Map2Schedule: An End-to-End Link Scheduling Method for Urban V2V Communications

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Map2Schedule: An End-to-End Link Scheduling Method for Urban V2V Communications


Lihao Zhang, Haijian Sun, Jin Sun, Ramviyas Parasuraman, Yinghui Ye, Rose Qingyang Hu


Urban vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) link scheduling with shared spectrum is a challenging problem. Its main goal is to find the scheduling policy that can maximize system performance (usually the sum capacity of each link or their energy efficiency). Given that each link can experience interference from all other active links, the scheduling becomes a combinatorial integer programming problem and generally does not scale well with the number of V2V pairs. Moreover, link scheduling requires accurate channel state information (CSI), which is very difficult to estimate with good accuracy under high vehicle mobility. In this paper, we propose an end-to-end urban V2V link scheduling method called Map2Schedule, which can directly generate V2V scheduling policy from the city map and vehicle locations. Map2Schedule delivers comparable performance to the physical-model-based methods in urban settings while maintaining low computation complexity. This enhanced performance is achieved by machine learning (ML) technologies. Specifically, we first deploy the convolutional neural network (CNN) model to estimate the CSI from street layout and vehicle locations and then apply the graph embedding model for optimal scheduling policy. The results show that the proposed method can achieve high accuracy with much lower overhead and latency.

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