacobi equations. The Zeitlin model is a finite-dimensional analog of the 2-D Euler equations; the only known discretization that preserves the rich geometric structure. Theoretical and numerical studies indicate that Zeitlin's model provides consistent long-time behaviour on large scales, but to which extent it truly reflects the Euler equations is mainly open. Towards progress, we give here two results. First, convergence of the sectional curvature in the Euler--Zeitlin equations on the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{su}(N)$ to that of the Euler equations on the sphere. Second, $L^2$-convergence of the corresponding Jacobi equations for Lagrangian and Eulerian stability. The results allow geometric conclusions about Zeitlin's model to be transferred to Euler's equations and vice versa, which might be central in the ultimate aim: to characterize the generic long-time behaviour in perfect 2-D fluids.

10.Hölder Continuity of the Gradient of Solutions to Doubly Non-Linear Parabolic Equations

Authors:Verena Bögelein, Frank Duzaar, Ugo Gianazza, Naian Liao, Christoph Scheven

Abstract: This paper is devoted to studying the local behavior of non-negative weak solutions to the doubly non-linear parabolic equation \begin{equation*} \partial_t u^q - \text{div}\big(|D u|^{p-2}D u\big) = 0 \end{equation*} in a space-time cylinder. H\"older estimates are established for the gradient of its weak solutions in the super-critical fast diffusion regime $0<p-1< q<\frac{N(p-1)}{(N-p)_+}$ where $N$ is the space dimension. Moreover, decay estimates are obtained for weak solutions and their gradient in the vicinity of possible extinction time. Two main components towards these regularity estimates are a time-insensitive Harnack inequality that is particular about this regime, and Schauder estimates for the parabolic $p$-Laplace equation.

11.Reconnection of infinitely thin antiparallel vortices and coherent structures

Authors:Sergei Iakunin, Luis Vega

Abstract: One of the characteristic features of turbulent flows is the emergence of many vortices which interact, deform, and intersect, generating chaotic movement. The evolution of a pair of vortices, e.g. condensation trails of a plane, can be considered as a basic element of a turbulent flow. This simple example nevertheless demonstrates very rich behavior which still lacks a complete explanation. We present a new model describing these phenomena based on the approximation of an infinitely thin vortex, which allows us to focus on the chaotic movement of the vortex center line. The main advantage of the developed model consists in the ability to go beyond the reconnection time and to see the coherent structures. They turn to be very reminiscent to the ones obtained from the local induction approximation applied to a polygonal vortex. It can be considered as an evidence that a pair of vortices creates a corner singularity in the reconnection point.

12.Landau damping and the survival threshold

Authors:Toan T. Nguyen

Abstract: In this paper, we establish the large time asymptotic behavior of solutions to the linearized Vlasov-Poisson system near general spatially homogenous equilibria $\mu(\frac12|v|^2)$ with connected support on the whole space $\RR^3_x \times \RR^3_v$, including those that are non-monotone. The problem can be solved completely mode by mode for each spatial wave number, and their longtime dynamics is intimately tied to the ``survival threshold'' of wave numbers computed by $$\kappa_0^2 = 4\pi \int_0^\Upsilon \frac{u^2\mu(\frac12 u^2)}{\Upsilon^2-u^2} \;du$$ where $\Upsilon$ is the maximal speed of particle velocities. It is shown that purely oscillatory electric fields exist and obey a Klein-Gordon's type dispersion relation for wave numbers below the threshold, thus confirming the existence of Langmuir's oscillatory waves known in the physical literature. At the threshold, the phase velocity of these oscillatory waves enters the range of admissible particle velocities, namely there are particles that move at the same propagation speed of the waves. It is this exact resonant interaction between particles and the oscillatory fields that causes the waves to be damped, classically known as Landau damping. Landau's law of decay is explicitly computed and is sensitive to the decaying rate of the background equilibria. The faster it decays at the maximal velocity, the weaker Landau damping is. Beyond the threshold, the electric fields are a perturbation of those generated by the free transport dynamics and thus decay rapidly fast due to the phase mixing mechanism.

13.Linear instability of symmetric logarithmic spiral vortex sheets

Authors:Tomasz Cieślak, Piotr Kokocki, Wojciech S. Ożański

Abstract: We consider Alexander spirals with $M\geq 3$ branches, that is symmetric logarithmic spiral vortex sheets. We show that such vortex sheets are linearly unstable in the $L^\infty$ (Kelvin-Helmholtz) sense, as solutions to the Birkhoff-Rott equation. To this end we consider Fourier modes in a logarithmic variable to identify unstable solutions with polynomial growth in time.

14.An inverse problem for the time-dependent linear Boltzmann equation in a Riemannian setting

Authors:Zouhour Rezig

Abstract: The linear Boltzmann equation governs the absorption and scattering of a population of particles in a medium with an ambient field, represented by a Riemannian metric, where particles follow geodesics. In this paper, we study the possible issues of uniqueness and stability in recovering the absorption and scattering coefficients from the boundary knowledge of the albedo operator. The albedo operator takes the incoming flux to the outgoing flux at the boundary. For simple compact Riemannian manifolds of dimension $n \geq 2$, we study the stability of the absorption coefficient from the albedo operator up to a gauge transformation. We derive that when the absorption coefficient is isotropic then the albedo operator determines uniquely the absorption coefficient and we establish a stability estimate. We also give an identification result for the reconstruction of the scattering parameter. The approach in this work is based on the construction of suitable geometric optics solutions and the use of the invertibility of the geodesic ray transform.

1.Simple blow-up solutions of singular Liouville equations

Authors:Lina Wu

Abstract: In a recent series of important works \cite{wei-zhang-1,wei-zhang-2,wei-zhang-3}, Wei-Zhang proved several vanishing theorems for non-simple blow-up solutions of singular Liouville equations. It is well known that a non-simple blow-up situation happens when the spherical Harnack inequality is violated near a quantized singular source. In this article, we further strengthen the conclusions of Wei-Zhang by proving that if the spherical Harnack inequality does hold, there exist blow-up solutions with non-vanishing coefficient functions.

2.Energy solutions for the fifth-order modified Korteweg de-Vries equations

Authors:Chulkwang Kwak, Kiyeon Lee

Abstract: We consider the Cauchy problem for the fifth-order modified Korteweg-de Vries equation (mKdV) under the periodic boundary condition. The fifth-order mKdV is an asymptotic model for shallow surface waves, and (in the perspective of integrable systems) the second equation in the mKdV hierarchy as well. In strong contrast with the non-periodic case, periodic solutions for dispersive equations do not have a (local) smoothing effect, and this observation becomes a major obstacle to considering the Cauchy problem for dispersive equations under the periodic condition, consequently, the periodic fifth-order mKdV shows a quasilinear phenomenon, while the non-periodic case can be considered as a semilinear equation. In this paper, we mainly establish the global well-posedness of the fifth-order mKdV in the energy space ($H^2(\mathbb T)$), which is an improvement of the former result by the first author (2018). The main idea to overcome the lack of (local) smoothing effect is to introduce a suitable (frequency dependent) short-time space originally motivated by the work by Ionescu, Kenig, and Tataru (2008). The new idea is to combine the (frequency) localized modified energy with additional weight in the spaces, which eventually handles the logarithmic divergence appearing in the energy estimates. Moreover, by using examples localized in low and very high frequencies, we show that the flow map of the fifth-order mKdV equation is not $C^3$, which implies that the Picard iterative method is not available for the local theory. This weakly concludes the quasilinear phenomenon of the periodic fifth-order mKdV.

3.Regularity of Lipschitz free boundaries for a $p(x)$-Laplacian problem with right hand side

Authors:Fausto Ferrari, Claudia Lederman

Abstract: We continue our study in \cite{FL} on viscosity solutions to a one-phase free boundary problem for the $p(x)$-Laplacian with non-zero right hand side. We first prove that viscosity solutions are locally Lipschitz continuous, which is the optimal regularity for the problem. Then we prove that Lipschitz free boundaries of viscosity solutions are $C^{1,\alpha}$. We also present some applications of our results. Moreover, we obtain new results for the operator under consideration that are of independent interest, such as a Harnack inequality.

4.Lipschitz stability estimate for the simultaneous recovery of two coefficients in the anisotropic Schrödinger type equation via local Cauchy data

Authors:Sonia Foschiatti

Abstract: We consider the inverse problem of the simultaneous identification of the coefficients $\sigma$ and $q$ of the equation div$(\sigma\nabla u) + qu=0$ from the knowledge of the complete Cauchy data pairs. We assume that $\sigma=\gamma A$ where $A$ is a given matrix function and $\gamma, q$ are unknown piecewise affine scalar functions. No sign, nor spectrum condition on $q$ is assumed. We derive a result of global Lipschitz stability in dimension $n\geq 3$. The proof relies on the method of singular solutions and on the quantitative estimates of unique continuation.

5.Quantitative Estimates and Global Strong Solutions for the 1D Boltzmann Equation

Authors:Dominic Wynter

Abstract: We prove quantitative growth estimates for large data solutions to the Boltzmann equation in one spatial dimension, for a collision kernel with angular cutoff. We prove in full the results presented in the note of Biryuk, Craig, and Panferov, and obtain improved bounds for large data. We show that solutions are unique, and propagate $W^{k,1}_\ell$ norms by a Beale-Kato-Majda criterion. We obtain quantitative uniform bounds on the density $\rho$ by $Ce^{C\sqrt{t}}$ for initial data with small relative entropy, and by $Ce^{Ct}$ for general initial data.

6.Sobolev estimates for singular-degenerate quasilinear equations beyond the $A_2$ class

Authors:Hongjie Dong, Tuoc Phan, Yannick Sire

Abstract: We study a conormal boundary value problem for a class of quasilinear elliptic equations in bounded domain $\Omega$ whose coefficients can be degenerate or singular of the type $\text{dist}(x, \partial \Omega)^\alpha$, where $\partial \Omega$ is the boundary of $\Omega$ and $\alpha \in (-1, \infty)$ is a given number. We establish weighted Sobolev type estimates for weak solutions under a smallness assumption on the weighted mean oscillations of the coefficients in small balls. Our approach relies on a perturbative method and several new Lipschitz estimates for weak solutions to a class of singular-degenerate quasilinear equations.

1.Equivariant solutions to the optimal partition problem for the prescribed Q-curvature equation

Authors:Juan Carlos Fernández, Oscar Palmas, Jonatán Torres Orozco

Abstract: We study the optimal partition problem for the prescribed constant $Q$-curvature equation induced by the higher order conformal operators under the effect of cohomogeneity one actions on Einstein manifolds with positive scalar curvature. This allows us to give a precise description of the solution domains and their boundaries in terms of the orbits of the action. We also prove the existence of least energy symmetric solutions to a weakly coupled elliptic system of prescribed $Q$-curvature equations under weaker assumptions and conclude a multiplicity result of sign-changing solutions to the prescribed constant $Q$-curvature problem induced by the Paneitz-Branson operator. Moreover, we study the coercivity of $GJMS$-operators on Ricci solitons, compute the $Q$-curvature of these manifolds, and give a multiplicity result for the sign-changing solutions to the Yamabe problem with prescribed number of nodal domains on the Koiso-Cao Ricci soliton.

2.On the Krein-Rutman theorem and beyond

Authors:Claudia Fonte Sanchez CEREMADE, Pierre Gabriel UVSQ, Stéphane Mischler CEREMADE

Abstract: In this work, we revisit the Krein-Rutman theory for semigroups of positive operators in a Banach lattice framework and we provide some very general, efficient and handy results with constructive estimates about: the existence of a solution to the first eigentriplet problem; the geometry of the principal eigenvalue problem; the asymptotic stability of the first eigenvector with possible constructive rate of convergence.This abstract theory is motivated and illustrated by several examples of differential, intro-differential and integral operators. In particular, we revisit the first eigenvalue problem and the asymptotic stability of the first eigenvector for: some parabolic equations in a bounded domain and in the whole space; some transport equations in a bounded or unbounded domain, including some growth-fragmentationmodels and some kinetic models; the kinetic Fokker-Planck equation in the torus and in the whole space; some mutation-selection models.

3.Dimensional reduction for a system of 2D anyons

Authors:Nicolas Rougerie UMPA-ENSL, Qiyun Yang UMPA-ENSL

Abstract: Anyons with a statistical phase parameter $\alpha\in(0,2)$ are a kind of quasi-particles that, for topological reasons, only exist in a 1D or 2D world. We consider the dimensional reduction for a 2D system of anyons in a tight wave-guide. More specifically, we study the 2D magnetic-gauge picture model with an imposed anisotropic harmonic potential that traps particles much stronger in the $y$-direction than in the $x$-direction. We prove that both the eigenenergies and the eigenfunctions are asymptotically decoupled into the loose confining direction and the tight confining direction during this reduction. The limit 1D system for the $x$-direction is given by the impenetrable Tonks-Girardeau Bose gas, which has no dependency on $\alpha$, and no trace left of the long-range interactions of the 2D model.

4.Reconstruction of cracks in Calderón's inverse conductivity problem using energy comparisons

Authors:Henrik Garde, Michael Vogelius

Abstract: We derive exact reconstruction methods for cracks consisting of unions of Lipschitz hypersurfaces in the context of Calder\'on's inverse conductivity problem. Our first method obtains upper bounds for the unknown cracks, bounds that can be shrunk to obtain the exact crack locations upon verifying certain operator inequalities for differences of the local Neumann-to-Dirichlet maps. This method can simultaneously handle perfectly insulating and perfectly conducting cracks, and it appears to be the first rigorous reconstruction method capable of this. Our second method assumes that only perfectly insulating cracks or only perfectly conducting cracks are present. Once more using operator inequalities, this method generates approximate cracks that are guaranteed to be subsets of the unknown cracks that are being reconstructed.

5.A priori estimates for solutions of $g$-Laplace type problems

Authors:I. Ceresa-Dussel, J. Fernández Bonder, A. Silva

Abstract: In this work we study a priori bounds for weak solution to elliptic problems with nonstandard growth that involves the so-called $g-$Laplace operator. The $g-$Laplacian is a generalization of the $p-$Laplace operator that takes into account different behaviors than pure powers. The method to obtain this a priori estimates is the so called ``blow-up'' argument developed by Gidas and Spruck. Then we applied this a priori bounds to show some existence results for these problems.

6.Unique continuation estimates on manifolds with Ricci curvature bounded below

Authors:Christian Rose, Martin Tautenhahn

Abstract: We prove quantitative unique continuation estimates for relatively dense sets and spectral subspaces associated to small energies of Schr\"odinger operators on Riemannian manifolds with Ricci curvature bounded below. The upper bound for the energy range and the constant appearing in the estimate are given in terms of the lower bound of the Ricci curvature and the parameters of the relatively dense set.

7.Asymptotic behavior of generalized capacities with applications to eigenvalue perturbations: the higher dimensional case

Authors:Laura Abatangelo, Corentin Léna, Paolo Musolino

Abstract: We provide a full series expansion of a generalization of the so-called $u$-capacity related to the Dirichlet-Laplacian in dimension three and higher, extending previous results of the authors, and of the authors together with Virginie Bonnaillie-No\"el, dealing with the planar case. We apply the result in order to study the asymptotic behavior of perturbed eigenvalues when Dirichlet conditions are imposed on a small regular subset of the domain of the eigenvalue problem.

8.On existence of multiple normalized solutions to a class of elliptic problems in whole $\mathbb{R}^N$ via penalization method

Authors:Claudianor O. Alves, Nguyen Van Thin

Abstract: In this paper we study the existence of multiple normalized solutions to the following class of elliptic problems \begin{align*} \left\{ \begin{aligned} &-\epsilon^2\Delta u+V(x)u=\lambda u+f(u), \quad \quad \hbox{in }\mathbb{R}^N, &\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}|u|^{2}dx=a^{2}\epsilon^N, \end{aligned} \right. \end{align*} where $a,\epsilon>0$, $\lambda\in \mathbb{R}$ is an unknown parameter that appears as a Lagrange multiplier, $V:\mathbb{R}^N \to [0,\infty)$ is a continuous function, and $f$ is a continuous function with $L^2$-subcritical growth. It is proved that the number of normalized solutions is related to the topological richness of the set where the potential $V$ attains its minimum value. In the proof of our main result, we apply minimization techniques, Lusternik-Schnirelmann category and the penalization method due to del Pino and Felmer.

9.Blow-up for the 3D intercritical inhomogeneous NLS with inverse-square potential

Authors:Luccas Campos, Mykael Cardoso, Luiz Gustavo Farah

Abstract: In this paper we study the focusing inhomogeneous 3D nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation with inverse-square potential in the mass-supercritical and energy-subcritical regime. We first establish local well-posedness in $\dot{H}_a^{s_c}\cap \dot{H}_a^1$, with $s_c=3/2-(2-b)/2\sigma$. Next, we prove the blow-up of the scaling invariant Lebesgue norm for radial solutions and also, with an additional restriction, in the non-radial case.

1.Regularizing properties of n-Laplace systems with antisymmetric potentials in Lorentz spaces

Authors:Dorian Martino, Armin Schikorra

Abstract: We show continuity of solutions $u \in W^{1,n}(B^n,\mathbb{R}^N)$ to the system \[ -{\rm div} (|\nabla u|^{n-2} \nabla u) = \Omega \cdot |\nabla u|^{n-2} \nabla u \] when $\Omega$ is an $L^n$-antisymmetric potential -- and additionally satisfies a Lorentz-space assumption. To obtain our result we study a rotated n-Laplace system \[ -{\rm div} (Q|\nabla u|^{n-2} \nabla u) = \tilde{\Omega} \cdot |\nabla u|^{n-2} \nabla u, \] where $Q \in W^{1,n}(B^n,SO(N))$ is the Coulomb gauge which ensures improved Lorentz-space integrability of $\tilde{\Omega}$. Because of the matrix-term $Q$, this system does not fall directly into Kuusi-Mingione's vectorial potential theory. However, we adapt ideas of their theory together with Iwaniec' stability result to obtain $L^{(n,\infty)}$-estimates of the gradient of a solution which, by an iteration argument leads to the regularity of solutions. As a corollary of our argument we see that $n$-harmonic maps into manifolds are continuous if their gradient belongs to the Lorentz-space $L^{(n,2)}$ -- which is a trivial and optimal assumption if $n=2$, and the weakest assumption to date for the regularity of critical $n$-harmonic maps, without any added differentiability assumption.

2.Existence of solutions for time fractional semilinear parabolic equations in Besov--Morrey spaces

Authors:Yusuke Oka, Erbol Zhanpeisov

Abstract: We consider the Cauchy problem for a time fractional semilinear heat equation with initial data belonging to inhomogeneous/homogeneous Besov--Morrey spaces. We present sufficient conditions for the existence of local/global-in-time solutions to the Cauchy problem, which cover all existing results in the literature and can be applied to a wider range of initial data.

3.Existence of homogeneous Euler flows of degree $-α\notin [-2,0]$

Authors:Ken Abe

Abstract: We consider ($-\alpha$)-homogeneous solutions to the stationary incompressible Euler equations in $\mathbb{R}^{3}\backslash\{0\}$ for $\alpha\geq 0$ and in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ for $\alpha<0$. Shvydkoy (2018) demonstrated the nonexistence of ($-1$)-homogeneous solutions and ($-\alpha$)-homogeneous solutions in the range $0\leq \alpha\leq 2$ for the Beltrami and axisymmetric flows. The nonexistence result of the Beltrami ($-\alpha$)-homogeneous solutions holds for all $\alpha<1$. We show the nonexistence of axisymmetric ($-\alpha$)-homogeneous solutions without swirls for $-2\leq \alpha<0$. The main result of this study is the existence of axisymmetric ($-\alpha$)-homogeneous solutions in the complementary range $\alpha\in \mathbb{R}\backslash [0,2]$. More specifically, we show the existence of axisymmetric Beltrami ($-\alpha$)-homogeneous solutions for $\alpha\in \mathbb{R}\backslash [0,2]$ and axisymmetric ($-\alpha$)-homogeneous solutions with a nonconstant Bernoulli function for $\alpha\in \mathbb{R}\backslash [-2,2]$. This is the first existence result on ($-\alpha$)-homogeneous solutions with no explicit forms. For $2<\alpha<3$, constructed ($-\alpha$)-homogeneous solutions provide new examples of the Beltrami/Euler flows in $\mathbb{R}^{3}\backslash\{0\}$ whose level sets of the proportionality factor/Bernoulli surfaces are nested surfaces created by the rotation of the sign $``\infty"$.

4.Solutions to the stochastic thin-film equation for initial values with non-full support

Authors:Konstantinos Dareiotis, Benjamin Gess, Manuel V. Gnann, Max Sauerbrey

Abstract: The stochastic thin-film equation with mobility exponent $n\in [\frac{8}{3},3)$ on the one-dimensional torus with multiplicative Stratonovich noise is considered. We show that martingale solutions exist for non-negative initial values. This advances on existing results in three aspects: (1) Non-quadratic mobility with not necessarily strictly positive initial data, (2) Measure-valued initial data, (3) Less spatial regularity of the noise. This is achieved by carrying out a compactness argument based solely on the control of the $\alpha$-entropy dissipation and the conservation of mass.

5.Extremal function for a sharp Moser-Trudinger type inequality on the upper half space

Authors:Yubo Ni

Abstract: Sharp Moser-Trudinger type inequalities and their extremal functions play an important role in studying nonlinear PDEs and geometry. We establish a new sharp Moser-Trudinger type inequality in the upper half space in two dimensions and prove the existence of extremal functions for a sharp Moser-Trudinger type inequality under dynamic changes in the unit ball.

6.Energy balance for fractional anti-Zener and Zener models in terms of relaxation modulus and creep compliance

Authors:Slađan Jelić, Dušan Zorica

Abstract: Relaxation modulus and creep compliance corresponding to fractional anti-Zener and Zener models are calculated and restrictions on model parameters narrowing thermodynamical constraints are posed in order to ensure relaxation modulus and creep compliance to be completely monotone and Bernstein function respectively, that a priori guarantee the positivity of stored energy and dissipated power per unit volume, derived in time domain by considering the power per unit volume. Both relaxation modulus and creep compliance for model parameters obeying thermodynamical constraints, proved that can also be oscillatory functions with decreasing amplitude. Model used in numerical examples of relaxation modulus and creep compliance is also analyzed for the asymptotic behavior near the initial time instant and for large time.

7.The weak solutions to complex Hessian equations

Authors:Wei Sun

Abstract: In this paper, we shall study existence of weak solutions to complex Hessian equations. With appropriate assumptions, it is possible to obtain weak solutions in pluripotential sense.

8.Stability estimates for the recovery of the nonlinearity from scattering data

Authors:Gong Chen, Jason Murphy

Abstract: We prove stability estimates for the problem of recovering the nonlinearity from scattering data. We focus our attention on nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations of the form \[ (i\partial_t+\Delta)u = a(x)|u|^p u \] in three space dimensions, with $p\in[\tfrac43,4]$ and $a\in W^{1,\infty}$.

9.Weighted Radon transforms of vector fields, with applications to magnetoacoustoelectric tomography

Authors:L. Kunyansky, E. McDugald, B. Shearer

Abstract: Currently, theory of ray transforms of vector and tensor fields is well developed, but the Radon transforms of such fields have not been fully analyzed. We thus consider linearly weighted and unweighted longitudinal and transversal Radon transforms of vector fields. As usual, we use the standard Helmholtz decomposition of smooth and fast decreasing vector fields over the whole space. We show that such a decomposition produces potential and solenoidal components decreasing at infinity fast enough to guarantee the existence of the unweighted longitudinal and transversal Radon transforms of these components. It is known that reconstruction of an arbitrary vector field from only longitudinal or only transversal transforms is impossible. However, for the cases when both linearly weighted and unweighted transforms of either one of the types are known, we derive explicit inversion formulas for the full reconstruction of the field. Our interest in the inversion of such transforms stems from a certain inverse problem arising in magnetoacoustoelectric tomography (MAET). The connection between the weighted Radon transforms and MAET is exhibited in the paper. Finally, we demonstrate performance and noise sensitivity of the new inversion formulas in numerical simulations.

10.A model of gravitational differentiation of compressible self-gravitating planets

Authors:Alexander Mielke, Tomas Roubicek, Ulisse Stefanelli

Abstract: We present a dynamic model for inhomogeneous viscoelastic media at finite strains. The model features a Kelvin-Voigt rheology, and includes a self-generated gravitational field in the actual evolving configuration. In particular, a fully Eulerian approach is adopted. We specialize the model to viscoelastic (barotropic) fluids and prove existence and a certain regularity of global weak solutions by a Faedo-Galerkin semi-discretization technique. Then, an extension to multi-component chemically reacting viscoelastic fluids based on a phenomenological approach by Eckart and Prigogine, is advanced and studied. The model is inspired by planetary geophysics. In particular, it describes gravitational differentiation of inhomogeneous planets and moons, possibly undergoing volumetric phase transitions.

11.Nonlocal Cahn-Hilliard equation with degenerate mobility: Incompressible limit and convergence to stationary states

Authors:Charles Elbar, Benoît Perthame, Andrea Poiatti, Jakub Skrzeczkowski

Abstract: The link between compressible models of tissue growth and the Hele-Shaw free boundary problem of fluid mechanics has recently attracted a lot of attention. In most of these models, only repulsive forces and advection terms are taken into account. In order to take into account long range interactions, we include for the first time a surface tension effect by adding a nonlocal term which leads to the degenerate nonlocal Cahn-Hilliard equation, and study the incompressible limit of the system. The degeneracy and the source term are the main difficulties. Our approach relies on a new L^infty estimate obtained by De Giorgi iterations and on a uniform control of the energy despite the source term. We also prove the long-term convergence to a single constant stationary state of any weak solution using entropy methods, even when a source term is present. Our result shows that the surface tension in the nonlocal (and even local) Cahn-Hilliard equation will not prevent the tumor from completely invading the domain.

12.On the stability of multi-dimensional rarefaction waves II: existence of solutions and applications to Riemann problem

Authors:Tian-Wen Luo, Pin Yu

Abstract: This is the second paper in a series studying the nonlinear stability of rarefaction waves in multi-dimensional gas dynamics. We construct initial data near singularities in the rarefaction wave region and, combined with the a priori energy estimates from the first paper, demonstrate that any smooth perturbation of constant states on one side of the diaphragm in a shock tube can be connected to a centered rarefaction wave. We apply this analysis to study multi-dimensional perturbations of the classical Riemann problem for isentropic Euler equations. We show that the Riemann problem is structurally stable in the regime of two families of rarefaction waves.

1.Infinitely many normalized solutions for a quasilinear Schrodinger equation

Authors:Xianyong Yang, Fukun Zhao

Abstract: In this paper, we are concerned with a quasilinear Schrodinger equation with well-known Berestycki--Lions nonliearity. The existence of infinitely many normalized solutions is obtained via a minimax argument.

2.Self-similar algebraic spiral solution of 2-D incompressible Euler equations

Authors:Feng Shao, Dongyi Wei, Zhifei Zhang

Abstract: In this paper, we prove the existence of self-similar algebraic spiral solutions for 2-D incompressible Euler equations for the initial vorticity of the form $|y|^{-\frac1\mu}\ \mathring{\omega}(\theta)$ with $\mu>\frac12$ and $\mathring{\omega}\in L^1(\mathbb T)$ satisfying $m$-fold symmetry ($m\geq 2$) and a dominant condition. As an important application, we prove the existence of weak solution when $\mathring{\omega}$ is a Radon measure on $\mathbb T$ with $m$-fold symmetry, which is related to the vortex sheet solution.

3.Dynamics of quintic nonlinear Schr{ö}dinger equations in $H^{2/5+}(\mathbb{T})$

Authors:Joackim Bernier LMJL, CNRS, Benoît Grébert LMJL, Tristan Robert IECL

Abstract: In this paper, we succeed in integrating Strichartz estimates (encoding the dispersive effects of the equations) in Birkhoff normal form techniques. As a consequence, we deduce a result on the long time behavior of quintic NLS solutions on the circle for small but very irregular initial data (in $H^s$ for $s > 2/5$). Note that since $2/5 < 1$, we cannot claim conservation of energy and, more importantly, since $2/5 < 1/2$, we must dispense with the algebra property of $H^s$. This is the first dynamical result where we use the dispersive properties of NLS in a context of Birkhoff normal form.

4.Concentration in an advection-diffusion model with diffusion coefficient depending on the past trajectory

Authors:Cosmin Burtea, Nicolas Meunier, Clément Mouhot

Abstract: We consider a drift-diffusion model, with an unknown function depending on the spatial variable and an additional structural variable, the amount of ingested lipid. The diffusion coefficient depends on this additional variable. The drift acts on this additional variable, with a power-law coefficient of the additional variable and a localization function in space. It models the dynamics of a population of macrophage cells. Lipids are located in a given region of space; when cells pass through this region, they internalize some lipids. This leads to a problem whose mathematical novelty is the dependence of the diffusion coefficient on the past trajectory. We discuss global existence and blow-up of the solution.

5.On the global stability of large Fourier mode for 3-D Navier-Stokes equations

Authors:Yanlin Liu, Ping Zhang

Abstract: In this paper, we first prove the global existence of strong solutions to 3-D incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with solenoidal initial data, which writes in the cylindrical coordinates is of the form: $A(r,z)\cos N\theta +B(r,z)\sin N\theta,$ provided that $N$ is large enough. In particular, we prove that the corresponding solution has almost the same frequency $N$ for any positive time. The main idea of the proof is first to write the solution in trigonometrical series in $\theta$ variable and estimate the coefficients separately in some scale-invariant spaces, then we handle a sort of weighted sum of these norms of the coefficients in order to close the a priori estimate of the solution. Furthermore, we shall extend the above well-posedness result for initial data which is a linear combination of axisymmetric data without swirl and infinitely many large mode trigonometric series in the angular variable.

6.Well posedness for systems of self-propelled particles

Authors:Marc Briant, Nicolas Meunier

Abstract: This paper deals with the existence and uniqueness of solutions to kinetic equations describing alignment of self-propelled particles. The particularity of these models is that the velocity variable is not on the euclidean space but constrained on the unit sphere (the self-propulsion constraint). Two related equations are considered : the first one in which the alignment mechanism is nonlocal, using an observation kernel depending on the space variable, and a second form which is purely local, corresponding to the principal order of a scaling limit of the first one. We prove local existence and uniqueness of weak solutions in both cases for bounded initial conditions (in space and velocity) with finite total mass. The solution is proven to depend continuously on the initial data in $L^p$ spaces with finite p. In the case of a bounded kernel of observation, we obtain that the solution is global in time. Finally by exploiting the fact that the second equation corresponds to the principal order of a scaling limit of the first one we deduce a Cauchy theory for an approximate problem approaching the second one.

7.Formation of Singularities in Solutions to Ruggeri's Hyperbolic Navier-Stokes Equations

Authors:Heinrich Freistuhler

Abstract: Ruggeri's hyperbolic Navier-Stokes equations are shown to possess, for any equilibrium state, smooth solutions in arbitrarily small $L^\infty$ neigborhoods of the reference state that in finite time cease to be differentiable.

8.Existence results for anisotropic and isotropic $p(x)$-Laplace equations

Authors:Alkis S. Tersenov

Abstract: The Dirichlet problem is considered both for degenerate and singular inhomogeneous quasilinear parabolic equations. We prove the existence of a solution $u$ such that $u_t$ belongs to $L_{\infty}$. The $L_{\infty}$ estimate of $u_t$ is obtained by introducing a new time variable.

9.Existence of solutions for nonlinear Dirac equations in the Bopp-Podolsky electrodynamics

Authors:Hlel Missaoui

Abstract: In this paper, we study the following nonlinear Dirac-Bopp-Podolsky system \begin{equation*} \left\lbrace \begin{array}{rll} \displaystyle{ -i\sum_{k=1}^{3}\alpha_{k}\partial_{k}u+[V(x)+q]\beta u+wu-\phi u}&=f(x,u), \ \ &\text{in}\ \mathbb{R}^3, \ & \ & \ -\triangle\phi+a^2\triangle^2 \phi&=4\pi \vert u\vert^2,\ \ & \text{in}\ \mathbb{R}^3, \end{array} \right. \end{equation*} where $a,q>0,w\in \mathbb{R}$, $V(x)$ is a potential function, and $f(x, u)$ is the interaction term (nonlinearity). First, we give a physical motivation for this new kind of system. Second, under suitable assumptions on $f$ and $V$, and by means of minimax techniques involving Cerami sequences, we prove the existence of at least one pair of solutions $(u,\phi_u)$.

10.Higher order boundary Harnack principles in Dini type domains

Authors:Seongmin Jeon, Stefano Vita

Abstract: Aim of this paper is to provide higher order boundary Harnack principles [De Silva-Savin 15] for elliptic equations in divergence form under Dini type regularity assumptions on boundaries, coefficients and forcing terms. As it was proven in [Terracini-Tortone-Vita 22], the ratio $v/u$ of two solutions vanishing on a common portion $\Gamma$ of a regular boundary solves a degenerate elliptic equation whose coefficients behave as $u^2$ at $\Gamma$. Hence, for any $k\geq 1$ we provide $C^k$ estimates for solutions to the auxiliary degenerate equation under double Dini conditions, actually for general powers of the weight $a>-1$, and we imply $C^k$ estimates for the ratio $v/u$ under triple Dini conditions, as a corollary in the case $a=2$.

11.Well-posedness of the periodic dispersion-generalized Benjamin-Ono equation in the weakly dispersive regime

Authors:Niklas Jöckel

Abstract: We study the dispersion-generalized Benjamin-Ono equation in the periodic setting. This equation interpolates between the Benjamin-Ono equation ($\alpha=1$) and the viscous Burgers' equation ($\alpha=0$). We obtain local well-posedness in $H^s$ for $s>3/2-\alpha$ and $\alpha\in(0,1)$ by using the short-time Fourier restriction method.

12.Stable nearly self-similar blowup of the 2D Boussinesq and 3D Euler equations with smooth data II: Rigorous Numerics

Authors:Jiajie Chen, Thomas Y. Hou

Abstract: This is Part II of our paper in which we prove finite time blowup of the 2D Boussinesq and 3D axisymmetric Euler equations with smooth initial data of finite energy and boundary. In Part I of our paper [ChenHou2023a], we establish an analytic framework to prove stability of an approximate self-similar blowup profile by a combination of a weighted $L^\infty$ norm and a weighted $C^{1/2}$ norm. Under the assumption that the stability constants, which depend on the approximate steady state, satisfy certain inequalities stated in our stability lemma, we prove stable nearly self-similar blowup of the 2D Boussinesq and 3D Euler equations with smooth initial data and boundary. In Part II of our paper, we provide sharp stability estimates of the linearized operator by constructing space-time solutions with rigorous error control. We also obtain sharp estimates of the velocity in the regular case using computer assistance. These results enable us to verify that the stability constants obtained in Part I [ChenHou2023a] indeed satisfy the inequalities in our stability lemma. This completes the analysis of the finite time singularity of the axisymmetric Euler equations with smooth initial data and boundary.

1.Two dimensional solitary water waves with constant vorticity, Part I: the deep gravity case

Authors:James Rowan, Lizhe Wan

Abstract: We consider the two dimensional pure gravity water waves with nonzero constant vorticity in infinite depth, working in the holomorphic coordinates introduced by Hunter, Ifrim, and Tataru. We show that close to the critical velocity corresponding to zero frequency, a solitary wave exists. We use a fixed point argument to construct the solitary wave whose profile resembles a rescaled Benjamin-Ono soliton. The solitary wave is smooth and has an asymptotic expansion in terms of powers of the Benjamin-Ono soliton.

2.The Baire category method for intermittent convex integration

Authors:Gabriel Sattig, László Székelyhidi Jr

Abstract: We use a convex integration construction from \cite{ModenaSattig2020} in a Baire category argument to show that weak solutions to the transport equation with incompressible vector fields with Sobolev regularity are generic in the Baire category sense. Using the construction of \cite{BurczakModenaSzekelyhidi20} we prove an analog statement for the 3D Navier-Stokes equations.

3.Quantitative aspects on the ill-posedness of the Prandtl and hyperbolic Prandtl equations

Authors:Francesco De Anna, Joshua Kortum, Stefano Scrobogna

Abstract: We address a physically-meaningful extension of the Prandtl system, also known as hyperbolic Prandtl equations. We show that the linearised model around a non-monotonic shear flow is ill-posed in any Sobolev spaces. Indeed, shortly in time, we generate solutions that experience a dispersion relation of order k^(1/3) in the frequencies of the tangential direction, akin the pioneering result of Gerard-Varet and Dormy in [10] for Prandtl (where the dispersion was of order k^(1/2)). We emphasise however that this growth rate does not imply ill-posedness in Gevrey-class m, with m > 3 and we relate also these aspects to the original Prandtl equations in Gevrey-class m, with m > 2.

4.The Lavrentiev phenomenon in calculus of variations with differential forms

Authors:Anna Kh. Balci, Mikhail Surnachev

Abstract: In this article we study convex non-autonomous variational problems with differential forms and corresponding function spaces. We introduce a general framework for constructing counterexamples to the Lavrentiev gap, which we apply to several models, including the double phase, borderline case of double phase potential, and variable exponent. The results for the borderline case of double phase potential provide new insights even for the scalar case, i.e., variational problems with $0$-forms.

5.Hele-Shaw flow as a singular limit of a Keller-Segel system with nonlinear diffusion

Authors:Antoine Mellet

Abstract: We study a singular limit of the classical parabolic-elliptic Patlak-Keller-Segel (PKS) model for chemotaxis with non linear diffusion. The main result is the $\Gamma$ convergence of the corresponding energy functional toward the perimeter functional. Following recent work on this topic, we then prove that under an energy convergence assumption, the solution of the PKS model converges to a solution of the Hele-Shaw free boundary problem with surface tension, which describes the evolution of the interface separating regions with high density from those with low density. This result complements a recent work by the author with I. Kim and Y. Wu, in which the same free boundary problem is derived from the incompressible PKS model (which includes a density constraint $\rho\leq 1$ and a pressure term): It shows that the incompressibility constraint is not necessary to observe phase separation and surface tension phenomena.

6.Notes on unique continuation properties for Partial Differential Equations -- Introduction to the stability estimates for inverse problems

Authors:Sergio Vessella

Abstract: These Notes are intended for graduate or undergraduate students who have familiarity with Lebesgue measure theory, partial differential equations, and functional analysis. The main topics covered in this work are the study of the Cauchy problem and unique continuation properties associated with partial differential equations. The primary objective is to familiarize students with stability estimates in inverse problems and quantitative estimates of unique continuation. The treatment is presented in a self-contained manner.

7.Inverse parabolic problem with initial data by a single measurement

Authors:Oleg Y. Imanuvilov, M. Yamamoto

Abstract: We consider initial boundary value problems with the homogeneous Neumann boundary condition. Given an initial value, we establish the uniqueness in determining a spatially varying coefficient of zeroth-order term by a single measurement of Dirichlet data on an arbitrarily chosen subboundary. The uniqueness holds in a subdomain where the initial value is positive, provided that it is sufficiently smooth which is specified by decay rates of the Fourier coefficients. The key idea is the reduction to an inverse elliptic problem and relies on elliptic Carleman estimates.

1.Determining an Iwatsuka Hamiltonian through quantum velocity measurement

Authors:Mourad Choulli, Nour Kerraoui, Eric Soccorsi

Abstract: We investigate the inverse problem of retrieving the magnetic potential of an Iwatsuka Hamiltonian by knowledge of the second component of the quantum velocity. We show that knowledge of the quantum currents carried by a suitable set of states with energy concentration within the first spectral band of the Schr\"odinger operator, uniquely determines the magnetic field.

2.Sharp Morrey regularity theory for a fourth order geometrical equation

Authors:Chang-Lin Xiang, Gao-Feng Zheng

Abstract: This paper is a continuation of the recent work of Guo-Xiang-Zheng \cite{Guo-Xiang-Zheng-2021-CV}. We deduce sharp Morrey regularity theory for weak solutions to the fourth order nonhomogeneous Lamm-Rivi\`ere equation \begin{equation*} \Delta^{2}u=\Delta(V\nabla u)+div(w\nabla u)+(\nabla\omega+F)\cdot\nabla u+f\qquad\text{in }B^{4},\end{equation*} under smallest regularity assumptions of $V,w,\omega, F$ and that $f$ belongs to some Morrey spaces, which was motivated by many geometrical problems such as the flow of biharmonic mappings. Our results deepens the $L^p$ type regularity theory of \cite{Guo-Xiang-Zheng-2021-CV}, and generalizes the work of Du, Kang and Wang \cite{Du-Kang-Wang-2022} on a second order problem to our fourth order problems.

3.Reaction-diffusion transport into core-shell geometry: Well-posedness and stability of stationary solutions

Authors:T. G. de Jong, G. Prokert, A. E. Sterk

Abstract: We investigate a nonlinear parabolic reaction-diffusion equation describing the oxygen concentration in encapsulated pancreatic cells with a general core-shell geometry. This geometry introduces a discontinuous diffusion coefficient as the material properties of the core and shell differ. We apply monotone operator theory to show well-posedness of the problem in the strong form. Furthermore, the stationary solutions are unique and asymptotically stable. These results rely on the gradient structure of the underlying PDE.

4.The $p$-Laplacian overdetermined problem on Riemannian manifolds

Authors:Qihua Ruan, Qin Huang, Fan Chen

Abstract: In this paper, we study the overdetermined problem for the $p$-Laplacian equation on complete noncompact Riemannian manifolds with nonnegative Ricci curvature. We prove that the regularity results of weak solutions of the $p$-Laplacian equation and obtain some integral identities. As their applications, we give the proof of the $p$-Laplacian overdetermined problem and obtain some well known results such as the Heintze-Karcher inequality and the Soap Bubble Theorem.

5.Characterization of the subdifferential and minimizers for the anisotropic p-capacity

Authors:Esther Cabezas-Rivas, Salvador Moll, Marcos Solera

Abstract: We obtain existence of minimizers for the $p$-capacity functional defined with respect to a centrally symmetric anisotropy for $1 < p<\infty$, including the case of a crystalline norm in $\mathbb R^N$. The result is obtained by a characterization of the corresponding subdifferential and it applies for unbounded domains of the form $\mathbb R^N \setminus \overline{\Omega}$ under mild regularity assumptions (Lipschitz-continuous boundary) and no convexity requirements on the bounded domain $\Omega$. If we further assume an interior ball condition (where the Wulff shape plays the role of a ball), then any minimizer is shown to be Lipschitz continuous.

6.Thermal relaxation toward equilibrium and periodically pulsating spherical bubbles in an incompressible liquid

Authors:Chen-Chih Lai, Michael I. Weinstein

Abstract: We study the radial relaxation dynamics toward equilibrium and time-periodic pulsating spherically symmetric gas bubbles in an incompressible liquid due to thermal effects. The asymptotic model ([A. Prosperetti, J. Fluid Mech., 1991] and [Z. Biro and J. J. L. Velazquez, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 2000]) is one where the pressure within the gas bubble is spatially uniform and satisfies an ideal gas law, relating the pressure, density and temperature of the gas. The temperature of the surrounding liquid is taken to be constant and the behavior of the liquid pressure at infinity is prescribed to be constant or periodic in time. In arXiv:2207.04079, for the case where the liquid pressure at infinity is a positive constant, we proved the existence of a one-parameter manifold of spherical equilibria, parameterized by the bubble mass, and further proved that it is a nonlinearly and exponentially asymptotically stable center manifold. In the present article, we first refine the exponential time-decay estimates, via a study of the linearized dynamics subject to the constraint of fixed mass. We obtain, in particular, estimates for the exponential decay rate constant, which highlight the interplay between the effects of thermal diffusivity and the liquid viscosity. We then study the nonlinear radial dynamics of the bubble-fluid system subject to a pressure field at infinity which is a small-amplitude and time-periodic perturbation about a positive constant. We prove that nonlinearly and exponentially asymptotically stable time-periodically pulsating solutions of the nonlinear (asymptotic) model exist for all sufficiently small forcing amplitudes. The existence of such states is formulated as a fixed point problem for the Poincar\'e return map, and the existence of a fixed point makes use of our (constant mass constrained) exponential time-decay estimates of the linearized problem.

7.Uniqueness of traveling fronts in premixed flames with stepwise ignition-temperature kinetics and fractional reaction order

Authors:Amanda Matson, Claude-Michel Brauner, Peter V. Gordon

Abstract: In this paper, we consider a reaction-diffusion system describing the propagation of flames under the assumption of ignition-temperature kinetics and fractional reaction order. It was shown in [3] that this system admits a traveling front solution. In the present work, we show that this traveling front is unique up to translations. We also study some qualitative properties of this solution using the combination of formal asymptotics and numerics. Our findings allow conjecture that the velocity of the propagation of the flame front is a decreasing function of all of the parameters of the problem: ignition temperature, reaction order and an inverse of the Lewis number.

1.The boundary case for complex Monge-Ampère type equations

Authors:Wei Sun

Abstract: In this paper, we shall study the boundary case for complex Monge-Amp\`ere type equations under certain geometric assumptions.

2.Partial boundary regularity for the Navier-Stokes equations in time-dependent domains

Authors:Dominic Breit

Abstract: We consider the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in a moving domain whose boundary is prescribed by a function $\eta=\eta(t,y)$ (with $y\in\mathbb R^2$) of low regularity. This is motivated by problems from fluid-structure interaction. We prove partial boundary regularity for boundary suitable weak solutions assuming that $\eta$ is continuous in time with values in the fractional Sobolev space $W^{2-1/p,p}_y$ for some $p>15/4$ and we have $\partial_t\eta\in L_t^{3}(W^{1,q_0}_y)$ for some $q_0>2$. The existence of boundary suitable weak solutions is a consequence of a new maximal regularity result for the Stokes equations in moving domains which is of independent interest.

3.An Ahmad-Lazer-Paul-type result for indefinite mixed local-nonlocal problems

Authors:Gianmarco Giovannardi, Dimitri Mugnai, Eugenio Vecchi

Abstract: We prove the existence and multiplicity of weak solutions for a mixed local-nonlocal problem at resonance. In particular, we consider a not necessarily positive operator which appears in models describing the propagation of flames. A careful adaptation of well known variational methods is required to deal with the possible existence of negative eigenvalues.

4.Nonlinear stability and existence of two-dimensional compressible current-vortex sheets

Authors:Alessandro Morando, Paolo Secchi, Paola Trebeschi, Difan Yuan

Abstract: We are concerned with nonlinear stability and existence of two-dimensional current-vortex sheets in ideal compressible magnetohydrodynamics. This is a nonlinear hyperbolic initial-boundary value problem with characteristic free boundary. It is well-known that current-vortex sheets may be at most weakly (neutrally) stable due to the existence of surface waves solutions that yield a loss of derivatives in the energy estimate of the solution with respect to the source terms. We first identify a sufficient condition ensuring the weak stability of the linearized current-vortex sheets problem. Under this stability condition for the background state, we show that the linearized problem obeys an energy estimate in anisotropic weighted Sobolev spaces with a loss of derivatives. Based on the weakly linear stability results, we then establish the local-in-time existence and nonlinear stability of current-vortex sheets by a suitable Nash-Moser iteration, provided the stability condition is satisfied at each point of the initial discontinuity. This result gives a new confirmation of the stabilizing effect of sufficiently strong magnetic fields on Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities.

5.Sharp regularity estimates for a singular inhomogeneous (m, p)-Laplacian equation

Authors:Pêdra D. S. Andrade, João Vitor da Silva, Giane C. Rampasso, Makson S. Santos

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate a class of doubly nonlinear evolutions PDEs. We establish sharp regularity for the solutions in H\"older spaces. The proof is based on the geometric tangential method and intrinsic scaling technique. Our findings extend and recover the results in the context of the classical evolution PDEs with singular signature via a unified treatment in the slow, normal and fast diffusion regimes. In addition, we provide some applications to certain nonlinear evolution models, which may have their own mathematical interest.

6.Sharp regularization effect for the non-cutoff Boltzmann equation with hard potentials

Authors:Jun-Ling Chen, Wei-Xi Li, Chao-Jiang Xu

Abstract: For the Maxwellian molecules or hard potentials case, we verify the smoothing effect for the spatially inhomogeneous Boltzmann equation without angular cutoff. Given initial data with low regularity, we prove its solutions at any positive time are analytic for strong angular singularity, and in Gevrey class with optimal index for mild angular singularity. To overcome the degeneracy in the spatial variable, a family of well-chosen vector fields with time-dependent coefficients will play a crucial role, and the sharp regularization effect of weak solutions relies on a quantitative estimate on directional derivatives in these vector fields.

7.Spectral partition problems with volume and inclusion constraints

Authors:Pêdra D. S. Andrade, Ederson Moreira dos Santos, Makson S. Santos, Hugo Tavares

Abstract: In this paper, we discuss a class of spectral partition problems with a measure constraint, for partitions of a given bounded connected open set. We establish the existence of an optimal open partition, showing that the corresponding eigenfunctions are locally Lipschitz continuous, and obtain some qualitative properties for the partition. The proof uses an equivalent weak formulation that involves a minimization problem of a penalized functional where the variables are functions rather than domains, suitable deformations, blowup techniques, and a monotonicity formula.

8.The geometry of the free boundary

Authors:Emanuel Indrei

Abstract: The non-transversal intersection of the free boundary with the fixed boundary is obtained for nonlinear uniformly elliptic operators when $\Omega = \{\nabla u \neq 0\} \cap \{x_n>0\}$ thereby solving a problem in elliptic theory that in the case of the Laplacian is completely understood but has remained arcane in the nonlinear setting in higher dimension. Also, a solution is given to a problem discussed in "Regularity of free boundaries in obstacle-type problems" \cite{MR2962060}. The free boundary is $C^1$ in a neighborhood of the fixed if the solution is physical and if $n=2$ in the absolute general context. The regularity is even new for the Laplacian. The innovation is via geometric configurations on how free boundary points converge to the fixed boundary and investigating the spacing between free boundary points.

1.Lyapunov functions for linear damped wave equations in one-dimensional space with dynamic boundary conditions

Authors:Yacine Chitour L2S, Hoai-Minh Nguyen EPFL, Christophe Roman PECASE

Abstract: We establish the exponential decay of the solutions of the damped wave equations in one-dimensional space where the damping coefficient is a nowhere-vanishing function of space. The considered PDE is associated with several dynamic boundary conditions, also referred to as Wentzell/Ventzel boundary conditions in the literature. The analysis is based on the determination of appropriate Lyapunov functions and some further analysis. This result is associated with a regulation problem inspired by a real experiment with a proportional-integral control. Some numerical simulations and additional results on closed wave equations are also provided.

2.Fractional Hardy-Rellich inequalities via integration by parts

Authors:Nicola De Nitti, Sidy Moctar Djitte

Abstract: We prove a fractional Hardy-Rellich inequality with an explicit constant in bounded domains of class $C^{1,1}$. The strategy of the proof generalizes an approach pioneered by E. Mitidieri (Mat. Zametki, 2000) by relying on a Pohozaev-type identity.

3.Maxwell's equations with hypersingularities at a negative index material conical tip

Authors:Anne-Sophie Bonnet-Ben Dhia, Lucas Chesnel, Mahran Rihani

Abstract: We study a transmission problem for the time harmonic Maxwell's equations between a classical positive material and a so-called negative index material in which both the permittivity $\varepsilon$ and the permeability $\mu$ take negative values. Additionally, we assume that the interface between the two domains is smooth everywhere except at a point where it coincides locally with a conical tip. In this context, it is known that for certain critical values of the contrasts in $\varepsilon$ and in $\mu$, the corresponding scalar operators are not of Fredholm type in the usual $H^1$ spaces. In this work, we show that in these situations, the Maxwell's equations are not well-posed in the classical $L^2$ framework due to existence of hypersingular fields which are of infinite energy at the tip. By combining the $\mathrm{T}$-coercivity approach and the Kondratiev theory, we explain how to construct new functional frameworks to recover well-posedness of the Maxwell's problem. We also explain how to select the setting which is consistent with the limiting absorption principle. From a technical point of view, the fields as well as their curls decompose as the sum of an explicit singular part, related to the black hole singularities of the scalar operators, and a smooth part belonging to some weighted spaces. The analysis we propose rely in particular on the proof of new key results of scalar and vector potential representations of singular fields.

4.$Γ$-convergence analysis of the nonlinear self-energy induced by edge dislocations in semi-discrete and discrete models in two dimensions

Authors:Roberto Alicandro, Lucia De Luca, Mariapia Palombaro, Marcello Ponsiglione

Abstract: We propose nonlinear semi-discrete and discrete models for the elastic energy induced by a finite systems of edge dislocations in two dimensions. Within the dilute regime, we analyze the asymptotic behavior of the nonlinear elastic energy, as the core-radius (in the semi-discrete model) and the lattice spacing (in the purely discrete one) vanish. Our analysis passes through a linearization procedure within the rigorous framework of Gamma-convergence.

5.Curvature-dependent Eulerian interfaces in elastic solids

Authors:Katharina Brazda, Martin Kružík, Fabian Rupp, Ulisse Stefanelli

Abstract: We propose a sharp-interface model for a hyperelastic material consisting of two phases. In this model, phase interfaces are treated in the deformed configuration, resulting in a fully Eulerian interfacial energy. In order to penalize large curvature of the interface, we include a geometric term featuring a curvature varifold. Equilibrium solutions are proved to exist via minimization. We then utilize this model in an Eulerian topology optimization problem that incorporates a curvature penalization.

6.Finite time blow-up in higher dimensional two species problem in the Cauchy problem

Authors:Tae Gab Ha, Seyun Kim

Abstract: In this paper, we study the blow-up radial solution of fully parabolic system with higher dimensional two species Cauchy problem for some initial condition. In addition, we show that the set of positive radial functions in $L^{1}(\mathbb{R})\cap BUC(\mathbb{R}^{N}) \times L^{1}(\mathbb{R})\cap BUC(\mathbb{R}^{N}) \times W^{1,1}(\mathbb{R}^{N}) \cap W^{1,\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{N})$ has a dense subset composed of positive radial initial data causing blow-up in finite time with respect to topology $L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{N}) \times L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{N}) \times H^{1}(\mathbb{R}^{N})\cap W^{1,1}(\mathbb{R}^{N})$ for $p \in \left[1,\frac{2N}{N+2}\right)$.

1.Affine Toda system of $\mathbf{A}$ and $\mathbf{C}^t$ type: compactness and affine Weyl group

Authors:Leilei Cui, Zhaohu Nie, Wen Yang

Abstract: The local mass is a fundamental quantized information that characterizes the blow-up solution to the Toda system and has a profound relationship with its underlying algebraic structure. In \cite{Lin-Yang-Zhong-2020}, it was observed that the associated Weyl group can be employed to represent this information for the $\mathbf{A}_n$, $\mathbf{B}_n$, $\mathbf{C}_n$ and $\mathbf{G}_2$ type Toda systems. The relationship between the local mass of blow-up solution and the corresponding affine Weyl group is further explored for some affine $\mathbf{B}$ type Toda systems in \cite{Cui-Wei-Yang-Zhang-2022}, where the possible local masses are explicitly expressed in terms of $8$ types. The current work presents a comprehensive study of the general affine $\mathbf{A}$ and $\mathbf{C}^t$ type Toda systems with arbitrary rank. At each stage of the blow-up process (via scaling), we can employ certain elements (known as "set chains") in the corresponding affine Weyl group to measure the variation of local mass. Consequently, we obtain the a priori estimate of the affine $\mathbf{A}$ and $\mathbf{C}^t$ type Toda systems with arbitrary number of singularities.

2.Smoothness of solutions of differential equations of constant strength in Roumieu spaces

Authors:Rachid Chïli, Mahrouz Tayeb

Abstract: We show in this work that every solution of hypoelliptic differential equations with constant strength with coefficients in Roumieu spaces is in some Roumieu space.

3.Sharp Hardy-type inequalities for non-compact harmonic manifolds and Damek-Ricci spaces

Authors:Florian Fischer, Norbert Peyerimhoff

Abstract: We show various sharp Hardy-type inequalities for the linear and quasi-linear Laplacian on non-compact harmonic manifolds with a particular focus on the case of Damek-Ricci spaces. Our methods make use of the optimality theory developed by Devyver/Fraas/Pinchover and Devyver/Pinchover and are motivated by corresponding results for hyperbolic spaces by Berchio/Ganguly/Grillo, and Berchio/Ganguly/Grillo/Pinchover.

4.Properties of Non-Equilibrium Steady States for the non-linear BGK equation on the torus

Authors:Josephine Evans, Angeliki Menegaki

Abstract: We study the non-linear BGK model in 1d coupled to a spatially varying thermostat. We show existence, local uniqueness and linear stability of a steady state when the linear coupling term is large compared to the non-linear self interaction term. This model possesses a non-explicit spatially dependent non-equilibrium steady state. We are able to successfully use hypocoercivity theory in this case to prove that the linearised operator around this steady state posesses a spectral gap.

5.From nonlocal Euler-Korteweg to local Cahn-Hilliard via the high-friction limit

Authors:Charles Elbar, Piotr Gwiazda, Jakub Skrzeczkowski, Agnieszka Świerczewska-Gwiazda

Abstract: Several recent papers considered the high-friction limit for systems arising in fluid mechanics. Following this approach, we rigorously derive the nonlocal Cahn-Hilliard equation as a limit of the nonlocal Euler-Korteweg equation using the relative entropy method. Applying the recent result by the first and third author, we also derive rigorously the local degenerate Cahn-Hilliard equation. The proof is formulated for dissipative measure-valued solutions of the nonlocal Euler-Korteweg equation which are known to exist on arbitrary intervals of time. Our work provides a new method to derive equations not enjoying classical solutions via relative entropy method by introducing the nonlocal effect in the fluid equation.

6.The spectrum of the Poincar{é} operator in an ellipsoid

Authors:Yves Colin de Verdìère IF, UGA, Jérémie Vidal ISTerre, UGA

Abstract: We reprove the fact, due to Backus, that the Poincar{\'e} operator in ellipsoids admits a pure point spectrum with polynomial eigenfunctions.We then show that the eigenvalues of the Poincar{\'e} operator restricted to polynomial vector fields of fixed degree admitsa limit repartition given by a probability measure that we construct explicitely. For that, we use Fourier integral operators and ideas comingfrom Alan Weinstein and the first author in the seventies. The starting observation is that the orthogonal polynomials in ellipsoids satisfy a PDE.

7.Global Existence and Long Time Behavior in Einstein-Belinski-Zakharov Soliton Spacetimes

Authors:Claudio Muñoz, Jessica Trespalacios

Abstract: We consider the vacuum Einstein field equations under the Belinski-Zakharov symmetries. Depending on the chosen signature of the metric, these spacetimes contain most of the well-known special solutions in General Relativity, including well-known black holes. In this paper, we prove global existence of small Belinski-Zakharov spacetimes under a natural nondegeneracy condition. We also construct new energies and virial functionals to provide a description of the energy decay of smooth global cosmological metrics inside the light cone. Finally, some applications are presented in the case of generalized Kasner solitons.

8.Homogeneous Sobolev and Besov spaces on special Lipschitz domains and their traces

Authors:Anatole Gaudin I2M

Abstract: We propose here to garnish the folklore of function spaces on Lipschitz domains. We prove the boundedness of the trace operator for homogeneous Sobolev and Besov spaces on a special Lipschitz domain with sharp regularity. In order to obtain such a result, we also provide appropriate definitions and properties so that our construction of homogeneous of Sobolev and Besov spaces on special Lipschitz domains, and their boundary, that are suitable for the treatment of non-linear partial differential equations and boundary value problems. The trace theorem for homogeneous Sobolev and Besov spaces on special Lipschitz domains occurs in range $s\in(\frac{1}{p},1+\frac{1}{p})$. While the case of inhomogeneous Sobolev and Besov spaces is very common and well known, the case of homogeneous function spaces seems to be new. This paper uses and improves several arguments exposed by the author in a previous paper for function spaces on the whole and the half-space.

9.Semiclassical Moser--Trudinger inequalities

Authors:R. Arora, P. T. Nam, P. -T. Nguyen

Abstract: We extend the Moser--Trudinger inequality of one function to systems of orthogonal functions. Our results are asymptotically sharp when applied to the collective behavior of eigenfunctions of Schr\"odinger operators on bounded domains.

10.A proof of slow-roll local decay of inflaton fields in cosmology and axion fields in cold dark matter models

Authors:Matías Morales, Claudio Muñoz

Abstract: We consider the long time behavior of solutions to scalar field models appearing in the theory of cosmological inflation (oscillons) and cold dark matter, in presence or absence of the cosmological constant. These models are not included in standard mathematical literature due to their unusual nonlinearities, which model different features to classical ones. Here we prove that these models fit in the theory of dispersive decay by computing new virials adapted to their setting. Several important examples, candidates to model both effects are studied in detail.

11.Global well-posedness for the coupled system of Schrodinger and Kawahara equations

Authors:Wangseok Shin

Abstract: We study the local and global well-posedness for the coupled system of Schrodinger and Kawahara equations on the real line. The Sobolev space $L^{2} \times H^{-2}$ is the space where the lowest regularity local solutions are obtained. The energy space is $H^1 \times H^2$. We apply the Colliander-Holmer-Tzirakis method [7] to prove the global well-posedness in $L^2 \times L^2$ where the energy is not finite. Our method generalizes the method of Colliander-Holmer-Tzirakis in the sense that the operator that decouples the system is nonlinear.

1.Existence for doubly nonlinear fractional $p$-Laplacian equations

Authors:Nobuyuki Kato, Masashi Misawa, Kenta Nakamura, Yoshihiko Yamaura

Abstract: In this paper we prove the existence of a weak solution to a doubly nonlinear parabolic fractional $p$-Laplacian equation, which has general doubly non-linearlity including not only the Sobolev subcritical/critical/supercritical cases but also the slow/fast diffusion ones. Our proof reveals the weak convergence method for the doubly nonlinear fractional $p$-Laplace operator.

2.Remarks on Interior Regularity Criteria Without Pressure for the Navier-Stokes Equations

Authors:Shuai Li, Wendong Wang, Daoguo Zhou

Abstract: In this note we investigate interior regularity criteria for suitable weak solutions to the 3D Naiver-Stokes equations, and obtain the solutions are regular in the interior if the $L^p_tL_x^q(Q_1)$ norm of the velocity is sufficiently small, where $1\leq \frac{2}{p}+\frac{3}{q}<2$ and $2\leq p\leq \infty$. It improves the recent result of $p,q>2 $ by Kwon \cite{Kwon} (J. Differential Equations 357 (2023), 1--31.), and also generalizes Chae-Wolf's $L_t^\infty L_x^{\frac32+}$ criterion \cite{CW2017} (Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 225 (2017), no. 1, 549--572.).

3.Principal eigenvalues and eigenfunctions for fully nonlinear equations in punctured balls

Authors:Isabeau Birindelli, Françoise Demengel, Fabiana Leoni

Abstract: This paper is devoted to the proof of the existence of the principal eigenvalue and related eigenfunctions for fully nonlinear uniformly elliptic equations posed in a punctured ball, in presence of a singular potential. More precisely, we analyze existence, uniqueness and regularity of solutions $( \bar\lambda_\gamma, u_\gamma)$ of the equation $$F( D^2 u_\gamma)+ \bar \lambda_\gamma \frac{u_\gamma}{r^\gamma} = 0\ {\rm in} \ B(0,1)\setminus \{0\}, \ u_\gamma = 0 \ {\rm on} \ \partial B(0,1)$$ where $u_\gamma>0$ in $B(0,1)\setminus \{0\}$, and $\gamma >0$. We prove existence of radial solutions which are continuous on $\overline{ B(0,1)}$ in the case $\gamma <2$, existence of unbounded solutions in the case $\gamma = 2$ and a non existence result for $\gamma >2$. We also give the explicit value of $\bar \lambda_2$ in the case of Pucci's operators, which generalizes the Hardy--Sobolev constant for the Laplacian.

4.On the weighted inertia-energy approach to forced wave equations

Authors:Edoardo Mainini, Danilo Percivale

Abstract: We show convergence of minimizers of weighted inertia-energy functionals to solutions of initial value problems for a class of nonlinear wave equations. The result is given for the nonhomogeneous case under a natural growth assumption on the forcing term.

5.Geometric rigidity on Sobolev spaces with variable exponent and applications

Authors:Stefano Almi, Maicol Caponi, Manuel Friedrich, Francesco Solombrino

Abstract: We present extensions of rigidity estimates and of Korn's inequality to the setting of (mixed) variable exponents growth. The proof techniques, based on a classical covering argument, rely on the log-H\"older continuity of the exponent to get uniform regularity estimates on each cell of the cover, and on an extension result \`a la Nitsche in Sobolev spaces with variable exponents. As an application, by means of $\Gamma$-convergence we perform a passage from nonlinear to linearized elasticity under variable subquadratic energy growth far from the energy well.

6.Solving the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky-Burgers equation until the $6p$-th dimension: the Brownian-time paradigm

Authors:Hassan Allouba

Abstract: We use our earlier Brownian-time framework to formulate and establish global uniqueness and local-in-time existence of the Burgers incarnation of the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky PDE on $\mathbb{R}_+\times\mathbb{R}^d$, in the class of time-continuous $L^{2p}$-valued solutions, $p\ge1$, for every $d<6p$. We assume neither space compactness, nor spatial coordinates dependence, nor smallness of initial data. The surprising discovery of the $6p$-th dimension bound, even for local solutions, is revealed by our approach and the Brownian-time kernel -- the Brownian average of an angled $d$-dimensional Schr\"odinger propagator -- at its heart. We use this kernel to give a systematic approach, for all dimensions simultaneously, including a novel formulation -- even in the well-known $d=1$ case -- of the KS equation. This yields the estimates leading to this article's conclusions. We achieve the stated results by fusing some of our earlier Brownian-time stochastic processes constructions and ideas -- encoded in the aforementioned kernel -- with analytic ones, including complex and harmonic analysis; by employing suitable $N$-ball approximations together with fixed point theory; and by an adaptation of the stochastic analytic stopping-time technique to our deterministic setting. Using a separate strategy, that is also built on our Brownian-time paradigm, we treat the global wellposedness of the multidimensional KS equation in a followup upcoming article. This work also serves as a template for another forthcoming article in which we prove similar results for the time-fractional Burgers equation in multidimensional space.

7.Energy-critical inhomogeneous generalized Hartree equation with inverse square potential

Authors:Seongyeon Kim, Tarek Saanouni

Abstract: This work studies the Cauchy problem for the energy-critical inhomogeneous Hartree equation with inverse square potential $$i\partial_t u-\mathcal K_\lambda u=\pm |x|^{-\tau}|u|^{p-2}(I_\alpha *|\cdot|^{-\tau}|u|^p)u, \quad \mathcal K_\lambda=-\Delta+\frac\lambda{|x|^2}$$ in the energy space $H_\lambda^1:=\{f\in L^2,\quad\sqrt{\mathcal{K}_\lambda}f\in L^2\}$. In this paper, we develop a well-posedness theory and investigate the blow-up of solutions in $H_\lambda^1$. Furthermore we present a dichotomy between energy bounded and non-global existence of solutions under the ground state threshold. To this end, we use Caffarelli-Kohn-Nirenberg weighted interpolation inequalities and some equivalent norms considering $\mathcal K_\lambda$, which make it possible to control the non-linearity involving the singularity $|x|^{-\tau}$ as well as the inverse square potential. The novelty here is the investigation of the energy critical regime which remains still open and the challenge is to deal with three technical problems: a non-local source term, an inhomogeneous singular term $|\cdot|^{-\tau}$, and the presence of an inverse square potential.

8.Symmetry groups, fundamental solutions and conservation laws for conformable time fractional partial differential system with variable coefficients

Authors:Xiaoyu Cheng, Lizhen Wang

Abstract: In this paper, the relationships between Lie symmetry groups and fundamental solutions for a class of conformable time fractional partial differential equations (PDEs) with variable coefficients are investigated. Specifically, the group-invariant solutions to the considered equations are constructed applying symmetry group method and the corresponding fundamental solutions for these systems are established with the help of the above obtained group-invariant solutions and inverting Laplace transformation. In addition, the connections between fundamental solutions for two conformable time fractional systems are given by equivalence transformation. Furthermore, the conservation laws of these fractional systems are provided using new Noether theorem and obtained Lie algebras.

9.The compressible Navier-Stokes equations with slip boundary conditions of friction type

Authors:Sarka Necasova, Justyna Ogorzaly, Jan Scherz

Abstract: We show the global existence of a weak solution for the Navier-Stokes equations for compressible fluids with slip boundary conditions of friction type.

10.Global existence and optimal decay of solutions to the incompressible Oldroyd-B model with only stress tensor dissipation and without damping mechanism

Authors:Zhi Chen, Weixun Feng, Qiao Liu

Abstract: We study the $d$-dimensional ($d\geq2$) incompressible Oldroyd-B model with only stress tensor diffusion and without velocity dissipation as well as the damping mechanism on the stress tensor. Firstly, based upon some new observations on the model, we develope the pure energy argument (independent of spectral analysis) in general $L^p$ framework, and present a small initial data global existence and uniqueness of solutions to the model. Our results yield that the coupling and interaction of the velocity and the non-Newtonian stress actually enhances the regularity of the system. Later, by adding some additional $L^2$ type conditions on the low frequencies of the initial data $(u_0,\tau_0)$, %but without any more smallness restrictions, we obtain the optimal time-decay rates of the global solution $(u,\tau)$. Our result solves the problem proposed in Wang, Wu, Xu and Zhong \cite{Wang-Wu-Xu-Zhong} ({\it J. Funct. Anal.}, 282 (2022), 109332.).

11.Ground state representation for the fractional Laplacian with Hardy potential in angular momentum channels

Authors:Krzysztof Bogdan, Konstantin Merz

Abstract: Motivated by the study of relativistic atoms, we consider the Hardy operator $(-\Delta)^{\alpha/2}-\kappa|x|^{-\alpha}$ acting on functions of the form $u(|x|) |x|^{\ell} Y_{\ell,m}(x/|x|)$ in $L^2(\mathbb{R}^d)$, when $\kappa\geq0$ and $\alpha\in(0,2]\cap(0,d+2\ell)$. We give a ground state representation of the corresponding form on the half-line (Theorem 1.5). For the proof we use subordinated Bessel heat kernels.

12.Ground states for p-fractional Choquard-type equations with critical local nonlinearity and doubly critical nonlocality

Authors:Masaki Sakuma

Abstract: We consider a $p$-fractional Choquard-type equation \[ (-\Delta)_p^s u+a|u|^{p-2}u=b(K\ast F(u))F'(u)+\varepsilon_g |u|^{p_g-2}u \quad\text{in $\mathbb{R}^N$}, \] where $0<s<1<p<N/s$, $p<p_g\leq p_s^*$, $(a,b,\varepsilon_g)\in (0,\infty)^3$, $K(x)= |x|^{-(N-\alpha)}$, $\alpha\in (0,N)$, and $F$ is a doubly critical nonlinearity in the sense of the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality. It is noteworthy that the local nonlinearity may also have critical growth. Combining Brezis-Nirenberg's method with some new ideas, we obtain the ground state solutions via the mountain pass lemma and a generalized Lions-type theorem.

13.A conservative stochastic Dirac-Klein-Gordon system

Authors:Evgueni Dinvay, Sigmund Selberg

Abstract: Considered herein is a particular nonlinear dispersive stochastic system consisting of Dirac and Klein-Gordon equations. They are coupled by nonlinear terms due to the Yukawa interaction. We consider a case of homogeneous multiplicative noise that seems to be very natural from the perspective of the least action formalism. We are able to show existence and uniqueness of a corresponding Cauchy problem in Bourgain spaces. Moreover, the regarded model implies charge conservation, known for the deterministic analogue of the system, and this is used to prove a global existence result for suitable initial data.

14.Skeleton Integral Equations for Acoustic Transmission Problems with Varying Coefficients

Authors:Francesco Florian, Ralf Hiptmair, Stefan A. Sauter

Abstract: In this paper we will derive an integral equation which transform a three-dimensional acoustic transmission problem with \textit{variable} coefficients, non-zero absorption, and mixed boundary conditions to a non-local equation on the skeleton of the domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^{3}$, where ``skeleton'' stands for the union of the interfaces and boundaries of a Lipschitz partition of $\Omega$. To that end, we introduce and analyze abstract layer potentials as solutions of auxiliary coercive full space variational problems and derive jump conditions across domain interfaces. This allows us to formulate the non-local skeleton equation as a \textit{direct method} for the unknown Cauchy data of the original partial differential equation. We establish coercivity and continuity of the variational form of the skeleton equation without based on an auxiliary full space variational problem. Explicit knowledge of Green's functions is not required and our estimates are explicit in the complex wave number.

15.The energy-critical inhomogeneous generalized Hartree equation in 3D

Authors:Carlos M. Guzmán, Chengbin Xu

Abstract: The purpose of this work is to study the $3D$ energy-critical inhomogeneous generalized Hartree equation in $$ i\partial_tu+\Delta u+|x|^{-b}(I_\alpha\ast|\cdot|^{-b}|u|^{p})|u|^{p-2}u=0,\;\ x\in\mathbb{R}^3, $$ where $p=3+\alpha-2b$. We show global well-posedness and scattering below the ground state threshold with general initial data in $\dot{H}^1$. To this end, we exploit the decay of the nonlinearity, which together with the Kenig--Merle roadmap, allows us to treat the non-radial case as the radial case. In particular, we also show scattering for the classical generalized Hartree equation ($b=0$) assuming initial radial data. Moreover, in the defocusing case, we show scattering with non-radial data. At the end of the introduction, we discuss some open problems related to this equation.

1.Metaplectic Gabor frames of Wigner-Decomposable Distributions

Authors:Elena Cordero, Gianluca Giacchi

Abstract: Metaplectic Wigner distributions generalize the most popular time-frequency representations, such as the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) and $\tau$-Wigner distributions, using metaplectic operators. However, in order for a metaplectic Wigner distribution to measure local time-frequency concentration of signals, the additional property of shift-invertibility is fundamental. In addition, metaplectic atoms provide different ways to model signals. Namely, signals can be written as discrete superpositions of these operators, providing original ways to represent signals, with applications to machine learning, signal analysis, theory of pseudodifferential operators, to mention a few. Among all shift-invertible distributions, Wigner-decomposable metaplectic Wigner distributions provide the most straightforward generalization of the STFT. In this work, we focus on metaplectic atoms of Wigner-decomposable shift-invertible metaplectic distributions and characterize the associated metaplectic Gabor frames.

2.On the Kato problem for elliptic operators in non-divergence form

Authors:Luis Escauriaza, Pablo Hidalgo-Palencia, Steve Hofmann

Abstract: We consider the Kato square root problem for non-divergence second order elliptic operators $L =- a_{ij} D_iD_j$, and, especially, the normalized adjoints of such operators. In particular, our results are applicable to the case of real coefficients having sufficiently small BMO norm. We assume that the coefficients of the operator are smooth, but our estimates do not depend on the assumption of smoothness.

3.Glimm's method and density of wild data for the Euler system of gas dynamics

Authors:Elisabetta Chiodaroli, Eduard Feireisl

Abstract: We adapt Glimm's approximation method to the framework of convex integration to show density of wild data for the (complete) Euler system of gas dynamics. The desired infinite family of entropy admissible solutions emanating from the same initial data is obtained via convex integration of suitable Riemann problems pasted with local smooth solutions. In addition, the wild data belong to BV class.

4.Convergence of a linearly regularized nonlinear wave equation to the $p$-system

Authors:Hüsnü Ata Erbay, Saadet Erbay, Albert Kohen Erkip

Abstract: We consider a second-order nonlinear wave equation with a linear convolution term. When the convolution operator is taken as the identity operator, our equation reduces to the classical elasticity equation which can be written as a $p$-system of first-order differential equations. We first establish the local well-posedness of the Cauchy problem. We then investigate the behavior of solutions to the Cauchy problem in the limit as the kernel function of the convolution integral approaches to the Dirac delta function, that is, in the vanishing dispersion limit. We consider two different types of the vanishing dispersion limit behaviors for the convolution operator depending on the form of the kernel function. In both cases, we show that the solutions converge strongly to the corresponding solutions of the classical elasticity equation.

5.A Note on the Compactness of the Resolvent of the Age-Diffusion Operator

Authors:Christoph Walker

Abstract: The generator of the semigroup associated with linear age-structured population models including spatial diffusion is shown to have compact resolvent.

6.Construction of a two bubbles blowing-up solution for the fourth order energy critical nonlinear Schrödinger equation

Authors:Jean-Baptiste Casteras, Ilkka Holopainen, Léonard Monsaingeon

Abstract: We construct a blowing-up solution for the energy critical focusing biharmonic nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation in infinite time in dimension $N\geq 13$. Our solution is radially symmetric and converges asymptotically to the sum of two bubbles. The scale of one of the bubble is of order $1$ whereas the other one is of order $|t|^{-\frac{2}{N-12}}$. Moreover, the phase between the two bubbles form a right angle.

7.Topological regularity for solutions to the generalised Hopf equation

Authors:Gaven Martin, Cong Yao

Abstract: The generalised Hopf equation is the first order nonlinear equation with data $\Phi$ a holomorphic functions and $\eta\geq 1$ a positive weight, \[ h_w\,\overline{h_\wbar}\,\eta(w) = \Phi.\] The Hopf equation is the special case $\eta(w)=\tilde{\eta}(h(w))$ and reflects that $h$ is harmonic with respect to the conformal metric $\sqrt{\tilde{\eta}(z)}|dz|$. This article obtains conditions on the data to ensure that a solution is open and discrete. We also prove a strong uniqueness result.

8.1d approximation of measures in Wasserstein spaces

Authors:Antonin Chambolle CEREMADE, MOKAPLAN, Vincent Duval MOKAPLAN, Joao Miguel Machado CEREMADE, MOKAPLAN

Abstract: We propose a variational approach to approximate measures with measures uniformly distributed over a 1 dimentional set. The problem consists in minimizing a Wasserstein distance as a data term with a regularization given by the length of the support. As it is challenging to prove existence of solutions to this problem, we propose a relaxed formulation, which always admits a solution. In the sequel we show that if the ambient space is $\mathbb{R}^2$ , under techinical assumptions, any solution to the relaxed problem is a solution to the original one. Finally we manage to prove that any optimal solution to the relaxed problem, and hence also to the original, is Ahlfors regular.

9.Gradient higher integrability for double phase problems on metric measure spaces

Authors:Juha Kinnunen, Antonella Nastasi, Cintia Pacchiano Camacho

Abstract: We study local and global higher integrability properties for quasiminimizers of a class of double-phase integrals characterized by nonstandard growth conditions. We work purely on a variational level in the setting of a metric measure space with a doubling measure and a Poincar\'e inequality. The main novelty is an intrinsic approach to double-phase Sobolev-Poincar\'e inequalities.

10.Strichartz estimates for the 2D and 3D massless Dirac-Coulomb equations and applications

Authors:Elena Danesi

Abstract: In this paper we continue the analysis of the dispersive properties of the 2D and 3D massless Dirac-Coulomb equations that has been started in arXiv:1503.00945 and arXiv:2101.07185. We prove a priori estimates of the solution of the mentioned systems, in particular Strichartz estimates with an additional angular regularity, exploiting the tools developed in the previous works. As an application, we show local well-posedness results for a Dirac-Coulomb equation perturbed with Hartree-type nonlinearities.

11.Symmetry and uniqueness for a hinged plate problem in a ball

Authors:Giulio Romani

Abstract: In this paper we address some questions about symmetry, radial monotonicity, and uniqueness for a semilinear fourth-order boundary value problem in the ball of $\mathbb R^2$ deriving from the Kirchhoff-Love model of deformations of thin plates. We first show the radial monotonicity for a wide class of biharmonic problems. The proof of uniqueness is based on ODE techniques and applies to the whole range of the boundary parameter. For an unbounded subset of this range we also prove symmetry of the ground states by means of a rearrangement argument which makes use of Talenti's comparison principle. This paper complements the analysis in [G. Romani, Anal. PDE 10 (2017), no. 4, 943-982], where existence and positivity issues have been investigated.

12.Newton's second law as limit of variational problems

Authors:Edoardo Mainini, Danilo Percivale

Abstract: We show that the solution of the Cauchy problem for the classical ode $m \mathbf y''=\mathbf f$ can be obtained as limit of minimizers of exponentially weighted convex variational integrals. This complements the known results about weighted inertia-energy approach to Lagrangian mechanics and hyperbolic equations.

1.Cluster of vortex helices in the incompressible $3$d Euler equations

Authors:Ignacio Guerra, Monica Musso

Abstract: In an inviscid and incompressible fluid in dimension 3, we prove the existence of several helical filaments, or vortex helices, collapsing into each others.

2.On the lower spectrum of heterogeneous acoustic operators

Authors:Mitia Duerinckx, Antoine Gloria

Abstract: This work relates quantitatively homogenization to Anderson localization for heterogeneous acoustic operators: we draw consequences on the spatial spreading of eigenstates in the lower spectrum (if any) from the long-time homogenization of the wave equation, through dispersive estimates. This gives an alternative proof (avoiding Floquet theory) that the lower spectrum of the acoustic operator is purely absolutely continuous in case of periodic coefficients, and it further provides nontrivial quantitative lower bounds on the spatial spreading of potential eigenstates in case of quasiperiodic and random coefficients.

3.Limiting Sobolev estimates for vector fields and cancelling differential operators

Authors:Jean Van Schaftingen

Abstract: These notes present Sobolev-Gagliardo-Nirenberg endpoint estimates for classes of homogeneous vector differential operators. Away of the endpoint cases, the classical Calder\'on-Zygmund estimates show that the ellipticity is necessary and sufficient to control all the derivatives of the vector field. In the endpoint case, Ornstein showed that there is no nontrivial estimate on same-order derivatives. On the other hand endpoint Sobolev estimates were proved for the deformation operator (Korn-Sobolev inequality by M.J. Strauss) and for the Hodge complex (Bourgain and Brezis). The class of operators for which such Sobolev estimates holds can be characterized by a cancelling condition. The estimates rely on a duality estimate for $L^1$ vector fields satisfying some conditions on the derivatives, combined with classical algebraic and harmonic analysis techniques. This characterization unifies classes of known inequalities and extends to the case of Hardy inequalities.

4.Almost periodic and Asymptotically Almost Periodic Navier-Stokes flows on non-compact Riemannian manifolds

Authors:Pham Truong Xuan, Tran Van Thuy, Nguyen Thi Van, Le The Sac

Abstract: In this paper, we study the existence, uniqueness and asymptotic behaviour of almost periodic (AP-) and asymptotically almost periodic (AAP-) mild solutions to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations on non-compact manifolds with negative Ricci curvature tensors. We use certain exponential estimates of the Stokes semigroup to prove the Massera-type principle which guarantees the wellposedness of AP and AAP- mild solutions for the inhomogeneous Stokes equations. Then, by using fixed point arguments and Gronwall's inequality we establish the wellposedness and exponential decay for global-in-time of such solutions of Navier-Stokes equations.

5.An energy model for harmonic functions with junctions

Authors:Daniela De Silva, Ovidiu Savin

Abstract: We consider an energy model for harmonic graphs with junctions and study the regularity properties of minimizers and their free boundaries.

6.The quasi-linear Brezis-Nirenberg problem in low dimensions

Authors:Sabina Angeloni, Pierpaolo Esposito

Abstract: We discuss existence results for a quasi-linear elliptic equation of critical Sobolev growth [H. Brezis, L. Nirenberg, Positive solutions of nonlinear elliptic equations involving critical Sobolev exponents, Comm. Pure Appl. Math. 36 (1983), 437--477; M. Guedda, L. Veron, Quasilinear elliptic equations involving critical Sobolev exponents, Nonlinear Anal. 13 (1989), no. 8, 879--902] in the low-dimensional case, where the problem has a global character which is encoded in sign properties of the ``regular" part for the corresponding Green's function as in [O. Druet, Elliptic equations with critical Sobolev exponents in dimension 3, Ann. Inst. H. Poincar\'e Anal. Non Lin\'eaire 19 (2002), no. 2, 125--142; P. Esposito, On some conjectures proposed by Ha\"im Brezis, Nonlinear Anal. 54 (2004), no. 5, 751--759].

7.On the regularity of the chord log-Minkowski problem

Authors:Jinrong Hu, Yong Huang, Jian Lu

Abstract: In integral geometry generalized with Aleksandrov's variational theory, Lutwak-Xi-Yang-Zhang\cite{LXYZ} recently opened the door to researching the cone-chord measures and its log-Minkowski problem stemming from the chord integrals. In this paper, we study the regularity of the chord log-Minkowski problem by using a nonlocal Gauss curvature flow equation, which aims to solve the existence result of even and smooth solutions to the chord log-Minkowski problem. Our results may be served as a bridge facilitating the relation among integral geometry, differential geometry and partial differential equations.

8.Wellposedness of an elliptic-dispersive coupled system for MEMS

Authors:Heiko Gimperlein, Runan He, Andrew A. Lacey

Abstract: In this work, we study the local wellposedness of the solution to a nonlinear elliptic-dispersive coupled system which serves as a model for a Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS). A simple electrostatically actuated MEMS capacitor device consists of two parallel plates separated by a gas-filled thin gap. The nonlinear elliptic-dispersive coupled system modelling the device combines a linear elliptic equation for the gas pressure with a semilinear dispersive equation for the gap width. We show the local-in-time existence of strict solutions for the system, by combining elliptic regularity results for the elliptic equation, Lipschitz continuous dependence of its solution on that of the dispersive equation, and then local-in-time existence for a resulting abstract dispersive problem. Semigroup approaches are key to solve the abstract dispersive problem.

9.Existence and compactness of conformal metrics on the plane with unbounded and sign-changing Gaussian curvature

Authors:Chiara Bernardini

Abstract: We show that the prescribed Gaussian curvature equation in $\mathbb{R}^2$ $$-\Delta u= (1-|x|^p) e^{2u},$$ has solutions with prescribed total curvature equal to $\Lambda:=\int_{\mathbb{R}^2}(1-|x|^p)e^{2u}dx\in \mathbb{R}$, if and only if $$p\in(0,2) \qquad \text{and} \qquad (2+p)\pi\le\Lambda<4\pi$$ and prove that such solutions remain compact as $\Lambda\to\bar{\Lambda}\in[(2+p)\pi,4\pi)$, while they produce a spherical blow-up as $\Lambda\uparrow4\pi$.

10.Instability of stationary solutions for double power nonlinear Schrödinger equations in one dimension

Authors:Noriyoshi Fukaya, Masayuki Hayashi

Abstract: We consider a double power nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation which possesses the algebraically decaying stationary solution $\phi_0$ as well as exponentially decaying standing waves $e^{i\omega t}\phi_\omega(x)$ with $\omega>0$. It is well-known from the general theory that stability properties of standing waves are determined by the derivative of $\omega\mapsto M(\omega):=\frac{1}{2}\|\phi_\omega\|_{L^2}^2$; namely $e^{i\omega t}\phi_\omega$ with $\omega>0$ is stable if $M'(\omega)>0$ and unstable if $M'(\omega)<0$. However, the stability/instability of stationary solutions is outside the general theory from the viewpoint of spectral properties of linearized operators. In this paper we prove the instability of the stationary solution $\phi_0$ in one dimension under the condition $M'(0):=\lim_{\omega\downarrow 0}M'(\omega)\in[-\infty, 0)$. The key in the proof is the construction of the one-sided derivative of $\omega\mapsto\phi_\omega$ at $\omega=0$, which is effectively used to construct the unstable direction of $\phi_0$.

1.Strichartz estimates for Maxwell equations on domains with perfectly conducting boundary conditions

Authors:Nicolas Burq, Robert Schippa

Abstract: We consider Maxwell equations on a smooth domain with perfectly conducting boundary conditions in isotropic media in two and three dimensions. In the charge-free case we recover Strichartz estimates due to Blair--Smith--Sogge for wave equations on domains up to endpoints. For the proof we suitably extend Maxwell equations over the boundary, which introduces coefficients on the full space with codimension-$1$ Lipschitz singularity. This system can be diagonalized to half-wave equations amenable to the results of Blair--Smith--Sogge. In two dimensions, we improve the local well-posedness of the Maxwell system with Kerr nonlinearity via Strichartz estimates.

2.Optimal Schauder estimates for kinetic Kolmogorov equations with time measurable coefficients

Authors:Giacomo Lucertini, Stefano Pagliarani, Andrea Pascucci

Abstract: We prove global Schauder estimates for kinetic Kolmogorov equations with coefficients that are H\"older continuous in the spatial variables but only measurable in time. Compared to other available results in the literature, our estimates are optimal in the sense that the inherent H\"older spaces are the strongest possible under the given assumptions: in particular, under a parabolic H\"ormander condition, we introduce H\"older norms defined in terms of the intrinsic geometry that the operator induces on the space-time variables. The technique is based on the existence and the regularity estimates of the fundamental solution of the equation. These results are essential for studying backward Kolmogorov equations associated with kinetic-type diffusions, e.g. stochastic Langevin equation.

3.Finite-time blow-up in a two species chemotaxis-competition model with degenerate diffusion

Authors:Yuya Tanaka

Abstract: This paper is concerned with the two-species chemotaxis-competition model with degenerate diffusion, \[\begin{cases} u_t = \Delta u^{m_1} - \chi_1 \nabla\cdot(u\nabla w) + \mu_1 u (1-u-a_1v), &x\in\Omega,\ t>0,\\% v_t = \Delta v^{m_2} - \chi_2 \nabla\cdot(v\nabla w) + \mu_2 v (1-a_2u-v), &x\in\Omega,\ t>0,\\% 0 = \Delta w +u+v-\overline{M}(t), &x\in\Omega,\ t>0, \end{cases}\] with $\int_\Omega w(x,t)\,dx=0$, $t>0$, where $\Omega := B_R(0) \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ $(n\ge5)$ is a ball with some $R>0$; $m_1,m_2>1$, $\chi_1,\chi_2,\mu_1,\mu_2,a_1,a_2>0$; $\overline{M}(t)$ is the spatial average of $u+v$. The purpose of this paper is to show finite-time blow-up in the sense that there is $\widetilde{T}_{\rm max}\in(0,\infty)$ such that \[\limsup_{t \nearrow \widetilde{T}_{\rm max}} (\|u(t)\|_{L^\infty(\Omega)} + \|v(t)\|_{L^\infty(\Omega)})=\infty\] for the above model within a concept of weak solutions fulfilling a moment inequality which leads to blow-up. To this end, we also give a result on finite-time blow-up in the above model with the terms $\Delta u^{m_1}$, $\Delta v^{m_2}$ replaced with the nondegenerate diffusion terms $\Delta (u+\delta)^{m_1}$, $\Delta (v+\delta)^{m_2}$, where $\delta\in(0,1]$.

4.Fast diffusion equation: uniqueness of solutions with a moving singularity

Authors:Marek Fila, Petra Macková

Abstract: We focus on open questions regarding the uniqueness of distributional solutions of the fast diffusion equation (FDE) with a given source term. When the source is sufficiently smooth, the uniqueness follows from standard results. Assuming that the source term is a measure, the existence of different classes of solutions is known, but in many cases, their uniqueness is an open problem. In our work, we focus on the supercritical FDE and prove the uniqueness of distributional solutions with a Dirac source term that moves along a prescribed curve. Moreover, we extend a uniqueness results for the subcritical FDE from standing to moving singularities.

5.Stability of viscosity solutions on expanding networks

Authors:Shimpei Makida

Abstract: In this paper, we prove the stability of viscosity solutions of the Hamilton--Jacobi equations for a sequence of networks embedded in Euclidean space. The network considered in this paper is not merely a graph -- it comprises a collection of line segments. We investigate the conditions under which the stability of viscosity solutions holds if the sequence of networks converges to some compact set in the Hausdorff sense. As a corollary, a characterization of the limit of a sequence of networks on which viscosity solutions can be considered, is obtained. In consideration of this problem, we adopt the concept of viscosity solutions as presented in the sense of Gangbo and \'{S}wi\k{e}ch.

6.Bounded solutions for non-parametric mean curvature problems with nonlinear terms

Authors:Daniela Giachetti, Francescantonio Oliva, Francesco Petitta

Abstract: In this paper we prove existence of nonnegative bounded solutions for the non-autonomous prescribed mean curvature problem in non-parametric form on an open bounded domain $\Omega$ of $\mathbb{R}^N$. The mean curvature, that depends on the location of the solution $u$ itself, is asked to be of the form $f(x)h(u)$, where $f$ is a nonnegative function in $L^{N,\infty}(\Omega)$ and $h:\mathbb{R}^+\mapsto \mathbb{R}^+$ is merely continuous and possibly unbounded near zero. As a preparatory tool for our analysis we propose a purely PDE approach to the prescribed mean curvature problem not depending on the solution, i.e. $h\equiv 1$. This part, which has its own independent interest, aims to represent a modern and up-to-date account on the subject. Uniqueness is also handled in presence of a decreasing nonlinearity. The sharpness of the results is highlighted by mean of explicit examples.

7.Two dimensional NLS ground states with attractive Coulomb potential and point interaction

Authors:Filippo Boni, Matteo Gallone

Abstract: We study the existence and the properties of ground states at fixed mass for a focusing nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation in dimension two with a point interaction, an attractive Coulomb potential and a nonlinearity of power type. We prove that for any negative value of the Coulomb charge, for any positive value of the mass and for any L$^2$-subcritical power nonlinearity, such ground states exist and exhibit a logarithmic singularity where the interaction is placed. Moreover, up to multiplication by a phase factor, they are positive, radially symmetric and decreasing. An analogous result is obtained also for minimizers of the action restricted to the Nehari manifold, getting the existence also in the L$^2$-critical and supercritical cases.

8.Positive solution for an elliptic system with critical exponent and logarithmic terms

Authors:Hichem Hajaiej, Tianhao Liu, Linjie Song, Wenming Zou

Abstract: In this paper, we study the existence and nonexistence of positive solutions for a coupled elliptic system with critical exponent and logarithmic terms. The presence of the the logarithmic terms brings major challenges and makes it difficult to use the previous results established in the work of Chen and Zou without new ideas and innovative techniques.

1.Decay estimates for time-fractional porous medium flow with nonlocal pressure

Authors:Nguyen Anh Dao, Anh Nguyen Vu Tien

Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to study weak solutions of time-fractional of porous medium equation with nonlocal pressure: \[ \partial^\alpha_t u=\operatorname{div}\left( |u|^{m}\nabla (-\Delta)^{-s} u\right) \,\, \text{in } \mathbb{R}^N\times (0,T) \,, \] with $m\geq 1$, $N\geq 2$, $\frac{1}{2}\leq s<1$, and $\alpha\in(0,1)$. We first prove an existence of weak solutions to the equation with initial data in $L^1(\mathbb{R}^N)\cap L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^N)$ (possibly mixed sign). After that, we establish the $L^q-L^\infty$ decay estimate of weak solutions: \[ \|u(t)\|_{L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^N)} \leq C t^{-\frac{\alpha}{q(1-\lambda_0)+ m}} \|u_0\|_{L^{q}(\mathbb{R}^N)}^{\frac{q(1-\lambda_0)}{q(1-\lambda_0) + m}} ,\quad \text{for } t\in(0,\infty), \] with $\lambda_0=\frac{N-2(1-s)}{N}$.

2.Determination of first order perturbation for bi-harmonic operator by asymptotic boundary spectral data

Authors:Nesrine Aroua, Mourad Bellassoued

Abstract: This article deals with the multidimensional Borg-Levinson theorem for perturbed bi-harmonic operator. More precisely, in a bounded smooth domain of $\R^n$, with $n \geq 2$, we prove the stability of the first and zero order coefficients of the bi-harmonic operator from some asymptotic behavior of the boundary spectral data of the corresponding bi-harmonic operator i.e., the Dirichlet eigenvalues and the Neumann trace on the boundary of the associated eigenfunctions.

3.Existence and multiplicity of nontrivial solutions for a $(p,q)$-Laplacian system on locally finite graphs

Authors:Ping Yang, Xingyong Zhang

Abstract: We generalize two embedding theorems and investigate the existence and multiplicity of nontrivial solutions for a $(p,q)$-Laplacian coupled system with perturbations and two parameters $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_2$ on locally finite graph. By using the Ekeland's variational principle, we obtain that system has at least one nontrivial solution when the nonlinear term satisfies the sub-$(p,q)$ conditions. We also obtain a necessary condition for the existence of semi-trivial solutions to the system. Moreover, by using the mountain pass theorem and Ekeland's variational principle, we obtain that system has at least one solution of positive energy and one solution of negative energy when the nonlinear term satisfies the super-$(p,q)$ conditions which is weaker than the well-known Ambrosetti-Rabinowitz condition. Especially, in all of the results, we present the concrete ranges of the parameters $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_2$.

4.Nonuniqueness of solutions to the $L_p$ chord Minkowski problem

Authors:Yuanyuan Li

Abstract: This paper explores the nonuniqueness of solutions to the $L_p$ chord Minkowski problem for negative $p.$ The $L_p$ chord Minkowski problem was recently posed by Lutwak, Xi, Yang and Zhang, which seeks to determine the necessary and sufficient conditions for a given finite Borel measure such that it is the $L_p$ chord measure of a convex body, and it includes the chord Minkowski problem and the $L_p$ Minkowski problem.

5.From energy bounds to dimensional estimates in a branched transport model for type-I superconductors

Authors:Guido De Philippis, Michael Goldman, Berardo Ruffini

Abstract: We consider a branched transport type problem which describes the magnetic flux through type-I superconductors in a regime of very weak applied fields. At the boundary of the sample, deviation of the magnetization from being uniform is penalized through a negative Sobolev norm. It was conjectured by S. Conti, F. Otto and S. Serfaty that as a result, the trace of the magnetization on the boundary should be a measure of Hausdorff dimension $8/5$. We prove that this conjecture is equivalent to the proof of local energy bounds with an optimal exponent. We then obtain local bounds which are however not optimal. These yield improved lower bounds on the dimension of the irrigated measure but unfortunately does not improve on the trivial upper bound. In order to illustrate the dependence of this dimension on the choice of penalization, we consider in the last part of the paper a toy model where the boundary energy is given by a Wasserstein distance to Lebesgue. In this case minimizers are finite graphs and thus the trace is atomic.

6.Time periodic solutions and Nekhoroshev stability to non-linear massive Klein-Gordon equations in Anti-de Sitter

Authors:Athanasios Chatzikaleas, Jacques Smulevici

Abstract: We prove the existence of time-periodic solutions to non-linear massive Klein-Gordon equations in Anti-de Sitter as well as their orbital stability over exponentially long times for certain values of the mass corresponding to completely resonant spectrum. We analyse the resonant system in the Fourier space by relying in particular on Zeilberger's algorithm which allows for a systematic way to derive recurrence formulae for the Fourier coefficients. We also show that the derivation and analysis of the Fourier systems easily extends to other semi-linear wave equations such as the co-rotational wave map equation.

7.Existence and nonexistence of minimizer for Thomas-Fermi-Dirac-Von Weizsäcker model on lattice graph

Authors:Yong Liu, Jun Wang, Kun Wang, Wen Yang, Yanni Zhu

Abstract: The focus of our paper is to investigate the possibility of a minimizer for the Thomas-Fermi-Dirac-von Weizs\"{a}cker model on the lattice graph $\mathbb{Z}^{3}$. The model is described by the following functional: \begin{equation*} E(\varphi)=\sum_{y\in\mathbb{Z}^{3}}\left(|\nabla\varphi(y)|^2+ (\varphi(y))^{\frac{10}{3}}-(\varphi(y))^{\frac{8}{3}}\right)+ \sum_{x,y\in\mathbb{Z}^{3}\atop ~\ y\neq x\hfill}\frac{{\varphi}^2(x){\varphi}^2(y)}{|x-y|}, \end{equation*} with the additional constraint that $\sum\limits_{y\in\mathbb{Z}^{3}} {\varphi}^2(y)=m$ is sufficiently small. We also prove the nonexistence of a minimizer provided the mass $m$ is adequately large. Furthermore, we extend our analysis to a subset $\Omega \subset \mathbb{Z}^{3}$ and prove the nonexistence of a minimizer for the following functional: \begin{equation*} E(\Omega)=|\partial\Omega|+\sum_{x,y\in\Omega\atop ~y\neq x\hfill}\frac{1}{|x-y|}, \end{equation*} under the constraint that $|\Omega|=V$ is sufficiently large.

8.Almost sure scattering for the defocusing cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation on $\mathbb{R}^3\times\mathbb{T}$

Authors:Yongming Luo

Abstract: We consider the Cauchy problem for the defocusing cubic nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation (NLS) on the waveguide manifold $\mathbb{R}^3\times\mathbb{T}$ and establish almost sure scattering for random initial data, where no symmetry conditions are imposed and the result is available for arbitrarily rough data $f\in H^s$ with $s\in\mathbb{R}$. The main new ingredient is a layer-by-layer refinement of the newly established randomization introduced by Shen-Soffer-Wu \cite{ShenSofferWu21}, which enables us to also obtain strongly smoothing effect from the randomization for the forcing term along the periodic direction. It is worth noting that such smoothing effect generally can not hold for purely compact manifolds, which is on the contrary available for the present model thanks to the mixed type nature of the underlying domain. As a byproduct, by assuming that the initial data are periodically trivial, we also obtain the almost sure scattering for the defocusing cubic NLS on $\mathbb{R}^3$ which parallels the ones by Camps \cite{Camps} and Shen-Soffer-Wu \cite{Shen2022}. To our knowledge, the paper also gives the first almost sure well-posedness result for NLS on product spaces.

9.Hypersonic Similarity for Steady Compressible Full Euler Flows Over Two-Dimensional Lipschitz Wedges

Authors:Gui-Qiang G. Chen, Jie Kuang, Wei Xiang, Yongqian Zhang

Abstract: We establish the optimal convergence rate to the hypersonic similarity law, which is also called the Mach number independence principle, for steady compressible full Euler flows over two-dimensional slender Lipschitz wedges. The problem can be formulated as the comparison of the entropy solutions in $BV\cap L^{1}$ between the two initial-boundary value problems for the compressible full Euler equations with parameter $\tau>0$ and the hypersonic small-disturbance equations with curved characteristic boundaries. We establish the $L^1$--convergence estimate of these two solutions with the optimal convergence rate, which justifies Van Dyke's similarity theory rigorously for the compressible full Euler flows. This is the first mathematical result on the comparison of two solutions of the compressible Euler equations with characteristic boundary conditions. To achieve this, we first employ the special structures of the two systems and establish the global existence and the $L^1$--stability of the entropy solutions under the smallness assumptions on the total variation of both the initial data and the tangential slope of the wedge boundary. Based on the $L^1$--stability properties of the approximate solutions to the scaled equations with parameter $\tau$, a uniform Lipschtiz continuous map with respect to the initial data and the wedge boundary is obtained. Next, we compare the solutions given by the Riemann solvers of the two systems by taking the boundary perturbations into account case by case. Then, for a given fixed hypersonic similarity parameter, as the Mach number tends to infinity, we establish the desired $L^1$--convergence estimate with the optimal convergence rate. Finally, we show the optimality of the convergence rate by investigating a special solution.

10.Restriction type estimates and spectral multipliers on Métivier groups

Authors:Lars Niedorf

Abstract: We prove a restriction type estimate for sub-Laplacians on arbitrary two-step stratified Lie groups. Despite being slightly weaker than previously known estimates for the subclass of Heisenberg type groups, these estimates surprisingly turn out to be sufficient to prove an $L^p$-spectral multiplier theorem with sharp regularity condition $s>d\left(1/p-1/2\right)$ for sub-Laplacians on M\'etivier groups, up to some exceptional class in dimension $d=15$.

1.Spreading properties in Kermack-McKendrick models with nonlocal spatial interactions -- A new look

Authors:Grégory Faye IMT, Jean-Michel Roquejoffre IMT, Mingmin Zhang IMT

Abstract: In this paper, we revisit the famous Kermack-McKendrick model with nonlocal spatial interactions by shedding new lights on associated spreading properties and we also prove the existence and uniqueness of traveling fronts. Unlike previous studies that have focused on integrated versions of the model for susceptible population, we analyze the long time dynamics of the underlying age-structured model for the cumulative density of infected individuals and derive precise asymptotic behavior for the infected population. Our approach consists in studying the long time dynamics of an associated transport equation with nonlocal spatial interactions whose spreading properties are close to those of classical Fisher-KPP reaction-diffusion equations. Our study is self-contained and relies on comparison arguments.

2.Estimates on the velocity of a rigid body moving in a fluid

Authors:Stathis Filippas, Alkis Tersenov

Abstract: We obtain estimates of all components of the velocity of a 3D rigid body moving in a viscous incompressible fluid without any symmetry restriction on the shape of the rigid body or the container. The estimates are in terms of suitable norms of the velocity field in a small domain of the fluid only, provided the distance $h$ between the rigid body and the container is small. As a consequence we obtain suitable differential inequalities that control the distance $h$. The results are obtained using the fact that the vector field under investigation belongs to suitable function spaces, without any use of hydrodynamic equations.

3.Extending Cercignani's conjecture results from Botzmann to Boltzmann-Fermi-Dirac equation

Authors:Thomas Borsoni LJLL

Abstract: We establish a connection between the relative Classical entropy and the relative Fermi-Dirac entropy, allowing to transpose, in the context of the Boltzmann or Landau equation, any entropy-entropy production inequality from one case to the other; therefore providing entropy-entropy production inequalities for the Boltzmann-Fermi-Dirac operator, similar to the ones of the Classical Boltzmann operator. We also provide a generalized version of the Csisz{\'a}r-Kullback-Pinsker inequality to weighted Lp norms, 1 $\le$ p $\le$ 2 and a wide class of entropies.

4.Small data solutions for the Vlasov-Poisson system with a trapping potential

Authors:Anibal Velozo Ruiz, Renato Velozo Ruiz

Abstract: In this paper, we study small data solutions for the Vlasov-Poisson system with the simplest external potential, for which unstable trapping holds for the associated Hamiltonian flow. We prove sharp decay estimates in space and time for small data solutions to the Vlasov-Poisson system with the unstable trapping potential $\frac{-|x|^2}{2}$ in dimension two or higher. The proofs are obtained through a commuting vector field approach. We exploit the uniform hyperbolicity of the Hamiltonian flow, by making use of the commuting vector fields contained in the stable and unstable invariant distributions of phase space for the linearized system. In dimension two, we make use of modified vector field techniques due to the slow decay estimates in time. Moreover, we show an explicit teleological construction of the trapped set in terms of the non-linear evolution of the force field.

5.$\mathrm L^2$ Hypocoercivity methods for kinetic Fokker-Planck equations with factorised Gibbs states

Authors:Emeric Bouin, Jean Dolbeault, Luca Ziviani

Abstract: This contribution deals with $\mathrm L^2$ hypocoercivity methods for kinetic Fokker-Planck equations with integrable local equilibria and a \emph{factorisation} property that relates the Fokker-Planck and the transport operators. Rates of convergence in presence of a global equilibrium, or decay rates otherwise, are estimated either by the corresponding rates in the diffusion limit, or by the rates of convergence to local equilibria, under moment conditions. On the basis of the underlying functional inequalities, we establish a classification of decay and convergence rates for large times, which includes for instance sub-exponential local equilibria and sub-exponential potentials.

6.Liouville theorems for a class of degenerate or singular Monge-Ampère equations

Authors:Ling Wang, Bin Zhou

Abstract: In this note, we classify solutions to a class of Monge-Amp\`ere equations whose right hand side may be degenerate or singular in the half space. Solutions to these equations are special solutions to a class of fourth order equations, including the affine maximal hypersurface equation, in the half space. Both the Dirichlet boundary value and Neumann boundary value cases are considered.

7.Global regularity of some axisymmetric, single-signed vorticity in any dimension

Authors:Deokwoo Lim

Abstract: We consider incompressible Euler equations in any dimension $ d\geq3 $ imposing axisymmetric symmetry without swirl. While the global regularity of smooth flows in this setting has been well-known in $ d=3 $, the same question in higher dimensions $ d\geq4 $ remains unsolved. Very recently, global regularity for the case $ d=4 $ with some extra decay assumption on vorticity is obtained by proving global estimate of the radial velocity. Now we prove that the vorticity with single-sign and a similar decay assumption is globally regular for any $ d\geq4 $. This is due to pointwise decay estimate of radial velocity in sufficiently large radial distance, which depends on time. The result is of confinement type for support growth, which is going back to Marchioro [Comm. Math. Phys., 164 (1994) 507-524] and Iftimie--Sideris--Gamblin [Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 24 (1999) 1709-1730] for $ \mathbb{R}^{2} $. In particular, we follow the approach of Maffei--Marchioro [Rend. Sem. Mat. Univ. Padova, 105 (2001) 125-137] for $ d=3 $ so that we generalize the confinement into any dimension.

8.Sharp Interface Limit for a Navier-Stokes/Allen-Cahn System in the Case of a Vanishing Mobility

Authors:Helmut Abels, Mingwen Fei, Maximilian Moser

Abstract: We consider the sharp interface limit of a Navier-Stokes/Allen Cahn equation in a bounded smooth domain in two space dimensions, in the case of vanishing mobility $m_\varepsilon=\sqrt{\varepsilon}$, where the small parameter $\varepsilon>0$ related to the thickness of the diffuse interface is sent to zero. For well-prepared initial data and sufficiently small times, we rigorously prove convergence to the classical two-phase Navier-Stokes system with surface tension. The idea of the proof is to use asymptotic expansions to construct an approximate solution and to estimate the difference of the exact and approximate solutions with a spectral estimate for the (at the approximate solution) linearized Allen-Cahn operator. In the calculations we use a fractional order ansatz and new ansatz terms in higher orders leading to a suitable $\varepsilon$-scaled and coupled model problem. Moreover, we apply the novel idea of introducing $\varepsilon$-dependent coordinates.

9.Homogenization of line tension energies

Authors:Martino Fortuna, Adriana Garroni

Abstract: We prove an homogenization result, in terms of $\Gamma$-convergence, for energies concentrated on rectifiable lines in $\R^3$ without boundary. The main application of our result is in the context of dislocation lines in dimension $3$. The result presented here shows that the line tension energy of unions of single line defects converge to the energy associated to macroscopic densities of dislocations carrying plastic deformation. As a byproduct of our construction for the upper bound for the $\Gamma$-Limit, we obtain an alternative proof of the density of rectifiable $1$-currents without boundary in the space of divergence free fields.

1.Uniqueness in determining rectangular grating profiles with a single incoming wave (Part II): TM polarization case

Authors:Jianli Xiang, Guanghui Hu

Abstract: This paper is concerned with an inverse transmission problem for recovering the shape of a penetrable rectangular grating sitting on a perfectly conducting plate. We consider a general transmission problem with the coefficient \lambda\neq 1 which covers the TM polarization case. It is proved that a rectangular grating profile can be uniquely determined by the near-field observation data incited by a single plane wave and measured on a line segment above the grating. In comparision with the TE case (\lambda=1), the wave field cannot lie in H^2 around each corner point, bringing essential difficulties in proving uniqueness with one plane wave. Our approach relies on singularity analysis for Helmholtz transmission problems in a right-corner domain and also provides an alternative idea for treating the TE transmission conditions which were considered in the authors' previous work [Inverse Problem, 39 (2023): 055004.]

2.Exact Method of Moments for multi-dimensional population balance equations

Authors:Adeel Muneer, Tobias Schikarski, Lukas Pflug

Abstract: The unique properties of anisotropic and composite particles are increasingly being leveraged in modern particulate products. However, tailored synthesis of particles characterized by multi-dimensional dispersed properties remains in its infancy and few mathematical models for their synthesis exist. Here, we present a novel, accurate and highly efficient numerical approach to solve a multi-dimensional population balance equation, based on the idea of the exact method of moments for nucleation and growth \cite{pflug2020emom}. The transformation of the multi-dimensional population balance equation into a set of one-dimensional integro-differential equations allows us to exploit accurate and extremely efficient numerical schemes that markedly outperform classical methods (such as finite volume type methods) which is outlined by convergence tests. Our approach not only provides information about complete particle size distribution over time, but also offers insights into particle structure. The presented scheme and its performance is exmplified based on coprecipitation of nanoparticles. For this process, a generic growth law is derived and parameter studies as well as convergence series are performed.

3.Symmetry and Monotonicity Property of a Solution of (p,q) Laplace Equation with Singular Term

Authors:Ritabrata Jana

Abstract: This paper examines the behavior of a positive solution $u\in C^{1,\alpha}(\Bar{\Omega})$ of the $(p,q)$ Laplace equation with a singular term and zero Dirichlet boundary condition. Specifically, we consider the equation: \begin{equation*} -div(|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u+ a(x) |\nabla u|^{q-2}\nabla u) &= \frac{g(x)}{u^\delta}+h(x)f(u) \, &\text{in} \thinspace B_R(x_0), \quad u & =0 \ &\text{on} \ \partial B_R(x_0). \end{equation*} We assume that $0<\delta<1$, $1<p\leq q<\infty$, and $f$ is a $C^1(\mathbb{R})$ nondecreasing function. Our analysis uses the moving plane method to investigate the symmetry and monotonicity properties of $u$. Additionally, we establish a strong comparison principle for solutions of the $(p,q)$ Laplace equation with radial symmetry under the assumptions that $1<p\leq q\leq 2$ and $f\equiv1$.

4.Positive Solutions for Fractional p- Laplace Semipositone Problem with Superlinear Growth

Authors:R. Dhanya, Ritabrata Jana, Uttam Kumar, Sweta Tiwari

Abstract: We consider a semipositone problem involving the fractional $p$ Laplace operator of the form \begin{equation*} \begin{aligned} (-\Delta)_p^s u &=\mu( u^{r}-1) \text{ in } \Omega,\\ u &>0 \text{ in }\Omega,\\ u &=0 \text{ on }\Omega^{c}, \end{aligned} \end{equation*} where $\Omega$ is a smooth bounded convex domain in $\mathbb{R}^N$, $p-1<r<p^{*}_{s}-1$, where $p_s^{*}:=\frac{Np}{N-ps}$, and $\mu$ is a positive parameter. We study the behaviour of the barrier function under the fractional $p$-Laplacian and use this information to prove the existence of a positive solution for small $\mu$ using degree theory. Additionally, the paper explores the existence of a ground state positive solution for a multiparameter semipositone problem with critical growth using variational arguments.

5.Sharp Quantitative Stability of the Dirichlet spectrum near the ball

Authors:Dorin Bucur, Jimmy Lamboley, Mickaël Nahon, Raphaël Prunier

Abstract: Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be an open set with same volume as the unit ball $B$ and let $\lambda_k(\Omega)$ be the $k$-th eigenvalue of the Laplace operator of $\Omega$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions in $\partial\Omega$. In this work, we answer the following question: if $\lambda_1(\Omega)-\lambda_1(B)$ is small, how large can $|\lambda_k(\Omega)-\lambda_k(B)|$ be ? We establish quantitative bounds of the form $|\lambda_k(\Omega)-\lambda_k(B)|\le C (\lambda_1(\Omega)-\lambda_1(B))^\alpha$ with sharp exponents $\alpha$ depending on the multiplicity of $\lambda_k(B)$. We first show that such an inequality is valid with $\alpha=1/2$ for any $k$, improving previous known results and providing the sharpest possible exponent. Then, through the study of a vectorial free boundary problem, we show that one can achieve the better exponent $\alpha=1$ if $\lambda_{k}(B)$ is simple. We also obtain a similar result for the whole cluster of eigenvalues when $\lambda_{k}(B)$ is multiple, thus providing a complete answer to the question above. As a consequence of these results, we obtain the persistence of the ball as minimizer for a large class of spectral functionals which are small perturbations of the fundamental eigenvalue on the one hand, and a full reverse Kohler-Jobin inequality on the other hand, solving an open problem formulated by M. Van Den Berg, G. Buttazzo and A. Pratelli.

6.The evolution problem for the 1D nonlocal Fisher-KPP equation with a top hat kernel. Part 1. The Cauchy problem on the real line

Authors:D. J. Needham, J. Billingham, N. M. Ladas, J. C. Meyer

Abstract: We study the Cauchy problem on the real line for the nonlocal Fisher-KPP equation in one spatial dimension, \[ u_t = D u_{xx} + u(1-\phi*u), \] where $\phi*u$ is a spatial convolution with the top hat kernel, $\phi(y) \equiv H\left(\frac{1}{4}-y^2\right)$. After showing that the problem is globally well-posed, we demonstrate that positive, spatially-periodic solutions bifurcate from the spatially-uniform steady state solution $u=1$ as the diffusivity, $D$, decreases through $\Delta_1 \approx 0.00297$. We explicitly construct these spatially-periodic solutions as uniformly-valid asymptotic approximations for $D \ll 1$, over one wavelength, via the method of matched asymptotic expansions. These consist, at leading order, of regularly-spaced, compactly-supported regions with width of $O(1)$ where $u=O(1)$, separated by regions where $u$ is exponentially small at leading order as $D \to 0^+$. From numerical solutions, we find that for $D \geq \Delta_1$, permanent form travelling waves, with minimum wavespeed, $2 \sqrt{D}$, are generated, whilst for $0 < D < \Delta_1$, the wavefronts generated separate the regions where $u=0$ from a region where a steady periodic solution is created. The structure of these transitional travelling waves is examined in some detail.

7.The Optimal Hölder Exponent in Massari's Regularity Theorem

Authors:Thomas Schmidt, Jule Helena Schütt

Abstract: We determine the optimal H\"older exponent in Massari's regularity theorem for sets with variational mean curvature in $\mathrm{L}^p$. In fact, we obtain regularity with improved exponents and at the same time provide sharp counterexamples.

8.The evolution problem for the 1D nonlocal Fisher-KPP equation with a top hat kernel. Part 2. The Cauchy problem on a finite interval

Authors:D. J. Needham, J. Billingham

Abstract: In the second part of this series of papers, we address the same Cauchy problem that was considered in part 1, namely the nonlocal Fisher-KPP equation in one spatial dimension, \[ u_t = D u_{xx} + u(1-\phi*u), \] where $\phi*u$ is a spatial convolution with the top hat kernel, $\phi(y) \equiv H\left(\frac{1}{4}-y^2\right)$, except that now the spatial domain is the finite interval $[0,a]$ rather than the whole real line. Consequently boundary conditions are required at the interval end-points, and we address the situations when these boundary conditions are of either Dirichlet or Neumann type. This model forms a natural extension to the classical Fisher-KPP model, with the introduction of the simplest possible nonlocal effect into the saturation term. Nonlocal reaction-diffusion models arise naturally in a variety of (frequently biological or ecological) contexts, and as such it is of fundamental interest to examine its properties in detail, and to compare and contrast these with the well known properties of the classical Fisher-KPP model.

9.The $L^2$-unique continuation property on manifolds with bounded geometry and the deformation operator

Authors:Nadine Große, Mirela Kohr, Victor Nistor

Abstract: A differential operator $T$ satisfies the $L^2$-unique continuation property if every $L^2$-solution of $T$ that vanishes on an open subset vanishes identically. We study the $L^2$-unique continuation property of an operator $T$ acting on a manifold with bounded geometry. In particular, we establish some connections between this property and the regularity properties of $T$. As an application, we prove that the deformation operator on a manifold with bounded geometry satisfies regularity and $L^2$-unique continuation properties. As another application, we prove that suitable elliptic operators are invertible (Hadamard well-posedness). Our results apply to compact manifolds, which have bounded geometry.

10.Pathological set with loss of regularity for nonlinear Schr{ö}dinger equations

Authors:Rémi Carles IRMAR, Louise Gassot IRMAR

Abstract: We consider the mass-supercritical, defocusing, nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger equation. We prove loss of regularity in arbitrarily short times for regularized initial data belonging to a dense set of any fixed Sobolev space for which the nonlinearity is supercritical. The proof relies on the construction of initial data as a superposition of disjoint bubbles at different scales. We get an approximate solution with a time of existence bounded from below, provided by the compressible Euler equation, which enjoys zero speed of propagation. Introducing suitable renormalized modulated energy functionals, we prove spatially localized estimates which make it possible to obtain the loss of regularity.

11.Talbot effect for the third order Lugiato-Lefever equation

Authors:Gunwoo Cho, Seongyeon Kim, Ihyeok Seo

Abstract: We discuss the Lugiato-Lefever equation and its variant with third-order dispersion, which are mathematical models used to describe how a light beam forms patterns within an optical cavity. It is mathematically demonstrated that the solutions of these equations follow the Talbot effect, which is a phenomenon of periodic self-imaging of an object under certain conditions of diffraction. The Talbot effect is regarded as the underlying cause of pattern formation in optical cavities.

12.Reduced order modeling for elliptic problems with high contrast diffusion coefficients

Authors:Albert Cohen LJLL, Matthieu Dolbeault LJLL, Agustin Somacal LJLL, Wolfgang Dahmen

Abstract: We consider the parametric elliptic PDE $-{\rm div} (a(y)\nabla u)=f$ on a spatial domain $\Omega$, with $a(y)$ a scalar piecewise constant diffusion coefficient taking any positive values $y=(y_1, \dots, y_d)\in ]0,\infty[^d$ on fixed subdomains $\Omega_1,\dots,\Omega_d$. This problem is not uniformly elliptic as the contrast $\kappa(y)=\frac{\max y_j}{\min y_j}$ can be arbitrarily high, contrarily to the Uniform Ellipticity Assumption (UEA) that is commonly made on parametric elliptic PDEs. Based on local polynomial approximations in the $y$ variable, we construct local and global reduced model spaces $V_n$ of moderate dimension $n$ that approximate uniformly well all solutions $u(y)$. Since the solution $u(y)$ blows as $y\to 0$, the solution manifold is not a compact set and does not have finite $n$-width. Therefore, our results for approximation by such spaces are formulated in terms of relative $H^1_0$-projection error, that is, after normalization by $\|u(y)\|_{H^1_0}$. We prove that this relative error decays exponentially with $n$, yet exhibiting the curse of dimensionality as the number $d$ of subdomains grows. We also show similar rates for the Galerkin projection despite the fact that high contrast is well-known to deteriorate the multiplicative constant when applying Cea's lemma. We finally establish uniform estimates in relative error for the state estimation and parameter estimation inverse problems, when $y$ is unknown and a limited number of linear measurements $\ell_i(u)$ are observed. A key ingredient in our construction and analysis is the study of the convergence of $u(y)$ to limit solutions when some of the parameters $y_j$ tend to infinity.

13.Bilinear Strichartz estimates and almost sure global solutions for the nonlinear Schr{ö}dinger equation

Authors:Nicolas Burq IECL, Aurélien Poiret IECL, Laurent Thomann IECL

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to construct global solutions, in a probabilistic sense, for the nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger equation posed on $\mathbb{R}^d$, in a supercritical regime. Firstly, we establish Bourgain type bilinear estimates for the harmonic oscillator which yields a gain of half a derivative in space for the local theory with randomised initial conditions, for the cubic equation in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Then, thanks to the lens transform, we are able to obtain global in time solutions for the nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger equation without harmonic potential. Secondly, we prove a Kato type smoothing estimate for the linear Schr{\"o}dinger equation with harmonic potential. This allows us to consider the Schr{\"o}dinger equation with a nonlinearity of odd degree in a supercritical regime, in any dimension $d\geq 2$.

14.Blow-up for the 1D cubic NLS

Authors:Valeria Banica, Renato Lucà, Nikolay Tzvetkov, Luis Vega

Abstract: We consider the 1D cubic NLS on $\mathbb R$ and prove a blow-up result for functions that are of borderline regularity, i.e. $H^s$ for any $s<-\frac 12$ for the Sobolev scale and $\mathcal F L^\infty$ for the Fourier-Lebesgue scale. This is done by identifying at this regularity a certain functional framework from which solutions exit in finite time. This functional framework allows, after using a pseudo-conformal transformation, to reduce the problem to a large-time study of a periodic Schr\"odinger equation with non-autonomous cubic nonlinearity. The blow-up result corresponds to an asymptotic completeness result for the new equation. We prove it using Bourgain's method and exploiting the oscillatory nature of the coefficients involved in the time-evolution of the Fourier modes. Finally, as an application we exhibit singular solutions of the binormal flow. More precisely, we give conditions on the curvature and the torsion of an initial smooth curve such that the constructed solutions generate several singularities in finite time.

15.Classification of solutions to Hardy-Sobolev Doubly Critical Systems

Authors:Francesco Esposito, Rafael López-Soriano, Berardino Sciunzi

Abstract: This work deals with a family of Hardy-Sobolev doubly critical system defined in $\mathbb{R}^n$. More precisely, we provide a classification of the positive solutions, whose expressions comprise multiplies of solutions of the decoupled scalar equation. Our strategy is based on the symmetry of the solutions, deduced via a suitable version of the moving planes technique for cooperative singular systems, joint with the study of the asymptotic behavior by using the Moser's iteration scheme.

16.The symmetric (log-)epiperimetric inequality and a decay-growth estimate

Authors:Nick Edelen, Luca Spolaor, Bozhidar Velichkov

Abstract: We introduce a symmetric (log-)epiperimetric inequality, generalizing the standard epiperimetric inequality, and we show that it implies a growth-decay for the associated energy: as the radius increases energy decays while negative and grows while positive. One can view the symmetric epiperimetric inequality as giving a log-convexity of energy, analogous to the 3-annulus lemma or frequency formula. We establish the symmetric epiperimetric inequality for some free-boundary problems and almost-minimizing currents, and give some applications including a ``propagation of graphicality'' estimate, uniqueness of blow-downs at infinity, and a local Liouville-type theorem.

1.Weighted fractional Sobolev-Poincaré inequalities in irregular domains

Authors:Yi Xuan

Abstract: In this paper, we study weighted fractional Sobolev-Poincar\'e inequalities for irregular domains. The weights considered here are distances to the boundary to certain powers, and the domains are the so-called $s$-John domains and $\beta$-H\"older domains. Our main results extend that of Hajlasz-Koskela [J. Lond. Math. Soc. 1998] from the classical weighted Sobolev-Poincar\'e inequality to its fractional counter-part and Guo [Chin. Ann. Math. 2017] from the frational Sobolev-Poincar\'e inequality to its weighted case.

2.Analysis of a system modelling the interaction between the motion of a spring and a viscous gas

Authors:Sabrine Chebbi, Václav Mácha, Šárka Nečasová

Abstract: We are concerned with a one dimensional flow of a compressible fluid which may be seen as a simplification of the flow of fluid in a long thin pipe. We assume that the pipe is on one side ended by a spring. The other side of the pipe is let open -- there we assume either inflow or outflow boundary conditions. Such situation can be understood as a toy model for human lungs. We tackle the question of uniqueness and existence of a strong solution for a system modelling the above process, special emphasis is laid upon the estimate of the maximal time of existence.

3.New non degenerate invariant measures for the Benjamin-Ono equation

Authors:Nikolay Tzvetkov

Abstract: We show that the recent work by G{\'e}rard-Kappeler-Topalov can be used in order to construct new non degenerate invariant measures for the Benjamin-Ono equation on the Sobolev spaces H s , s > --1/2.

4.Green function and Poisson kernel associated to root systems for annular regions

Authors:Chaabane Rejeb

Abstract: Let $\Delta_k$ be the Dunkl Laplacian relative to a fixed root system $\mathcal{R}$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$, $d\geq2$, and to a nonnegative multiplicity function $k$ on $\mathcal{R}$. Our first purpose in this paper is to solve the $\Delta_k$-Dirichlet problem for annular regions. Secondly, we introduce and study the $\Delta_k$-Green function of the annulus and we prove that it can be expressed by means of $\Delta_k$-spherical harmonics. As applications, we obtain a Poisson-Jensen formula for $\Delta_k$-subharmonic functions and we study positive continuous solutions for a $\Delta_k$-semilinear problem.

5.Mathematical modeling of trend cycle: Fad, Fashion and Classic

Authors:Hyeong-Ohk Bae, Seung Yeon Cho, Jane Yoo, Seok-Bae Yun

Abstract: In this work, we suggest a system of differential equations that quantitatively models the formulation and evolution of a trend cycle through the consideration of underlying dynamics between the trend participants. Our model captures the five stages of a trend cycle, namely, the onset, rise, peak, decline, and obsolescence. It also provides a unified mathematical criterion/condition to characterize the fad, fashion and classic. We prove that the solution of our model can capture various trend cycles. Numerical simulations are provided to show the expressive power of our model.

6.Lump solutions of the fractional Kadomtsev--Petviashvili equation

Authors:Handan Borluk, Gabriele Bruell, Dag Nilsson

Abstract: Of concern are lump solutions for the fractional Kadomtsev--Petviashvili (fKP) equation. As in the classical Kadomtsev--Petviashvili equation, the fKP equation comes in two versions: fKP-I (strong surface tension case) and fKP-II (weak surface tension case). We prove the existence of nontrivial lump solutions for the fKP-I equation in the energy subcritical case $\alpha>\frac{4}{5}$ by means of variational methods. It is already known that there exist neither nontrivial lump solutions belonging to the energy space for the fKP-II equation nor for the fKP-I when $\alpha \leq \frac{4}{5}$. Furthermore, we show that for any $\alpha>\frac{4}{5}$ lump solutions for the fKP-I equation are smooth and decay quadratically at infinity. Numerical experiments are performed for the existence of lump solutions and their decay. Moreover, numerically, we observe cross-sectional symmetry of lump solutions for the fKP-I equation.

7.Discrete Heat Equation with irregular thermal conductivity and tempered distributional data

Authors:Marianna Chatzakou, Aparajita Dasgupta, Michael Ruzhansky, Abhilash Tushir

Abstract: In this paper, we consider a semi-classical version of the nonhomogeneous heat equation with singular time-dependent coefficients on the lattice $\hbar \mathbb{Z}^n$. We establish the well-posedeness of such Cauchy equations in the classical sense when regular coefficients are considered, and analyse how the notion of very weak solution adapts in such equations when distributional coefficients are regarded. We prove the well-posedness of both the classical and the very weak solution in the weighted spaces $\ell^{2}_{s}(\hbar \mathbb{Z}^n)$, $s \in \mathbb{R}$, which is enough to prove the well-posedness in the space of tempered distributions $\mathcal{S}'(\hbar \mathbb{Z}^n)$. Notably, when $s=0$, we show that for $\hbar \rightarrow 0$, the classical (resp. very weak) solution of the heat equation in the Euclidean setting $\mathbb{R}^n$ is recaptured by the classical (resp. very weak) solution of it in the semi-classical setting $\hbar \mathbb{Z}^n$.

8.A new proof of the geometric Sobolev embedding for generalised Kolmogorov operators

Authors:Nicola Garofalo, Giulio Tralli

Abstract: In this note we revisit a result in [9], where we established nonlocal isoperimetric inequalities and the related embeddings for Besov spaces adapted to a class of H\"ormander operators of Kolmogorov-type. We provide here a new proof which exploits a weak-type Sobolev embedding established in [11].

9.A note on Kazdan-Warner type equations on compact Riemannian manifolds

Authors:Weike Yu

Abstract: In this note, we prove an existence result for generalized Kazdan-Warner equations on compact Riemannian manifolds by using the flow approach or the upper and lower solution method. In addition, we give a prior estimate for this type equations.

10.Sobolev space theory for Poisson's and the heat equations in non-smooth domains via superharmonic functions and Hardy's inequality

Authors:Jinsol Seo

Abstract: We prove the unique solvability for the Poisson and heat equations in non-smooth domains $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ in weighted Sobolev spaces. The zero Dirichlet boundary condition is considered, and domains are merely assumed to admit the Hardy inequality: $$ \int_{\Omega}\Big|\frac{f(x)}{d(x,\partial\Omega)}\Big|^2\,\,\mathrm{d} x\leq N\int_{\Omega}|\nabla f|^2 \,\mathrm{d} x\,\,\,\,,\,\,\,\, \forall f\in C_c^{\infty}(\Omega)\,. $$ To describe the boundary behavior of solutions, we introduce a weight system that consists of superharmonic functions and the distance function to the boundary. The results provide separate applications for the following domains: convex domains, domains with exterior cone condition, totally vanishing exterior Reifenberg domains, conic domains, and domains $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^d$ which the Aikawa dimension of $\Omega^c$ is less than $d-2$.

11.Global solvability and cohomology of tube structures on compact manifolds

Authors:Gabriel Araújo, Igor A. Ferra, Max R. Jahnke, Luis F. Ragognette

Abstract: We introduce new techniques to study the differential complexes associated to tube structures on $M \times \mathbb{T}^m$ of corank $m$, in which $M$ is a compact manifold and $\mathbb{T}^m$ is the $m$-torus. By systematically employing partial Fourier series, for complex tube structures, we completely characterize global solvability, in a given degree, in terms of a weak form of hypoellipticity, thus generalizing existing results and providing a broad answer to an open problem proposed by Hounie and Zugliani (2017). We also obtain new results on the finiteness of the cohomology spaces in intermediate degrees. In the case of real tube structures, we extend an isomorphism for the cohomology spaces originally obtained by Dattori da Silva and Meziani (2016) in the case $M = \mathbb{T}^n$. Moreover, we establish necessary and sufficient conditions for the differential operator to have closed range in the first degree.

12.Algebraic calming for the 2D Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equations

Authors:Matthew Enlow, Adam Larios, Jiahong Wu

Abstract: We propose an approximate model for the 2D Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equations (KSE) of flame fronts and crystal growth. We prove that this new ``calmed'' version of the KSE is globally well-posed, and moreover, its solutions converge to solutions of the KSE on the time interval of existence and uniqueness of the KSE at an algebraic rate. In addition, we provide simulations of the calmed KSE, illuminating its dynamics. These simulations also indicate that our analytical predictions of the convergence rates are sharp. We also discuss analogies with the 3D Navier-Stokes equations of fluid dynamics.

13.Para-differential Calculus on Compact Lie Groups and Spherical Capillary Water Waves

Authors:Chengyang Shao

Abstract: This paper provides a para-differential calculus toolbox on compact Lie groups and homogeneous spaces. It helps to understand non-local, nonlinear partial differential operators with low regularity on manifolds with high symmetry. In particular, the paper provides a para-linearization formula for the Dirichlet-Neumann operator of a distorted 2-sphere, a key ingredient in understanding long-time behaviour of spherical capillary water waves. As an initial application, the paper provides a new proof of local well-posedness for spherical capillary water waves equation under weaker regularity assumptions compared to previous results.

14.On a Free-Endpoint Isoperimetric Problem in $\mathbb{R}^2$

Authors:Stanley Alama, Lia Bronsard, Silas Vriend

Abstract: Inspired by a planar partitioning problem involving multiple unbounded chambers, using classical techniques this article investigates what can be said of the existence, uniqueness, and regularity of minimizers in a certain free-endpoint isoperimetric problem. By restricting to curves which are expressible as graphs of functions, a full existence-uniqueness-regularity result is proved using a convexity technique inspired by work of Talenti. The problem studied here can be interpreted physically as the identification of the equilibrium shape of a sessile liquid drop in half-space (in the absence of gravity). This is a well-studied variational problem whose full resolution requires the use of geometric measure theory, in particular the theory of sets of finite perimeter, but here we present a more direct, classical geometrical approach.

1.Far field broadband approximate cloaking for the Helmholtz equation with a Drude-Lorentz refractive index

Authors:Fioralba Cakoni, Narek Hovsepyan, Michael Vogelius

Abstract: This paper concerns the analysis of a passive, broadband approximate cloaking scheme for the Helmholtz equation in ${\mathbb R}^d$ for $d=2$ or $d=3$. Using ideas from transformation optics, we construct an approximate cloak by ``blowing up" a small ball of radius $\epsilon>0$ to one of radius $1$. In the anisotropic cloaking layer resulting from the ``blow-up" change of variables, we incorporate a Drude-Lorentz-type model for the index of refraction, and we assume that the cloaked object is a soft (perfectly conducting) obstacle. We first show that (for any fixed $\epsilon$) there are no real transmission eigenvalues associated with the inhomogeneity representing the cloak, which implies that the cloaking devices we have created will not yield perfect cloaking at any frequency, even for a single incident time harmonic wave. Secondly, we establish estimates on the scattered field due to an arbitrary time harmonic incident wave. These estimates show that, as $\epsilon$ approaches $0$, the $L^2$-norm of the scattered field outside the cloak, and its far field pattern, approach $0$ uniformly over any bounded band of frequencies. In other words: our scheme leads to broadband approximate cloaking for arbitrary incident time harmonic waves.

2.On the distribution of Born transmission eigenvalues in the complex plane

Authors:Narek Hovsepyan

Abstract: We analyze an approximate interior transmission eigenvalue problem in ${\mathbb R}^d$ for $d=2$ or $d=3$, motivated by the transmission problem of a transformation optics-based cloaking scheme and obtained by replacing the refractive index with its first order approximation, which is an unbounded function. We show the discreteness of transmission eigenvalues in the complex plane. Moreover, using the radial symmetry we show the existence of (infinitely many) complex transmission eigenvalues and prove that there exists a horizontal strip in the complex plane around the real axis, that does not contain any transmission eigenvalues.

3.Long-time behaviour of deterministic Mean Field Games with non-monotone interactions

Authors:Martino Bardi, Hicham Kouhkouh

Abstract: We consider deterministic Mean Field Games (MFG) in all Euclidean space with a cost functional continuous with respect to the distribution of the agents and attaining its minima in a compact set. We first show that the static MFG with such a cost has an equilibrium, and we build from it a solution of the ergodic MFG system of 1st order PDEs with the same cost. Next we address the long-time limit of the solutions to finite horizon MFG with cost functional satisfying various additional assumptions, but not the classical Lasry-Lions monotonicity condition. Instead we assume that the cost has the same set of minima for all measures describing the population. We prove the convergence of the distribution of the agents and of the value function to a solution of the ergodic MFG system as the horizon of the game tends to infinity, extending to this class of MFG some results of weak KAM theory.

4.Geometric Properties of the 2-D Peskin Problem

Authors:Jiajun Tong, Dongyi Wei

Abstract: The 2-D Peskin problem describes a 1-D closed elastic string immersed and moving in a 2-D Stokes flow that is induced by its own elastic force. The geometric shape of the string and its internal stretching configuration evolve in a coupled way, and they combined govern the dynamics of the system. In this paper, we show that certain geometric quantities of the moving string satisfy extremum principles and decay estimates. As a result, we can prove that the 2-D Peskin problem admits a unique global solution when the initial data satisfies a medium-size geometric condition on the string shape, while no assumption on the size of stretching is needed.

5.Global solutions with asymptotic self-similar behaviour for the cubic wave equation

Authors:Thomas Duyckaerts, Giuseppe Negro

Abstract: We construct a two-parameter family of explicit solutions to the cubic wave equation on $\mathbb{R}^{1+3}$. Depending on the value of the parameters, these solutions either scatter to linear, blow-up in finite time, or exhibit a new type of threshold behaviour which we characterize precisely.

6.Non-uniqueness of admissible solutions for the 2D Euler equation with $L^p$ vortex data

Authors:Francisco Mengual

Abstract: For any $2<p<\infty$ we prove that there exists an initial velocity field $v^\circ\in L^2$ with vorticity $\omega^\circ\in L^1\cap L^p$ for which there are infinitely many bounded admissible solutions $v\in C_tL^2$ to the 2D Euler equation. This shows sharpness of the weak-strong uniqueness principle, as well as sharpness of Yudovich's proof of uniqueness in the class of bounded admissible solutions. The initial data are truncated power-law vortices. The construction is based on finding a suitable self-similar subsolution and then applying the convex integration method. In addition, we extend it for $1<p<\infty$ and show that the energy dissipation rate of the subsolution vanishes at $t=0$ if and only if $p\geq 3/2$, which is the Onsager critical exponent in terms of $L^p$ control on vorticity in 2D.

7.Stability and Instability of Equilibria in Age-Structured Diffusive Populations

Authors:Christoph Walker

Abstract: The principle of linearized stability and instability is established for a classical model describing the spatial movement of an age-structured population with nonlinear vital rates. It is shown that the real parts of the eigenvalues of the corresponding linearization at an equilibrium determine the latter's stability or instability. The key ingredient of the proof is the eventual compactness of the semigroup associated with the linearized problem, which is derived by a perturbation argument. The results are illustrated with examples.

8.Lipschitz truncation method for the parabolic double-phase system and applications

Authors:Wontae Kim, Juha Kinnunen, Lauri Särkiö

Abstract: We prove energy estimates for a weak solution to the parabolic double-phase system, such as Caccioppoli type inequality and estimates related to the existence and uniqueness for the Dirichlet problem. The proof of Caccioppoli type inequality and uniqueness are based on the Lipschitz truncation method while the existence is proved by approximation from perturbed double-phase systems.

9.Remarks on propagation of smallness for solutions of elliptic equations in the plane

Authors:Yuzhe Zhu

Abstract: We explore quantitative propagation of smallness for solutions of two-dimensional elliptic equations and their gradients from sets of positive $\delta$-dimensional Hausdorff content for any $\delta>0$.

10.Inviscid damping of monotone shear flows for 2D inhomogeneous Euler equation with non-constant density in a finite channel

Authors:Weiren Zhao

Abstract: We prove the nonlinear inviscid damping for a class of monotone shear flows with non-constant background density for the two-dimensional ideal inhomogeneous fluids in $\mathbb{T}\times [0,1]$ when the initial perturbation is in Gevrey-$\frac{1}{s}$ ($\frac{1}{2}<s<1$) class with compact support.

1.Generalized Schauder Theory and its Application to Degenerate/Singular Parabolic Equations

Authors:Takwon Kim, Ki-Ahm Lee, Hyungsung Yun

Abstract: In this paper, we study generalized Schauder theory for the degenerate/singular parabolic equations of the form $$u_t = a^{i'j'}u_{i'j'} + 2 x_n^{\gamma/2} a^{i'n} u_{i'n} + x_n^{\gamma} a^{nn} u_{nn} + b^{i'} u_{i'} + x_n^{\gamma/2} b^n u_{n} + c u + f \quad (\gamma \leq1).$$ When the equation above is singular, it can be derived from Monge--Amp\`ere equations by using the partial Legendre transform. Also, we study the fractional version of Taylor expansion for the solution $u$, which is called $s$-polynomial. To prove $C_s^{2+\alpha}$-regularity and higher regularity of the solution $u$, we establish generalized Schauder theory which approximates coefficients of the operator with $s$-polynomials rather than constants. The generalized Schauder theory not only recovers the proof for uniformly parabolic equations but is also applicable to other operators that are difficult to apply the bootstrap method to obtain higher regularity.

2.Coexistence of heterogenous predator-prey systems with density-dependent dispersal

Authors:De Tang, Zhi-An Wang

Abstract: This paper is concerned with existence, non-existence and uniqueness of positive (coexistence) steady states to a predator-prey system with density-dependent dispersal. To overcome the analytical obstacle caused by the cross-diffusion structure embedded in the density-dependent dispersal, we use a variable transformation to convert the problem into an elliptic system without cross-diffusion structure. The transformed system and pre-transformed system are equivalent in terms of the existence or non-existence of positive solutions. Then we employ the index theory alongside the method of the principle eigenvalue to give a nearly complete classification for the existence and non-existence of positive solutions. Furthermore we show the uniqueness of positive solutions and characterize the asymptotic profile of solutions for small or large diffusion rates of species. Our results pinpoint the positive role of density-dependent dispersal on the population dynamics for the first time by showing that the density-dependent dispersal is a beneficial strategy promoting the coexistence of species in the predator-prey system by increasing the chance of predator's survival.

3.Efficient uncertainty quantification for mechanical properties of randomly perturbed elastic rods

Authors:Patrick Dondl, Yongming Luo, Stefan Neukamm, Steve Wolff-Vorbeck

Abstract: Motivated by an application involving additively manufactured bioresorbable polymer scaffolds supporting bone tissue regeneration, we investigate the impact of uncertain geometry perturbations on the effective mechanical properties of elastic rods. To be more precise, we consider elastic rods modeled as three-dimensional linearly elastic bodies occupying randomly perturbed domains. Our focus is on a model where the cross-section of the rod is shifted along the longitudinal axis with stationary increments. To efficiently obtain accurate estimates on the resulting uncertainty of the effective elastic moduli, we use a combination of analytical and numerical methods. Specifically, we rigorously derive a one-dimensional surrogate model by analyzing the slender-rod $\Gamma$-limit. Additionally, we establish qualitative and quantitative stochastic homogenization results for the one-dimensional surrogate model. To compare the fluctuations of the surrogate with the original three-dimensional model, we perform numerical simulations by means of finite element analysis and Monte Carlo methods.

4.On the Existence of $H^1$ solutions for Stationary Linearized Boltzmann Equations in a Small Convex Domain

Authors:I-Kun Chen, Ping-Han Chuang, Chun-Hsiung Hsia, Daisuke Kawagoe, Jhe-Kuan Su

Abstract: In this article, we investigate the incoming boundary value problem for the stationary linearized Boltzmann equations in $ \Omega \subseteq \mathbb{R}^{3}$. For a $C^2$ bounded domain with boundary of positive Gaussian curvature, the existence theory is established in $H^{1}(\Omega \times \mathbb{R}^{3})$ provided that the diameter of the domain $\Omega$ is small enough.

5.Optimal distributed control for a viscous non-local tumour growth model

Authors:Matteo Fornoni

Abstract: In this paper, we address an optimal distributed control problem for a non-local model of phase-field type, describing the evolution of tumour cells in presence of a nutrient. The model couples a non-local and viscous Cahn-Hilliard equation for the phase parameter with a reaction-diffusion equation for the nutrient. The optimal control problem aims at finding a therapy, encoded as a source term in the system, both in the form of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, which could lead to the evolution of the phase variable towards a desired final target. First, we prove strong well-posedness for the system of non-linear partial differential equations. In particular, due to the presence of a viscous regularisation, we can also consider double-well potentials of singular type and cross-diffusion terms related to the effects of chemotaxis. Moreover, the particular structure of the reaction terms allows us to prove new regularity results for this kind of system. Then, turning to the optimal control problem, we prove the existence of an optimal therapy and, by studying Fr\'echet-differentiability properties of the control-to-state operator and the corresponding adjoint system, we obtain the first-order necessary optimality conditions.

6.Recovering both the wave speed and the source function in a time-domain wave equation by injecting high contrast bubbles

Authors:Soumen Senapati, Mourad Sini, Haibing Wang

Abstract: Dealing with the inverse source problem for the scalar wave equation, we have shown recently that we can reconstruct the spacetime dependent source function from the measurement of the wave, collected on a single point $x$ and a large enough interval of time, generated by a small scaled bubble, enjoying large contrasts of its bulk modulus, injected inside the domain to image. Here, we extend this result to reconstruct not only the source function but also the variable wave speed. Indeed, from the measured waves, we first localize the internal values of the travel time function by looking at the behavior of this collected wave in terms of time. Then from the Eikonal equation, we recover the wave speed. Second, we recover the internal values of the wave generated only by the background (in the absence of the small particles) from the same measured data by inverting a Volterra integral operator of the second kind. From this reconstructed wave, we recover the source function at the expense of a numerical differentiation.

7.A convergence theorem for Crandall-Lions viscosity solutions to path-dependent Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman PDEs

Authors:David Criens

Abstract: We establish a convergence theorem for Crandall-Lions viscosity solutions to path-dependent Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman PDEs. Our proof is based on a novel convergence theorem for dynamic sublinear expectations and the stochastic representation of viscosity solutions as value functions.

8.A uniform bound for solutions to a thermo-diffusive system

Authors:Joonhyun La, Jean-Michel Roquejoffre, Lenya Ryzhik

Abstract: We obtain uniform in time $L^\infty$-bounds for the solutions to a class of thermo-diffusive systems. The nonlinearity is assumed to be at most sub-exponentially growing at infinity and have a linear behavior near zero.

9.Well-posedness for moving interfaces in anisotropic plasmas

Authors:Yuri Trakhinin

Abstract: We study the local-in-time well-posedness for an interface that separates an anisotropic plasma from a vacuum. The plasma flow is governed by the ideal Chew-Goldberger-Low (CGL) equations, which are the simplest collisionless fluid model with anisotropic pressure. The vacuum magnetic and electric fields are supposed to satisfy the pre-Maxwell equations. The plasma and vacuum magnetic fields are tangential to the interface. This represents a nonlinear hyperbolic-elliptic coupled problem with a characteristic free boundary. By a suitable symmetrization of the linearized CGL equations we reduce the linearized free boundary problem to a problem analogous to that in isotropic magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). This enables us to prove the local existence and uniqueness of solutions to the nonlinear free boundary problem under the same non-collinearity condition for the plasma and vacuum magnetic fields on the initial interface required by Secchi and Trakhinin (Nonlinearity 27:105-169, 2014) in isotropic MHD.

10.Elliptic Pre-Complexes, Hodge-like Decompositions and Overdetermined Boundary-Value Problems

Authors:Raz Kupferman, Roee Leder

Abstract: We solve a problem posed by Calabi more than 60 years ago, known as the Saint-Venant problem: Given a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary, find a compatibility operator for Lie derivatives of the metric tensor. This problem is related to other compatibility problems in mathematical physics, and to their inherent gauge freedom. To this end, we develop a framework generalizing the theory of elliptic complexes for sequences of linear differential operators $(A_{\bullet})$ between sections of vector bundles. We call such a sequence an elliptic pre-complex if the operators satisfy overdetermined ellipticity conditions, and the order of $A_{k+1}A_k$ does not exceed the order of $A_k$. We show that every elliptic pre-complex $(A_{\bullet})$ can be ``corrected" into a complex $(\mathcal{A}_{\bullet})$ of pseudodifferential operators, where $\mathcal{A}_k - A_k$ is a zero-order correction within this class. The induced complex $(\mathcal{A}_{\bullet})$ yields Hodge-like decompositions, which in turn lead to explicit integrability conditions for overdetermined boundary-value problems, with uniqueness and gauge freedom clauses. We apply the theory on double forms satisfying generalized algebraic Bianchi identities, thus resolving a set of compatibility and gauge problems, among which one is the Saint-Venant problem.

11.Weak and classical solutions to an asymptotic model for atmospheric flows

Authors:Bogdan-Vasile Matioc, Luigi Roberti

Abstract: In this paper we study a recently derived mathematical model for nonlinear propagation of waves in the atmosphere, for which we establish the local well-posedness in the setting of classical solutions. This is achieved by formulating the model as a quasilinear parabolic evolution problem in an appropriate functional analytic framework and by using abstract theory for such problems. Moreover, for $L_2$-initial data, we construct global weak solutions by employing a two-step approximation strategy based on a Galerkin scheme, where an equivalent formulation of the problem in terms of a new variable is used. Compared to the original model, the latter has the advantage that the $L_2$-norm is a Liapunov functional.

12.Curvature Estimate of Nodal Sets of Harmonic Functions in the Plane

Authors:Jin Sun

Abstract: In this paper we study the upper bound of the curvature estimate for nodal sets of harmonic functions in the plane. Using the complex methods, we prove that at any non-critical point $p$, the curvature of any nodal curve of a harmonic function $u$ is upper bounded by $$ \left|\kappa(u)(p)\right|\leq \frac{C}{r} $$ where $u$ has only one nodal curve in $B_r(p)$ across $p$. L. De Carli and Steve M. Hudson proved that the constant $C\leq 24$. In this paper, we prove that the sharp upper bound $C$ is 8, and we also prove that the equality holds if and only if $u$ is a harmonic function related to some Koebe function. On the other hand, we obtain the curvature estimate of nodal curves of harmonic functions at critical points. Thus we prove that, for harmonic functions, the curvature of every nodal curve at any point $p$ is upper bounded by the distance between $p$ and other nodal curves, and the distance from $p$ to the boundary of the domain.

13.A general review on the NLS equation with point-concentrated nonlinearity

Authors:Lorenzo Tentarelli

Abstract: The paper presents a complete (to the best of the author's knowledge) overview on the existing literature concerning the NLS equation with point-concentrated nonlinearity. Precisely, it mainly covers the following topics: definition of the model, weak and strong local well-posedness, global well-posedness, classification and stability (orbital and asymptotic) of the standing waves, blow-up analysis and derivation from the standard NLS equation with shrinking potentials. Also some related problem is mentioned.

1.Well posedness of linear parabolic partial differential equations posed on a star-shaped network with local time Kirchhoff's boundary condition at the vertex

Authors:Miguel Martinez HUJ, Isaac Ohavi HUJ

Abstract: The main purpose of this work is to provide an existence and uniqueness result for the solution of a linear parabolic system posed on a star-shaped network, which presents a new type of Kirchhoff's boundary transmission condition at the junction. This new type of Kirchhoff's condition-that we decide to call here local-time Kirchhoff 's condition-induces a dynamical behavior with respect to an external variable that may be interpreted as a local time parameter, designed to drive the system only at the singular point of the network. The seeds of this study point towards a forthcoming theoretical inquiry of a particular generalization of Walsh's random spider motions, whose spinning measures would select the available directions according to the local time of the motion at the junction of the network.

2.Null controllability of quasilinear parabolic equations with gradient dependent coefficients

Authors:Nicolae Cindea LMBP, Geoffrey Lacour LMBP

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study the null controllability of a large class of quasilinear parabolic equations. In a first step we prove that the associated linear parabolic equations with non-constant diffusion coefficients are approximately null controllable by the means of regular controls and that these controls depend continuously to the diffusion coefficient. A fixed-point strategy is employed in order to prove the null approximate controllability for the considered quasilinear parabolic equations. We also show the exact null controllability in arbitrary small time for a class of parabolic equations including the parabolic $p$-Laplacian with $\frac{3}{2} < p < 2$. The theoretical results are numerically illustrated combining a fixed point algorithm and a reformulation of the controllability problem for linear parabolic equation as a mixed-formulation which is numerically solved using a finite elements method.

3.A source identification problem in a bi-parabolic equation: convergence rates and some optimal results

Authors:Subhankar Mondal, M. Thamban Nair

Abstract: This paper is concerned with identification of a spatial source function from final time observation in a bi-parabolic equation, where the full source function is assumed to be a product of time dependent and a space dependent function. Due to the ill-posedness of the problem, recently some authors have employed different regularization method and analysed the convergence rates. But, to the best of our knowledge, the quasi-reversibility method is not explored yet, and thus we study that in this paper. As an important implication, the H{\"o}lder rates for the apriori and aposteriori error estimates obtained in this paper can exceed the rates obtained in earlier works. Also, in some cases we show that the rates obtained are of optimal order. Further, this work seems to be the first one that has broaden the applicability of the problem by allowing the time dependent component of the source function to change sign. To the best of our knowledge, the earlier known work assumed the fixed sign of the time dependent component by assuming some bounded below condition.

4.On the decay and Gevrey regularity of the solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations in general two-dimensional domains

Authors:Raphaël Danchin LAMA

Abstract: The present paper is devoted to the proof of time decay estimates for derivatives at any order of finite energy global solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in general two-dimensional domains. These estimates only depend on the order of derivation and on the L2 norm of the initial data. The same elementary method just based on energy estimates and Ladyzhenskaya inequality also leads to Gevrey regularity results.

5.Observability estimates for the Schr{ö}dinger equation in the plane with periodic bounded potentials from measurable sets

Authors:Kévin Le Balc'H CaGE, Jérémy Martin CaGE

Abstract: The goal of this article is to obtain observability estimates for Schr{\"o}dinger equations in the plane R 2. More precisely, considering a 2$\pi$Z 2-periodic potential V $\in$ L $\infty$ (R 2), we prove that the evolution equation i$\partial$tu = --$\Delta$u + V (x)u, is observable from any 2$\pi$Z 2-periodic measurable set, in any small time T > 0. We then extend Ta{\"u}ffer's recent result [T{\"a}u22] in the two-dimensional case to less regular observable sets and general bounded periodic potentials. The methodology of the proof is based on the use of the Floquet-Bloch transform, Strichartz estimates and semiclassical defect measures for the obtention of observability inequalities for a family of Schr{\"o}dinger equations posed on the torus R 2 /2$\pi$Z 2 .

6.Regularization of the inverse Laplace transform by Mollification

Authors:Pierre Maréchal, Faouzi Triki, Walter C. Simo Tao Lee

Abstract: In this paper we study the inverse Laplace transform. We first derive a new global logarithmic stability estimate that shows that the inversion is severely ill-posed. Then we propose a regularization method to compute the inverse Laplace transform using the concept of mollification. Taking into account the exponential instability we derive a criterion for selection of the regularization parameter. We show that by taking the optimal value of this parameter we improve significantly the convergence of the method. Finally, making use of the holomorphic extension of the Laplace transform, we suggest a new PDEs based numerical method for the computation of the solution. The effectiveness of the proposed regularization method is demonstrated through several numerical examples.

7.Differential characterization of quadratic surfaces

Authors:Bartłomiej Zawalski

Abstract: Let $f\in W^{3,1}_{\mathrm{loc}}(\Omega)$ be a function defined on a connected open subset $\Omega\subseteq\mathbb R^2$. We will show that its graph is contained in a quadratic surface if and only if $f$ is a weak solution to a certain system of \nth{3} order partial differential equations unless the Hessian determinant of $f$ is non-positive on the whole $\Omega$. Moreover, we will prove that the system is in some sense the simplest possible in a wide class of differential equations, which will lead to the classification of all polynomial partial differential equations satisfied by parametrizations of generic quadratic surfaces. Although we will mainly use the tools of linear and commutative algebra, the theorem itself is also somehow related to holomorphic functions.

8.Transonic shocks for three-dimensional axisymmetric flows in divergent nozzles

Authors:Hyangdong Park

Abstract: We prove the stability of three-dimensional axisymmetric solutions to the steady Euler system with transonic shocks in divergent nozzles under perturbations of the exit pressure and the supersonic solution in the upstream region. We first derive a free boundary problem with the newly introduced formulation of the Euler system for three-dimensional axisymmetric flows in divergent nozzles via the method of Helmholtz decomposition. We then construct an iteration scheme and use the Schauder fixed point theorem and weak implicit function theorem to solve the problem.

9.A Note on Free Boundary Problems on RCD(K,N)-spaces

Authors:Sitan Lin

Abstract: This note is devoted to prove the following results on RCD(K,N)-spaces: 1) minimizers of one-phase Bernoulli problems are locally Lipschitz continuous; 2) minimizers of classical obstacle problems are quadratic growth away from the free boundary. Recently, both of these two results were obtained on non-collapsed RCD(K,N)-spaces; see [13,23]. This note will prove these two results without assuming that the ambient space is non-collapsed. We also include a proof of nondegeneracy of minimizers and locally finiteness of perimeter of their free boundaries for two-phase Bernoulli problems.

10.$C^{1, α}$-regularity for functions in solution classes and its application to parabolic normalized $p$-Laplace equations

Authors:Se-Chan Lee, Hyungsung Yun

Abstract: We establish the global $C^{1, \alpha}$-regularity for functions in solution classes, whenever ellipticity constants are sufficiently close. As an application, we derive the global regularity result concerning the parabolic normalized $p$-Laplace equations, provided that $p$ is close to 2. Our analysis relies on the compactness argument with the iteration procedure.

11.Stable blowup for focusing semilinear wave equations in all dimensions

Authors:Matthias Ostermann

Abstract: We consider the wave equation with focusing power nonlinearity. The associated ODE in time gives rise to a self-similar solution known as the ODE blowup. We prove the nonlinear asymptotic stability of this blowup mechanism outside of radial symmetry in all space dimensions and for all superlinear powers. This result covers for the first time the whole energy-supercritical range without symmetry restrictions.

12.Rates of convergence for the asymptotic behavior of second-order Cauchy problems

Authors:Nicholas Pischke

Abstract: We provide a quantitative version of a result due to Poffald and Reich on the asymptotic behavior of solutions of a second-order Cauchy problem generated by an accretive operator in the form of a rate of convergence. This quantitative result is then used to generalize a result of Xu on the asymptotic behavior of almost-orbits of the solution semigroup of a first-order Cauchy problem to this second-order case.

13.On uniqueness and radiality of minimizers to $L^2$ supercritical Schrödinger Poisson equations with general nonlinearities

Authors:Chengcheng Wu, Linjie Song

Abstract: We study the uniqueness and the radial symmetry of minimizers on a Pohozaev-Nehari manifold to the Schr\"{o}dinger Poisson equation with a general nonlinearity $f(u)$. Particularly, we allow that $f$ is $L^2$ supercritical. The main result shows that minimizers are unique and radially symmetric modulo suitable translations.

14.Normalized solutions for logarithmic Schrödinger equation with a perturbation of power law nonlinearity

Authors:Wei Shuai, Xiaolong Yang

Abstract: We study the existence of normalized solutions to the following logarithmic Schr\"{o}dinger equation \begin{equation*}\label{eqs01} -\Delta u+\lambda u=\alpha u\log u^2+\mu|u|^{p-2}u, \ \ x\in\R^N, \end{equation*} under the mass constraint \[ \int_{\R^N}u^2\mathrm{d}x=c^2, \] where $\alpha,\mu\in \R$, $N\ge 2$, $p>2$, $c>0$ is a constant, and $\lambda\!\in\!\R$ appears as Lagrange multiplier. Under different assumptions on $\alpha,\mu,p$ and $c$, we prove the existence of ground state solution and excited state solution. The asymptotic behavior of the ground state solution as $\mu\to 0$ is also investigated. Our results including the case $\alpha<0$ or $\mu<0$, which is less studied in the literature.

15.Some Maximum Principles for Cross Diffusion Systems

Authors:Dung Le

Abstract: We establish certain maximum principles for a class of strongly coupled elliptic (or cross diffusion) systems of $m\ge2$ equations. The reaction parts can be non cooperative. These new results will be crucial in obtaining coexistence and persistence for many models with cross diffusion effects.

16.Quantized vortex dynamics of the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation on torus

Authors:Yongxing Zhu

Abstract: We derive rigorously the reduced dynamical laws for quantized vortex dynamics of the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation on torus when the core size of vortex $\varepsilon\to 0$. The reduced dynamical laws of the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation are governed by a mixed flow of gradient flow and Hamiltonian flow which are both driven by a renormalized energy on torus. Finally, some first integrals and analytic solutions of the reduced dynamical laws are discussed.

17.Derivation of a generalized quasi-geostrophic approximation for inviscid flows in a channel domain: The fast waves correction

Authors:Claude Bardos, Xin Liu, Edriss S. Titi

Abstract: This paper is devoted to investigating the rotating Boussinesq equations of inviscid, incompressible flows with both fast Rossby waves and fast internal gravity waves. The main objective is to establish a rigorous derivation and justification of a new generalized quasi-geostrophic approximation in a channel domain with no normal flow at the upper and lower solid boundaries, taking into account the resonance terms due to the fast and slow waves interactions. Under these circumstances, We are able to obtain uniform estimates and compactness without the requirement of either well-prepared initial data (as in [10]) or domain with no boundary (as in [17]). In particular, the nonlinear resonances and the new limit system, which takes into account the fast waves correction to the slow waves dynamics, are also identified without introducing Fourier series expansion. The key ingredient includes the introduction of (full) generalized potential vorticity.

18.Counter examples for bilinear estimates related to the two-dimensional stationary Navier--Stokes equation

Authors:Mikihiro Fujii

Abstract: In this paper, we are concerned with bilinear estimates related to the two-dimensional stationary Navier--Stokes equation. By establishing concrete counter examples, we prove the bilinear estimates fail for almost all scaling critical Besov spaces. Our result may be closely related to an open problem whether the two-dimensional stationary Navier--Stokes equation on the whole plane $\mathbb{R}^2$ is well-posed or ill-posed in scaling critical Besov spaces.

19.Ill-posedness of the two-dimensional stationary Navier--Stokes equation on the whole plane

Authors:Mikihiro Fujii

Abstract: We consider the two-dimensional stationary Navier--Stokes equation on the whole plane $\mathbb{R}^2$. For the higher-dimensional cases $\mathbb{R}^n$ with $n \geqslant 3$, the stationary Navier--Stokes equation is well-posed in the scaling critical Besov spaces based on $L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for $1 \leqslant p < n$ but ill-posed for $n \leqslant p \leqslant \infty$. However, the corresponding problem in the two-dimensional case $n=2$ has remained open for a long time. In the present paper, we address this open problem and prove that the stationary Navier--Stokes equation on $\mathbb{R}^2$ is ill-posed in the scaling critical Besov spaces based on $L^p(\mathbb{R}^2)$ for all $1 \leqslant p \leqslant 2$. To overcome the inherent difficulty arising in the two-dimensional analysis, we propose a new method based on the contradictory argument that reduces the problem to the analysis of the corresponding nonstationary Navier--Stokes equation and shows that it is possible to establish weird nonstationary solutions if we suppose to contrary that the stationary problem is well-posed.

20.Characterization of polyconvex isotropic functions

Authors:David Wiedemann, Malte A. Peter

Abstract: We present a singular value polyconvex conjugation. Employing this conjugation, we derive a necessary and sufficient criterion for polyconvexity of isotropic functions by means of the convexity of a function with respect to the signed singular values. Moreover, we present a new criterion for polyconvexity of isotropic functions by means of matrix invariants.

21.The Dirichlet problem of homogeneous complex k-Hessian equation in a (k-1)-pesudoconvex domain with isolated singularity

Authors:Zhenghuan Gao, Xi-Nan Ma, Dekai Zhang

Abstract: In this paper, we consider the homogeneous complex k-Hessian equation in $\Omega\backslash\{0\}$. We prove the existence and uniqueness of the $C^{1,\alpha}$ solution by constructing approximating solutions. The key point for us is to construct the subsolution for approximating problem and establish uniform gradient estimates and complex Hessian estimates which is independent of the approximation.

22.Asymptotic properties of an optimal principal Dirichlet eigenvalue arising in population dynamics

Authors:Lorenzo Ferreri, Gianmaria Verzini

Abstract: We consider a shape optimization problem related to the persistence threshold for a biological species, the unknown shape corresponding to the zone of the habitat which is favorable to the population. Analytically, this translates in the minimization of a weighted eigenvalue of the Dirichlet Laplacian, with respect to a bang-bang indefinite weight. For such problem, we provide a full description of the singularly perturbed regime in which the volume of the favorable zone vanishes, with particular attention to the interplay between its location and shape. First, we show that the optimal favorable zone shrinks to a connected, nearly spherical set, in $C^{1,1}$ sense, which aims at maximizing its distance from the lethal boundary. Secondly, we show that the spherical asymmetry of the optimal favorable zone decays exponentially, with respect to a negative power of its volume, in the $C^{1,\alpha}$ sense, for every $\alpha<1$. This latter property is based on sharp quantitative asymmetry estimates for the optimization of a weighted eigenvalue problem on the full space, of independent interest.

23.The insulated conductivity problem with $p$-Laplacian

Authors:Hongjie Dong, Zhuolun Yang, Hanye Zhu

Abstract: We study the insulated conductivity problem with closely spaced insulators embedded in a homogeneous matrix where the current-electric field relation is the power law $J = |E|^{p-2}E$. The gradient of solutions may blow up as $\varepsilon$, the distance between insulators, approaches to 0. In 2D, we prove an upper bound of the gradient to be of order $\varepsilon^{-\alpha}$, where $\alpha = 1/2$ when $p \in(1,3]$ and any $\alpha > 1/(p-1)$ when $p > 3$. We provide examples to show that this exponent is almost optimal. In dimensions $n \ge 3$, we prove an upper bound of order $\varepsilon^{-1/2 + \beta}$ for some $\beta > 0$, and show that $\beta \nearrow 1/2$ as $n \to \infty$.

1.Gradient Decay in the Boltzmann theory of Non-isothermal boundary

Authors:Hongxu Chen, Chanwoo Kim

Abstract: We consider the Boltzmann equation in convex domain with non-isothermal boundary of diffuse reflection. For both unsteady/steady problems, we construct solutions belong to $W^{1,p}_x$ for any $p<3$. We prove that the unsteady solution converges to the steady solution in the same Sobolev space exponentially fast as $t \rightarrow \infty$.

2.Mean-dispersion principles and the Wigner transform

Authors:Chiara Boiti, David Jornet, Alessandro Oliaro

Abstract: Given a function $f\in L^2(\mathbb R)$, we consider means and variances associated to $f$ and its Fourier transform $\hat{f}$, and explore their relations with the Wigner transform $W(f)$, obtaining a simple new proof of Shapiro's mean-dispersion principle. Uncertainty principles for orthonormal sequences in $L^2(\mathbb R)$ involving linear partial differential operators with polynomial coefficients and the Wigner distribution, or different Cohen class representations, are obtained, and an extension to the case of Riesz bases is studied.

3.On a Repulsion-Diffusion Equation with Immigration

Authors:Peter Koepernik

Abstract: We study a repulsion-diffusion equation with immigration, whose asymptotic behaviour is related to stability of long-term dynamics in spatial population models and other branching particle systems. We prove well-posedness and find sharp conditions on the repulsion under which a form of the maximum principle and a strong notion of global boundedness of solutions hold. The critical asymptotic strength of the repulsion is $|x|^{1-d}$, that of the Newtonian potential.

4.A stability result for a degenerate beam equation

Authors:Alessandro Camasta, Genni Fragnelli

Abstract: We consider a degenerate beam equation in presence of a leading operator which is not in divergence form. We impose clamped conditions where the degeneracy occurs and dissipative conditions at the other endpoint. We provide some conditions for the uniform exponential decay of solutions for the associated Cauchy problem.

5.Normalized solutions for a Kirchhoff type equations with potential in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Authors:Leilei Cui, Qihan He, Zongyan Lv, Xuexiu Zhong

Abstract: In the present paper, we study the existence of normalized solutions to the following Kirchhoff type equations \begin{equation*} -\left(a+b\int_{\R^3}|\nabla u|^2\right)\Delta u+V(x)u+\lambda u=g(u)~\hbox{in}~\R^3 \end{equation*} satisfying the normalized constraint $\displaystyle\int_{\R^3}u^2=c$, where $a,b,c>0$ are prescribed constants, and the nonlinearities $g(u)$ are very general and of mass super-critical. Under some suitable assumptions on $V(x)$ and $g(u)$, we can prove the existence of ground state normalized solutions $(u_c, \lambda_c)\in H^1(\R^3)\times\mathbb{R}$, for any given $c>0$. Due to the presence of the nonlocal term, the weak limit $u$ of any $(PS)_C$ sequence $\{w_n\}$ may not belong to the corresponding Pohozaev manifold, which is different from the local problem. So we have to overcome some new difficulties to gain the compactness of a $(PS)_C$ sequence.

1.A Schauder theory for the Stokes equations in rough domains

Authors:Dominic Breit

Abstract: We consider the steady Stokes equations in a bounded domain with forcing in divergence form supplemented with no-slip boundary conditions. We provide a maximal regularity theory in Campanato spaces (inlcuding $\mathrm{BMO}$ and $C^{0,\alpha}$ for $0<\alpha <1$ as special cases) under minimal assumptions on the regularity of the underlying domain. Our approach is based on pointwise multipliers in Campanto spaces.

2.Hydrodynamic limit for the non-cutoff Boltzmann equation

Authors:Chuqi Cao, Kleber Carrapatoso

Abstract: This work deals with the non-cutoff Boltzmann equation with hard potentials, in both the torus $\mathbf{T}^3$ and in the whole space $\mathbf{R}^3$, under the incompressible Navier-Stokes scaling. We first establish the well-posedness and decay of global mild solutions to this rescaled Boltzmann equation in a perturbative framework, that is for solutions close to the Maxwellian, obtaining in particular integrated-in-time regularization estimates. We then combine these estimates with spectral-type estimates in order to obtain the strong convergence of solutions to the non-cutoff Boltzmannn equation towards the incompressible Navier-Stokes-Fourier system.

3.Continuity of Monge-Ampère potentials with prescribed singularities

Authors:Quang-Tuan Dang

Abstract: We study the continuity of solutions to complex Monge-Ampere equations with prescribed singularities. This generalizes the previous results of DiNezza-Lu and the author. As an application, we can run the Monge-Ampere flow starting at a current with prescribed singularities.

4.The semiclassical limit from the Pauli-Poisswell to the Euler-Poisswell system by WKB methods

Authors:Changhe Yang, Norbert J. Mauser, Jakob Möller

Abstract: The Pauli-Poisswell equation for 2-spinors is the first order in $1/c$ semi-relativistic approximation of the Dirac-Maxwell equation for 4-spinors coupled to the self-consistent electromagnetic fields generated by the density and current of a fast moving electric charge. It consists of a vector-valued magnetic Schr\"odinger equation with an extra term coupling spin and magnetic field via the Pauli matrices coupled to 1+3 Poisson type equations as the magnetostatic approximation of Maxwell's equations. The Pauli-Poisswell equation is a consistent $O(1/c)$ model that keeps both relativistic effects magnetism and spin which are both absent in the non-relativistic Schr\"odinger-Poisson equation and inconsistent in the magnetic Schr\"odinger-Maxwell equation. We present the mathematically rigorous semiclassical limit $\hbar \rightarrow 0$ of the Pauli-Poisswell equation towards the magnetic Euler-Poisswell equation. We use WKB analysis which is valid locally in time only. A key step is to obtain an a priori energy estimate for which we have to take into account the Poisson equations for the magnetic potential with the current as source term. Additionally we obtain the weak convergence of the monokinetic Wigner transform and strong convergence of the density and the current density. We also prove local wellposedness of the Euler-Poisswell equation which is global unless a finite time blow-up occurs.

5.Lipschitz stability for determination of states and inverse source problem for the mean field game equations

Authors:Oleg Imanuvilov, Hongyu Liu, Masahiro Yamamoto

Abstract: We consider solutions satisfying the zero Neumann boundary condition and a linearized mean field game equation in $\Omega \times (0,T)$ whose principal coefficients depend on the time and spatial variables with general Hamiltonian, where $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $\Bbb R^d$ and $(0,T)$ is the time interval. We first prove the Lipschitz stability in $\Omega \times (\varepsilon, T-\varepsilon)$ with given $\varepsilon>0$ for the determination of the solutions by Dirichlet data on arbitrarily chosen subboundary of $\partial\Omega$. Next we prove the Lipschitz stability for an inverse problem of determining spatially varying factors of source terms and a coefficient by extra boundary data and spatial data at intermediate time.

1.Dispersive estimates for nonhomogeneous radial phases: an application to weakly dispersive equations and water wave models

Authors:Benjamin Melinand CEREMADE

Abstract: We study linear dispersive equations in dimension one and two for a class of radial nonhomogeneous phases. L 1 $\rightarrow$ L $\infty$ type estimates, Strichartz estimates, local Kato smoothing and Morawetz type estimates are provided. We then apply our results to different water wave models.

2.Periodic Solutions of the parabolic-elliptic Keller-Segel system on whole spaces

Authors:Pham Truong Xuan, Tran Van Thuy, Nguyen Thi Van Anh, Nguyen Thi Loan

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate to the existence and uniqueness of periodic solutions for the parabolic-elliptic Keller-Segel system in the framework of whole spaces detailized by Euclid space $\mathbb{R}^n\,\,(n \geqslant 4)$ and hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n\,\, (n \geqslant 2)$. Our method is based on the dispersive and smoothing estimates of the heat semiroup and fixed point arguments. This work provides also a fully comparison between the asymptotic behaviour of periodic mild solutions of Keller-Segel system obtained in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and the one in $\mathbb{H}^n$.

3.An inverse problem for the minimal surface equation in the presence of a Riemannian metric

Authors:Janne Nurminen

Abstract: In this work we study an inverse problem for the minimal surface equation on a Riemannian manifold $(\mathbb{R}^{n},g)$ where the metric is of the form $g(x)=c(x)(\hat{g}\oplus e)$. Here $\hat{g}$ is a simple Riemannian metric on $\mathbb{R}^{n-1}$, $e$ is the Euclidean metric on $\mathbb{R}$ and $c$ a smooth positive function. We show that if we know the associated Dirichlet-to-Neumann maps corresponding to metrics $g$ and $\tilde{c}g$, then the Taylor series of the conformal factor $\tilde{c}$ at $x_n=0$ is equal to a positive constant. We also show a partial data result when $n=3$.

4.Abstract damped wave equations: The optimal decay rate

Authors:Filippo Dell'Oro, Lorenzo Liverani, Vittorino Pata

Abstract: The exponential decay rate of the semigroup $S(t)=e^{t\mathbb{A}}$ generated by the abstract damped wave equation $$\ddot u + 2f(A) \dot u +A u=0 $$ is here addressed, where $A$ is a strictly positive operator. The continuous function $f$, defined on the spectrum of $A$, is subject to the constraints $$\inf f(s)>0\qquad\text{and}\qquad \sup f(s)/s <\infty$$ which are known to be necessary and sufficient for exponential stability to occur. We prove that the operator norm of the semigroup fulfills the estimate $$\|S(t)\|\leq Ce^{\sigma_*t}$$ being $\sigma_*<0$ the supremum of the real part of the spectrum of $\mathbb{A}$. This estimate always holds except in the resonant cases, where the negative exponential $e^{\sigma_*t}$ turns out to be penalized by a factor $(1+t)$. The decay rate is the best possible allowed by the theory.

5.Growth of subsolutions of $Δ_p u = V|u|^{p-2}u$ and of a general class of quasilinear equations

Authors:Luis J. Alias, Giulio Colombo, Marco Rigoli

Abstract: In this paper we prove some integral estimates on the minimal growth of the positive part $u_+$ of subsolutions of quasilinear equations \[ \mathrm{div} A(x,u,\nabla u) = V|u|^{p-2}u \] on complete Riemannian manifolds $M$, in the non-trivial case $u_+\not\equiv 0$. Here $A$ satisfies the structural assumption $|A(x,u,\nabla u)|^{p/(p-1)} \leq k \langle A(x,u,\nabla u),\nabla u\rangle$ for some constant $k>0$ and for $p>1$ the same exponent appearing on the RHS of the equation, and $V$ is a continuous positive function, possibly decaying at a controlled rate at infinity. We underline that the equation may be degenerate and that our arguments do not require any geometric assumption on $M$ beyond completeness of the metric. From these results we also deduce a Liouville-type theorem for sufficiently slowly growing solutions.

6.Optimal regularity of isoperimetric sets with Hölder densities

Authors:Lisa Beck, Eleonora Cinti, Christian Seis

Abstract: We establish a regularity result for optimal sets of the isoperimetric problem with double density under mild H\"older regularity assumptions on the density functions. Our main Theorem improves some previous results and allows to reach the optimal regularity class $C^{1,\frac{\alpha}{2-\alpha}}$ in any dimension.

7.Stability in determination of states for the mean field game equations

Authors:Hongyu Liu, Masahiro Yamamoto

Abstract: We consider solutions satisfying the Neumann zero boundary condition and a linearized mean field game system in $\Omega \times (0,T)$, where $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^d$ and $(0,T)$ is the time interval. We prove two kinds of stability results in determining the solutions. The first is H\"older stability in time interval $(\epsilon, T)$ with arbitrarily fixed $\epsilon>0$ by data of solutions in $\Omega \times \{T\}$. The second is the Lipschitz stability in $\Omega \times (\epsilon, T-\epsilon)$ by data of solutions in arbitrarily given subdomain of $\Omega$ over $(0,T)$.

8.Inhomogeneous finitely-strained thermoplasticity with hardening by an Eulerian approach

Authors:Tomáš Roubíček, Giuseppe Tomassetti

Abstract: A standard elasto-plasto-dynamic model at finite strains based on the Lie-Liu-Kr\"oner multiplicative decomposition, formulated in rates, is here enhanced to cope with spatially inhomogeneous materials by using the reference (called also return) mapping. Also an isotropic hardening can be involved. Consistent thermodynamics is formulated, allowing for both the free and the dissipation energies temperature dependent. The model complies with the energy balance and entropy inequality. A multipolar Stokes-like viscosity and plastic rate gradient are used to allow for a rigorous analysis towards existence of weak solutions by a semi-Galerkin approximation.

9.Continuous in time bubble decomposition for the harmonic map heat flow

Authors:Jacek Jendrej, Andrew Lawrie, Wilhelm Schlag

Abstract: We consider the harmonic map heat flow for maps from the plane to the two-sphere. It is known that solutions to the initial value problem exhibit bubbling along a well-chosen sequence of times. We prove that every sequence of times admits a subsequence along which bubbling occurs. This is deduced as a corollary of our main theorem, which shows that the solution approaches the family of multi-bubble configurations in continuous time.

1.Non-isochoric stable granular models taking into account fluidisation by pore gas pressure

Authors:Laurent Chupin LMBP, Thierry Dubois LMBP

Abstract: In this paper, we study non-isochoric models for mixtures of solid particles, at high volume concentration, and a gas. One of the motivations of this work concerns geophysics and more particularly the pyroclastic density currents which are precisely mixtures of pyroclast and lithic fragments and air. They are extremely destructive phenomena, capable of devastating urbanised areas, and are known to propagate over long distances, even over almost flat topography. Fluidisation of these dense granular flows by pore gas pressure is one response that could explain this behaviour and must therefore be taken into account in the models. Starting from a gas-solid mixing model and invoking the compressibility of the gas, through a law of state, we rewrite the conservation of mass equation of the gas phase into an equation on the pore gas pressure whose net effect is to reduce the friction between the particles. The momentum equation of the solid phase is completed by generic constitutive laws, specified as in Schaeffer et al (2019, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 874, 926-951) by a yield function and a dilatancy function. Therefore, the divergence of the velocity field, which reflects the ability of the granular flow to expand or compress, depends on the volume fraction, pressure, strain rate and inertial number. In addition, we require the dilatancy function to describe the rate of volume change of the granular material near an isochoric equilibrium state, i.e. at constant volume. This property ensures that the volume fraction, which is the solution to the conservation of mass equation, is positive and finite at all times. We also require that the non-isochoric fluidised model is linearly stable and dissipates energy (over time). In this theoretical framework, we derive the dilatancy models corresponding to classical rheologies such as Drucker-Prager and $\mu$(I) (with or without expansion effects). The main result of this work is to show that it is possible to obtain non-isochoric and fluidised granular models satisfying all the properties necessary to correctly account for the physics of granular flows and being well-posed, at least linearly stable.

2.Initial Data Identication in Space Dependent Conservation Laws and Hamilton-Jacobi Equations

Authors:Rinaldo M. Colombo IDP, Vincent Perrollaz IDP, Abraham Sylla UNIMIB

Abstract: Consider a Conservation Law and a Hamilton-Jacobi equation with a ux/Hamiltonian depending also on the space variable. We characterize rst the attainable set of the two equations and, second, the set of initial data evolving at a prescribed time into a prescribed prole. An explicit example then shows the deep dierences between the cases of x-independent and x-dependent uxes/Hamiltonians.

3.Strichartz estimates for the Schrödinger equation on negatively curved compact manifolds

Authors:Matthew D. Blair, Xiaoqi Huang, Christopher D. Sogge

Abstract: We obtain improved Strichartz estimates for solutions of the Schr\"odinger equation on negatively curved compact manifolds which improve the classical universal results results of Burq, G\'erard and Tzvetkov [11] in this geometry. In the case where the spatial manifold is a hyperbolic surface we are able to obtain no-loss $L^{q_c}_{t,x}$-estimates on intervals of length $\log \lambda\cdot \lambda^{-1} $ for initial data whose frequencies are comparable to $\lambda$, which, given the role of the Ehrenfest time, is the natural analog of the universal results in [11]. We are also obtain improved endpoint Strichartz estimates for manifolds of nonpositive curvature, which cannot hold for spheres.

4.Derivation of effective theories for thin 3D nonlinearly elastic rods with voids

Authors:Manuel Friedrich, Leonard Kreutz, Konstantinos Zemas

Abstract: We derive a dimension-reduction limit for a three-dimensional rod with material voids by means of $\Gamma$-convergence. Hereby, we generalize the results of the purely elastic setting [57] to a framework of free discontinuity problems. The effective one-dimensional model features a classical elastic bending-torsion energy, but also accounts for the possibility that the limiting rod can be broken apart into several pieces or folded. The latter phenomenon can occur because of the persistence of voids in the limit, or due to their collapsing into a {discontinuity} of the limiting deformation or its derivative. The main ingredient in the proof is a novel rigidity estimate in varying domains under vanishing curvature regularization, obtained in [32].

5.Sharp uniform-in-time mean-field convergence for singular periodic Riesz flows

Authors:Antonin Chodron de Courcel, Matthew Rosenzweig, Sylvia Serfaty

Abstract: We consider conservative and gradient flows for $N$-particle Riesz energies with mean-field scaling on the torus $\mathbb{T}^d$, for $d\geq 1$, and with thermal noise of McKean-Vlasov type. We prove global well-posedness and relaxation to equilibrium rates for the limiting PDE. Combining these relaxation rates with the modulated free energy of Bresch et al. and recent sharp functional inequalities of the last two named authors for variations of Riesz modulated energies along a transport, we prove uniform-in-time mean-field convergence in the gradient case with a rate which is sharp for the modulated energy pseudo-distance. For gradient dynamics, this completes in the periodic case the range $d-2\leq s<d$ not addressed by previous work of the second two authors. We also combine our relaxation estimates with the relative entropy approach of Jabin and Wang for so-called $\dot{W}^{-1,\infty}$ kernels, giving a proof of uniform-in-time propagation of chaos alternative to Guillin et al.

6.Identification of nonlinear beam-hardening effects in X-ray tomography

Authors:Yiran Wang

Abstract: We study streaking artifacts caused by beam-hardening effects in X-ray computed tomography (CT). The effect is known to be nonlinear. We show that the nonlinearity can be recovered from the observed artifacts for strictly convex bodies. The result provides a theoretical support for removal of the artifacts.

7.Optimal enhanced dissipation and mixing for a time-periodic, Lipschitz velocity field on $\mathbb{T}^2$

Authors:Tarek M. Elgindi, Kyle Liss, Jonathan C. Mattingly

Abstract: We consider the advection-diffusion equation on $\mathbb{T}^2$ with a Lipschitz and time-periodic velocity field that alternates between two piecewise linear shear flows. We prove enhanced dissipation on the timescale $|\log \nu|$, where $\nu$ is the diffusivity parameter. This is the optimal decay rate as $\nu \to 0$ for uniformly-in-time Lipschitz velocity fields. We also establish exponential mixing for the $\nu = 0$ problem.

1.Singular solutions for space-time fractional equations in a bounded domain

Authors:Hardy Chan, Juan Luis Vázquez, David Gómez-Castro

Abstract: This paper is devoted to describing a linear diffusion problem involving fractional-in-time derivatives and self-adjoint integro-differential space operators posed in bounded domains. One main concern of our paper is to deal with singular boundary data which are typical of fractional diffusion operators in space, and the other one is the consideration of the fractional-in-time Caputo and Riemann--Liouville derivatives in a unified way. We first construct classical solutions of our problems using the spectral theory and discussing the corresponding fractional-in-time ordinary differential equations. We take advantage of the duality between these fractional-in-time derivatives to introduce the notion of weak-dual solution for weighted-integrable data. As the main result of the paper, we prove the well-posedness of the initial and boundary-value problems in this sense.

2.A note on the weak Harnack inequality for unbounded minimizers of elliptic functionals with generalized Orlicz growth

Authors:Mariia O. Savchenko, Igor I. Skrypnik, Yevgeniia A. Yevgenieva

Abstract: We prove the weak Harnack inequality for the functions $u$ which belong to the corresponding De Giorgi classes $DG^{-}(\Omega)$ under the additional assumption that $u\in L^{s}_{loc}(\Omega)$ with some $s> 0$. In particular, our result covers new cases of functionals with a variable exponent or double-phase functionals under the non-logarithmic condition.

3.Bifurcation of sign-changing solutions for an overdetermined boundary problem in bounded domains

Authors:Guowei Dai, Yong Zhang

Abstract: We obtain a continuous family of nontrivial domains $\Omega_s\subset \mathbb{R}^N$ ($N=2,3$ or $4$), bifurcating from a small ball, such that the problem \begin{equation} -\Delta u=u-\left(u^+\right)^3\,\, \text{in}\,\,\Omega_s, \,\, u=0,\,\,\partial_\nu u=\text{const}\,\,\text{on}\,\,\partial\Omega_s \nonumber \end{equation} has a sign-changing bounded solution. Compared with the recent result obtained by Ruiz, here we obtain a family domains $\Omega_s$ by using Crandall-Rabinowitz bifurcation theorem instead of a sequence of domains.

4.Dynamical Billiard and a long-time behavior of the Boltzmann equation in general 3D toroidal domains

Authors:Gyounghun Ko, Chanwoo Kim, Donghyun Lee

Abstract: Establishing global well-posedness and convergence toward equilibrium of the Boltzmann equation with specular reflection boundary condition has been one of the central questions in the subject of kinetic theory. Despite recent significant progress in this question when domains are strictly convex, as shown by Guo and Kim-Lee, the same question without the strict convexity of domains is still totally open in 3D. The major difficulty arises when a billiard map has an infinite number of bounces in a finite time interval or when the map fails to be Lipschitz continuous, both of which happen generically when the domain is non-convex. In this paper, we develop a new method to control a billiard map on a surface of revolution generated by revolving any planar analytic convex closed curve (e.g., typical shape of tokamak reactors' chamber). In particular, we classify and measure the size (to be small) of a pullback set (along the billiard trajectory) of the infinite-bouncing and singular-bouncing cases. As a consequence, we solve the open question affirmatively in such domains. To the best of our knowledge, this work is the first construction of global solutions to the hard-sphere Boltzmann equation in generic non-convex 3-dimensional domains.

5.Partial mass concentration for fast-diffusions with non-local aggregation terms

Authors:José A. Carrillo, A. Fernández-Jiménez, D. Gómez-Castro

Abstract: We study well-posedness and long-time behaviour of aggregation-diffusion equations of the form $\frac{\partial \rho}{\partial t} = \Delta \rho^m + \nabla \cdot( \rho (\nabla V + \nabla W \ast \rho))$ in the fast-diffusion range, $0<m<1$, and $V$ and $W$ regular enough. We develop a well-posedness theory, first in the ball and then in $\mathbb R^d$, and characterise the long-time asymptotics in the space $W^{-1,1}$ for radial initial data. In the radial setting and for the mass equation, viscosity solutions are used to prove partial mass concentration asymptotically as $t \to \infty$, i.e. the limit as $t \to \infty$ is of the form $\alpha \delta_0 + \widehat \rho \, dx$ with $\alpha \geq 0$ and $\widehat \rho \in L^1$. Finally, we give instances of $W \ne 0$ showing that partial mass concentration does happen in infinite time, i.e. $\alpha > 0$.

6.Metaplectic Gabor Frames and Symplectic Analysis of Time-Frequency Spaces

Authors:Elena Cordero, Gianluca Giacchi

Abstract: We introduce new frames, called \textit{metaplectic Gabor frames}, as natural generalizations of Gabor frames in the framework of metaplectic Wigner distributions. Namely, we develop the theory of metaplectic atoms in a full-general setting and prove an inversion formula for metaplectic Wigner distributions on $\mathbb{R}^d$. Its discretization provides metaplectic Gabor frames. Next, we deepen the understanding of the so-called shift-invertible metaplectic Wigner distributions, showing that they can be represented, up to chirps, as rescaled short-time Fourier transforms. As an application, we derive a new characterization of modulation and Wiener amalgam spaces. Thus, these metaplectic distributions (and related frames) provide meaningful definitions of local frequencies and can be used to measure effectively the local frequency content of signals.

7.Can you hear your location on a manifold?

Authors:Emmett L. Wyman, Yakun Xi

Abstract: We introduce a variation on Kac's question, "Can one hear the shape of a drum?" Instead of trying to identify a compact manifold and its metric via its Laplace--Beltrami spectrum, we ask if it is possible to uniquely identify a point $x$ on the manifold, up to symmetry, from its pointwise counting function \[ N_x(\lambda) = \sum_{\lambda_j \leq \lambda} |e_j(x)|^2, \] where here $\Delta_g e_j = -\lambda_j^2 e_j$ and $e_j$ form an orthonormal basis for $L^2(M)$. This problem has a physical interpretation. You are placed at an arbitrary location in a familiar room with your eyes closed. Can you identify your location in the room by clapping your hands once and listening to the resulting echos and reverberations? The main result of this paper provides an affirmative answer to this question for a generic class of metrics. We also probe the problem with a variety of simple examples, highlighting along the way helpful geometric invariants that can be pulled out of the pointwise counting function $N_x$.

8.Kazdan-Warner Problem on Compact Riemann Surfaces with Smooth Boundary

Authors:Jie Xu

Abstract: In this article, we show that (i) any smooth function on compact Riemann surface with non-empty smooth boundary $ (M, \partial M, g) $ can be realized as a Gaussian curvature function; (ii) any smooth function on $ \partial M $ can be realized as a geodesic curvature function for some metric $ \tilde{g} \in [g] $. The essential steps are the existence results of Brezis-Merle type equations $ -\Delta_{g} u + Au = K e^{2u} \; {\rm in} \; M $ and $ \frac{\partial u}{\partial \nu} + \kappa u = \sigma e^{u} \; {\rm on} \; \partial M $ with given functions $ K, \sigma $ and some constants $ A, \kappa $. In addition, we rely on the extension of the uniformization theorem given by Osgood, Phillips and Sarnak.

9.Monotonicity properties of limits of solutions to the semi-discrete scheme for the Perona-Malik equation

Authors:Massimo Gobbino, Nicola Picenni

Abstract: We consider generalized solutions of the Perona-Malik equation in dimension one, defined as all possible limits of solutions to the semi-discrete approximation in which derivatives with respect to the space variable are replaced by difference quotients. Our first result is a pathological example in which the initial data converge strictly as bounded variation functions, but strict convergence is not preserved for all positive times, and in particular many basic quantities, such as the supremum or the total variation, do not pass to the limit. Nevertheless, in our second result we show that all our generalized solutions satisfy some of the properties of classical smooth solutions, namely the maximum principle and the monotonicity of the total variation. The verification of the counterexample relies on a comparison result with suitable sub/supersolutions. The monotonicity results are proved for a more general class of evolution curves, that we call $uv$-evolutions.

10.Asympyotic behavior of Musielak-Orlicz-Sobolev modulars

Authors:J. C. de Albuquerque, L. R. S. de Assis, M. L. M. Carvalho, A. Salort

Abstract: In this article we study the asymptotic behavior of anisotropic nonlocal nonstandard growth seminorms and modulars as the fractional parameter goes to 1. This gives a so-called Bourgain-Brezis-Mironescu type formula for a very general family of functionals. In the particu\-lar case of fractional Sobolev spaces with variable exponent, we point out that our proof asks for a weaker regularity of the exponent than the considered in previous articles.

11.Dynamics of the black soliton in a regularized nonlinear Schrodinger equation

Authors:Dmitry E. Pelinovsky, Michael Plum

Abstract: We consider a family of regularized defocusing nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equations proposed in the context of the cubic NLS equation with a bounded dispersion relation. The time evolution is well-posed if the black soliton is perturbed by a small perturbation in the Sobolev space $H^s(\R)$ with s > 1/2. We prove that the black soliton is spectrally stable (unstable) if the regularization parameter is below (above) some explicitly specified threshold. We illustrate the stable and unstable dynamics of the perturbed black solitons by using the numerical finite-difference method. The question of orbital stability of the black soliton is left open due to the mismatch of the function spaces for the energy and momentum conservation.

12.Existence of Traveling in a Nicholson Blowfies Model with Delayed Diffusion Term

Authors:William Barker

Abstract: In this paper we consider traveling waves for a diffusive Nicholson Blowflies Equation with different discrete time delays in the diffusion term and birth function. We construct quasi upper and lower solutions via the monotone iteration method. This also allows for the construction of C2 upper and lower solutions, and then traveling wave solutions. We then provide numerical results for the kernel for the iteration.

13.Degenerate Fourier transform associated with the Sturm-Liouville operator

Authors:Aleksei Gorshkov

Abstract: Most of the known Fourier transforms associated with the equations of mathematical physics have a trivial kernel, and an inversion formula as well as the Parseval equality are fulfilled. In other words, the system of the eigenfunctions involved in the definition of the integral transform is complete. Here we will study Fourier transform associated with the differential operator, which in addition to the continuous part of the spectrum that defines this transform, may contain a set of eigenfunctions. These functions become the elements of the kernel of Fourier transform.