## A q-Chaundy representation for the product of two nonterminating basic hypergeometric series and its symmetric generating functions

## A $q$-Chaundy representation for the product of two nonterminating basic hypergeometric series and symmetric and dual relations

Howard S. Cohl, Roberto S. Costas-Santos

AbstractWe derive double product representations of nonterminating basic hypergeometric series using diagonalization, a method introduced by Theo William Chaundy in 1943. We also present some generating functions that arise from it in the $q$ and $q$-inverse Askey schemes. Using this $q$-Chaundy theorem which expresses a product of two nonterminating basic hypergeometric series as a sum over a terminating basic hypergeometric series, we study generating functions for the symmetric families of orthogonal polynomials in the $q$ and $q$-inverse Askey scheme. By applying the $q$-Chaundy theorem to $q$-exponential generating functions due to Ismail, we are able to derive alternative expansions of these generating functions and from these, new terminating basic hypergeometric representations for the continuous $q$-Hermite and $q$-inverse Hermite polynomials are derived. These representations are connected by new quadratic transformations for the terminating basic hypergeometric series involved We also exploit duality relations for continuous dual $q$-Hahn and continuous dual $q$-inverse Hahn with big $q$-Jacobi polynomials and as well duality relations for Al-Salam--Chihara and $q$-inverse Al-Salam--Chihara polynomials with little $q$-Jacobi polynomials to derive new generating relations for the big and little $q$-Jacobi polynomials.