Reranking Passages with Coarse-to-Fine Neural Retriever using List-Context Information

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Reranking Passages with Coarse-to-Fine Neural Retriever using List-Context Information

Authors

Hongyin Zhu

Abstract

Passage reranking is a crucial task in many applications, particularly when dealing with large-scale documents. Traditional neural architectures are limited in retrieving the best passage for a question because they usually match the question to each passage separately, seldom considering contextual information in other passages that can provide comparison and reference information. This paper presents a list-context attention mechanism to augment the passage representation by incorporating the list-context information from other candidates. The proposed coarse-to-fine (C2F) neural retriever addresses the out-of-memory limitation of the passage attention mechanism by dividing the list-context modeling process into two sub-processes, allowing for efficient encoding of context information from a large number of candidate answers. This method can be generally used to encode context information from any number of candidate answers in one pass. Different from most multi-stage information retrieval architectures, this model integrates the coarse and fine rankers into the joint optimization process, allowing for feedback between the two layers to update the model simultaneously. Experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

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