Association with TFIIIC limits MYCN localization in hubs of active promoters and chromatin accumulation of non-phosphorylated RNA Polymerase II

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Association with TFIIIC limits MYCN localization in hubs of active promoters and chromatin accumulation of non-phosphorylated RNA Polymerase II

Authors

Vidal, R.; Leen, E.; Herold, S.; Müller, M.; Fleischhauer, D.; Schülein-Völk, C.; Papadopoulos, D.; Röschert, I.; Uhl, L.; Ade, C. P.; Gallant, P.; Bayliss, R.; Eilers, M.; Büchel, G.

Abstract

MYC family oncoproteins regulate the expression of a large number of genes and broadly stimulate elongation by RNA polymerase II. While the factors that control the chromatin association of MYC proteins are well understood, much less is known about how interacting proteins mediate MYC\'s effects on transcription. Here we show that TFIIIC, an architectural protein complex that controls the three-dimensional chromatin organization at its target sites, binds directly to the amino-terminal transcriptional regulatory domain of MYCN. Surprisingly, TFIIIC has no discernible role in MYCN- dependent gene expression and transcription elongation. Instead, MYCN and TFIIIC preferentially bind to promoters with paused RNAPII and globally limit the accumulation of non-phosphorylated RNAPII at promoters. Consistent with its ubiquitous role in transcription, MYCN broadly participates in hubs of active promoters. Depletion of TFIIIC further increases MYCN localization to these hubs. This increase correlates with a failure of the nuclear exosome and BRCA1, both of which are involved in nascent RNA degradation, to localize to active promoters. Our data suggest that MYCN and TFIIIC exert an censoring function in early transcription that limits promoter accumulation of inactive RNAPII and facilitates promoter-proximal degradation of nascent RNA.

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