On the Effect of Clock Frequency on Voltage and Electromagnetic Fault Injection

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Stefanos Koffas, Praveen Kumar Vadnala


We investigate the influence of clock frequency on the success rate of a fault injection attack. In particular, we examine the success rate of voltage and electromagnetic fault attacks for varying clock frequencies. Using three different tests that cover different components of a System-on-Chip, we perform fault injection while its CPU operates at different clock frequencies. Our results show that the attack's success rate increases with an increase in clock frequency for both voltage and EM fault injection attacks. As the technology advances push the clock frequency further, these results can help assess the impact of fault injection attacks more accurately and develop appropriate countermeasures to address them.

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