Informationization is a prevailing trend in today's world. The increasing demand for information in decision-making processes poses significant challenges for investigation activities, particularly in terms of effectively allocating limited resources to plan investigation programs. This paper addresses the investigation path planning problem by formulating it as a multi-traveling salesman problem (MTSP). Our objective is to minimize costs, and to achieve this, we propose a chaotic artificial fish swarm algorithm based on multiple population differential evolution (DE-CAFSA). To overcome the limitations of the artificial fish swarm algorithm, such as low optimization accuracy and the inability to consider global and local information, we incorporate adaptive field of view and step size adjustments, replace random behavior with the 2-opt operation, and introduce chaos theory and sub-optimal solutions to enhance optimization accuracy and search performance. Additionally, we integrate the differential evolution algorithm to create a hybrid algorithm that leverages the complementary advantages of both approaches. Experimental results demonstrate that DE-CAFSA outperforms other algorithms on various public datasets of different sizes, as well as showcasing excellent performance on the examples proposed in this study.