WeaveNet for Approximating Two-sided Matching Problems

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WeaveNet for Approximating Two-sided Matching Problems


Shusaku Sone, Jiaxin Ma, Atsushi Hashimoto, Naoya Chiba, Yoshitaka Ushiku


Matching, a task to optimally assign limited resources under constraints, is a fundamental technology for society. The task potentially has various objectives, conditions, and constraints; however, the efficient neural network architecture for matching is underexplored. This paper proposes a novel graph neural network (GNN), \textit{WeaveNet}, designed for bipartite graphs. Since a bipartite graph is generally dense, general GNN architectures lose node-wise information by over-smoothing when deeply stacked. Such a phenomenon is undesirable for solving matching problems. WeaveNet avoids it by preserving edge-wise information while passing messages densely to reach a better solution. To evaluate the model, we approximated one of the \textit{strongly NP-hard} problems, \textit{fair stable matching}. Despite its inherent difficulties and the network's general purpose design, our model reached a comparative performance with state-of-the-art algorithms specially designed for stable matching for small numbers of agents.

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