Reducing molecular electronic Hamiltonian simulation cost for Linear Combination of Unitaries approaches
We consider different Linear Combination of Unitaries (LCU) decompositions for molecular electronic structure Hamiltonians. Using these LCU decompositions for Hamiltonian simulation on a quantum computer, the main figure of merit is the 1-norm of their coefficients, which is associated with the quantum circuit complexity. It is derived that the lowest possible LCU 1-norm for a given Hamiltonian is half of its spectral range. This lowest norm decomposition is practically unattainable for general Hamiltonians; therefore, multiple practical techniques to generate LCU decompositions are proposed and assessed. A technique using symmetries to reduce the 1-norm further is also introduced. In addition to considering LCU in the Schrödinger picture, we extend it to the interaction picture, which substantially further reduces the 1-norm.
Also, what's the definition of a molecular structure Hamiltonian - basically N-particle system with Coulomb forces or something else?