Optical constraints on two-photon voltage imaging

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Optical constraints on two-photon voltage imaging

Authors

Davis, H. C.; Brooks, F. P.; Wong-Campos, J. D.; Cohen, A. E.

Abstract

Genetically encoded voltage indicators (GEVIs) are a valuable tool for studying neural circuits in vivo, but the relative merits of one-photon (1P) vs. two-photon (2P) voltage imaging are not well characterized. Here we compare the photophysical and imaging properties of commonly used GEVIs under 1P and 2P excitation. 2P excitation requires ~104-fold more illumination power per cell to produce comparable photon count rates to 1P excitation, driving a stringent tradeoff between shot noise and tissue photodamage.

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