By: Hans-Peter Schröcker, Zbyněk Šìr

We solve the so far open problem of constructing all spatial rational curves with rational arc length functions. More precisely, we present three different methods for this construction. The first method adapts a recent approach of (Kalkan et al. 2022) to rational PH curves and requires solving a modestly sized and well structured system of linear equations. The second constructs the curve by imposing zero-residue conditions, thus extending... more

We solve the so far open problem of constructing all spatial rational curves with rational arc length functions. More precisely, we present three different methods for this construction. The first method adapts a recent approach of (Kalkan et al. 2022) to rational PH curves and requires solving a modestly sized and well structured system of linear equations. The second constructs the curve by imposing zero-residue conditions, thus extending ideas of previous papers by (Farouki and Sakkalis 2019) and the authors themselves (Schr\"ocker and \v{S}\'ir 2023). The third method generalizes the dual approach of (Pottmann 1995) from the planar to the spatial curves. The three methods share the same quaternion based representation in which not only the PH curve but also its arc length function are compactly expressed. We also present a new proof based on the quaternion polynomial factorization theory of the well known characterization of the Pythagorean quadruples. less

By: Shaoshi Chen, Hao Du, Yiman Gao, Ziming Li

We extend the shell and kernel reductions for hyperexponential functions over the field of rational functions to a monomial extension. Both of the reductions are incorporated into one algorithm. As an application, we present an additive decomposition in rationally hyperexponential towers. The decomposition yields an alternative algorithm for computing elementary integrals over such towers. The alternative can find some elementary integrals ... more

We extend the shell and kernel reductions for hyperexponential functions over the field of rational functions to a monomial extension. Both of the reductions are incorporated into one algorithm. As an application, we present an additive decomposition in rationally hyperexponential towers. The decomposition yields an alternative algorithm for computing elementary integrals over such towers. The alternative can find some elementary integrals that are unevaluated by the integrators in the latest versions of Maple and Mathematica. less