WASP facilitates tumor mechanosensitivity in T lymphocytes

Voices Powered byElevenlabs logo
Connected to paper

WASP facilitates tumor mechanosensitivity in T lymphocytes


Mandal, S.; Melo, M. B.; Gordiichuk, P.; Acharya, S.; Poh, Y.-C.; Li, N.; Aung, A.; Dane, E.; Irvine, D. J.; Kumari, S.


Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) carry out immunosurveillance by scanning target cells of diverse physical properties for the presence of antigens. While the recognition of cognate antigen by the T cell receptor is the primary signal for CTL activation, it has become increasingly clear that the mechanical stiffness of target cells plays an important role in antigen-triggered T cell responses. However, the molecular machinery within CTLs that transduces the mechanical information of tumor cells remains unclear. We find that CTL\'s mechanosensitive ability requires the activity of the actin-organizing protein Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein (WASP). WASP activation is modulated by the mechanical properties of antigen-presenting contexts across a wide range of target cell stiffnesses and activated WASP then mediates mechanosensitive activation of early TCR signaling markers in the CTL. Our results provide a molecular link between antigen mechanosensing and CTL immune response and suggest that CTL-intrinsic cytoskeletal organizing principles enable the processing of mechanical information from diverse target cells.

Follow Us on


Add comment