Characterization of a Novel Mouse Platelet Transfusion Model

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Gordy, D.; Swayne, T.; Berry, G. J.; Thomas, T. A.; Hudson, K. E.; Stone, E. F.


BACKGROUND: Platelet transfusions are increasing with advances in medical care. Based on FDA criteria, platelet units are assessed by in vitro measures; however, it is not known how platelet processing and storage duration affect function in vivo. To address this, we developed a novel platelet transfusion model that meets FDA criteria adapted to mice, and transfused fresh and stored platelets are detected in clots in vivo. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Platelet units stored in mouse plasma were prepared using a modified platelet rich plasma collection protocol. Characteristics of fresh and stored units, including pH, cell count, in vitro measures of activity, including activation and aggregation, and post-transfusion recovery (PTR), were determined. Lastly, a tail transection assay was conducted using mice transfused with fresh or stored units, and transfused platelets were identified by confocal imaging. RESULTS: Platelet units had acceptable platelet and white cell counts and were negative for bacterial contamination. Fresh and 1-day stored units had acceptable pH; the platelets were activatable by thrombin and ADP, aggregable with thrombin, had acceptable PTR, and were present in vivo in clots of recipients after tail transection. In contrast, 2-day stored units had clinically unacceptable quality. DISCUSSION: We developed mouse platelets for transfusion analogous to human platelet units using a modified platelet rich plasma collection protocol with maximum storage of 1 day for an \"old\" unit. This provides a powerful tool to test how process modifications and storage conditions affect transfused platelet function in vivo.

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