Differences in systemic immune parameters in individuals with lung cancer according to race

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Differences in systemic immune parameters in individuals with lung cancer according to race


von Itzstein, M. S.; Liu, J.; Mu-Mosley, H.; Fattah, F. J.; Park, J. Y.; SoRelle, J. A.; Farrar, J. D.; Gwin, M. E.; Hsiehchen, D.; Gloria-Mccutchen, Y.; Wakeland, E. K.; Cole, S.; Bhalla, S.; Kainthla, R.; Puzanov, I.; Switzer, B.; Daniels, G. A.; Zakharia, Y.; Shaheen, M.; Zhang, J.; Xie, Y.; Gerber, D. E.


Introduction: Racial and ethnic disparities in the presentation and outcomes of lung cancer are widely known. To evaluate potential factors contributing to these observations, we measured systemic immune parameters in Black and White patients with lung cancer. Methods: Patients scheduled to receive cancer immunotherapy were enrolled in a multi-institutional prospective biospecimen collection registry. Clinical and demographic information were obtained from electronic medical records. Pre-treatment peripheral blood samples were collected and analyzed for cytokines using a multiplex panel and for immune cell populations using mass cytometry. Differences between Black and White patients were determined and corrected for multiple comparisons. Results: A total of 187 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (Black, 19; White, 168) were included in the analysis. There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics between Black and White patients. Compared to White patients, Black patients had significantly lower levels of CCL23 and CCL27, and significantly higher levels of CCL8, CXCL1, CCL26, CCL25, CCL1, IL-1b, CXCL16, and IFN-{gamma} (all P<0.05, FDR<0.1). Black patients also exhibited greater populations of non-classical CD16+ monocytes, NKT-like cells, CD4+ cells, CD38+ monocytes, and CD57+ gamma delta T cells (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Black and White patients with lung cancer exhibit several differences in immune parameters, with Black patients exhibiting greater levels of numerous pro-inflammatory cytokines and cell populations. The etiology and clinical significance of these differences warrant further evaluation.

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