A Bayesian Approach to Correcting the Attenuation Bias of Regression Using Polygenic Risk Score

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A Bayesian Approach to Correcting the Attenuation Bias of Regression Using Polygenic Risk Score

Authors

Zhou, G.; Qie, X.; Zhao, H.

Abstract

Polygenic risk score (PRS) has become increasingly popular for predicting the value of complex traits. In many settings, PRS is used as a covariate in regression analysis to study the association between different phenotypes. However, measurement error in PRS causes attenuation bias in the estimation of regression coefficients. In this paper, we employ a Bayesian approach to accounting for the measurement error of PRS and correcting the attenuation bias in linear and logistic regression. Through simulation, we show that our approach is able to obtain approximately unbiased estimation of coefficients and credible intervals with correct coverage probability. We also empirically compare our Bayesian measurement error model to the conventional regression model by analyzing real traits in the UK Biobank. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach as it significantly reduces the error in coefficient estimates.

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